In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(in downward direction)I ran all the way down to the bottom — corrí hasta abajo
- the path that goes down into the valley — el sendero que baja hasta el valle
- to help sb down — ayudar a algn a bajar
- don't look down! — ¡no mires (hacia / para) abajo!
- from the waist/neck down — desde la cintura/el cuello para abajo
- jump down! — ¡salta!
- he flopped down exhausted — se dejó caer agotado
- down, boy! — ¡abajo!
- wind the window down — baja la ventanilla
- down with Smith/tyranny! — ¡abajo Smith/la tiranía!
1.2(downstairs)can you come down? — ¿puedes bajar?
- run down and fetch the hammer — baja rápido a buscarme el martillo
- we can walk down — podemos bajar andando
2.1(of position)abajodown in the basement/valley — abajo en el sótano/el valle
- 500m/two floors down — 500m/dos pisos más abajo
- further down on the same page — más abajo en la misma página
- down here/there — aquí/allí (abajo)
- it was down at the bottom of the rucksack — estaba en el fondo de la mochila
- the sun/moon is down — el sol/la luna se ha puesto
- Mr Rogers said last spring he stopped an attempt by the council to chop the tree down and believed it was now safe.
- It was unusual for me to set off on my own and the journey down was strangely lacking in atmosphere.
- We are hoping to get them in the north of England where we are stronger but down here it is unlikely.
- The trees, which have been chopped down, but not uprooted, have been replaced by new turf.
- Katie slept the whole way down, or at least lay on the back seat with her eyes closed.
- Look out here for a smaller path, dropping down towards a wall on the right.
- I was sure he was going to kiss me, for he had placed one arm on each side of me and was leaning down towards my face.
- All I had to do was get from Hampstead in the north to West Kensington and then down to the South Bank.
- The Premiership boys use planes a lot and it would have been nice to fly down to Exeter but we have to work within our means.
- Ashley stood on the hillside looking down at the devastation below in disbelief.
- He turned sharply racing through on goal only to be pulled down just short of the penalty area.
- The brick paving outside has slowly sunk over the years and no longer slopes down towards the nearest drain.
- As well as causing an obstruction, he says the boards are liable to be blown down by the wind, which could damage cars.
- From there they could look down on the city's fine new skyscrapers and modern apartment blocks.
- They have a big industry down there, and a lot of Irish businesses go there to film.
- According to the ‘RailLinks’ pamphlet, the Duke and Duchess of Devonshire's stately home is down on the south coast, with nearby Bakewell on the Isle of Wight.
- He digs his hands deep into the pockets of his jeans and looks down at the ground.
- She was heading down from the north and I was on a slightly earlier flight from London.
- Raffles and games on the coach trip down should boost the money raised.
- Large pine trees were left standing but smaller silver birch and beech trees were chopped down.
- The money down there is incredible compared to up here, but I'd play anywhere.
- He converted hundreds as he made his way down into the South Leinster border area.
- It is believed he was shot down by ground fire as he attempted to gain height after the attack.
- A few days ago I ran across an old friend who is now living down here with the new wife and child.
- Make sure you contact your ferry company before driving down for a Channel crossing this week.
- Oddly, my father is from up this way, but did move down, although that was 35 or so years ago.
- We have to try and prepare as best we can and take the confidence from the win against Wales down with us.
- I am currently down in Cornwall so do not have a Tale of Two Cities with me.
- A woman, seen from above, seated in the balcony of a theatre, in her turn looks down on the spectacle below.
- I'm sure he will go on to achieve great things at the club, and will one day be held in the same regard here as he is down on the south coast.
- She put the wine glass down on the ground and turned over to face him lying flat, her belly against his.
- Morgan stood up and walked over to the buffet table and looked down at the food.
- Savage put the drink down gently, closed his eyes and opened them again very slowly.
- I moved down here from Hackney because I thought it would be a better place to bring my child up.
- We had mixed weather on the way down, everything from hard driving rain to bright sunshine.
- When we finally put her bags down in my living room she started to cry.
- Scroll down while reading each page and then when you come to the end just click to get the next.
- Then one of the two warders threw the case down at his feet and slammed the door shut.
- The youth knocked on his passenger window and asked him to wind it down.
- It might have been cold up north, but at least it was sunny - down here it is cold, wet and miserable.
