In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(company/colony/community) fundar(dictatorship/regime) instaurar(regime/dictatorship) establecer(fund/committee) instituir(fund/committee) crear(bridgehead) establecerhis father established him in business — su padre lo ayudó a establecerse en los negocios
- When a firm chooses to establish a subsidiary, internal as well as external conditions are taken into account.
- A seven-member board was established to oversee the start-up and operation of slots.
- We've had a marvellous few days and the family ties have been firmly established now.
- Protocols were established to ensure fair and equitable computer access for those who wanted it.
- The Commission was established to ensure effective follow-up to the Rio Earth Summit of 1992.
- Beatrice, a former director of a market research company, had just established her own firm.
- It will be the first licensed international brokerage firm to be established in Abu Dhabi.
- Medicaid programs are administered at the state level, but they must follow guidelines established by the federal government.
- He left the security of permanent employment to establish a sports centre in Melbourne.
- This family firm, which was established more than 40 years ago, provides a wide range of goods and services.
- The firm was established by Richard King and a number of partners in 1978.
- He said it was important to establish efficient communications systems between the islands.
- The company has quit Victory House, in Bank Street, its home since the firm was established 27 years ago, to move into its new base.
- Kibbutz communities initially were established as part of the pioneer movement to bring Jews from around the world to Israel.
- Air quality guidelines are established to protect public health.
- The museum was established for a particular purpose… design.
- In 1960 Robert Best established the firm in London, and it is now run by his son Patrick.
- He took a job with an Italian law firm, establishing its London office while at the same time building his own firm.
- Many Irish-based firms are now establishing their own corporate programmes.
1.2(criteria/procedure) establecerto establish a precedent — sentar (un) precedente
- to establish diplomatic relations — establecer relaciones diplomáticas
- the army was sent to establish order — se enviaron efectivos del ejército para imponer el orden
- While dinner etiquette was never formal, a firm routine had been established for following dinner.
- Boll, who established himself as one of the foremost writers of his generation, was born in Cologne in 1917.
- After leaving West Point in 1915, Eisenhower quickly established himself as a proficient trainer of young recruits.
- It's not taken him long to establish himself as a firm favourite with Salford Reds supporters.
- He has been with us for two years and has established himself as a much-loved figure.
- He has established himself as one of the most exciting country blues performers of our time.
- Eddie's love of the stage saw him performing and compèring shows in which he established himself as a stand-up comedian.
- He has established himself as a compelling concert performer and a stellar contributor to world-wide music festivals.
- With no formal training but packed pockets of passion and enthusiasm, Lee has established himself as an award winning restaurateur to be reckoned with.
- The group's cheerleaders claim this will establish the firm as one of Britain's most financially successful e-tailers.
- The gold was won by Christian Olsson, the Swede, who has firmly established himself as Jonathan Edwards's heir.
- They rapidly established themselves as one of the few bands outside Louisiana who can capture the unmistakable but elusive sound of Cajun music.
- Over a period of 20 years, Donatella established herself as a sculptress in the international arena of visual arts.
- The company quickly established a strong reputation and has won numerous national and international awards for its wines.
- The life-size cardboard cut-out policemen helped the firm establish itself on the other side of the Atlantic.
- He has firmly established himself as a young goalkeeper with a big future.
- Since joining Dale in July 1999, Atkinson has played more than 50 first-team games - establishing himself as a firm crowd favourite.
- Dionne Warwick has, over an illustrious four-decade career, established herself as an international musical legend.
- His scientific credentials were established on the basis of his anatomical discoveries.
- During that time she has established herself as an accomplished broadcaster, capable of dealing with the most delicate and difficult news stories.
2.1(cause people to accept)she saw it as a way of establishing her authority — lo veía como una manera de dejar sentado que era ella quien mandaba
- he soon established a reputation as a womanizer — pronto se ganó la fama de ser un donjuán
2.2(prove)(guilt/innocence) establecer(guilt/innocence) demostrar
- Your testimony and the expert opinion you offer must be connected to the facts already established by admissible evidence.
- Research firmly establishes a link between a country's increased trade and economic well-being.
- Research has firmly established the link between social function and pathological outcomes.
- The firm's research had established that 75 retailers had requirements for space in York, some of whom would want to come into the city from outside.
- One should initially establish who is liable for the tax.
- There's still very little hard evidence establishing a direct link between counterfeiting and terrorism.
- "We established to our satisfaction that the memos were accurate or we would not have put them on television.
- They established to their satisfaction that sheep were able to recognise humans they had become familiar with.
- The source of these huge amounts of iron has not yet been established with certainty.
- We must now establish who bought the estate and who lived on it through the years till 1700.
2.3(ascertain)(identity/fact/motive) establecerwe're trying to establish where/what/how … — estamos tratando de establecer / de determinar dónde/qué/cómo …
1(become successful, secure)establecersehe established himself in the legal profession — se hizo un nombre / se estableció en el mundo jurídico
- he quickly established himself as the office clown — pronto se ganó la fama de ser el bufón de la oficina
- she's established herself in our house — se ha instalado en nuestra casa
- Some teachers would make an initial effort to establish communication and then would lessen their efforts.
- Use alumni groups, friends, and relatives to establish contacts at the companies you are most interested in to help you navigate through the application process.
- Perhaps we should also consider using the Internet to establish closer contact with the community.
- The core purpose of the program is to establish connections and communication between the participating schools.
- No we do not have a separate team to establish communication with international organisations.
- But once contact had been established, the information given was both speedy and accurate.
- Subsequently, I visited each community to establish personal contact with the deaf people and their families.
- Most important was to establish contact with the audience and not to lose it.
- He called on non-government organisations to establish contact with the families of the infected children and find a way to help them.
- What I am trying to do now is to establish contacts with various Bulgarian cultural and educational organisations and institutions.
- I am also grateful to my sister for her liaison with indigenous education colleagues, and for establishing some of my contacts in Adelaide.
- Contacts have already been established with farming organizations in the county.
- The hardest part of getting information may be establishing an initial connection.
- Others are visiting the country for short periods to establish contact with the criminal community.
- The British Government is already beginning to establish contacts with the organization.
- However, contact has been established with a number of key officials.
- Contact has been established with a guest player.
2(idea/tendency) imponerse(tendency/idea) arraigarse
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