In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(of person, animal)cara femeninorostro masculinohis face was badly scarred — tenía la cara cubierta de cicatrices
- she has a thin/oval face — tiene la / una cara delgada/ovalada
- face down(ward)/up(ward) — boca abajo/arriba
- there were a few red faces about it — más de uno se puso colorado por eso
- to slap sb in the face — darle una bofetada a algn
- The face is characteristically square or broad with a short neck, often giving a squat appearance.
- It would be interesting to know is whether people with symmetrical faces have longer life expectancies.
- Paint peeled off the walls of nearby buildings and the faces of wax dummies in the dress shop across the road melted in the intense heat
- I brushed her long dark hair from her face and caressed her cheek in an effort to calm her.
- Probably weighing around 20 stone, a bald man with a moon face stood there, looking sad and bemused.
- His eyes were a solid dark blue, and his face showed the beginning signs of middle age.
- Emily buried her face into her pillow and started to drift off to sleep.
- She had curly cherry red hair that framed her porcelain doll face.
- A man and a woman laugh, watching each other's faces over a candlelit dinner.
- In his dream he looked upon the moon and saw the face of the goddess looking down upon her people.
- Standing in his way was a tall man with long dark hair, his face hidden in the shadows of the hood of his black robes.
- A large body of research has found that we perceive faces that are closer to the average as more beautiful than distinctive faces.
- They were walking determinedly, but in the darkness, she could not distinguish their faces.
- The old man's wrinkled face creased into a warm smile.
- My voice broke and the tears fell down my face as I wrapped my arms around his solid torso.
- We both stood there for a while, our faces illuminated by the moon's pale light, silent.
- The woman's fair face was ashen; beads of sweat formed at her temples.
- I watched their faces and wished, desperately and irrationally, that these boys would understand.
- Their weathered faces, full of character, look down upon Lee as he fixes a bridle.
- She felt immediate relief as she found herself looking at a familiar long, freckled face with sandy bangs.
1.2(person)a new face — una cara nueva
- always the same (old) faces! — ¡siempre las mismas caras (conocidas)!
- a familiar face — una cara conocida
- I'd know that face anywhere! — esa cara la reconocería en cualquier sitio
- I know that face from somewhere — me parece cara conocida
- I never forget a face — nunca olvido una cara
1.3(expression)cara femeninoyou should have seen her face — tendrías que haber visto la cara que puso
- a face as long as a fiddle — cara larga
- he had a face as long as a fiddle — andaba con cara larga
- to have a face like a funeral — tener cara de entierro / de velorio
- I joked, watching as their faces twist with frustration, annoyed that I was avoiding the subject.
- He has a face so unusually characterful that it almost defies caricature.
- Then, in a second, the old woman's face had softened back into its regular form.
- James, one of the now gloomy faces at the dining room table, had brought me a sketch of St. Vincent de Paul.
- He read the letter, then with a face of anger, crumpled it up and threw it on the ground.
- On Sunday, I visited the Art Gallery of Ontario and met a familiar but nervous face.
- The last thing I saw through the closing crack was dozens of pale, terrified faces watching us in confusion.
- Blaze is leaning back in her chair without blinking, with tears running down her blank, expressionless face.
- Turning her straight face into a frown, she turned herself away from him.
- The big group fell silent and watched with eerily solemn faces as the two girls approached.
- I watched some pretty serious faces as shooters battled it out for 15th or 20th place in a category.
- The woman's face darkened and she stopped.
- Her smile faded slowly as she saw her father's face turn serious.
- She looked at everyone and saw concerned faces watching her intently.
- She quickly regained her posture and followed him down the hall getting confused faces along the way as if asking her, what did you do?
- Does he regularly practice his poker face in front of the mirror?
- And if you're thinking the way the character thinks, your face and body will change.
- We dug in a pile of loose rubble adjacent to the pit, finding a few crystals of smoky quartz, as Agenor and Lauro looked on with unhappy faces.
- She had a pouty face, the kind you knew was going to be a very attractive face when she got older.
