In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(weighty)(weight/suitcase/load) pesado(saucepan) de fondo gruesoit's very heavy — pesa mucho
- the tree was heavy with fruit — el árbol estaba cargado de fruta
- her eyelids were heavy with sleep — se le cerraban los ojos de sueño
- my legs felt heavy — me pesaban las piernas
- heavy goods vehicle — vehículo (de carga) de gran tonelaje
- conditions were heavy underfoot — el terreno estaba enlodado
- heavy work — trabajo pesado
- the steering on this car is rather heavy — este coche tiene la dirección muy dura
- It turned out that they were just locals making a buck or two by lifting the heavy loads.
- The doll wiggled and struggled to get free but the weight of Adam's foot on its chest was too heavy for it to move off.
- I've tried lifting heavy things, drinking gallons of water.
- I smiled, shook my head, and lifted the heavy mechanism with only some difficulty.
- As for the helmet, he hadn't noticed it until he tried to lift his head and found that it was too heavy to move.
- For example, if some of your employees must lift or move heavy objects, make sure they have the proper equipment to do so.
- She was physically weaker and unable to lift or move anything heavy.
- The ladies made it quite clear that the tables and chairs were too heavy for them to lift, and asked the Council for assistance.
- Although they look like bags of flour, they are heavy and difficult to lift.
- How did they know they would be allowed to get away with the trucks they must have used to move the heavy artifacts which they stole?
- Am I supposed to scream that my brother has to set the table too and must I lift a heavy load to prove my freedom?
- ‘I motivated myself to lift heavy objects because I wanted to do the garden,’ said Joe.
- Yesterday, cranes lifted heavy chunks of concrete, metal beams and giant buckets of broken building materials.
- Instead, we helped him feed his cat, get his mail, and move furniture deemed too heavy to lift by his doctor.
- It certainly proves that Bob can fix an engine or lift heavy loads.
- Many back injuries occur because we lift or move heavy objects without adequate stabilizing strength.
- She has her groceries packed with a small quantity in each bag as she cannot lift heavy loads.
- She said a stomach operation she had a few years ago made it difficult for her to lift the heavy cardboard which she sold last year.
- Villagers, forbidden to wear shoes, were required to carry heavy loads over difficult terrain.
- Hoists are fitted into tracks in the ceiling, so students can practice lifting and moving heavy patients who are unable to move themselves.
1.2(thick)(fabric/garment) grueso(fabric/garment) pesadoa heavy gold chain — una cadena gruesa de oro
- a pair of heavy boots — un par de botas fuertes
- The thick heavy grey smoke lingered among the branches and prevented the flowers and buds from being burned by frost.
- The mist around them turned to a thick heavy fog, laden with mystery, and death.
- A little bit of blue could be seen between the heavy gray clouds, which were indeed on their way south.
- They could see an immense mountain that stretched up into heavy thick clouds.
- It was thick and heavy and I could only guess it was a blanket or something like it.
- Pat screamed as she thrust a bucket of thick, heavy black paint at the wall and it splattered everywhere.
- The entire fish is covered with a heavy layer of thick mucus which is thought to provide protection from infection.
- They drew aside a thick and heavy curtain that led to another layer of thin curtains.
- Most of the seated figures wear a distinctive heavy robe with thick, rounded borders.
- Neither man struggled when their arms were bound with a thick heavy rope.
- Before touching the cat, cover her head with a thick blanket or heavy towel to protect yourself from being bitten.
- The sun was shrouded by heavy clouds that grayed the bright colors of the earth.
- But come today, the warm sun had been replaced by a chilly wind and heavy grey clouds and an uninvited rain shower delayed the start of the tennis by an hour.
- He sauntered along, still wearing his heavy coat and woolen hat which was never, ever removed.
- Aching from head to toe, Clara pulled the thick, heavy robe around her waist and cinched the belt tighter.
- The felt is quite heavy and thicker than normal blinds and the felt I use is very uniform and flat, almost like parchment as it has bits of seeds and wood from the sheep in it.
- The creaking of the heavy canvas above her as the crew began to set sail brought her back to the present with a jump.
- We were sitting in my room for our third tutoring session, and the clouds outside were heavy and grey.
