In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(strength, violence)fuerza femeninowinds of hurricane force — vientos de fuerza huracanada
- a force eight gale — vientos de fuerza ocho
- he took the full force of the blow — recibió toda la fuerza / el impacto del golpe
- It dominated Indonesia by force and had an extensive network of factories throughout Asia.
- A negative pressure or suction force is then applied across the wound via a drainage tube embedded in the foam.
- Magnetic levitation occurs when the magnetic force is strong enough to overcome gravity and balance a body's weight.
- Subjectivity and conscious agency, then, are as potent as any physical force.
- Our whole trade is one of sufferance and compulsion, and by force alone can be maintained…
- His body took the full force of the blast; he didn't stand a chance.
- A final blow, White now threatens checkmate in one move and Black is lost by force.
- At times, hunting parties encountered other camps of women, and they took them by force under threat of death.
- He does not impose Himself by force, nor does He claim people under duress.
- The driving force for water movement can change with environmental conditions and with location in the plant.
- He grabbed my wrists so strongly that his force obligated my body to stand up.
- Finally the tears fall, fast and hard as the sobs wrack her slim body with their force.
- The only way to beat the dust out of a dirty carpet is to get the total force of the body, hands and arms behind the hit.
- Draped over the bench like this the body takes the full force of recoil, with no flexibility to absorb the jolt.
- The Pump Engine adjoining the tread wheels was put in motion by human force.
- None the less, muscles on the whole can be controlled to produce a wide range of force and delicate motions.
- Thus, freedom of speech is converted from a human right into a tool of oppression that must be blunted by force.
- Secondly, China continues to threaten to resolve the Taiwan issue by force.
- And if you go back far enough, just about all of it was originally taken by force.
- They stopped the tribal wars, first by agreements and then by force.
- You can't get somebody to do something by force, by duress, by overcoming their will.
- As Ibrahim counsels, it is a mistake to believe that force can eliminate Islamist movements.
- This seemed to add weight to the idea that bodies in motion had their own force.
- If the guilty won't hold up their hands and confess, he and the Generals will ferret them out by force.
- Who acts on the principle that violence, force and the threat of bloodshed are worthy tools of diplomacy?
- The power to hoist such weight is not all brute strength - though physical force is crucial.
- Another road is to wait until someone else has produced wealth, and then to seize it by force and violence.
- Either by force or by coercion, any sprouting counter-power will be neutralized.
- From the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven has suffered violence, and the violent take it by force.
- For example, a skeleton pirouettes and does a handstand to show how the body distributes force.
- The Earth has very large mass and is unlikely to encounter sufficient force to slow its motion.
- In Christ we learn that God is in control, but not as a ruthless tyrant ruling by force and intimidation.
- There is a sponginess underfoot; a greater upward force to your movements.
- Originally, this force was attributed to an actomyosin system similar to muscle.
- One horse is biddable and can learn to obey commands, but the other is both deaf and violent, and so can be controlled only by force.
- It was like a small explosion of force, launching Joren backward several feet.
- Vertical impact force is the stress placed on the body as a result of contacting the ground during movement.
- Sovereignty could be transferred by force or by treaty, but it had to be transferred.
- The bombs on the inside edge exploded first, and their force sent my body hurling faster.
1.2(coercion)fuerza femeninoto take sth by force — apoderarse de algo por la fuerza
- to use/resort to force — hacer uso de/recurrir a la fuerza
2.1Físicafuerza femeninothe force of gravity — la fuerza de (la) gravedad
- In many ways, however, the weak force resembles the electromagnetic force.
- It is worth emphasising that there is a major step to be made from an inverse square law of force to explain planetary motion and a universal law of gravitation.
- Because of the increased mass, more force is needed to accelerate the object.
- If the spin and field are left antiparallel, the attractive force will slow the vibration.
- This is analogous to the way in which electrons experience the weak force while photons do not.
2.2(influential thing, person)fuerza femeninosocial/political forces — fuerzas sociales/políticas
- the forces of conservatism/liberalism/evil — las fuerzas del conservadurismo/liberalismo/mal
- he is a major force in the Church — es una figura de mucho peso en la Iglesia
- The Catholic church may well be a force for intolerance and reaction.
- Whether the expansion of such influences is a force for good or evil depends on the character of any given nation.
- Since the end of the Second World War, Canada has prided itself on being a force for international justice.
- It may not be fashionable to say it but America has long been a force for good in international relations.
- That is why it is important to throw up pioneering ideas so the government will be able to see this as a force for change and a chance to seize a lead for Britain.
- So too the wider process (of which the telephone is part) can be a force for good or ill.
- Murdoch is well aware of the massive global power he wields as a force for liberty and the empowerment of the individual.
- Much discussion in our modern world revolves around the concept of globalization and whether it is a force for good or evil.
- The Internet can be a force for much good, for the dissemination of information, for the education of the masses.
