In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(surface) plano(countryside) llano(nose) chatoflat ground — terreno llano masculino
- they thought the earth was flat — creían que la tierra era plana
- houses with flat roofs — casas con techos planos / con azoteas
- I was flat on my back for two months — (me) pasé dos meses en cama
- I found him flat on the floor — lo encontré tirado en el suelo
- to fold sth flat — doblar bien algo
- he laid the map down flat on the table — extendió el mapa sobre la mesa
- the hurricane laid the whole town flat — el huracán arrasó la ciudad
- I lay down flat and tried to relax — me tumbé / me tendí e intenté relajarme
- he pressed flat against the wall as the police went by — al pasar la policía se pegó bien a la pared
- to leave sb flat — dejar a algn tirado
- She said all that was needed was a flat tarmacademed area.
- The land is flat, and perhaps it's my imagination, but it appears stunted and less fertile than the hills and mountains to the north east.
- Flanders, in contrast, is a land of flat country and few hills.
- The flat roof in the girls toilet has fallen in so when it rains, it is flooded.
- Some of the youngsters kicked a football at the tiled roof, while others ran along the flat part of the roof jumping from one building to the next.
- The double-height section between the elevated bedrooms is covered with a flat glass roof.
- The park, at the rear of the Memorial Hall car park, was opened earlier this year as an area of flat hard surface.
- "This is probably a sedimentary rock made up of particles that have accumulated on a fairly flat surface.
- For the cod place the rice paper sheets on a flat worksurface.
- But a way has been found to replace the flat roof that does not interfere with the life of the school, and the work is getting on well.
- They made their way to a large cliff where a big rock sat at the end with a flat surface.
- Combined with replacement of the flat roof over the front of the building, it is estimated the essential repairs will cost £100,000.
- A leaking roof can lead to damage on ceilings and walls, so it is important to replace loose or cracked slates, and get damaged material on flat roofs repaired.
- The huts had flat roofs; some even had things on top of them.
- Back home Harry and I returned to our window, to look out at the sad, flat landscape under a sky that was not so much leaden as plain tired.
- Apparently the five rear seats do come out to leave a flat load area but the process is simply too much like hard work.
- The nursery building, which was converted in the 1980s, has a flat roof that first started leaking last year.
- The walk follows flat riverside pastures for virtually all the way, though numerous stiles and kissing gates need to be negotiated and walking boots are essential.
- Snow lying on a flat field is fairly dormant, but snow lying on a slope is inherently alive, thanks to the pull of gravity.
- Because of the flat terrain, a bicycle is the best form of transportation to use in the city.
- Insulating your flat roof would be a fairly basic DIY job.
- Most of the land is flat, barren tundra where only the top few inches of the frozen earth thaw out during the summer months.
- Withdrawing from the edge, I ducked under the rafter of the flat roof.
- The terrain is relatively flat, with good cycle and footpath connections to adjacent suburbs.
- I love the wonderful flat landscape with its wide skies where so many flocks of birds fly freely.
- Combining the three spaces involved more than removing walls and raising the kitchen's flat ceiling.
- Water simply passes out from the wall, falls against a flat surface and trickles into a surrounding moat.
- The city has rebuilt the flat roofs of about 2,500 houses since 2000.
- A fruit and vegetable farm was located on the flat plains of Western Kansas.
- The stern was dominated by a flat expanse of steel - the helicopter deck.
- Most of the ride is on quiet roads and cycle paths over flat terrain, with the occasional gentle hill.
- The school accused the Council of dragging its heels over a replacement for a flat roof which was constantly being patched up because of leaks.
- Put stones in the narrow area and use flat rocks on top of them.
- It had a large rock central to the area with a flat surface and was bathed in sunlight that had filtered through the canopy of trees.
- They have to be level, flat and firmly secured to the picture and the wall.
- Last year a ten-metre area of flat tarmacadam-type surface was laid down at a cost of around £4,000.
- My creative work today was limited of course but I did manage to walk a little way up the lane to snap a photograph of the view over the flat fields I see all about me.
- The recommendation now is to use solid black plastic under a mulch on relatively flat surfaces.
- Then, at last, it was full steam ahead - along a broad, flat, gravel track.
- He was standing on a flat desert plain under white clouds and blue sky.