- A late-autumn storm shoved heavy gray clouds across the sky and into the distance.
- I am also wearing very thick, heavy socks, and my feet are STILL cold.
- It dominated the center of a room littered with thick, heavy black ropes and copper vines.
- Melons should not be eaten with heavy foods like cheese, deep-fried foods or the heavier grains.
- You may wish to avoid heavy foods before sleeping and you may also want to try a simplified diet for a week.
- They both cook the usual northern dishes, particularly the heavy meat and vegetable stews suited to their cold winters.
- I'm drawn instinctively to heavy food and I love red food because it's the colour of my rage.
- He said that fruits, vegetables, beans and whole grain give you more energy compared to a heavy dish.
- The doctor said that I won't be able to eat a lot of heavy foods - something like that.
- I arrived back at my desk feeling slightly sleepy from the lovely sunshine, and overfull from the heavy chocolate torte I'd had for desert.
- A heavy bread made from barley flour was common, but there is evidence that at least some people had wheaten bread available to them.
- This may have been a rather heavy dish, but it suited me down to the ground.
- All too often, bread pudding is too heavy and solid, but I could have gone for another slice of this stuff.
- The waitress recommended the banana cake, but it sounded a little too heavy after such a filling meal.
- I cooked more healthfully by omitting heavy sauces and oil, using nonfat cooking spray instead.
- The spicy cucumber salad was very simple, but an excellent foil for the heavy food.
- If sliced bread is too heavy, place the meat with a little lettuce and a splash of mustard or dressing in a spinach tortilla wrap.
- Not as many clothes, not as much heavy food, and no problems with snow or ice.
- The two men will eat the same heavy soup at the beginning and end of each day.
- The best bit is none of these desserts is too heavy, but they'll round off a meal in style.
- One of the terms used in estimating the clearance time of the heavy vehicle is its average acceleration in starting gear.
- Emergency services brought out the heavy artillery yesterday afternoon in an effort to free a man from his crushed vehicle.
- It's time to call in the heavy artillery: the president of the United States.
- On paper, Italy have enough heavy artillery to do something similar on Saturday evening.
- The tax for heavy vehicles above 12 tonnes will be calculated in a new manner, which will reduce it slightly.
- The number of horses was scarcely up to the average, the heavy draught horses being not quite so plentiful.
- The spiritual battle needs the heavy artillery of fasting and prayer.
- In fact they put up a spirited fight for much of this contest, but lacked the heavy artillery.
- It is not a strong action and should not be subjected to loads that are anywhere near the heavy class.
- With this kind of heavy artillery, it's surprising these guys didn't win long ago.
- There was an engineering professor who came in to find his class talking about heavy boots.
- Every fourth pair will carry the heavy grade weapons.
- Yet just when Scotland thought they had done enough to win the game, the English heavy artillery regrouped for one final assault on the Scottish lines.
- At the championship the Bulgarian team will defend its titles in the heavy categories, which are scheduled for the end of the week.
- But the heavy artillery proved too much for the overwhelmed natives and the last sad remnants of the tribe fled into the bush.
- Nonetheless, research shows that heavy artillery has far from exhausted its unique potential yet.
- But from ahead the sounds of heavy artillery fire suggested that sterner opposition was to come.
2.1(ponderous)(fall/movement/tread/footstep) pesado(thump/thud) sordo
- Much of Northern Taiwan breathed a sigh of relief yesterday as heavy rains fell around the country yesterday evening.
- And obviously with the fairly heavy rain that had fallen it was very soft underfoot.
- When heavy rain falls, the drainage system is unable to handle the water.
- At this time, I noticed that the wind had picked up, but I thought it was to be expected considering the heavy rain that was falling.
- Even as heavy rain began to fall last night, few accepted offers for a ride from bus and truck drivers.
- But they were kept guessing by the weather until the day itself, with heavy rain falling during the days in the run-up to the event.
- A couple of weeks after the monarch's announcement, heavy rain began to fall, thus ending the drought.
- The weather here in Wales is awful today, gale force winds and heavy rain.
- With heavy rain now falling, the game became bogged down in a midfield stalemate.
- With around 15 minutes to go, they were up to third place but the weather took a final twist as heavy rain fell in the last 10 minutes of the race.