2.2(downstairs)I'll be down right away — enseguida bajo
2.3(lowered, pointing downward)bajadowith the blinds down — con las persianas bajadas
- face/head down — boca abajo
- I had my foot down on the accelerator — tenía el pie en / estaba pisando el acelerador
2.4(in position)the carpet isn't down yet — aún no han puesto / colocado la alfombra
- I had newspaper down — había puesto periódicos (en el suelo)
2.5(prostrate)the champ is down! — ¡el campeón ha caído en la lona!
- I was down with flu all last week — estuve con gripe toda la semana pasada
3.1(of numbers, volume, intensity)with the volume down low — con el volumen al mínimo
- my temperature is down to 38°C — la fiebre me ha bajado a 38°C
- attendance/circulation is down — la asistencia/circulación ha bajado
- sterling closed half a cent down — al cierre la libra había bajado medio centavo
- they were two goals down — iban perdiendo por dos goles
3.2(in league, table, hierarchy)still down at the bottom of the league — todavía en el último lugar de la clasificación
- from the president down — desde el presidente para abajo
4.1(in, toward the south)to go/come down south/to London — ir/venir al sur/a Londres
- people down south/in Mexico — la gente del sur/de México
4.2British (at, to another place)down on the farm — en la granja
- he's down at the bar — está en el bar
- I'm going down to Anne's/the library — voy a casa de Anne/a la biblioteca
4.3British (away from university, major city)they're sending a detective down from Scotland Yard — van a enviar un detective de Scotland Yard
- he went down from Oxford in 1967 — terminó sus estudios en Oxford en 1967
5.1(dismantled, removed)the Christmas decorations should be down by now — ya deberían haber quitado las decoraciones de Navidad
- the room looks bare with the pictures down — la habitación queda desnuda sin los cuadros
- once this wall is down — una vez que hayan derribado esta pared
5.2(out of action)the telephone lines are down — las líneas de teléfono están cortadas
- the system is down again — otra vez el sistema no funciona
5.3(deflated)one of your tires is down — tienes un neumático desinflado
6(in writing)did you get down what she said? — ¿tomaste nota de lo que dijo?
- he's down for tomorrow at ten — está apuntado / anotado para mañana a las diez
- she's down as unemployed — consta / figura como desempleada
7(in cash)he's demanding $150 down — exige un depósito de $150
8.1(as far as)hastafrom the roof down to the foundations — desde el tejado hasta los cimientos
- right down to the present day — hasta nuestros días
- Nine down and six to go, Carlow and Naas are on track for All Ireland League promotion.
- He told the jury a rear patio was completely removed and the soil dug down three feet.
- Armstrong and Aldrin had to jump nearly a metre down from the bottom rung of the ladder to the Moon's surface.
- He said they set to work digging several feet down in search of the remains.
- I think my body knows it's the halfway point of the week, with four shows down and four to go.
- We were kitted out with helmets and miners' torch and taken 40 metres down to the pit bottom in a cage.
- There is one down and two to go for Inveraray after their intermediate championship victory at Oban yesterday.
- Vandals also dug two feet down into the grave of John Devlin, who died eight years ago.
- The well here was fascinating with two donkeys pulling up a huge leather bucket from 100 feet down.
- It is a good 20 feet down and the way he has landed has contributed to how seriously he was hurt.
- The objects from these sites were originally buried two to three feet down at the bottom of graves.
- The surface of the land has been cleared but the soil is contaminated several feet down.
- The wreck of the vessel was located, 40 metres down on the seabed, later that morning.
8.2(reduced to)when the liquid is down to half its volume — cuando el líquido se haya reducido a la mitad de su volumen
- we're down to our last tin of tomatoes — nos queda solo una lata de tomates
8.3British (dependent on)it's all down to luck — todo es cuestión de suerte
8.4(to be done by)the rest is down to you — el resto depende de ti
- it's down to the owner to take precautions — es responsabilidad del propietario tomar precauciones
1.1(in downward direction)we ran down the slope — corrimos cuesta abajo
- to come down the stairs — bajar por la escalera
- it fell down a hole — se cayó por un agujero
- to tip sth down the sink — tirar algo por el fregadero
- you've spilled wine down your shirt — te has manchado la camisa de vino
- she looked down the list — recorrió la lista con la mirada
1.2(at lower level)halfway down the hill — a mitad de camino ladera abajo
- line 26, halfway down the page — línea 26, hacia la mitad de la página
2.1(along)we drove on down the coast/the Mississippi — seguimos por la costa/a lo largo del Misisipí
- as I strolled down the street — cuando paseaba por la calle
2.2(further along)the library is just down the street — la biblioteca está un poco más allá / más adelante
- 15 miles down the road — a 15 millas siguiendo la carretera
- there's a butcher's 100 yards down the road — hay una carnicería unas 100 yardas más adelante
2.3British informal (to, in)I've got to go down the shops — tengo que ir de compras
- I saw her down the pub yesterday — ayer la vi en el bar
3(through)down the ages/centuries — a través de los tiempos/los siglos
1.1(going downward)the down escalator — la escalera mecánica de bajada / para bajar
- Compton, who turns 33 next season, has hit the down slope of his career.
