In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(controversy, clash)polémica femeninocontroversia femeninoa border dispute — un conflicto fronterizo
- Relatives of people buried in the former Wesleyan cemetery in Cheetham Hill have been in dispute with Manchester city council for the past four months.
- Both Kuerten and Marshall vowed not to ride on a team with O'Connor, and are in dispute with the selectors.
- The sheep farmers had been in dispute with factories over what they claimed was a serious cut in the price being paid for lamb.
- Unequal access to water will lead us to disputes and war, and heading off that spectre is also what skilled politicians exist for.
- The initial dispute led to a brawl involving over ten people in which one was hit with a glass or glass bottle.
- Families are finding themselves in dispute with the Revenue even when tax planning was the furthest thing from their minds.
- Despite his dissatisfaction with financial constraints, Mr Martin said he was not in dispute with Mr McCreevy.
- We had been in dispute with a major financial institution since February because we believed we had been sold an endowment policy that was not suitable.
- As for her naïve belief that people would not fight to death over a parking space, Hilary Evans has clearly never seen my husband in dispute with another motorist.
- Before that first stone was put in place the Bucknells were in dispute with the council over its design, and had two suggestions turned down.
- As the alliance gradually grew into a federation, the many cantonal and communal differences led to frequent disputes and armed conflicts.
- The consultants are in dispute with the Department over medical indemnity.
- While she had been in dispute with the tax people about a year-and-a-half ago, she believed the matter had been settled and she was fully paid up.
- To be in dispute with the club for which he had played and coached has obviously cut deep, yet Telfer, true to form, rationalises the issue.
- Ms Baker is currently in dispute with West Wiltshire Housing Association, who she says are trying to evict her from the house for damage.
- But consultants remain in dispute with the Government over a scheme aimed at streamlining public health compensation claims.
- He believes those people already in dispute with their neighbours will exploit the legislation to cause as much aggravation as possible to rivals.
- The engineers are in dispute with British Gas over the its plans to end a final salary pension scheme for new employees from January.
- The obscure legal status of these territories and zones often leads to disputes and conflicts.
- Shifting weather patterns would prompt changes that could lead to international disputes.
2femenino discusiónfemenino disputathe territory in / under dispute — el territorio en litigio
- the matter is still in / under dispute — aún no se ha llegado a un acuerdo sobre el asunto
- her superiority in this field is beyond (all) dispute — su superioridad en este campo es indiscutible
3(leading to industrial action)conflicto (laboral) masculinoan industrial/a pay dispute — un conflicto laboral/salarial
- the union is in dispute with management — existe una situación de conflicto entre el sindicato y la patronal
- Mr Hayes said the dispute had led to a shutdown of services to farmers and everything from the payment of EU monies to the issuing of cattle movement permits has been delayed.
- The dispute has led to 263 staff being removed from the Department's payroll and farming activities being disrupted in various parts of the country.
- Conductors are already in dispute with the company, while station and clerical staff are being balloted for industrial action.
- The Wagner Act of 1935 also created the National Labor Relations Board to help oversee employee disputes in private industry.
- An accountancy firm estimates that an escalation of the dispute leading to disruption of the national rail network could take the nation's bill up to £200m a day.
- The strike was called by the Rail, Maritime and Transport Union, which is in dispute with the company over pay and conditions.
- The dispute is over management's failure to fully inform employees about adverse changes to their superannuation scheme.
- York, Wakefield and Doncaster stations are run by GNER and will not be affected as the unions are not in dispute with that company.
- The dispute between management and doctors has been dragging on for a number of years, since a review of medical services within the State's prisons.
- Security firm Brinks Allied is in dispute with its staff over new security arrangements which, the union claims, put its members in more danger.
- Please forgive me for perhaps dealing with it in this way: we have received a huge amount of evidence of what is wrong with management, and why disputes are not resolved, and why you get employment law cases.
- We have got to kiss and make up with the staff we have been in dispute with and get the team rebuilt.
- Coun Stroud condemned the scheme as inappropriate at a time when the Fire Brigades Union is in dispute with the Government over pay.
- Disputes in the fishing industry fall mainly into two groups but any type of dispute can lead to industrial action.
- The group is also in dispute with the National Union of Journalists over the axing of 11 editorial positions.
- The union, which represents most of the 2,500 workers in the dairy processing giant, is in dispute with the co-op over its procedural agreement.
- The Senior National Officer for the union said they had come up against a brick wall when seeking talks with management over their disputes.
- ALMOST 400 students at a city vocational school could be locked out for a day just weeks ahead of their State exams due to a dispute over the management there.
- But Val Hampshire, who has been a control operator for 17 years, denied that the dispute was being led from London.
