In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(alteration)cambio masculinoa period of great change — un período de grandes cambios
- there has been little change in the last 20 years — ha habido pocos cambios en los últimos 20 años
- a change in public opinion/the law — un cambio en la opinión pública/la ley
- a change in temperature — un cambio de temperatura
- there's been a change in the weather — ha cambiado el tiempo
- to make changes to sth — hacerle cambios a algo
- the change (of life) — la menopausia
- I had never seen such a huge change happen so fast.
- It will take some time to adjust to these changes and some people will find it hard to accept.
- The changes have turned it into one of the best venues on the European Tour.
- This revision reflects changes and developments over the last year and builds on input from key operational partners.
- Some minor changes and adjustments were made to the form based on their feedback.
- Other changes include a reshaped fuel tank and new instrument cluster.
- He said he believed a total ban was appropriate, but that hotels ought to have more time to adjust to the changes.
- He has noted many changes since he first took up the chalk and has presided over much in the way of change in the provision of education.
- There will also be changes made at the Cat Holes, a favourite swimming venue.
- At the meeting on September 19, he said Dr Kelly had suggested more than a dozen amendments and changes.
- However, other major changes or outright revisions may or may not be included.
- For a few people the changes have demanded significant alterations in their working lives.
- Any change will obviously be evolutionary and voluntary so there is not much to be feared in that.
- These changes will result in alterations at executive level.
- What we do is write down what they say, type it up and send it out to them, asking them to make amendments or changes where necessary.
- The major changes have involved adjusting the map to make the countries more nearly equal, and to give them a wider range of strategic choices.
- It's a creative process; there will be alterations and changes, but you have to be happy with it and excited by it.
- Generally, the body does not adjust well to sudden changes, even when they are favorable.
- Progress will be slow but in the face of the alternatives we have to begin making these changes now.
- What major changes or modifications have you made to the engine for this new game?
1.2(replacement)cambio masculinoa change of address/plan/government — un cambio de dirección/plan/gobierno
- an oil/wheel change — un cambio de aceite/rueda
- In short, therefore, a change of circumstances may lead to a revised determination of benefit payable.
- You are absolutely, positively in need of a change of scenery.
- But we have to ask not only how the present situation works, but also how it might be affected if there was to be a change of regime.
- Students taking exams had a last-minute change of venue after vandals struck a school building.
- They hope a change of scenery will lift the mood and create a closer bond within the squad before the Preston home game a week on Saturday.
- I fancied a change of shopping venue today, so we tried Horncastle for the first time.
- The only disappointment was the change of venue due to lack of demand at St George's Hall.
- The change of venue is due to the hall renovations currently underway in Kilmaine hall.
- They are extremely expensive and it is very, very difficult to bring about a change of opinion.
- Maybe you can legislate for a tolerant society, but a change of attitudes has to happen for it to become an accepting society?
- His fight scenes are so swift they're over before you've fully adjusted to the change of tone.
- However Geelong found Byrne a job as a financial planner and that was more than enough to cause a change of plan.
- Then suddenly a change of habits started working, and kept working, and there I have it.
- As will become apparent there has been a change of representation in around the autumn of 2001.
- They did not let the change of venue upset their rhythm and attacked Town from the opening whistle.
- It requires a change of mindset on the part of the employer, but it takes time.
- I made a non-committal noise that was supposed to indicate I would have quite liked a change of subject.
- The change of venue was only notified on polling cards, which were issued last week.
- If a change of venue occurs it will be announced on the sports programme on Radio Kerry during the week.
- Chairman Rennie Pinder said he could not rule out a change of venue but refused to speculate on a possible return to Chorley.
- It would be only on request or if a change of policy were indicated that Ministers would be informed or involved.
- People are asked to please take note of the temporary change of venue for the meeting.
- The first breach of neutrality did not express a change of policy.
- I work all day, so cannot pick up the email to notify me of the change of venue.
- All those who have already applied for tickets will be contacted and notified of the change of venue.
- The alterations included changes of key, which make this less celebratory in tone but nevertheless effective.
- However, If the tie is postponed for a third time the Football Association say they will consider a change of venue.
- So instead of there being such a clean break of content, it's more a change of style.