- We walked across the terminal toward the down escalator.
- The jet in question was prepared for flight, so its flaps were already in the down position.
- If you want to access a recently visited site again, click the down arrow at the right of the address box and select web address from the drop down window.
- Ascending a down escalator, I work at 140 watts.
- I walked to the elevator and pressed the down arrow.
1.2British (from London)the down train — el tren de Londres
- Currently 13 trains a day stop at Pewsey compared with three up trains going to Paddington and three down trains when Mr Nicholls first joined the NDRPA.
- The picture shows a double-armed signal post on the down platform, prior to the building of the signal box.
- The down train that forms the 9.30 was 9 minutes late.
- All down trains of the Central and Western Railway leaving Mumbai today will be running on schedule.
2coloquial(depressed)deprimidoto feel down — andar deprimido / (informal) con un bajón
- Hutt was usually ebullient but this time, he came to my office, and he was in a down mood.
- Have you been feeling down lately about your lack of knowledge of quantum computing?
- It was almost impossible to be down with Jesse around.
- Tanya Anderson said her husband had been a bit down because he had hurt his arm and was in a lot of pain.
- I'm not sure I would ever be, but I was feeling a bit down and reluctant to be there.
- At the moment they are a little bit down but that's my job to pick them up.
- A few players have been down in recent weeks but they can, and will, turn it around.
- If I had been playing badly, I would have been a bit down, but I wasn't playing badly.
- I'd always had bouts of feeling down and miserable.
- On the other hand, he's bringing hope to a people who are still down from losing so many loved ones.
- She'd given up smoking a few months back and put on a bit of weight and been a bit down about it.
- She reminds you of your best qualities when you're down, to take the sting out of your woes.
- Believe it or not he was still seriously down about getting dumped, which surprised me.
- On Saturday night the mood in the camp was sombre. We were all seriously down.
1(in US football)down masculinooportunidad femenino
- The offense has four downs to score a touchdown; the defense must stop the offense or get a turnover.
- A defensive lineman sees about that much action in one series of four downs.
- But the Giants held the Redskins to two first downs on seven first-half drives.
- That weakness should not be too great of a negative since the Texans typically do not use a nose tackle on passing downs anyway.
- The Rams ran up 40 points, 508 yards, and 32 first downs.
1.1(drink down)(drink) beberse rápidamente(drink) tomarse rápidamentehe downed it in one — se lo bebió / se lo tomó de un trago
- On the one side there were a group of 18 men downing drinks at the bar, seeking the confidence which only alcohol can provide.
- After downing the shot she had three more and then half a bottle of champagne.
- Mike downed another drink and motioned to the bartender for a refill.
- I was slightly tipsy from the two frozen margaritas I'd downed - quickly - half an hour earlier at Taco Milagro.
- Kayn simply laughed, and downed another shot as Serge walked away.
- Dan shrugged and downed his whisky.
- An hour later, she dragged me off the floor and downed another shot.
- Still chewing, Faulkner downs his drink in a single gulp.
- It is healthier to sip a cup of tea several times a day rather than down it all at once.
- Bell downs his coffee in a few gulps, warming to his subject.
- I devoured the sandwich in a minute and Tyler handed me a bottle of water, which I downed in a couple of seconds.
- It would be churlish to refuse, so he downs one, then another, then another.
- ‘She doesn't drink alcohol,’ Daryl said dully as he downed his fourth beer.
- This is a cool bar, if you're ever in Sydney definitely check this one out - i even saw Craig David in there downing a shot with his mates!
- She downed her drink and grabbed two flutes of champagne as she walked in his direction.