- If you are a force for change in the universe, what do you seek to change and how?
- They see the global power of capitalism as a force for good in the world.
- Let me be a force for you in my life, my Church, my Community, my City, and my Country!
- This is a paean to the power and value of globalisation as a force for good.
- The brand evangelists will tell you that brands are a force for good.
- He truly believes in the United States as a force for Good in the world, and who am I to criticize him for that?
- I believe in fair play and have always endeavoured to be a force for good in politics.
- Nara too pointed out that only if Japan, India and China could form an alliance, Asia could prove to be a force for peace.
- As such, it became a force for exclusion rather than inclusion.
- Our democratic government becomes a force for good because it reflects those values.
- He's a force for evil now, whether or not he ever was anything but.
3(of argument, personality)fuerza femenino
- Addiction, which comes from the Latin to enslave, has a powerful rhetorical force in our culture.
- An art form that is both abstract and spiritual is a very powerful force - and in a sense transcends mere politics.
- The catalogue can never represent the immensity, force, and power of any given artwork.
- Are we aware of evil's reality yet blind to its force and effects, unable to name and describe it?
- When we act with conviction and genuine concern, our words have that much more force and power.
4(group of people)fuerza femeninothe (armed) forces — las fuerzas armadas
- the (police) force — la policía
- our sales force — nuestro personal de ventas
- Young players and weathered campaigners pulled together as a force that was more than a team.
- She says that by backing al-Sadr, we would help secular and more progressive religious forces to organise.
- It prevented student organization by enlisting a force of students to report on political activity.
- In reality, it brought together some of the world's most socially conservative religious forces.
- Elan acquired five US businesses and spent time on bringing those companies and their separate sales forces under the one brand.
- Now Ann Summers has a sales force of 7,500 party organisers and 120 shops in the UK.
- The sales forces of medtech companies are hungry for additional products.
- In both cases, pro-US political forces brought down governments that were aligned with Moscow.
5(validity)fuerza femeninoit has the force of law — tiene fuerza de ley
- to come into force — entrar en vigor / vigencia
- to be in force — estar en vigor / vigencia
1(compel)to force sb to + inf — obligar / forzar a algn a + inf
- I had to force myself to eat — tuve que obligarme a comer
- to force sb into-ing
- he forced her into accepting his terms — la obligó / forzó a aceptar sus condiciones
- they were forced to sell/into selling — se vieron obligados / forzados a vender
- I am forced to admit that … — me veo obligado a admitir que …
- Two women were recovering yesterday after being kidnapped on their way to work at a high street bank where they were forced to open a safe.
- He was forced into a U-turn after a furious reaction to his plans not to travel to Normandy.
- But this gradual shift downwards may put pressure on inflation as the cost of imports rise, forcing the Bank of England to consider upping interest rates.
- Brown's dangerous game is one which, to a large extent, he was forced into playing by the vagaries of the global market.
- With irresistible strength he forced her to break her grip, holding her by her shoulders.
- I was again forced into doing commercials by a photographer friend of mine.
- The competition generated would be expected to force the most expensive banks to reduce their costs.
- But just as the Queen was about to arrive in her carriage a thunderstorm broke, forcing everyone to run for cover.
- The rest of us are forced into what's little more than a massive pyramid scheme.
- When he is forced into battle, he hides inside a cannon, and is catapulted into the tent of the enemy's general staff.
- Experts say one mistaken belief is that the state will look after you if you are forced into taking a long spell off work.
- Of course you'll be forced to break these rules on occasion.
- My son, who worked there, and the others were always offered breaks and were never forced to work extra hours.
- Bank creditors forced the company to break up its conglomerate structure after it breached its loan covenants in 2001.
- He did not want a fight, but if he was forced into one, he would put up York City candidates at next May's council elections.
- You would be forced to break up with someone who was emotional, moody, and difficult to please.
- So he is forced into a feebly slow, piecemeal approach to an issue where boldness above all is required.
- How would mothers feel being forced to break up their families so that they can keep their children?
- Most of all, I enjoyed the cappuccino and large piece of cake I was forced into having to warm up afterwards!
- Ever troublesome to Napoleon, he was forced into temporary retirement in 1812 at Napoleon's request.
2.1(bring about, obtain)(change/action) provocarto force a vote on sth — hacer que algo se someta a votación
- After a slow start, they forced their way back into the game.
- Stained glass windows at the church were damaged after burglars forced their way in through them in three previous burglaries.
- They forced their way in, demanded money and snatched a cordless phone from the man's hand before ransacking the house.
- Police yesterday said she was subjected to another serious sexual assault by a stranger who forced his way into her home last April.
- A man, who had forced his way in through the bungalow's kitchen window, then walked into Christopher's bedroom.
- An 81-year-old woman told yesterday how two men forced their way into her home and attacked her with a hammer.
- I forced my way through to her and someone took off her oxygen mask.