- Yet there was a change of mood in the air, the beginnings of a feeling of charged expectancy.
- Andrew noticed the sudden change of direction, as the wave moved faster towards them.
- I don't think a change of minister would have a dramatic impact at all Norman.
- At that stage, unfortunately, there was an election and a change of Government.
- Oh, by the way, we concluded that a change of address is out of the question.
- Well if I was to do anything differently I wouldn't insist on a change of venue, but I would write my own vows.
- This is simply a club that can't figure out its ballpark and needs a change of scenery.
- He says that there is a change of circumstances in that it is now clear that the appeal cannot be brought on within the time before the money had to be paid.
- It demonstrates every reason why there needs to be a change of Government in New Zealand next year.
- Due to the new regulations that allow a change of tyres only in the case of an obvious defect, this kind of mistake can ruin an entire race.
- Difficulties of enforcement would not be a change of circumstances.
- He typifies why there will be a change of Government when we go to the polls on 30 July this year.
- You know the best thing about it is that you're actually going to cause a change of government this weekend.
- If there is a change of Government, that is when those things come to an end.
- She had felt bad for me living like I had at home, it was too crowded and noisy, and I needed a change of scenery.
- From there he worked without official credentials to facilitate a change of policy at home.
- Prosecutors normally try to insist that someone was rational when they did the crime, is this a change of tack?
- Audiology services in Bury are to be modernised under a change of leadership.
- I am really pleased to see that there is a change of Minister in the chair for the debate on Part 1.
- He attributed this to the change of focus in adjusting to a new life style.
- The project was delayed due to an increase of price of steel and change of government.
- That arrogance is also one of the reasons there will be a change of Government.
1.3(of clothes)muda femeninobring at least one change of clothes/underwear — tráete al menos una muda (de ropa)/de ropa interior
- There was a change of shorts and a T-shirt, probably for gym class, and a laptop computer!
- There was a carrier bag to his side which held a change of underwear and a shirt and a pair of jeans.
- It's lucky then that he has already stashed a change of clothing with the owner of a cafe over the road from the office.
- Just then the steward came back with a couple of dresses and even a change of clothes for Jack.
- With him he takes a change of shirt, a camera and some cash, and that's about it.
- Each person taking part will have to bring old running shoes, a swimsuit, a towel and a change of clothes.
- There was a change of clothing for both of them and they changed in the back as the truck moved.
- I help provide clients with a fresh change of clothes after they have had a hot meal and a wash.
- He had been able to find a fresh change of clothes and was now sleeping peacefully on the pillow-covered floor.
- He was carrying neither a towel nor a change of clothing, so he did not climb down with her.
- Then it occurs to me that I might need a change of underwear after this flight.
- You will need a change of clothes, shoes that will get wet and a towel.
- When the young man emerged from the building some time later he was sporting a change of clothing.
- I went to my clothing bag and got him a change of clothes, some toiletries, and a towel.
- The pilots will travel with just a change of clothing, a tent and life raft.
- After they had bathed and put on a change of clean clothes, there was a knock at the door.
- I carry a few pills to deal with malaria, and a change of clothing, and that's about it.
- I go to my luggage and get out a change of clothing so I can at least get myself out of my pajamas.
- Open Hogmanay lays on three cooked meals a day, overnight accommodation, showers and a change of clothing.
- Kato nodded and left, coming back a moment later with a fresh change of clothes.
- Not content with simply getting me a change of clothing, Carol and Maxine had cooked up a master plan.
1.4(sth different from usual)cambio masculinoat least it's / it makes a change from chicken — por lo menos no es pollo
- going abroad would be / make a nice change — no estaría mal ir al extranjero para variar
- It made a refreshing change to see something for vegetarians other than vegetable lasagne on the menu.
- After my current problems with IT and watercolour painting tutors, that was a refreshing change.
- Clearly, the whole idea was to bring a refreshing change from the gruelling schedule at camp.
- So, the email we received yesterday was a refreshing change and it actually came from a real person.
- Aladdin made a refreshing change from some of the rubbish on television which passes for entertainment.
- It's just a bad idea for the neck hair to be black, and it was an interesting change, I liked my wig.
- House is a refreshing change, and brings a wholly new element to the medical drama genre.
