Hands holding cloud

If

The usual Spanish translation for if is si

▪ The English conditional pattern if + present simple, future tense is translated in Spanish by si + present tense, future tense:

 

  •  if I see him I’ll tell him = si lo veo, se lo diré

 

▪ The English conditional pattern if + past simple + would + infinitive is translated in Spanish by si + imperfect subjunctive, conditional tense:

 

  •  if I had a lot of money I would buy a new car = si tuviera mucho dinero, me compraría un coche nuevo

 

▪ The English conditional pattern if + pluperfect tense, would + have + past participle is translated in Spanish by si +

pluperfect subjunctive, habría or hubiera + past participle:

 

  •  if I had got up earlier, I wouldn’t have missed the train = si me hubiera despertado más temprano, no habría perdido el tren or no hubiera perdido el tren

 

There are other ways of translating the English into Spanish. However, all have limited usage and cannot always be substituted for the above conditional constructions:

 

  •  if I were you, I wouldn’t go = yo que tú or yo en tu lugar, no iría

 

▪ with de + infinitive:

 

  •  if I had known, I would have come earlier = de haberlo sabido, habría or hubiera venido antes

 

▪ with the gerund:

 

  •  if you push it like that you’ll break it = empujándolo así lo vas a romper

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