- This book is a heavy work that attempts to carry the weight of the world upon its existential shoulders.
- It is also predicted to be one of heavy showers and above average tropical storm activity.
- The forecast for today is blustery showers and heavy falls likely with some longer spells of rain expected.
- Within 5 minutes of these pictures being shot the sky was black and heavy rain was falling.
- The heavy rain that fell last weekend had cleared up by yesterday when crowds gathered to watch hundreds of teens of all shapes and sizes in action.
- As yesterday's heavy fall off a ladder becomes old hat, an even heavier fall will be required to get a laugh in next week's episode.
- The actress/director known for heavy works with a concentration on dense language, has had two projects this month marked by a lightness of approach and a delight in humorous details.
- Fishing was considered good even though heavy rain fell all through the day.
- The sound of a heavy fall on to the floor was followed by silence.
- With number 13 on his back, the horse took a heavy fall after one of the hurdles and went crashing to the ground.
- The trio stretched their lead to nearly six minutes at the 90 km mark, but they were gradually reeled in as heavy rain began to fall in Brittany.
- The freezing conditions on Saturday were tough for the two teams as heavy rain fell for spells making the surface very wet and slippy.
- Blow after heavy blow fell upon him, his chest, his back and his wounded shoulder being the main targets.
2.2(features) tosco(features) poco delicado(eyelids) caído(irony/sarcasm) poco sutila man of medium height and heavy build — un hombre fornido de estatura mediana
- a heavy hint — una indirecta muy directa
- he has rather a heavy touch — es poco delicado
- The building features window keystones, coloured tiles, and heavy overhanging cornices.
- Never one for preamble, his heavy features were hawklike with concentration.
- His skin was scarred and rough; the heavy brows were turned in a stubborn frown even in sleep.
- As they rushed by, Mark glanced their faces, which were characterized by heavy Mexican features.
- The site will be suitable for all ages, and will not feature heavy language.
- Chemical bonds between hydrogen and heavy atoms were constrained to their equilibrium value.
- This is a region in the periodic table where very heavy atoms are stable, because of the particular arrangement that the nuclear particles may take.
- Finally, you build an atom smasher and physically knock helium nuclei from some heavy atoms.
- Why are there usually more neutrons than protons in a heavy element?
- The nuclei of heavy isotopes are rich in neutrons, which dominate their nuclear surface.
3.1(oppressive)(sky/clouds) pesado(perfume) fuertea heavy silence — un silencio violento / embarazoso
- to be heavy with sth — estar cargado de algo
- an atmosphere heavy with suspicion — una atmósfera cargada de sospecha
- Soon, she was very near to Dave, and he could smell a heavy perfume from her.
- He had matches and there was oil, a heavy, sick smell.
- I stood back again, this time over the heavy scent of alcohol streaming from Jason's mouth.
- With specks of gravy on his tie and the heavy smell of garlic, his dinner is a dead giveaway.
- By now I had gotten used to the heavy scent of roses.
- The city loomed before her, the heavy smells of smog and people and life moving all around her.
- I meant to wait however long it took, even if I had to sit in that unfriendly place and smell the heavy aroma of frying fat from the kitchens forever.
- River otters have paired scent glands at the base of their tail which give off a heavy, musky smell.
- OK, so they didn't really cancel the race, but boy, a lot of people were left wishing they had, and there was a heavy smell of dead fish.
- The heavy smell of perfume and sweat in the locker room hit me as I went through the two doors.
- I was suddenly aware of how noisy and rowdy the party was, and I noted the heavy smell of alcohol in the air.
- Her mind was still hazy and the heavy scent of the colorless liquid wasn't helping her head much.
- Plus, don't assume that a heavy chemical smell means the pool is clean.
- As we began our walk down the iron bridge road, the scent of honeysuckle was heavy and sweet in the cool morning air.
- My dry cleaner was able to get the heavy smoke smell out… but the discoloration of the fabric remains.
- The heavy smell of liquor hung in the air, assaulting my sensitive nose, and making my eyes water.
- Crushing it with her fingers, a heavy sweet scent started to surround her.
