In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(rope/window/plate) romper(stick/twig) partir(stick/twig) romper(stick/twig) quebrar América LatinaI've broken my pencil — se me ha roto la punta del lápiz
- they broke a hole in the fence — abrieron una brecha en la valla
- she broke the chocolate into four pieces — partió el chocolate en cuatro trozos
- he broke his wrist playing rugby — se rompió la muñeca jugando al rugby
- I broke a tooth/my nail — se me rompió / partió un diente/la uña
- to break the back of sth — hacer la peor parte de algo
- I think we've broken the back of the job — creo que ya tenemos hecho lo peor / la peor parte del trabajo
2(render useless)(machine/radio) romper(machine/radio) descomponer América Latina
3(violate)(rule/regulation) infringir(regulation/rule) violar(promise) no cumplir(promise) faltar a(appointment) faltar a(appointment) no acudir a(contract) incumplir(contract) romperto break a strike — boicotear una huelga
4(put an end to)(impasse/deadlock) salir de(habit) dejar(drug ring) desarticularthe Romans could not break their power — los romanos no pudieron quebrantar su poder / no pudieron abatirlos
5.1(ruin)(company/person) arruinar a
- Such privations by no means broke the spirit of the people.
- She had seen many things there that broke her spirit and took away her faith in humanity, but knew that there was still good left in the world.
- You broke my heart much like you broke the spirits of your people.
- Never ridicule a woman - it breaks her spirit and cuts her efficiency.
- While they were successful in obtaining Rich's resignation, they could not break his spirit.
- They remember being kept desperately hungry all the time, as part of a ploy to break their spirits.
- There is little that life can throw at him which can break his spirit.
- I write this letter as a mother, a mother whose spirit is broken, a mother who has to keep her child in the house in fear of losing her.
- When I look at her I just think that at some point her spirit was broken and then, well, this is what became of her.
- The rest of us suffer while they try to break our spirits and brainwash us.
- But it stands to reason that if your spirit is broken by misery and the side effects of treatment, then you will not do well.
- You've stolen his dignity, shattered his emotions and broken his spirit, how much more do you want?
- If they thought that would break my spirit, they got it wrong.
- And since I was working with the disabled before the accident, I knew what kind of a life was in store for me ahead, which broke my spirit.
- After months with no sales, his spirit was broken and he gave up.
- Anne's spirit could not be broken.
- They're breaking them, their spirit, their minds, their psyche.
- She was going to prove he hadn't broken her spirit.
- However you see the work, its implication is that the spirit cannot be broken.
- These were trials that would have broken the spirit of most people.
5.3(demote)rebajar de gradodegradar
6(impart)to break sth ( to sb)
- it was Sue who had to break the news to him — le tocó a Sue darle la noticia
- they broke it to her gently — se lo dijeron con mucho tacto
7(exceed)to break the sound barrier — romper / atravesar la barrera del sonido
8.1(interrupt)(circuit/beam) cortar(fast/silence) romper
- A father of two has broken his silence after keeping his sighting of a ghost 15 years ago at Woodville Halls Theatre a fearful secret.
- A switch works by breaking the circuit, which stops the current.
- The key to breaking the cycle is to boost demand and take up the slack in the economy.
- And now that they have broken their silence, it is hoped that others will find the courage to do the same.
- By bouncing, the reed breaks an electrical circuit.
- The team broke its five-game losing streak.
- She has broken her silence to speak of her determination to return to the post she has held for the past 10 years.
- Then an unknown pilot broke the silence and asked, ‘Wasn't I married to you once?’
- He recently broke his silence, admitting that he went to England after losing his job in Paris and had tried to commit suicide.
- The coroner has urged those who know the names of the killers to break their silence.
- Then came metal hulls and steam power, and the historical line of continuity was broken.
- We have to break this vicious cycle between drug dependency and crime.
- England's win against West Indies last year broke a sequence of nine decisive matches which were all won by the team fielding first.
- A circuit breaker has a mechanism for automatically breaking an electrical circuit.
- He will enlist the help of three minders to clear his path and stop the crowd breaking his concentration.
- If either voltage or current is too big you could break the circuit.
- We found it worth venturing into Woolacombe to break the routine.
- She decided to break her silence because she thought it was the only way the council would listen to her concerns even though it meant sacrificing her job.
- A staff member caught up in the raid broke his silence on the experience yesterday.
- Imprisonment does not break the cycle of offending and addiction.
- The former girlfriend of a man accused of murder admitted yesterday that she broke her silence about the killing after police threatened to implicate her.
- Generally, if a week is not one of employment, continuity is broken, so that the employee has to start again to pick up continuity.
- After a long pause he broke the tranquility again
- The schools offer a possible way of breaking the cycle of illiteracy.
- She felt it was her job to break the silence between the two.
- Now he breaks his silence about the flawed evidence.
- Liam did not break his silence over the abuse until two years ago.
- Ballet had created continuity in my life, but now that the left side of my body did not serve me, the continuity was broken.
- The actress has broken her silence about the whirlwind romance.
- Police were alerted to the abuse around 20 years after it was carried out when the victim broke his silence.
- Your slumbers are broken bright and early with a cup of tea brought to your tent.
- More recently the firm broke its silence and revealed he had been hit by a viral infection and would not be back at work until May 10.
- The solitude was broken, bizarrely, by bumping into Michael Palin and his film crew working on their next project in the Hoggar Mountains.
- It means forgiving those who have hurt you and breaking the cycle of abuse.
- Max yelled, raised one eyebrow, paused for effect, breaking the rhythm.
- At last, he broke the silence: ‘What are you writing about these days, anyway?’
- Everyone has a part to play in breaking this vicious cycle.