- The blouse is the new jacket substitute, sometimes matched to a dress as a change from a suit.
- He also curbed his tendency to slash at balls outside the off stump which came as a refreshing change.
- It makes an interesting change for this House to be focusing its attention on standards.
- His interviews are such a refreshing change because he is perfectly candid.
- With Hollywood showing off only its action side in India for a while, this is quite a refreshing change.
- David says he finds straight pubs a refreshing change now and again.
- A refreshing change from the unholy stench emanating from the factories out the back.
- That doesn't make them any less important of course but it is a refreshing change.
- In a climate where it seems other politicians struggle with that acceptance, it's a refreshing change.
- What a refreshing change it is to experience a service person that does not detest his or her job.
- So it makes a refreshing change to view a film that chooses to adopt one of the principal laws of journalism by getting its facts right.
- These make a refreshing change from the usual red and look lovely against a backdrop of dark green spiny leaves.
- In a city where greed is good, it makes a refreshing change but the bottom line is that success is expected to continue regardless.
2.1(coins)cambio masculinomonedas femeninosencillo masculino América Latinaferia femenino México coloquialmenudo masculino Colombiaone dollar in change — un dólar en monedas
- can you give me some change for the machine? — ¿me das cambio / monedas para la máquina?
- I don't have any loose change — no tengo dinero suelto
- I can give change for / of $5 — te puedo cambiar 5 dólares
- ‘I asked her why she had not consulted me and she remarked that she had been going through the change,’ said the doctor.
- I came across a pocketful of change and wondered for a moment, what are these shiny tokens?
- I didn't have much change on me when I subtracted my bus fare, but I emptied out all I could spare for him.
- I had more than enough loose change in my coin purse to pay for it so it's not like I was spending real money.
- She raised her eyebrows but agreed, reluctantly, digging into her pocket for change.
- Mr. Sanderson dug some change out of his pocket and found a pay phone.
- A coin trap collects any loose change which falls out of the pockets of garments being washed.
- All pennies and loose change can be given to pupils at the school or donated at the school itself.
- But this was only pocket change compared to the nine grand he owed to three bookies and one loan shark.
- Stress management in the form of daily deep breathing, yoga or prayer can also work wonders as our bodies gear up for the change of life.
- And he dug deep into his pocket, rummaged about a bit and then took out a few notes and a handful of loose change.
- As he reached into his pocket to get some change, two £50 notes fell to the floor.
- Before I could pull some change out of my pocket to pay for it, a hand held out ten dollars to the man who served me.
- I put the coffee back down on the table and shifted through my pockets for some change.
- If you feel that energy bills are taking a big chunk of change out of your pocket, you are not alone.
- When I picked it up, there was a metallic tinkle, like spare change in a pocket and a wet flopping sound.
- With a shrug, I dig out some pocket change, make my one purchase and drive back to Calgary.
- They waved to Johnny who was fishing around in his pockets for change for the meter.
- They also pocketed a pile of change which had been saved to buy the children's sweets.
- She said no but Smith went straight to the sideboard and took some loose change from her purse.
- Leo then ordered a large popcorn and searched through his pocket for change.
- In marketing products for postmenopausal women, he had interviews set up with doctors as well as women themselves about the change of life.
- What better site to choose than one where people will be fiddling about in their pockets for change?
2.2(money returned)cambio masculinovuelto masculino América Latinavuelta femenino Españavueltas femenino Colombiasixty pence change — sesenta peniques de cambio (or vuelto etc.)
- keep the change — quédese con el cambio (or vuelto etc.)
- you can eat well and still have/get change from $10 — se puede comer bien por menos de 10 dólares
- you won't get much change from / out of $1,000 — no te costará mucho menos de 1.000 dólares
1.1(rules/situation/appearance) cambiaryou can't change the way you are — uno no cambia
- the sorcerer changed her into a stone — el mago la convirtió en una piedra
- It came in the last minute when Cain threw a dummy, changed direction and forced his way through a two-man tackle to score under the posts.
- She quickly changed her tee shirt for a bulky sweatshirt.
- I changed the cement for polyester cement in several places.
- Jason cursed under his breath and changed course suddenly to the next train down the line.
