In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(before expected time)her early arrival took us by surprise — su llegada anticipada / antes de tiempo nos tomó por sorpresa
- I was early — llegué temprano
- we were 20 minutes early — llegamos con 20 minutos de adelanto
- the baby was a week early — el niño se adelantó una semana
- the bus was early — el autobús pasó (or salió etc.) antes de la hora
- your report is early for once — por una vez entregas el informe antes de tiempo
- I was early getting to work this morning — esta mañana llegué al trabajo antes de la hora
- to be early for sth
- he was early for his appointment — llegó a la cita antes de la hora
- Any protracted celebrations were curtailed by the early start to the Derry championship.
- With early planting it is essential that a good seed treatment be used to protect the seed.
- Just to really stoke things up, we arrived at Lyneham to find that we'd been booked an early lunch in the canteen.
- Once I had finished updating a monthly report, I took an early lunch and met her for a coffee.
- He's off to Aus for a month on Thursday so we grabbed an early Christmas drink down near his office in Leatherhead.
- I'd pretty well given up on the day, took an early lunch, popped a couple of painkillers and took to my bed.
- Twenty-five pensioners enjoyed a free lunch as an early Christmas present from their local pub.
- After an early lunch we packed some kit into a couple of bags and off we went to catch the ferry to Brownsea Island.
- The concentration of starch in stage two nodosities indicates a relatively early onset of starch accumulation.
- It is expected that the union will shortly call an early general assembly.
- Saturday will be centrepiece of the trek, and an early start will take them over a high mountain pass to Spain.
- It's an idea that repeatedly surfaces in magazines and newspapers trying to sell an early start to the weekend.
- It's still early, but I may well get an entire chapter out of that little spark of an idea.
- There was an early start each day, admittedly, but I covered nearly 100 miles a day and got a lot done in between.
- We had decided to get an early start and headed out to Kirkuk and then to Tikrit.
- Mum was booked on the 12.55 back to Edinburgh, so it had to be an early lunch, come hail or shine.
- He was three-quarters of a length up at the line, and could have gained no more than a neck's advantage by his early start.
- The IAEA mission has handed the plant management an early report on their work.
- Monday was an early lunch of homemade mince pie, chips and veg at Via Veneto.
- The early onset of agricultural innovation there cannot be ascribed to above-average urban demand.
2.1(variety/crop) temprano(variety/crop) tempranero Colombia
- Many of the early maturing varieties are best when ripened under relatively cool conditions.
- However, for early crops in the south of the country, disease outbreak can be much earlier.
- Wild plants such as the early marsh orchids are very selective about where they grow.
- Two types of monad pollen are present in early orchids, namely that with pollenkitt and that with elastoviscin.
- The garden is taking on its autumn hues and late-flowering plants dominate while early bloomers fade.
- In several cases it is possible to test this by comparing early and late varieties of titanite from the same sample or same locality.
2.2(before normal time)I had an early breakfast — desayuné temprano
- Easter is early this year — (la) Pascua cae temprano este año
- an early death — una muerte temprana / prematura
2.3(first, far back in time)she was an early advocate of the free market — fue una pionera en la defensa del mercado libre
- early reports from the area — los primeros informes de la zona
- his earliest memories — sus primeros recuerdos
- the earliest train we can catch — el primer tren que podemos tomar
- at an early stage — en una etapa temprana
- if detected in the early stages — si se detecta en sus comienzos
- at an earlier stage — en una etapa anterior
- it's too early to tell — es demasiado pronto para saber
- The early chapters are strong on narrative and pace but the ending sort of fades.
- The early chapters are a little confusing perhaps, and the ending is a tad predictable.
- The early chapters are not well handled from a technical point of view.
- Thackeray, as he penned the early chapters, saw a rather more dignified narrative future for William.
- For many crop species, such as corn or wheat, varieties involved in the early stages of domestication are lost.
- This early sequence, without a trace of dignity or sensitivity, sets the tone for the entire film.
- It reminded me a lot of the early parts of the peyote sequence in Animal Man.
- These early chapters confirm much of what was suspected but not known about the Tampa crisis.
- In my eyes, this is an exceptionally well written book, particularly in the early chapters.
