In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(at liberty)libreto be free — ser libre
- I am not free (to marry) — no soy libre
- to set sb free — soltar a algn
- divorce set me free from a life of drudgery — el divorcio me liberó de una vida de esclavitud
- to get free — escaparse
- to go free
- he went free for years because of lack of witnesses — durante años no se lo pudo inculpar por falta de testigos
- they let him go free for lack of evidence — lo dejaron en libertad / lo soltaron por falta de pruebas
- free to + inf
- you're free to do what you think best — eres dueño / libre de hacer lo que te parezca
- you're free to leave whenever you want — puede irse cuando quiera
- having a nanny leaves me free to go out more often — el tener una niñera me permite salir más a menudo
1.2(country/press/people) libre(interpretation/translation) librethe right of free speech — la libertad de expresión
- you've got a free choice in this matter — tienes plena libertad en este asunto
- I had free access to the archive — podía usar el archivo con toda libertad
1.3(loose)sueltoto come/work free — soltarse
- he left/kept one end free — dejó suelto/no ató uno de los extremos
- the boat floated free of the sandbank — el bote se desencalló del banco de arena
2.1(without, rid of)free from / of sth — libre de algo
- at last I was free from pain/financial worries — por fin me vi libre del dolor/de las preocupaciones económicas
- the book is free from any political bias — el libro está libre de todo sesgo político
- at last we're free of her — por fin nos hemos librado de ella
- free of / from additives/preservatives — sin aditivos/conservantes
- keep the mechanism free of / from dirt/dust — mantenga limpio/libre de polvo el mecanismo
2.2(exempt)free of tax — libre de impuestos
3(costing nothing)(offer/food/ticket/sample) (invariable adjective) gratis(food/sample/ticket/offer) gratuito(bus service/schooling/health care) gratuitoyou get a free gift with every purchase — te regalan algo con cada compra
- [ S ]admission free — entrada gratuita / libre
- free delivery — entrega gratuita a domicilio
- you have free use of the pool — puede usar la piscina sin pagar
4.1(vacant)libredesocupadois this table free? — ¿está libre esta mesa?
4.2(unobstructed)(view/exit/passage) libre(passage/exit/view) despejado
4.3(not occupied)(time/hands) libreI have no free time at all — no tengo nada de tiempo libre
- are you free tomorrow? — ¿estás libre mañana?
- I'm not free this evening — tengo un compromiso esta noche
- keep this date free — no te comprometas para esta fecha
- Mrs Styles is free to see you now — la señora Styles lo puede atender ahora
5.1(lavish)generosoto be free with sth — ser generoso con algo
- they were very free with the drink — fueron muy generosos con la bebida
- she's too free with her advice — reparte consejos a diestro y siniestro
5.2(familiar)atrevidoconfianzudo América Latina coloquialhe's very free with his boss — se toma muchas libertades con su jefe
1(without payment)(service/repair/travel) gratuitamente(repair/service/travel) gratisyou get one free / (informal) for free with every packet — con cada paquete te regalan uno / te dan uno gratis
- I got in for free — entré gratis / sin pagar / de balde
- And I got another one free with the paper the other day, which would be quite light to post.
- The Trust will shortly open a Help Centre in the city to provide counselling for patients free of cost.
- Boys suffering any sort of injury will be taken to the hospital, and treated free of cost.
- Child specialist, Dr H Raju, will treat these children free of cost every Tuesday.
- The management had provided all the text books, free of cost to the students.
- Leprosy awareness has however increased and it can be cured at the initial stage, free of cost.
- Those who cannot afford to pay this fee are exempted and treated free of cost.
- I like London, particularly now that I can travel about it free with my old person's Freedom Pass.
- As throughout the summer, children under five can swim free with a parent or carer at Kingfisher Leisure Centre.
- Anything which is given free of cost will not be appreciated and it will be misused.
- It comes free with the food and is so good you are in danger of eating too much and blunting your appetite.
- I still have a T-shirt that came free with 200 cigarettes from a Tenerife supermarket.
- Think of the thousands of small webcams that come free with computer packages.
- The magazine will be distributed free of cost to create awareness in the community and society.
- I f a unit of electricity cannot be produced free of cost, it should not be given to anybody free of cost.
- Banks may soon get a screen-based platform to trade in foreign currencies free of cost.
- When our government says basic education will be imparted free of cost it simply offers not to charge tuition fees.
2(without restriction)(roam/run/wander) a su antojo
1.1(liberate)(hostage/prisoner) poner en libertad(prisoner/hostage) dejar en libertad(hostage/prisoner) soltar(animal) soltar(slave/nation/people) liberarto free sb from sth — liberar a algn de algo
- he freed the country from tyranny — liberó al país de la tiranía
- she freed herself from her mother's influence — se liberó de la influencia de su madre
- a credit card frees you from financial worries when traveling — una tarjeta de crédito le evita preocupaciones de dinero cuando está de viaje
- to free sb to + inf — permitirle a algn + inf
- this frees me to concentrate on my work — esto me permite concentrarme en mi trabajo
- Diabetics could have their lives dramatically transformed by a new approach, developed in Yorkshire, freeing them of restrictions on their diet.
- The Internet frees us from the pesky constraints of our physical bodies.
- The motorway was closed as rescuers battled to free casualties from the twisted wreckage of the coach.
