In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(dividir, separar)(número) to factorize(número) to break … down into factors(luz) to split up(luz) to break up(sustancia) to break down(sustancia) to separate … into compounds
2(alimento/cadáver) to rot(alimento/cadáver) to cause … to decompose(alimento/cadáver) to cause … to rot
3.1Latin America(máquina/aparato) to break
3.2Latin America(peinado/juego) to mess up
4.1(producir malestar)ese olor penetrante me descompone — that strong smell makes me feel queasy / nauseous
- la noticia del accidente la descompuso — she felt quite ill when she heard about the accident
4.2(producir diarrea)to give … diarrhea EEUUto give … diarrhoea Britanico
1(luz) to split(sustancia) to break down(sustancia) to separate(partícula/isótopo) to decay
2(alimento/cadáver) to rot(cadáver/alimento) to decompose formal
3+ me/te/le etc se le descompuso la cara cuando se lo dije — he looked really upset / his face dropped a mile when I told him
4América Latina(máquina/aparato) to break down
5.1(sentir malestar)hacía tanto calor que se descompuso — it was so hot that he started feeling sick / queasy
- se descompuso cuando supo la noticia — he felt quite ill when he heard the news
5.2(del estómago)to have an attack of diarrhea EEUUto have an attack of diarrhoea Britanico
6Cono Sur(tiempo) to become unsettled(tiempo) to change for the worse(día) to cloud overamaneció un día precioso, pero más tarde se descompuso — it started out as a lovely day, but it clouded over later
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.