- Just how rapid the early stages of recovery can be is shown for Anomodon viticulosus in Fig.3.
- The plot is triggered in the early chapters of the novel when a colleague is murdered.
- Browsing may cause profuse basal branching and maintain plants at an early stage of growth and development.
- Mr Oliver said that plans for the plant were in the early stages and more details would be released next month.
- A penniless writer used to sit here all day, writing the early draft chapters of her now famous novel.
- She narrates the early chapters with an innocence and knowingness that is touching, funny and disturbing.
- With the transformation still in its early stages revenues are expected to decline.
- During the early stages of plant development, internode elongation is suppressed and only leaves expand.
- Mr Miller told us that one question kept cropping up from an early stage.
- In roots of wild-type plants of cultivar Finale, all early stages of infection were identified.
- The fact that we know how this horrible story ends makes it difficult for us to analyse the early chapters.
2.4(in morning)we're early risers — somos madrugadores
- you won't find anyone up at this early hour — no vas a encontrar a nadie levantado tan temprano / a estas horas
- to get or (British also) make an early start — (on a journey) salir temprano
- I went for an early swim — me fui a nadar temprano
- I asked for an early morning call — pedí que me despertaran por la mañana temprano
2.5(toward beginning of period)in the early afternoon — a primeras horas de la tarde
- in early June — a principios / a comienzos de junio
- the early 20th century — los comienzos del siglo XX
- the Early Middle Ages — la Alta Edad Media
- the early Church — la iglesia primitiva
- in early childhood — en la primera infancia
- he spent his early life in India — pasó sus primeros años en la India
- from an early age — desde pequeño
- he was in his early twenties — tenía poco más de veinte años
- an early goal — un gol temprano
- an early Picasso — un Picasso de la primera época
- Early American style — estilo colonial americano
- When we look at this Hadith, we have a glimpse of life in the early Islamic period.
- An early goal after 30 seconds had the team from Portmagee under pressure from the start.
- It was early in the morning and the sun was just beginning to show its lovely face from the horizon.
- The trials programme emerged as an ingenious political expedient in early 1998.
- During the early post-war period, however, there was a marked turn towards a more analytical style.
- However, Stevenson and his film crew have been warned to expect a few early alarm calls before they finally have the film in the can.
- They have until September 30 to submit final bids, and a winner is expected by early October.
- For historians of the early modern period the study of death has proven especially fruitful.
- The Islamic expansion of the early medieval period was not waged for glory, or any of the other factors I listed at the top of this op.
- Contrary to what many books say, neither chess or draughts were commonly played in the early medieval period.
- We had already done around a dozen surgical cases in the morning and the early afternoon.
- It now goes to the Senate, where little opposition is expected, in early March.
- Rangers settled quickest and took an early lead from a diving header by Smith from Philips cross.
- An employee in his early thirties may well expect to retire at an earlier age than employees in their late fifties.
- In the early hours of the morning, police saw a driver using fog lights when there was no need for it and checked him.
- As we get into the post-Roman / early medieval period we have a series of bows from Denmark and Germany.
- The unitary empire of the early Islamic period had fragmented into numerous regional and local states.
- We are only now beginning to see how much survived of Roman and Celtic culture in the early medieval period.
- A quick listen to their early songs proves just how clued in this group was from the start.
- It's never too early in the spring to plant the radish seeds, as long as the soil can be worked.
- It was early morning and he had been parking his van near a site where he was working as a labourer, when he and a co-worker saw the fire.
- He had gone to his gentleman's club and was not expected to return until early evening.
- Brading's book is a fine study that scholars of the early modern period should read.
- The main phase of construction of the visible walls of the fort, however, belongs to the early medieval period.
- In the early modern period Descartes seems to have taken this position.
- The early work, expected to start soon, will focus on the nature reserve.
- From early morning, the general atmosphere was calm and relaxed, more in tune with a public festival than a mass protest.
- It is fascinating walking country, greener in early summer than you might expect.
- The early goal in that second period helped lift us, gave us something to hold on to, and from then on we played well.
- A decision on how the court will proceed is expected sometime in early April.
- We expected reasonable weather in early September, but boy, were we disappointed!