- He growled deep in his throat, and finally they turned to leave back into the hall's heavy kitchen smells.
- I awoke very suddenly to the heavy, heady smell of smoke, and it immediately felt as if my lungs were being stabbed.
- Within the heavy smell of must there was the slightest fragrance of perfume.
3.2(loud)(sigh) profundoheavy breather — maníaco telefónico masculino
- Most people confuse flu with a heavy cold, but flu is usually more severe.
- Very often when this happens I'll come down with a heavy cold or something a few days later but sometimes it just can't be pinned on anything in particular.
- I see him riding a tricycle slowly through heavy traffic.
- There is a higher incidence of oral cancer in people who are heavy smokers and heavy drinkers.
- Root River is located on a highway near a state park, which creates heavy summer traffic.
- I bumbled through the weekend dopily and fell into a heavy sleep last night - my bed too comfortable, hot water bottle too comforting.
- In fact, children of heavy smokers are often fervent anti-smokers.
- Long-term heavy smokers remain at significant risk of getting lung cancer.
- My two uncles who were both heavy smokers died of a different illness two years after quitting the habit.
- I dozed fitfully and uncomfortably at first and then fell into a deep, heavy sleep.
- Being a heavy smoker, through the years I've gotten my procedure down to a smooth maneuver when driving.
- But it is risk which can be changed with a lifestyle change and as a former heavy smoker, I know the body can recover over time.
- At what point do heavy smokers decide that the thing they are doing them is clearly causing them terrible harm and decide it might be time to stop?
- He did not normally drink because he suffered from ulcers, but at the time had a heavy cold.
- The guard wore a heavy amount of armor that made him seem massive in size.
- I'm not a heavy smoker, but I think it's an infringement of my civil rights.
- The north west has the highest rate of heavy smokers - those smoking more than 20 a day - in England.
- A heavy smoker, he had been suffering from lung cancer.
- He also claimed he had been fighting with a heavy cold.
- It is only a few seconds, though, and we're all of us entitled to a few seconds of grumpiness when emerging from a heavy sleep.
- Over the last few weeks, I haven't been sleeping well, and coupled with a heavy dose of cold, it's left me pretty drained.
- Symptoms are similar to those of a heavy cold or flu.
- Barker said he had to drive slowly because of the heavy traffic and icy conditions.
- He and his wife Joanne, also a heavy smoker, went for an initial session with Richard at which he assessed how easy they would be to hypnotise.
- We discussed smoking a bit, as both Rebecca and I had quit, but Ray was a heavy smoker.
- As a one-time heavy smoker, I know what it will be like for you not being able to smoke when and where you want to.
- Very quickly, it became obvious that this was a trap, and they'd been set up for a heavy amount of damage.
- However, that cut, despite the heavy amount of damage dealt to it, ceased to bleed and scabbed over.
- Eyewitness Jan Stone believes the route is dangerous because of the amount of heavy traffic.
- People who are overweight, smokers and heavy drinkers have a higher risk of developing the condition.
- Those who do moderate to heavy amounts of exercise, have lower rates of cancer.
- Troubled by the heavy cold and a lot of work for the previous several days, I was actually feeling quite low.
- They say the town already suffers from heavy amounts of traffic and that the additional houses will only add to it.
- And heavy smokers would be expected to pledge to give up cigarettes.
- The man had drunk up to two bottles of whisky a day and was a heavy smoker for the last 50 years of his life, the audience was told.
- Screening is most cost effective when targeted at high risk groups for example, heavy drinkers and smokers.
- Both systems were very intense; both inflicted heavy damage on significant population centres.
- I suppose that priests, who have often been heavy smokers, will now be expected to set an example to their flock.
- Jimmy, who spent the weekend suffering with a heavy cold, decided to watch it indoors with his father.
- And the police are there, as I said, in heavy numbers for the amount of protesters here.
- Himself a heavy smoker, Peter tries to stick to cigars because ‘you don't inhale so much’.
- Higher levels of disposal income during the economic boom has seen an increase in the number of heavy smokers in Ireland.
- It looks like the snooze has turned into a heavy sleep in the past couple of seasons.
3.3(dark)(shading) fuertein heavy type — en negrita
- While his voice was hardly dissenting, it was heavy with cautiousness and pragmatism.