- The terrain was flat and unspectacular.
- The backrest folds in an uncomplicated fashion to create a roomy and flat load area.
- One solution would be to build a new bathroom on top of the flat roof of the kitchen extension, allowing the existing bathroom to be used to mount a staircase to the loft.
- The flat roofs that leak need to be replaced, as do the heating system and the windows.
- The television has a perfectly flat plasma display screen.
- We drive through flat wastelands of scrub and dust.
- The burglars used a nearby ladder to climb onto a flat roof before forcing open a window.
- Once the soil is ready, he tamps the beds with a sheet of plywood so the soil is firm and flat.
- The car usually had to be parked on a slope in order to aid ‘bump-starting’ but as the forecourt was flat, we knew that the car would need to be pushed.
- The older parts of the university are all built of the same plain light brown brick rising in columns, with long windows between them, and simple flat roofs.
- Temporarily prop up the two end trusses on a level, flat surface.
- The city sits on high, flat plains 12 miles east of the Rockies.
- The bright, flat landscape filled her view, radiant with heat.
- It stated that the stairwell tower should be reduced in height by removing the pitched roof and replacing it with a flat roof.
- Except for mountain chains in the north and west along the Norwegian border, the land is relatively flat.
- This makes both surfaces as flat and even as possible, to allow for the maximum amount of contact.
- The surrounding land is flat and open farmland surrounded by forest.
- The animals have long sharp canines and broad flat molars that grind shells.
- The topography of the county ranges from low rolling hills in the north to very flat terrain or gentle sloping ridges in the south.
- In contrast, the western half of the route is nearly flat and offers long, expansive views across large sweeps of farmland.
1.2(heels/tray) bajo(dish) llano(dish) bajo Chile(dish) playo Río de la Plataflat shoes — zapatillas de piso México
- Quickly coat the orange slices in the caramel and pour on to a flat plate; act with speed otherwise the caramel will set before you can get it out of the saucepan.
- The tube has a flat, wide cap and is meant to be stored upright.
- She scraped her flat shoes across the ground to dislodge any stale mud and walked to the centre of the alley.
- As I live in the country with three young children, a big dog and a pony, it has to be flat shoes or boots most of the time.
- There are theories that men sprinting in flat shoes get out faster than women hampered by heels or waiting to help a colleague.
- Approximately 25 cm long, the animal has a flat tail surrounded by a skin-like fin which is used for swimming.
- She had changed from her high heels into flat tennis shoes, and wore a small shoulder purse draped over one shoulder and around her neck.
- We followed the guide as she strode forward on her flat shoes and up the marble staircase past election posters, now already peeling after their usefulness was expended.
- Pop a jacket over it and you could wear it to a wedding; add a knit and flat sandals, and it's good for daywear.
- I wear flat shoes for walking to work but otherwise it's high heels.
- In surviving examples, the handle assumes a broad flat circular shape so that the lid could be turned over and function as a bowl or plate for the food held in the container.
- The guy with the flat cap and hearing aid was standing in the door.
- She produced a flat black box, a little smaller than a directory.
- The women of New York are wearing flat sandals - and looking stunning.
- I could walk it - and wouldn't even need my flat cap and plastic mac.
- The guitarist looks like an accountant, the drummer stands up behind his kit to play whilst wearing a flat cap.
- Once outside, Cordelia pulled out a flat aqua cellphone, the size of a playing card when it was closed.
- At least it's a nice purple, Grace had said with a shrug, flouncing towards the car in her nice, black dress, and flat sandals.
- Wear thick-soled flat footwear, particularly if you'll be standing on one rung for long periods, and make sure your shoelaces are securely tied.
- At the time she was wearing flat shoes, her work uniform and was carrying a handbag over her left shoulder.
- An itsy-bitsy kitten heel keeps the flat shoe feeling, but give some extra lift to your step.
- The dancers are in flat slippers, the costumes are in bold autumnal colours of magenta, orange and dark yellow, and the girls have their hair loose.
- Swap your sensible flat shoes for heels, add a glittery scarf and statement jewellery.
- The girl was dressed in a very long black coat and wearing a pair of white flat sandals.
- It wasn't like this in the flat cap days of my grandfather, but I bet that even he wished that he had two tweed jackets instead of one.