- He had captained the England Under-19 team and forced his way into the frame with some big hitting for Lancashire.
- The men forced their way into the couple's south Essex home, attacked the husband and wife and used a stun-gun on them to keep them subdued.
- Carlisle forced their way back into the game and managed to draw level by half time and, try as they might, Ambleside could not score again.
- At 11.15 pm, officers behind shields forced their way into the flat and overpowered the man.
- The teenager was stabbed when a gang of four or five men wielding knives and baseball bats forced their way into the home he shares with his mother.
- The most serious incident was on November 3 1992 when the attacker forced his way into a couple's car.
- Realizing what he had done, he forced his way through the front of the bus and ran off, with a sly, toothless grin on his face.
- He forced his way into the dispensary and grabbed the pharmacist's 60-year-old assistant.
- Four laps in and Webster forced a way through at Paddock Hill bend, grabbed the lead and started inexorably to pull away.
- Both sides then added penalties before Newbridge forced their way over for a try following a tapped penalty.
- The protestors forced their way through the crowd and began heckling Ryan.
- The gang forced their way into the victim's home in Broadoak Road at about 9.30 pm on Monday.
- They forced their way deep into the Keighley half and giant prop Frank Watene forced his way under the posts from acting half just a metre out.
2.2(extort)to force sth out of / from sb
- they had to force the secret out of him / from him — le tuvieron que arrancar el secreto a la fuerza
3(impose)to force sth on sb
- the decision was forced on us by events — los acontecimientos nos obligaron a tomar esa decisión
- I didn't want to take the money, but she forced it on me — yo no quería el dinero pero me obligó a aceptarlo
- it's been forced on us by management — la dirección nos lo ha impuesto
- I don't want to force myself on you if you're busy — no lo quiero molestar si está ocupado
4.1(exert pressure, push, drive)(knob/handle) forzarif it won't go in, don't try to force it — si no entra, no lo fuerces
- to force a door open — forzar una puerta
- she could force back her tears no longer — ya no podía contener el llanto
- she was forced out of the race by engine trouble — se vio obligada a retirarse de la carrera por problemas de motor
- he forced the lid off — le sacó la tapa a la fuerza
- to force a bill through Congress — hacer que se apruebe un proyecto de ley
- they forced their way in — entraron por la fuerza
- Burglars broke into the house by forcing open a conservatory window and a door leading into the kitchen.
- It took every speck of willpower and strength she had to force them back to an even position.
- The starfish alone has both the strength and tenacity to force an oyster open.
- And Franny must feel the same way I do, because I have to struggle with her each day I drive her in, forcing her from my arms and into the little play group.
- That score seemed to put Stradbally on the wrong foot and forced the Reds back into defensive mode.
- At the same time another three men broke through the wall behind the building, forced open a door and planted the bombs.
- She watched Chris run into the kitchen and slam into the back door, forcing it open.
- They have ducked the issue this time but Outrage is pushing hard to force Scotland Yard off the fence.
- Sam pushed against the raw strength forcing her down; it did little good.
- She said the burglar had to scale a secure six-feet high fence at the rear of the property to get in and tried to force open the back door and window before breaking it.
- When he realised they were intruders he tried to shut the door but they forced it open and attacked him with a crowbar.
- And no-one, or very few, will be forced out of positions funded by us poor suckers, the taxpayers.
- The referee should also whistle immediately if any player in the scrummage is lifted off his feet or is forced upwards out of the scrummage.
- He has forced himself into the position by gripping the bat right at the bottom of the handle.
- His hands then slid into the cracks of the door, forcing them open.
- He pulled his door open, forcing the crowd back, and slid into his seat.
- He could barely breath and his body was in pain from the unnatural position he'd forced himself into.
- She went downstairs and noticed a window at the rear of the house had been forced.
- Locks had to be refitted to drugs cupboards which had been forced and emptied.
- The defender, recognizing his perilous position, then forces the space open.
- Then everyone started to plunder the town and to search the houses, forcing open the doors with axes and iron bars.
- All three houses either had their windows forced open or broken between 12 noon and 5pm.
4.2(break open)(door/lock) forzarto force an entry — entrar por la fuerza
5(produce with difficulty)he forced out a shaky laugh — soltó una risita forzada
- he has to force the high notes — tiene que forzar las notas altas
- it's forcing it to call him a genius — calificarlo de genio es decir demasiado
6(speed up)(plant) acelerar el crecimiento de
- Bulbs that are used for forcing indoors cannot be forced two years in succession.
- Paperwhites are best forced in a shallow pot or bowl with no drainage holes in the bottom.
- For example, bulbs like crocuses and daffodils, which are good at naturalizing, generally do well planted out after forcing.
- The nice thing about forcing Amaryllis bulbs into flower inside the home is that it is so simple to do.
- Most bulbs need to be chilled for many weeks before they can be forced.
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