- I read with the greatest appreciation those contributions that were not heavy with academic jargon.
- But now the lineup is heavy with rookies, and the coaches don't like to use young players.
- He stood, suddenly heavy with guilt and a kind of sorrow he could not express.
- The atmosphere was heavy with the aroma of beer and hotdogs.
- Apparently it's really good, heavy with a caramel taste, and has a heavy body to it!
- The room was heavy with smoke, for in the center burned a groggy fire.
- His pitches are heavy with movement, and his assortment makes deception fairly easy.
- A long silence weighs heavy with the major decisions he has made in his life.
- He laments on this with heavy heart because his brother had died in the mean time and he is yet to meet his granddaughter.
- His voice was heavy with booze, yet even in his inebriated state, he managed to speak clearly.
- The Big Country has tremendous scale and scenic power, but every tableau is heavy with purpose both leading up and going away.
- The fragrance is intense and long stems are heavy with deep-orange pollen that stains if brushed against.
- The proceedings however, are heavy with the hand of the local government.
- Soon enough the flowering trees would be heavy with blossoms, and it would be his favorite time of year.
- The book was based very largely on his own family history; it was heavy with symbolism; and it was long.
- His voice is heavy with sarcasm, and it strikes me like a punch, hard and fast.
- Today, more than 25 years later and with his sensational trial underway, it is heavy with irony.
- Instead, there was sadness and a heavy heart about the decision that lies ahead of him.
- Her clothes were heavy with dirt and her hair straggly and greasy.
- Although the costumes were heavy with ornaments, the performers pulled off the choreographed show with style and grace.
- She concluded chapter 4, her vision going fuzzy and a heavy ache in her heart; homesickness.
- Her voice was heavy with sarcasm, and annoyance flashed briefly in her eyes.
3.5(earnest)(book/treatment) pesado(treatment/book) densoit makes very heavy reading — resulta muy pesado de leer
- we got into a really heavy argument about abortion — nos enzarzamos en una discusión muy seria sobre el aborto
- There are no deep theories here about world events, or heavy discussion of causes and solutions.
- They do believe in religion, but in practice it becomes too serious and heavy.
- Avoid being heavy and serious as a playful attitude allows you to feel unburdened and free.
- I don't think you have to be in these serious, heavy, independent little movies to be an actor.
- It's best to adopt a light attitude especially in serious, heavy matters and remain in touch with your sense of humour.
- I think his diction determines an approach to things which is serious and heavy and committed.
- We chatted about routine things, never heavy nor serious and her weight was stable.
- Be light and playful or everyone around you gets heavy, serious and stuck.
4.1(intense)(rain) fuerte(traffic) denso(expenditure) cuantioso(crop) abundanteto be a heavy drinker/smoker — beber/fumar mucho
- he's a heavy sleeper — duerme muy profundamente
- heavy sea — mar gruesa
- attendance has been very heavy — la asistencia ha sido muy numerosa
- trading was heavy on the stock exchange today — hoy hubo mucho movimiento en la bolsa
- demand for these products is heavy — hay una gran demanda por estos productos
- I've got a heavy cold — tengo un resfriado muy fuerte
- heavy emphasis is placed on the importance of training — se hace gran hincapié en la importancia de la capacitación
4.2(severe)(penalty/sentence) severo(casualties) numeroso(blow) duro(blow) fuerteheavy losses — grandes / cuantiosas pérdidas
- she paid a heavy price for her arrogance — pagó cara su arrogancia
4.3(demanding, onerous)(responsibility/task) pesado(schedule) apretadoI've had a heavy day at work — he tenido un día de mucho trabajo
- Chronic fatigue may be the result of heavy physical work, which might be experienced by women in such circumstances.
- I can do the heavy work for you as well - I'm a keen gardener myself and I'll enjoy the work.
- That means half a kilo per day will keep a man doing heavy physical work.
- The work is too heavy for me but I gave moral support, in particular chatting to the invalid while the labour was in progress.
- Women and men do heavy physical labor; however, domestic work is an exclusively female domain.
- Ergonomic improvements have eliminated heavy physical labor from the factory floor.