- People used to think the earth was flat and the universe revolved around it.
- The beaver uses its flat tail to warn other beavers of danger by slapping the water surface before diving.
- He is the old bloke with the flat cap and the transistor radio, isn't he?
- Put the discs of cheese in a flat dish, tuck in the sprigs of thyme, the lightly crushed peppercorns and the bay leaves then pour over the olive oil.
- Most men covered their heads with flat wool caps or skullcaps or turbans in a variety of sizes and colours.
- So I'm standing on the platform, and I see an older guy, in quite a distinctive flat cap.
- Connor, resplendent in blue overcoat and black flat cap, hardly stood still.
- Apparently he left the venue wearing a flat cap.
- If high heels are too uncomfortable, why not just wear flat shoes?
- Although flat shoes are better for your feet because they reduce the risk of lateral ankle sprains, they also bring their own problems.
- Outside the grand clubhouse, you almost expect chaps to be wandering around in plus-fours and flat caps.
- His flat cap and round rimmed glasses are his trademark.
- While you can get away with flat shoes during summer, opt for a slight heel for the colder months.
- She walked on down the passageway, her soft flat shoes making no sound.
- How is it that flat shoes hurt more than high heels?
1.3(deflated)(ball) desinflado(ball) ponchado Méxicoyou have a flat tire / tyre — tienes un neumático desinflado / una rueda desinflada
- we had a flat tire / tyre on the way — se nos pinchó una rueda / un neumático en el camino
- the ball/tire went flat — la pelota/rueda se ponchó
- You would not run your car with a flat tyre for twelve months without expecting further damage than the burst tyre.
- The first warning came when I first grabbed my bike. My back tire was completely flat.
- A woman had been driving down a freeway, and had had a flat tyre.
- In September last year a gang of vandals left a trail of destruction in Clifton Street when residents woke up to find almost every vehicle on one side of the road had flat tyres.
- He even rode the last 40 km of the final stage with two flat tyres.
- He then discovered he had a flat tyre and took his car back into the garage to deal with it.
- There is nothing you can do about a flat tyre but as a team we have very few mechanical problems as everything is checked thoroughly.
- A youngster was left in tears after his bike was snatched as he fixed a flat tyre.
- The guy says that he is quite happy to help and he closes his car door, the girl showing him to a nearby parking lot where her car sits on a flat tyre.
- To take my mind off what was in store for me, I chatted to the owner of the racing bike next to mine while she efficiently changed a flat tyre tube.
- His bike had a flat tire, but that was to be expected.
- He was picked up because he was driving with a flat tyre.
- Most are untaxed, others carry out-of-date tax discs and virtually all have flat tyres or have been vandalised and are obviously dumped.
- Police believe the gunman struck last Wednesday, as the victim changed a flat tyre on his car after his colleagues had left for the day.
- In this case, the only damage caused to the civilian was a flat tyre.
- When they reached the jeep, Abby noticed that she had a flat tire.
- Only a flat tyre cost them an even better result.
- The accident expert would also investigate allegations that the bus had a flat tyre at the time of the accident.
- He soon trades it for a mountain bike with a flat tyre and a modest handful of small gold coins.
- On one particular trip my dad's car got a flat tyre and only just made it to the half-way stop.
2.1(champagne/lemonade/beer) sin efervescencia(champagne/lemonade/beer) sin gas
- Another night of flat champagne, limp canapés and unfamiliar faces?
- Melvin waved hello to her, as he sat at the table with Bill, eating cold pizza and drinking flat soda.
- It is shockingly sweet at first - a fizzy drink gone flat in the sun.
- She emailed me to say that they're to keep the drink from going flat.
- My father wrapped me up in his bathrobe and I got to sit up with my parents, drink flat ginger ale and watch TV.
- By now, Archer could be forgiven for thinking that she had earned her right to a quiet life of flat champagne and cheap shopping trips.
- Some people make a big fuss about this stuff, which tastes like flat soda pop to me.
- If your steak is bad or the beer is flat, you return it.
- He took his now flat soda from his jacket and walked into the study to await Monica.
- As saccharine as flat cola, it had an added taste of musky, dusky fruit and a hint of molasses.