- I looked around the room, watching the girls' faces change from looks of accusation to pity and understanding.
2.1(appearance, nature)fisonomía femeninothe changing face of America/society — la cambiante fisonomía de América/la sociedad
- Although alcoholism remains the number one dependency problem among judges and lawyers, the face of addiction continues to change.
- These mountain are most assuredly another of the distinctive four faces of Algeria.
- Here was a problem that amounted to rather more than an unsightly flaw on the face of the splendid facade of classical physics.
- Critical thinking requires you to put a face to the problem and to identify all the faces of the problem involved.
2.2(aspect)aspecto masculinothe many faces of industry — las muchas caras de la industria
2.3(dignity)to lose face — quedar mal
- to save face — guardar las apariencias
- loss of face — desprestigio
2.4dated (insolence)to have the face to + inf — tener la desfachatez de + inf
3(in geometry)cara femenino
- The faces of the polyhedron appear to consist of two equilateral triangles and six somewhat irregular pentagons.
- A triangular pyramid, or tetrahedron, has a triangular base and four faces, counting the bottom.
- This time, it had the shape of a trapezoid on four faces, making it look like a thimble with four right angles.
- To solve the problem, Vinson opted to use polyhedra that have more vertices than faces.
- Faces in graph theory are a lot like the six faces of a cube.
4.1(of coin, medal)cara femenino
- But high returns and high risk are two faces of the same coin.
- Dancing and choreography for me are two faces of the same coin.
- He drew a quick rendition of the two faces of the coin the Lujar had shown him.
- Shatner beamed with joy when told he had been selected to be on the face of the coin.
- The poet's eye can see the two faces of the coin simultaneously.
4.2(of clock, watch)esfera femeninocarátula femenino México
- And I love how one of the clock faces of the Fendi Secret Dual Time watch is always very subtly covered.
- Watch faces, found at flea markets and removed from their bands, are arranged precisely on a tray.
- They are also very well known for their simple, clean watch faces and designs.
- Maybe an African watch should do away with confusing numerals and simply have just a sun and a moon on its face.
- The turret wall, a fort-like structure enclosing a 25-foot tower leads up to an analog clock with two faces.
- We built a clock tower in Bowen with four clock faces in the center of the town as a memorial of the Bowen Variety Show.
- When Mrs C draws a clock face, or copies a picture of a flower, she omits much or all of the left side.
- On top of each table were a wooden chess set, and a little clock with two faces next to each one.
- A typical map divides the eye into sections, using the image of a clock face as a base.
- Moiré and mother of pearl pastel watch faces in colours like pink and aqua and agate will also capture an iridescent feel.
- I couldn't see the clock in the bathroom because of the condensation on the clock face.
- Here, traditional analogue clocks with crisp modern faces sit within achingly fashionable hoods.
4.3(of building)fachada femenino
- The cobblestones press back against my feet, the lit faces of the buildings rise around me into a clear, black sky.
- The four distinct faces of the building force a process of scanning and mental reassembly at the scale of the whole wall.
- The top floor will be set back from the main face of the building.
- In this building, there was but one vertical movement joint on the south face.
- On the faces of the building, it is difficult to tell where the floors are.
- Fireworks screamed up into the sky, exploding all around us and strobing the face of every building.
- The glazed faces of the building terminate campus circulation routes.
- In older units, the dividing line was very often the exterior face of a wall.
- The three outer faces are very similar with a tall arch over the steps.
- The red line down the face of the building marks the precise longitude at which time begins.
- The windows on these faces look into narrow protected alleys or the small courtyard between the houses.
- The general orientation of the buildings is east-west, with most window openings in the north and south faces.
5.1(of mountainside, cliff)pared femenino
- The researchers counted snail shells in soil samples from nooks of climbed and unclimbed faces of the limestone cliffs.
- The lift is strong and we are either climbing up the south faces of the ridges, or flying down the tops of the mountains moving much faster than yesterday.