- After centuries of wondering, men can finally work out if their partner really is 'fine' or not thanks to a new dress that changes colour depending on a woman's mood.
- We changed direction and ran faster.
- These programmed materials change shape when struck by light at certain wavelengths and return to their original shapes when exposed to light of specific different wavelengths.
- Pretty much everything has to change shape.
- For instance, a banana may change colour from being green to being yellow.
- Ivan changes tempo, throwing back his head and swelling his voice around a soul-searing ballad, as if his life depended on it.
1.2(oil/tire/sheets) cambiarto change one's address/job/doctor — cambiar de dirección/trabajo/médico
- to change position/direction/color — cambiar de posición/dirección/color
- I've changed jobs — he cambiado de trabajo
- she changed her name from Bronowski to Brown — se cambió el apellido de Bronowski a Brown
- the time/date of the concert has been changed — han cambiado la hora/fecha del concierto
- to change gear — cambiar de marcha
1.3(exchange)(rooms/seats) cambiar(se) deI wouldn't want to change places with her — no quisiera estar / verme en su lugar
- if he doesn't like it can I change it? — si no le gusta ¿puedo cambiarlo?
- he changed it for a red one — lo cambió por uno rojo
2.1(into smaller denominations)cambiarcan anyone change $20? — ¿alguien me puede cambiar 20 dólares?
- Where can I change euros to sterling outside of normal business hours?
- Foreign currency can be changed at banks and cambios, and at many hotels.
- Not knowing what else to do, she went to buy a ticket to Paris, but realised she had to change all of her money.
- They stopped at the entrance to the bus and the young lady asked if I could change a twenty pound note for two ten pound notes.
- If you try to change dollars for pesos, people look at you like you're crazy.
2.2(into foreign currency)cambiarto change sth (into sth) — cambiar algo (a algo)
- to change dollars into pesos — cambiar dólares a pesos
3(baby) cambiarto change one's clothes/shoes — cambiarse de ropa/de zapatos
- I went into the washroom to clean up, and a lady was there changing her baby.
- He had on diapers, he looked like he had not been changed or cleaned for like two weeks.
- The baby must be changed more frequently with cloth so she stays cleaner and drier.
- A disposable nappy is a fast solution when you need to change your child in the back of the car.
4Transporteyou have to change train(s) at Nice — tienes que hacer transbordo / cambiar (de trenes) en Niza
- Laura and Zoe showed up, we caught the train to Dover and changed there for Canters.
- She had to take a train to London, a flight to Paris, change to an Air France flight to Barcelona and then a boat trip to the island.
- There are dozens of different lines, with passengers changing from one train to another at many stations along the way who do not want to wait too long for their connections.
- Neil would've gotten her changing onto a Thameslink train and ending up at Farringdon.
- Once in a while, when we changed to the express train I would have trouble finding a seat for the Founder to sit in.
- On my return I caught a train going to Dundee and again I had to change at Sheffield.
- I travelled by train from Edinburgh to Penrith, changing at Carlisle, and then it was just a short taxi ride to the resort.
- But, how about changing to another Waterloo train at Clapham Junction and getting off at Vauxhall?
- The gauge on the railways are all different, so that you can't travel any distance by train without having to change.
- Passengers changed from train to steamboat at Stonington and continued by sea to New York.
- After changing at Jamaica we still found a crowded train, but it did thin out as we got further out of the city.
- Travellers changing from train to bus at Southend Victoria rail station could soon have a better idea of when their bus will arrive.
- Now, I am a man of the world, and I know where to change on a train journey from Guildford to Bracknell.
- Presuming you're not changing onto another train, your subterrain adventure is almost at its end.
- Coming back in from Oyster Bay we changed again at Mineola to a Patchogue train and got off at Babylon.
1.1(become different)cambiarI can't believe how much she's changed — me parece increíble lo mucho que ha cambiado
- she's a changed person since she met him — desde que lo conoció es otra
- to change in shape/size — cambiar de forma/tamaño
- customs have changed — las costumbres han cambiado
- to change into sth — convertirse / transformarse en algo
1.2(from one thing to another)cambiarthe traffic lights changed — cambiaron las luces (del semáforo)
- the cast changes every three months — el reparto cambia cada tres meses
- her smile changed to a frown — dejó de sonreír y frunció el ceño
- the scene changes to wartime Rome — la escena pasa / se traslada a Roma durante la guerra
- I've changed to a new dentist — he cambiado de dentista
- Michael, one of the smallest guys in school, didn't grow one inch until the fourth form but by then had changed his name to Mike Da Hat for effect.