3(in near future)prontowe should appreciate an early reply — agradeceríamos una pronta respuesta
- an earlier date would be preferable — una fecha más cercana sería preferible
- at the earliest possible moment — lo antes / lo más pronto posible
1(before expected time)tempranocome early if you want to get a seat — ven temprano si quieres conseguir asiento
- the baby arrived two weeks early — el niño se adelantó dos semanas
- she was released earlier than expected — la pusieron en libertad antes de lo esperado
- People are advised to get their tickets early as a full house is expected.
- Today I left work early to watch them play their deadly rivals St Hugo's at home and caught the second half.
- We turned into bed early that night, readying ourselves for what we expected would be a long day.
- This means the bar started its party 12 hours early, at noon today, as the seventeenth dawned in Fiji.
- It took me over a week to do just this chapter, because the computer lab closed early, some days.
- The agent came today, half an hour early, to measure up the rooms, note details and take photographs.
- A few producers were able to line up scripts early and finished that part of the work sooner.
- I managed to charm one of the supervisors into letting me start, and thus finish half an hour early.
- We were encouraged to sign up early for events as some were expected to sell out early.
- I set out early, expecting the city to myself, only to discover the streets packed with runners and spectators.
- He might as well try this race, and if he did reach the finish line early, he could down the whiskey.
- The workers said there would be no production at the site today and many were leaving work early.
- The bulbs can be planted early, which gives them longer to fatten up.
- His boss is nice, lets him glide his time, so he works through lunch and takes off early, which is a good plan on fine days.
- The freight train involved in the crash was running 20 minutes early, it was revealed today.
- Today we woke up early and decided to see as much of the city as we could on foot.
- She rose early the next morning with a thousand questions running around in her head - where was she?
- People are advised to book tickets early as it is expected that the show will sell out very quickly.
- However, there are justifiable reasons for going to bed so ridiculously early.
- She rises early before the sun gets too hot to work in the corn fields behind her apartment.
2.1(before usual time)tempranopronto Españawe had dinner early — cenamos temprano
2.2(in morning)tempranopronto EspañaI get up early every morning — me levanto pronto todas las mañanas España
- In Beijing the announcement was put out early on the morning of the 30th.
- She died early last Wednesday morning.
- He said they had arrested 12 Iraqis during raids in the Tikrit area overnight and early yesterday.
- So this morning, I woke up early and enjoyed a long, lazy lie-in before popping the radio on just as I hopped into the shower.
- Earlier in the day, Vajpayee held a one-on-one meeting with Pakistani Prime Minister Zafar ullah Jamali after the inaugural session of the summit.
- Early to bed and early to rise and we awoke to the fulfillment of the horrid weather forecast: cold, dark skies, windy.
- It was announced earlier today that the final plans for the Eden-Epsom recreational precinct are now on public display.
- I and my two friends arrived fairly rested in Madrid very early on a Sunday morning and were immediately greeted by our Activity Coordinator, Antonio.
- He explained that, earlier in the day, he had delivered the then-current version of the testimony to the State Department's Legal Adviser, Abraham Sofaer.
- And early the next morning, it was back on the Gray Goose for another site visit.
- Although not a morning person whatsoever Ari forced herself out of bed early every morning so she could start to get ready.
- The Israel Defence Force (IDF) said it had been responding to rocket fire early yesterday.
- One person died and two others were seriously injured in a collision between a lorry and a New Forest Council vehicle early today.
- Two shots were fired at a police car as officers made a routine stop-check on a vehicle parked on the M5 motorway in Gloucestershire early this morning.
2.3(toward beginning of period)early in the morning — por la mañana temprano
- early in the afternoon/evening — por la tarde/noche temprano
- early in the week/year — a principios de semana/año
- early one Tuesday evening — un martes a primeras horas de la noche
- early (on) in her career — al principio de su carrera
- earlier that night — antes / más temprano esa misma noche
- book early — haga su reserva cuanto antes
2.4(long ago)it was known as early as 200 BC — ya se sabía en el año 200 A. C.
3(soon)prontoas early as possible — cuanto antes
- we can't come earlier than Friday — no podemos venir antes del viernes
- when is the earliest you can start? — ¿cuál es la primera fecha en la que podría empezar?
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