- Theo, his concentration finally broken, stopped typing and looked up.
- But it was not until last summer that she broke her silence and called her former lover, when she feared biographers would unearth the details.
- They must start to break their sequence of drawn games and start winning consistently if they are to retain their title.
- Yesterday, she broke her silence on the whispering campaign against her.
- ‘Melissa,’ said Matthew breaking the silence and speaking for the first time since the fight had started.
- We can then break the poverty cycle by giving these disadvantaged children opportunities to get work and employment.
- My mother broke the silence with a question, ‘Do you live nearby?’
8.2(split up, divide)(collection/set) deshacer(word) separar(word) dividir
8.3(disrupt, upset)(continuity/monotony/pattern) romper
9(breach, pierce)(soil) roturarI haven't broken the skin — no me he abierto la piel
- the submarine broke the surface of the water — el submarino afloró a la superficie
10.1(get into)(safe) forzarwe broke the toolbox open — abrimos la caja de herramientas forzándola
- If a burglar breaks the safe and steals the guns, I won't be held responsible for their criminal use because I did what I reasonably could to secure them.
- The maid broke the safe and stole money and jewellery.
- They broke the safe in the Accounts Section and made away with the day's receipts.
10.2EEUU (escape from)(jail) escaparse de(jail) fugarse de
- But if you could factor large numbers then you could break these codes.
- I started trying to break the code and was getting nowhere.
- It would be a bit unfair to offer clues right now, if someone is close to breaking the code.
- In an interactive lecture, he then examined the tricks used to break such codes.
- He starts to punch in numbers at random in an attempt to break the code and patch into the system.
- Well done to all who managed to break the code yesterday!
- When all the analyses were ready, the code was broken.
- This was discovered by an astute cryptanalyst at Central Bureau and in April 1943 that code was broken.
- There is little doubt that trying to break simple codes enhances one's understanding of cryptography.
- I feel that I am very close to breaking the code.
- It's a computer program that's used to break ciphers.
- We have a large exhibit on World War II cipher machines and the machines that broke the enemy's codes.
- Another way to become rich and famous is to devise, or break a code.
- It was created in 1943 to break German codes.
- Then you have to spend time breaking the code and making your own key, which only lets you hotwire the vehicle.
- Here is where Alan Turing broke the codes that maybe won the second world war.
- At that point they'd broken the code, and they told people whether or not they'd received cells.
- They were desperately looking for any clue that would help them break the code.
- While attempting to break the Nazi codes, his character becomes obsessed with finding the woman he loves.
- There then follows a long and tedious account of how they broke the enigma code.
11(change)cambiarcan anyone break this $50 bill? — ¿alguien me puede cambiar este billete de 50?
1(window/plate) romperse(shoelace/rope) romperse(twig/stick) partirse(twig/stick) romperse(twig/stick) quebrarse América Latinamy watch broke — se me rompió el reloj
- her tooth/nail broke — se le rompió / partió el diente/la uña
- it broke into several pieces — se hizo pedazos
- it breaks into squares — se parte en cuadrados
2(separate)the clouds are breaking — se está despejando
- a splinter group which broke from the party — un grupo disidente que se escindió del partido
4(give in)(resistance) desmoronarse(resistance) venirse abajoshe broke under constant interrogation — no resistió el constante interrogatorio
- the soldiers broke and ran — los soldados rompieron filas y echaron a correr
5(begin)(storm/crisis) estallar(day) romper(day) apuntar(day) despuntar
6(with emotion, change)(weather) cambiarhis voice is breaking — le está cambiando / mudando la voz
- (with emotion) his voice broke — se le entrecortó la voz
7(become known)(story) hacerse público(scandal) estallar(scandal) hacerse público
8(strike)(wave/surf) romperthe waves were breaking against the sea wall — las olas rompían contra el dique
9(adjourn)pararhacer una pausato break for lunch/dinner — parar para almorzar/cenar
11(move, shift)trasladarsethe action then breaks to Budapest — entonces la acción se traslada a Budapest
12EEUUcoloquial(happen)things are breaking well for me at the moment — me están saliendo bien las cosas en este momento
13(in snooker, pool)abrir el juego
2(intermission)Televisión Radio pausa (comercial) femeninoTeatro intervalo masculinoTeatro entreacto masculinoTeatro intermedio masculino
3(rest period)descanso masculinomasculino recreo Britanicolet's take a break — paremos para descansar
- we have a coffee break at 11 — a las 11 paramos para tomar un café
- we worked without a break — trabajamos sin parar / descansar
4(holiday, vacation)vacacionesChristmas/summer break — vacaciones de Navidad/verano
5(change, respite)cambio masculinoa welcome break — un cambio refrescante
- break from sth
- I need a break from all this — necesito descansar de todo esto
- give me a break! — ¡déjame en paz!
6(in transmission)interrupción femeninocorte femenino
8(in circuit)ruptura femeninocorte femenino
9(fracture)fractura femeninorotura masculino
10coloquial(chance, opportunity)oportunidad femeninohe never got a decent break — nunca se le presentó una buena oportunidad
- she's still looking for a break — todavía está esperando que le cambie la suerte
11(separation, rift)ruptura femeninoa break between the superpowers — una ruptura (de relaciones) entre las superpotencias
- to make a clean break — cortar por lo sano
- he made a break with his past life — rompió / cortó con su pasado
- a break with tradition — una ruptura con la tradición
12(sudden move)he made a break for cover/the door — corrió a refugiarse/hacia la puerta
14(escape)fuga femeninoevasión femenino formal
15(in snooker, pool)tacada femeninoserie femenino
16literario(beginning)at (the) break of day — al despuntar el día literario
18(in tennis)ruptura femeninoquiebre masculino
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