- Originally called John Campbell, he had changed his name to that of the late motor-racing champion.
- Mr Kohn converted to Catholicism when he changed his name to Kerry in 1902.
- Postman Dave Clark loves his local football team so much he officially changed his name to Swindon Town Dave.
- Also you have forgotten my other brother who was so sickened at the sight that we changed his name to Queesy.
- She also cited a 2001 Utah case in which a man legally changed his name to Santa Claus.
- Around the same time, she changed her name to Billie Holiday.
- When Katie went missing, we decided to keep Socks, and changed his name to Jamie.
- Mr Avery also told how his son had changed his name to Regan ‘because he said he didn't like the name Avery’.
- One enthusiast in Banbury, Oxfordshire, is said to have changed his name to PlayStation 2.
- But the main news of the day is that Gilz has changed his name to Giles.
- He changed his name to M. Bourgeois and applied for poor relief.
- I would have loved it if my husband had changed his name to mine, but he was not any more interested in doing that than I was in changing mine to his, so here we are.
- When their guru turned out to be mad, materialistic and exploitative, the family escaped and changed their name to Phoenix.
- She changed her name to Donatella Versace, and of course - the rest is history.
- However, his mum, Mary, is from Stirling and two years ago, he went about changing his nationality so he could compete for Britain in Salt Lake City.
- I have been to more than 50 of his concerts over the years and changed my name to Robert George Dylan Willis by deed poll
- In 1980 the band changed their name to The Bootles and concentrated on playing Beatles' songs.
- When she went solo she changed her name to Deborah, but found the fans only wanted Blondie.
- Michael Mann uses this as the catalyst for the politicisation of the man who became a Muslim and changed his name to Muhammad Ali.
- When my father became an actor he changed his name to Peter Penry-Jones.
1.3changing present participle(role/moods/needs) cambiante
2.1(put on different clothes)cambiarseI'm going upstairs to change — voy arriba a cambiarme
- she changed into a black dress — se cambió y se puso un vestido negro
- I'm going to change into something more comfortable — me voy a poner algo más cómodo
- change out of those wet clothes — quítate esa ropa mojada
- to get changed — cambiarse
- Ellen finally showed up and I got in the car and changed on the way back home.
- After driving past the house by the path to the cave we arrived and got changed on the side of the road.
- She brushed her teeth, changed into a nightgown, and climbed into bed.
- To cool off before sundown they changed into cutoff shorts and walked down to the river to go swimming.
- He rushed to his bedroom to change and seconds later heard a crash as his front door was kicked in.
- She went to her own room and changed quickly into a fresh dress before heading downstairs.
- Calming down, she walked out of her room, having changed into a light blue blouse and brown skirt.
- They decided it would be safest if she went with Nick and changed in the car.
- Going to her bureau, she picked out a light blue dress and changed into it.
- He changed into his riding clothes and went downstairs to the stables to go for a nice long ride through the country.
- Upon arriving and getting changed we promptly headed off up the track to the stile and the very muddy ground beyond.
- She changed into a light yellow dress that had tiny white flowers and green leaves on it.
- I quickly changed into my pajamas and slipped into my half of the bed.
- I changed into a fresh set of clothes quickly and headed for the cafeteria for a bite to eat.
- He was already changed into his nightclothes, I noticed as he moved to sit next to me.
- She took a quick shower, drying herself off and changing into a fresh new outfit.
- While moving my body to the beat of the song, I danced my way to my wardrobe pulled out a fresh uniform and changed.
- She also suggests changing into a fresh pair of socks when yours become sweaty.
- Currently everyone is changing into their ski gear and I'm sitting on the couch waiting for them to hurry up.
- You don't want to be late because you couldn't change fast enough.
2.2Transportecambiarhacer transbordoall change! — ¡fin de trayecto!
- we have to change at Victoria — tenemos que cambiar / hacer transbordo en Victoria
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.