2.2(battery) descargadoswitch off or you'll get a flat battery — apaga o se te va a descargar la batería
- I went up to Church Road to retrieve my wife's car but by this time the battery had gone flat due to having the lights having been left on.
- They charged me over £100 just to recharge a flat battery - the car broke down again on my way home but luckily on a main road near home.
- I thought my battery was flat and got out to check the lights.
- I grabbed the phone and realised the battery was flat; before I'd even got to the phone the car had sped away.
- There were two smoke alarms installed in the house, but one had been disconnected and the second had flat batteries.
- It turned out not to be a straight case of a flat battery.
- Invariably the battery is totally flat on Monday and the car will not start.
- The car was pushed 20-feet up the street but then abandoned with a flat battery.
- Even to this day I cannot let a car stand for more than about 72 hours without at least starting it to make sure the battery isn't flat.
- Bennett ends up having to turn his music down, recharge her van's flat battery, and become her reluctant carer.
- And you know how, when the battery's flat, your car makes a dispiriting grinding noise as you try starting it?
- Sometimes the battery was flat and needed topping up.
- Have you noticed for example, friends and workmates asking you for their best friend's phone number because their mobile battery is flat?
- My 1996 Mercedes suffers a flat battery in just a couple of weeks if left undriven.
- I had some shopping to do and jumped in my vehicle only to find the battery was flat.
- One of the most irksome things that can happen to a mobile phone user is a flat battery, and the charging devices are designed to solve the problem.
- Booked the car in for a thorough inspection of its electrical system, following one flat battery too many.
- There is just one small problem: the batteries have gone flat.
- His battery went flat just before the cars were due to go on to the grid and he was forced to start from the pitlane.
- You need to make sure everything is backed up on your home computer - a flat battery in your PDA can wipe out all your data in one go.
3.1(dull, uninteresting)(party/conversation) soso coloquial(joke) sin gracia(voice) monótonothings are rather flat at the office — en la oficina todo anda un poco muerto
- she felt a bit flat — estaba un tanto alicaída / baja de moral
- to fall flat — fracasar
- the joke fell very flat — el chiste no hizo ni pizca de gracia
- At first I assumed this mix would be flat and lifeless - to my surprise it sounded far better than I was hoping.
- The fact that Cosmos is such a classic tune makes this dull, flat rendition even more of an affront.
- My voice was flat and expressionless, edged with steel and contempt for my enemy.
- His voice cracked and then went flat, devoid of emotion.
- With no special effects the soundtrack does what it needs to do, although to be honest, it sometimes sounded rather flat and dull.
- Her voice was flat and emotionless and Ryder wanted to kick himself for making her sound like that.
- Autumn's voice was flat, almost monotonous, but it was not uncaring.
- She replied in a flat voice, only putting emotion into certain words.
- Dana's feminine voice grew quite flat and emotionless, and even a little haunting.
- That description was far too flat and emotionless and pain-free.
- When he did at last speak, his voice was just as flat and emotionless as his eyes.
- Her voice is flat, with a halfhearted hitch and no emotional delivery.
- I'd feel inordinately pleased with myself were it not for the fact that the ones I spent all morning doing are rather flat and dull.
- This Court production looks gorgeous - the costumes and set are stunning - but feels strangely flat and lifeless.
- Her voice was flat and emotionless as she shut her eyes again, feeling cool hands and then a damp cloth on her forehead.
- My speaking voice is rather flat, but my singing voice is good.
- I have never seen a film where everybody is so uniformly flat.
- His voice was flat, void of any emotion, which led Anna to wonder if he felt anything at all about his father.
- His speech, delivered without notes, struck observers as both compassionate and professional - while the older man was dull and flat.
- Finally he spoke in a forced casual tone, causing her to turn, making his voice as flat and uninterested as possible.
3.2(sluggish)sales were flat during the last quarter — no hubo mucho movimiento en las ventas durante el último trimestre
- trading was flat — hubo poca actividad
- The company posted an encouraging increase in pre-tax profit even though turnover remained essentially flat.
- Following two months of flat sales, retail spending rose by 1.3 percent in October.
- Consumer spending may not look too resilient, given the flat performance of retail sales in October.
- While overall world oil demand was essentially flat in 1993, demand in the Western Pacific rose four percent.
- But sales have been flat for the embattled company, whose CEO was recently ousted.