- Springs can occur in uplands if zones of perched water extend laterally to cliff faces or other steep slopes.
- It didn't take him much longer to reach a point where he could climb down the cliff face.
- The mountains are massive red sandstone lumps, their vertical faces rising to table-tops or dropping sheer into canyons.
- Contrary to popular belief, the bird's nests are not found in the faces of cliffs but in caves.
- This source of ore is quite iron poor, unlike the ores that were later to be quarried out from cliff faces.
- They shot rope ladders over the face of these cliffs and began to pull themselves up.
- A thin trickle of water drips down the dank side of a cliff face to splash into the stream below.
- This is why we have to be very careful close to either the flat ground or a cliff or mountain face.
- But he felt a renewed sense of betrayal when Bonington climbed the north face of the Eiger without him.
- Twenty years ago its soaring cliff faces and base was free of human habitation, and the tower stood tall.
- The steep north faces of the escarpments escaped cultivation and the worst effects of logging.
- Here the road has been hewn out of solid rock, so the cliff face overhangs the narrow roadway.
- Diving through one of the many submarine tunnels and along the cliff faces is truly exhilarating.
- These have produced scarps with vertical cliff faces up to 800 meters high.
- Ocean waves pummel the rocky cliff faces, eventually turning some of the rocks into sand.
- Matt grabs the rock face with his bare hands and starts climbing grimly.
- Such people were the first to leave the cave and see what was on the other side of the cliff face.
- For example, plains give way to rising mountain passes with steep cliff faces, and islands peek mysteriously out of lakes and seas.
6(surface)the face of the moon — la cara de la luna
1(be opposite)she turned to face him/the wall — se volvió hacia él/la pared
- he was sitting facing the wall — estaba sentado en frente de la pared
- the children lined up facing each other — los niños formaron dos filas frente a frente
- the illustration facing page nine — la ilustración que está frente a la página nueve
- this wall faces the square — esta pared da a la plaza
- the hotel faces the sea — el hotel está frente al mar
- Frankie sat facing the door that opened onto the back porch.
- On the bungalow the porch faces the ocean.
- But if the same side of the Moon always faces Earth, there should be no lunar tides.
2(confront)(superior/opponent/rival) enfrentarse athe two teams will face each other in June — los dos equipos se enfrentarán en junio
- I don't know how I'll face him when he finds out — no sé cómo le podré dar la cara cuando se entere
- to be faced with sth — estar / verse frente a / ante algo
- we are faced with a serious problem — estamos / nos vemos frente a / ante un grave problema
- Of course not - the answers would be too difficult for a lot of people to face up to.
- If I have to face up to the fact my feet cannot take it, at least I've given it my best shot.
- It has been an ordeal, but sometimes, we just have to face up to things, ya know?
- If we're not prepared to face up soberly to the truth, how the can we expect them to do so?
- This is quite simply something we are going to have to face up to doing as we are amongst the lowest in the league.
- It wasn't something I wanted to do but we weren't right for each other and one of us had to face up to it.
- I am delighted that Scotland on Sunday is forcing society to face up to the crisis in our schools.
- But he has got to face up to the need to do it, the need to carry it through, and the need to be seen and heard to do it.
- Yet even now there is a wilful refusal on the part of the coalition's critics to face up to reality.
- There is this long term demographic problem that any Government is going to have to face up to.
- He should be forced to face up to his platitudes and obfuscations over the past four years.
- Board directors are supposed to face up to their difficulties rather than walk away.
- Thus, the majority of graduates face up to the real world already heavily indebted.
- The main focus at present in the back to school theme that all school goers must face up to.
- One of the biggest challenges is to face up to the problem and do something about it.
- We would also like to see the real culprits forced to face up to their irresponsibility.
- We must not be afraid to face up to and express the cause and nature of those fears.
- So, we've had to face up to some very tough decisions which have had to be made.