- But Allan Craig added, if the council goes ahead with the plans, the would declare a dispute which could lead to industrial action of some kind.
1.1(contest)discutircuestionarI don't dispute (the fact) that it was a mistake — no discuto que fue un error
- it cannot be disputed that the idea is attractive — no se puede negar / hay que reconocer que la idea resulta atrayente
- I dispute the idea that … — yo rechazo la idea de que …
- Macclesfield took an early and disputed lead through a Lee Glover penalty and veteran Tony Ford equalised for the home side on 25 minutes.
- They were, in effect, disputing some common territory, a point that the diagram reveals especially when Modernism triumphs after the Second World War.
- You see, they were disputing territory with the guerillas.
- In its classic sense, war means an armed conflict between two sovereign nations disputing control of territory.
- Somalia became, and remains, a classic ‘failed state’ where warlords dispute resources and territory.
- Scottish International fell runner Neil Wilkinson gave them the lead after Holmfirth, Morpeth and Derby all disputed top spot following the first three legs.
- As the race progressed Hanks dropped back a little leaving Horspole and Neary to dispute the lead.
- That left Martin Tomcyk and Alexandre Premat disputing the lead.
- Similar struggles exist in east Malaysia, where the land rights of indigenous groups are bitterly disputed with loggers eager to harvest the timber for export.
- White is now disputing the head-rubbing charge.
- Marshall disputes the argument that Dean has locked up the nomination.
- In effect the accuracy of the vast majority of the series' facts could not be disputed or questioned in any way.
- Cesare's claims of provocation weren't disputed; nobody quarrelled with Cesare Borgia at the height of his power.
- Smith-Windsor also disputes the argument that if Talisman left Sudan, another company would take over.
- Darling disputed these assertions of fact, but there were no proceedings in which he could be given a hearing or the matters resolved after full consideration.
- He disputed Cross's evidence though he admitted he had told another prisoner that he had been involved.
- There is a clear and substantial prejudice to the Claimant - she is unable to dispute the facts alleged by the Defendant that go to the heart of the case as both Cecil and Arthur are dead.
- Now, underpinning all of those particular questions is the much more general consideration: what, if any, disputed question of fact is there in this case?
- Of course, we will see in our learned friends' submission whether they dispute our repeated assertions that the evidence was uncontested.
- Maddison disputes the interpretation and argues that 1820 is a much more crucial point separating periods of slow and rapid growth.
- He also argued with the tournament referee and later disputed another decision with a linesman.
- Some reliance was placed on this by him since the Claimant, it is not disputed, falls within that very broad category.
- David Berman has disputed this view, arguing that Collins is, in fact, an atheist.
- You're disputing a laying of charges against you; what are those charges?
- And then I disputed every single charge our company had made on it!
- When a member asks a question with an assertion contained within it, it is perfectly open to the Minister to answer the question by disputing the assertion.
- It was not disputed that the words were spoken on a privileged occasion, but the plaintiff alleged that the privilege was defeated by malice on the defendant's part.
- In any event, the International Committee of the Red Cross hotly disputes this claim.
- Mr Haughey's solicitors dispute this conclusion and argue the monies came through Mr Traynor.
1.3(argue)(question/point/subject) debatir(question/point/subject) discutir
- Not a weekend has gone by where some, or all, of the teams are not discussing or disputing these regulations.
- The physical borders may no longer exist but the authorities are watching and waiting for the moment when these disputed territories have to be renegotiated yet again.
- I have to say that the Olympiad for breakaway regions, disputed territories and separatist enclaves quite appeals to me.
- Not knowing how to argue in Mandarin, it is very difficult to dispute any bill or when you think you have been overcharged.
- As usual, they don't try to argue with the post as a whole or dispute its principal themes.
- Government officials now estimate 54,000 people are dead in the disputed territory.
- Officers also impounded the motorcycle as disputed property and all three were charged with possession of a class 5 illegal drug.
- As the country invaded its neighbour in a bid to retrieve disputed territory, the region witnessed the kind of fighting that would not have seemed out of place in Flanders during the first world war.
1.4disputed past participle(decision) discutido(decision) polémico(territory) en litigio
2.1(fight for)(victory/possession/territory) disputarseour team disputed the match till the end — nuestro equipo luchó hasta el final
2.2(resist)(advance/entry) hacer frente a(entry/advance) resistir
- At 1:30 p. m. the column is again in motion; no enemy has appeared to dispute the advance.
- He has disposed of his surplus baggage and commissary stores, placing them out of reach of any descent of a force in this direction, and leaving him free to dispute the advance of the rebel army.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.