- Then, late last year, sales were nearly flat and actually declined in some categories.
- The company has been in a prolonged slump, with flat sales in the United States and a stock price to match.
- Even in years when economic growth is flat or negative, electricity consumption nearly always increases.
- The shop's optimism is set against other major retailers' expectations for flat trading next year.
- Here in Australia, retail sales are already flat, apparently because consumers are avoiding using their cars and staying at home.
- Locally, hiring is expected to remain virtually flat this year.
- Even so, its new forecast of flat prices looks plausible and matches my view.
- The group said that despite higher volumes, the Republic of Ireland's trading profits were broadly flat in a pretty buoyant market.
- At many companies sales are flat or down - sometimes way, way down.
- Consumer demand is flat and business bankruptcies are rising.
- Wage growth was essentially flat over the past year.
- Overall sales have been flat for five years.
- The overall level of crime is flat and shows the impact the Safer Neighbourhood Teams are having on low-level crime such as shoplifting.
- Its sales were relatively flat in 2001, due in part to lower gasoline prices affecting its stores with fuel pumps.
- At least, flat prices or the absence of inflation is a darn good thing for consumers.
3.3(without contrast)(photograph/picture) sin contraste
- Two other monitors off to one side emit changing flat colours from their screens, and a dull but insistent techno-type soundtrack.
- His style is stark and angular, relying heavily on the use of flat colour and silhouettes.
- I have some flat negatives that really need a tonal boost.
- There are other panels with flat planes of tertiary colour, some with simple linear designs.
- The textile is placed awkwardly on top of the table, creating areas of strong, flat colour and signalling Matisse's future as a painter.
- Francis Towne was a landscape painter whose idiosyncratic style relied on economic and careful pen outlines and flat muted washes of colour.
- The walls were more definite in their colour, more flat.
- Time passed and the light outside remained the same flat grey as snow kept falling, icing the windows over.
- He used bold, poster-like contrasts of form and colour, with strong black outlines and extensive areas of flat, uniform colour.
- You sort of notice perspective and lines and flat planes of colour.
- It was different than other tattoos in the fact that it was in metallic gold, most were done in dull flat colours.
- Blasting the subject with a sea of light produces flat, wishy-washy photographs.
- This photograph was flat, with very little contrast and some noticeable scratches, dust spots, pen marks and other discolorations.
4(total, firm)(denial/refusal/rejection) rotundo(rejection/denial/refusal) categórico(rejection/refusal/denial) terminantethe answer was a flat no — la respuesta fue un no rotundo
- that's flat! — ¡y sanseacabó!
- they've said they won't do it and that's flat — han dicho que no lo harán y no hay vuelta de hoja
5.1(referring to key)bemolA flat — la bemol masculino
- As with the sharp key signatures, there is an easy way to determine the key of a particular flat key signature.
- Without moving up or down the fingerboard more than one fret, you should be able to pick out each successive sharp or flat key and play that Major scale.
5.2(too low)you're flat — estás desafinando — por cantar / tocar demasiado bajo
6(fixed)(price/charge/rate) fijo(price/charge/rate) uniforme
7BritanicoDeportede carreras de caballos sin obstáculos200m flat — 200m llanos Río de la Plata
articulada con poca tensión muscular, característica de ciertos dialectos regionales
9EEUUcoloquial(broke)to be flat — estar pelado coloquial
2(categorically)(turn down/refuse) de plano(turn down/refuse) categóricamenteI told him flat that I would not go — le dije de plano / sin más que no iba a ir
3(exactly)it took him two hours flat — tardó dos horas justas / exactas
4EEUUcoloquialcompletamentesee also broke
5Música(play/sing) demasiado bajo
1(surface)femenino cara de la hojafemenino palmaI hit him with the flat of my hand — le di una bofetada
2(level ground)llano masculinoterreno llano masculino
5the flat — temporada hípica de carreras sin obstáculos femenino
6(puncture)pinchazo masculinoto get a flat — pinchar
7masculino llanobancos de arenamud flats — marismas
8EEUU(shoes)zapatos bajoszapatos de taco bajo Cono Surzapatos de piso México
1EEUUMúsicabajar de tono
1(apartment)apartamento masculinodepartamento masculino América Latinapiso masculino España
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