3.1(be presented with)enfrentarse ahacer frente aI face that problem every day — todos los días me encuentro con / me enfrento a un problema así
- we face heavy increases next year — el año que viene tendremos que hacer frente a fuertes gastos
- The last few divers onto this wreck were faced with a spoked wheel of distance lines radiating out in all directions.
- The States have sought the approval even as the Centre's buy-back programme is faced with resistance from the public sector banks.
- When writers and producers are faced with handling a real life death, their often mirror reality by writing the death into the fictional plot line.
- I suppose that the lesson here may be that the next time that camp is faced with replacing existing systems, why not consider newer technology?
- Students enrolling for such programmes are faced with paying the entire cost themselves or applying for the sponsorship of a private company.
- Even if they win an international award, they are faced with strict investigation and the possibility of punishment from the government.
- It would not be realistic for local authorities to expect Government through annual grants, to meet all the obligations they are faced with.
- That's the bottom line city councillors were faced with this week as they continued along the 2004 budget path.
- Unfortunately, existing shareholders are faced with a ‘take it or leave it’ option, but that's another issue.
- He said the group is faced with three main issues.
- When test subjects were faced with this noxious combination, the digestive system refused to break down the food and flushed it out as quickly as possible.
- As you know, it is not a problem simply for poor children in this country, wealthier communities are faced with many of the same issues.
- I suppose every generation is faced with a choice.
- Starting with the ribs, diners are faced with a choice of 13 different types that vary by cut and flavor.
- In the past, novice readers who hoped to understand a classic text were faced with having to negotiate layers of annotation.
- When it comes to implementing and regulating the Protocol, however, developing nations are faced with all kinds of handicaps - for a variety of reasons.
- They are faced with a myriad flood of information that they have to process and integrate into their world view very rapidly and quite literally on the fly.
- Hence, humanity is faced with a different warfare that of spiritual and moral warfare.
- Solicitors are faced with clients who have been refused cover for future treatment unless the undertaking is signed.
- Thus, council is faced with the task of ‘balancing the needs of those living here today and in the future,’ said Currie.
3.2(contemplate willingly)I can't face going through all that again — no podría volver a pasar por todo eso
- I don't think I could face another bowl of rice — creo que si me dan otro plato de arroz me muero
- he couldn't face a future without her — no se sentía capaz de enfrentar el futuro sin ella
3.3(lie ahead of)several problems face us — se nos presentan / se nos plantean varios problemas
- defeat faces us unless we act at once — si no actuamos inmediatamente nos espera la derrota
4.1Construcción(wall/surface) recubrirthe front of the house is faced in/with stone — el frente de la casa está recubierto de piedra
- The pedestal or ground floor of the main building is faced with granite from Little Cottonwood Canyon.
- If you turn off Tottenham Court Road onto Chenies Street you will see in front of you a building faced with a stone which reflects like a mirror on a sunny day.
- Dining room and kitchen cabinets and drawers are faced with predominantly gray and blue laminate.
4.2Indumentaria(collar/sleeve) forrarthe cuffs were faced with velvet — los puños eran de terciopelo
1the house faces north(ward)/east(ward) — la casa está orientada / da al norte/este
- the balcony faces out over the square — el balcón da / mira a la plaza
- she walked facing into the wind — caminaba contra el viento
- I was facing the other way — miraba para el otro lado
- about face! — ¡media vuelta!
- right face/left face! — ¡a la derecha/izquierda!
- They turned me to face downwards and I had my head in a vice, but the surgeon was ever so nice and set me at ease straight away.
- The kitchen faces out onto the dining room and into the living room, which is about 30 by 20 feet.
- This building faces onto Blaxland road and Lane Cove road.
- For the best view people are advised to choose a dark location, away from city lights, and face away from the Moon.
- Make sure your 27 cards are faced down in one pile.
- A breakfast room, which has recently been added onto the kitchen, faces onto the courtyard through a French door.
- The building faces out over a great bend in the River Tay, which, with a good number of large windows, gives the residence a light and airy feel.
- Although most rock shelters open on three sides, the Eagle Rock site faces north and is open on only one side.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.