- Sometimes summer comes early in August and we find ourselves wishing we'd done more heavy work in June and July.
- Most of them were or had been heavy smokers, had attained a relatively low level of education, and had been employed in heavy physical work.
- He does the heavy work, while Sarah does the interior design.
- Her husband, Terry, 50, may lend a hand with heavy work but Sharon wears the overalls.
- Dempsey said an extra international match would increase the already heavy physical demands placed on players.
- She had no money for the dowry that convents demanded, but she offered herself as a lay sister - that is, one of the nuns who performs all the heavy work of the house.
- Boiling up shirts and sheets, ironing, polishing floors and furniture, blacking grates and shining silver used to be heavy work.
- In many parts of the New World, harvest can be a time of heavy physical work for moderately low pay under trying conditions.
- At the small grocery on the corner, a stocky man with bristly white hair who looks nearly sixty does the heavy work and drives a van.
- I cannot state that this gentleman is physically capable of doing heavy physical labour.
- Once the heavy work was done, the path went down easily.
- Men perform heavy physical tasks, while women work as clerks and teachers and in health care.
- Long hours in jobs involving heavy physical labour are less harmful though only to a point.
- Searching through 38 articles in five volumes is heavy physical work.
4.4slang (difficult)she has a pretty heavy time — las pasa moradas / negras coloquial
- things got kind of heavy — las cosas se pusieron feas
4.5slang (violent)brutothe heavy mob moved in — entraron los matones
1to lie/hang/weigh heavy on sb/sth — pesar sobre algn/algo literario
- time hung heavy on her hands — las horas se le hacían eternas / muy largas
- lentils lie very heavy on your stomach — las lentejas son muy pesadas / indigestas
- From there I started to get pretty heavy into suspension analysis for bikes.
- Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.
- The feeling weighed heavy on his shoulders and in his mind as he finished combing his hair.
- They climbed quick and sure, breathing heavy in the thinning air.
- Both were breathing pretty heavy, and not to mention, a couple of people were staring from different tables.
1.1(strong-arm man)matón masculino coloquialgorila masculino coloquial
- Methods employed by security forces and government heavies included the use of tear gas, threats, beatings, confiscation of ID cards, police cordons and random gunfire.
- In terms of complying with the legislation in respect of recovery of payments, their way will be a brick through the window, or sending the heavies around to deal with a debtor.
- They hire heavies to drive minibuses and intimidate our picket lines.
- From the casino floor, you go through a door in the corner of the casino, guarded by a heavy.
- Griffin didn't want the conversation and one of his heavies stepped in.
- All three are tough and run most of the heavies in the school.
- Before he knows it, he's the target of a number of heavies.
- The heavies who are behind this recent upsurge of robberies and violence need to be stopped before the worst happens.
- After administering a thrilling scare, the heavies let them go.
- The next time I see her I fully expect to be held at arms length by a series of heavies and faceless people who will deny me access to this divinity.
- I have endured attacks from farmers and heavies to get us to move on.
- In a bar, they get into a brawl with a group of Air Force heavies and handily defeat them.
- By ‘real’ stress I mean when the bank heavies are actually knocking on your door and it's pay up time on the arrears on the house payments.
1.2Teatrovillano masculinomalo masculino coloquial
2.1informal (important person)peso pesado femenino coloquial
- If the Indonesian judiciary really can be influenced by political heavies, this is one occasion when I hope such influence is exerted.
- Our list includes interesting cases with big names involving celebrities, political heavies and anyone else of notoriety.
- At last you have managed to sneak away from your ministry of information heavies and wander the streets alone.
- It is unfair is when a team struggling for survival faces a foe loaded with contracted players, and the following week another club, also facing relegation, finds them stripped of the heavies and manages a win.
- The assembled opposition members, journalists and tourism industry heavies were slack-jawed.
- While the corporate heavies were doing the deals in the smoke filled back rooms they kept the airline flying with a warmth and efficiency it was a privilege to be on the end of.
- Held at the end of January or beginning of February each year, Davos is where corporate chieftains and political heavies discuss making the world better while slaloming the Alps.
- Rock music heavies promise to tilt earth on its axis over African poverty.
2.2British informal (newspaper)periódico serio masculino coloquial
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.