- A few minutes later, the heavily armed hostage-takers freed 25 women and children from the other side of the school.
- He was then freed on bail but remained under electronic surveillance.
- Since Arnott is now freed from the constraints of teaching university students, expect more delight from this accomplished sculptor.
- They have led to innocent people being jailed and criminals being freed on legal technicalities.
- Once she was freed from the contractual bondage in December 2001, there was no stopping this beauty.
- Some freed the slaves, other sent them back to their master for lack of means to care for them.
- Mrs Welsh was trapped in the wreckage and had to be freed by firefighters.
- Not charged with a real crime or provided access to lawyers, these people must be deported promptly or freed, or many will languish, and more will die.
- A mark of the confusion attending the rescue operation came when it was widely reported that five firefighters, trapped for two days in the rubble, had been freed from their concrete tomb.
- They used hydraulic lifting gear to free the car which was wedged under the driver's cabin of the bus and it was two hours before the woman's body could be freed from the wreckage.
- It took a crew from the Farnworth station an hour to rip up floorboards and remove the bath to free the kitten.
- He said they would free all the hostages if police released the rest of the detained protesters.
- Fourteen years after being freed from jail, he finds himself fighting for justice again.
- The powerful one frees himself and unties the bonds of everyone else.
- He was eventually freed by firefighters and suffered only minor injuries.
- The two other occupants, sitting in the front and rear passenger side seats, were quickly freed after firefighters removed two doors.
- Her hands flailed wildly, searching for anything to help her free herself from his grip.
- Nine hostages were freed from the building earlier yesterday.
- The office-bearers have also promised to sustain the movement till the country is freed from the clutches of corruption.
- All bar three of the captives were freed unharmed.
- She was freed from her car and rushed to Worcester Royal Infirmary but paramedics and hospital staff were unable to save her.
- When they become guerrillas the women set themselves free from patriarchal bonds.
- Therefore older women will be freed from the constraint of declining ovarian egg releases.
- The event was staged to celebrate the Locomotives on Highways Act, freeing the motorist from the restrictive four miles an hour speed limit.
- The three injured prisoners were also freed and taken to hospital.
- Would my partner and I be freed from the tyranny of having to rise early to provide a nutritious packed lunch for our daughter?
- They must be freed from the shackles of theories.
- He came to free people, to liberate their minds and hearts from all that bound them.
- He was freed on parole in August last year after serving half of his one year prison term for assault.
- Passers-by came to the guard's aid and freed him from his restraints.
- A future in which succeeding generations are freed from the need to spawn wealth anew can allow children, and grandchildren, to lead lives on a higher plane.
- Futurist and functionalist discourses displayed the aeroplane as the emancipation of man, freeing him from earthbound limitations.
- He was the first person to greet them when they were finally freed from prison.
- After she is freed from slavery, she becomes a teacher, writer, and activist for the black race and for women's rights.
- He frees his right arm with a jerk.
- The outside lane of the northbound carriageway was temporarily closed while the man was freed from the vehicle, causing a two mile tailback.
- The inquest heard that after he was freed from the wreckage by firefighters he was airlifted to the Royal United Hospital in Bath but died soon after arrival.
- Already the move, which frees the club from restrictive rules, has paid dividends, explained Mr Collins.
- After three hours the couple were freed by firemen who rescued them from a window.
- Mr Bamford was held in custody for five months before being freed on bail.
- Therefore people should be freed from the bondage of religious superstition and empowered to overthrow their leaders.
- Many involve men who have been freed by the courts and are thus legally innocent.
- The operation was a success: the hostages were all freed, unharmed.
- Both families held by the gang responsible were later freed unharmed, but deeply traumatised.
- Two tugs from Clyde coastguards tried unsuccessfully to pull the vessel clear and it was freed the next day on the early morning tide.
- The FCC is, in effect, holding out the possibility of freeing the networks from restrictions on buying up more stations.
- More and more, corporations are freed of the restrictions imposed on them by former regimes.
- Performance responds to this dilemma by unlocking the restraints of self identity and freeing students to explore a variety of knowledge claims.
- For just a moment, she sounds like a true-born radical, a daughter of the liberation fighters who freed much of Africa from colonialism when she was a child.
- He was freed on parole in March having changed his name.
- An unconscious man was freed from his wrecked car but was pronounced dead just over 30 minutes later at Leeds General Infirmary, from internal injuries.
- The man was freed from the scaffolding by 4pm and was today recovering in hospital.
- Online life can be quite liberating in the way it frees you from your physicality and lets you become something else…
- The truth is that a hostage was not freed by the kidnappers.
- Would-be saboteurs cut the locks off horse pens at a corral, freeing about 40 wild horses.
- They were at the scene for 90 minutes, helping to free the victims and clear the road.
- I was once on a TV programme with an escapologist who freed himself from a sack bound with chains.
1.2(relieve, rid)to free sth of sth
- he promised to free the country of corruption — prometió acabar / terminar con la corrupción en el país
- they had freed the road of all obstacles — habían quitado / eliminado todos los obstáculos de la carretera
2.1(untie, release)(bound person) soltar(bound person) dejar libre(trapped person) rescatar
2.2(loose, clear)(sth stuck or caught) desenganchar(sth stuck or caught) soltar
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