- He downed one more shot and walked to his room to go to sleep.
- They had locked the door and downed the entire bottle and Ti had brought out another one.
- Alan downed his drink and poured himself another.
- She picked up her water and downed it before collecting her stuff and heading home.
- I didn't drink, but that was ok because Drake just downed his double shot latte and then drank mine.
1.2(knock down)(person/opponent) tumbar(opponent/person) derribar
- A military spokesman said the AH - 64 Apache helicopter was downed by ground fire in the morning.
- In October 2000, for the first time, FARC downed a Black Hawk, killing the 22 Colombian soldiers aboard.
- On one occasion, 72 Japanese aircraft were downed by Hornet pilots in one day!
- So far we've been fortunate that they haven't downed any of these piloted aircraft.
- When maintenance finally downed the aircraft, it was an hour after the problem occurred and 30 minutes past our scheduled takeoff time.
- The blast - as well as downing the aircraft in which it is carried - spreads deadly material across a wide area.
- Meanwhile, several American aircraft were downed by Japanese Zero fighters.
- The all-Polish Kosciuszko Squadron downed 126 German planes - more than any other Royal Air Force squadron.
- His Tornado fighter bomber was downed on January 16 during the first wave of air strikes in the '91 Gulf War.
- The cause of the crash is still not known, but the U.S. Central Command says there is no evidence that hostile fire played any part in downing the aircraft.
- The US squad has been missing since June 28 when rebels downed a helicopter sent to extract them, killing all 16 on board.
- Two minutes from time, Ayr were awarded a penalty when Andy Lawrie downed substitute Stewart Kean, and Bradford converted the spot-kick with assurance.
- On 5 July, flying near Evreux, he downed his 28th German aircraft and became America's top ace.
- 1918 - Signal Corps pilot LT Paul Baer attacks seven German aircraft, downing one.
- Up to 11 inches of rain fell in the southern part of the state yesterday, downing trees and knocking out power to thousands of people.
- Another was intercepted by a Spitfire near Newhaven and the pilot died when his plane was downed from the blast.
- On August 12, 1944, his P - 51 Mustang was downed by ground fire in southern France.
- Many more Israeli aircraft have been downed by birds than by enemy air battles in the last three decades…
- His first question upon returning to base was whether he had downed a Soviet aircraft.
- Two enemy aircraft were downed, the second being an RAF Typhoon shot down near Rostock on 4 May.
1.3(shoot down)(aircraft) derribar(aircraft) abatir
1(on bird)plumón masculino
- I bought a down comforter to put inside the duvet.
- This soft down is not a real feather, but works as a temporary covering.
2masculino vellofemenino pelusillamasculino bozofemenino pelusilla
- Every single women on the planet has 'down' on her face- in fact, it's what gives some women that 'perfect complexion' look.
3(on plant, fruit)pelusa femenino
- Its leaves, which turn a deep crimson in autumn, are rounded and covered with down.
- The regions rolling hills of this region which are almost treeless like the downs of southern England, have their own quiet beauty.
- He added the last bit with a glare that went around the whole car, taking note of everyone's expressions as they neared their target, their faces growing grimmer as the flat roads began to move into the rolling hills of the downs.
- Owned by descendants of the original lessees who took up the station - sight unseen - in 1877, the famous black soil downs carry more than 60,000 cattle.
- The county of Wiltshire is sometimes referred to as the chalk and cheese county, dairy products from the lush Salisbury Plain and sheep on the downs.
- I experienced a similar feeling one August night when we climbed the downs around Folkestone to lie under a meteor shower.
- Set on the northern edge of the Hampshire downs, Beacon Hill commands fine views northwards with defences utilizing the local topography to good effect.
- Under the Countryside and Rights of Way Act, which came into effect in 2001, the Countryside Agency is charged with drawing up a map giving public access to many mountains, moors, heaths and downs.
- The sky is broodingly grey over the humid downs of the Barkly Tableland as a mob of well-fed white Brahman cows and calves quietly shift across the green expanse.
- From the village of Jevington climb steeply over the downs then descend to Alfriston, from where you climb again before turning south at Bostal Hill down to the Cuckmere Estuary.
- The hills and downs area seemed remote and edgy, in a way far from relaxing.
- Having used the sprawling downs for a variety of purposes including grazing their buffaloes over the years, some of the Toda youth are now in the process of adding a new chapter to their chequered history.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.