In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(puerta/ventana) closed(puerta/ventana) shut(ojos/boca) closed(boca/ojos) shut(almejas/mejillones) closedla puerta estaba cerrada con llave — the door was locked
- tenía los ojos cerrados — she had her eyes closed
- el frasco no está bien cerrado — the jar isn't closed properly
- un sobre cerrado — a sealed envelope
- las cortinas estaban cerradas — the curtains were drawn / closed
- normalmente tenemos la mesa cerrada — we usually keep the table closed/down
1.2(válvula) closed(válvula) shut offlos grifos están cerrados — the taps are turned off
2(tienda/restaurante/museo) closed(tienda/restaurante/museo) shutcerrado — closed
- cerrado por defunción/reformas — closed owing to bereavement/for alterations
3.1(confinado, limitado)(espacio/recinto) enclosed
3.3un círculo de amigos muy cerrado — a very closed circle of friends
- un club de ambiente cerrado y snob — a club with a very exclusive and snobbish atmosphere
3.4Matemáticas(serie/conjunto) closed→ circuito
4.1(vocal) close(vocal) closed
4.2(acento/dialecto) broadtiene un acento andaluz cerrado — he has a broad / thick Andalusian accent
6.2(referiéndose a la noche)ya era noche cerrada cuando salimos — when we left it was already completely dark
8(enérgico)lo recibieron con una cerrada ovación — he was given an ecstatic reception
- mantienen una cerrada pugna por el título — they are engaged in a fierce fight for the title
9.1(poco receptivo, intransigente)son muy cerrados y no se adaptan a estas novedades — they're very set in their ways and they won't adapt to these new ideas
- no lo vas a convencer, es muy cerrado — you'll never persuade him, he's very stubborn / he's very set in his ways
- está cerrado a todo lo que signifique cambiar — his mind is closed to / he's against anything that involves change
- el país ha estado cerrado durante años a todo tipo de influencias externas — the country has, for years, been shut off from all outside influence
9.3(informal) (torpe)dense coloquialthick coloquiales muy cerrado de mollera — he's very dense
10apartamentos de lujo, precio cerrado — luxury apartments, price guaranteed
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