How do you count words? Ashley Wagner discusses the question as part of our video on the number of words in the English language.
Many English adverbs end in the suffix -ly; in Spanish, this corresponds very broadly to the suffix -mente, which is added to the feminine form of the adjective to form an adverb:
absolutely = absolutamente
deeply = profundamente
drastically = drásticamente
happily = alegremente
Where two or more adverbs ending in -mente appear in series, -mente appears only at the end of the final adverb:
quickly, economically, and efficiently done = rápida, económica y eficazmente hecho
they can’t claim anything, either legally or logically = no pueden reclamar nada ni judicial ni lógicamente
Many English adverbs are translated by an adverbial phrase in Spanish, usually consisting of preposition + noun or adjective:
delicately = con delicadeza
generally = por lo general
luckily = por suerte
seriously = en serio
Some adverbs in English, which have the meaning from the perspective of, modify a whole sentence:
ecologically, this is a disaster = desde el punto de vista ecológico or ecológicamente hablando esto es un desastre
admittedly it wasn’t easy = hay que admitir que no fue fácil or la verdad es que no fue fácil
These are marked in the text by the label (indep)
An English adverb expressing emotion is often translated by an adjective in Spanish. In this case, the adjective agrees with the subject:
no!, he shouted angrily = – ¡no! – gritó enojado
she looked at him enviously = lo miró envidiosa
they live happily = viven felices
A lot of people get compliment and complement confused: they’re pronounced in the same way and have very similar spellings but they have completely different meanings.
The question of whether the word internet should be capitalized is so passionately debated and rife with controversy that it has its own Wikipedia article.
We’ve delved into the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary to come up with some historical substitutions for hug as a verb.