In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(mountain/building/wall) altohow high is it? — ¿qué altura tiene?
- the tower is 40 m high — la torre tiene 40 m de alto / de altura
- a 12 ft high wall — un muro de 12 pies de alto / de altura
- I've known him since he was this high — lo conozco desde que era así (de pequeño)
- Climbing and trekking are obvious income sources for countries endowed with high mountain ranges.
- Climatic effects are accentuated on the high elevations of these mountain ranges.
- The terraced waterfalls are picturesque against the backdrop of high, green mountains.
- Veteran climbers bemoan the increasing commercialisation of high peaks such as Everest and K2.
- To the south there are high mountains, covered in thick spring snow.
- The open area is secured by high boarding and is used for car parking.
- In the high mountains, where there are large falls of snow, there can also be avalanches.
- They are planning to install high fences and replace the smashed windows, which have been boarded up.
- He said policing the gardens was difficult as they were secluded and surrounded by a high hedge and fence.
- Although the new policy is a little late for the downtown area, which is already over-crowded with high buildings, there is still a lot the city can do to improve the situation.
- Sherpas, well known as mountain guides and porters, live in the high mountains of E. Nepal.
- Old rocks predominate and high hills and mountains are more common.
- It was a place untouched by man, for the mountain was far too high, and far too treacherous.
- Alice Springs is surrounded by high black mountains, similar to the mountains of Mecca.
- Watch the skies if you happen to be walking near any high buildings.
- The conditions in the high mountains were hard and four of our group turned back.
- It is a country dominated by high peaks and wide flat stretches of lava field, powerful waterfalls and creaking glaciers.
- In the centre of the 10 km deep crater is a mountain almost as high as Mount Everest.
- Crystal clear streams flow down from the high mountains into the Datong River.
- It's the one thing that will keep you going when that mountain seems just too high to climb.
1.2(balcony/window/ledge) alto(plateau) elevadoat a high altitude — a gran altitud
- to take a high dive — zambullirse / tirarse desde lo alto
- the river is very high — el río está muy alto / crecido
- this is the highest the river has been since last spring — es la máxima altura que ha alcanzado el río desde la primavera pasada
- a high forehead — una frente amplia
- high cheekbones — pómulos salientes
- It's more likely to occur if you're exercising in hot weather or at a high altitude.
- I didn't get a hint of back-ache from the driving seat, or from pulling gear in and out of the high luggage area.
- Alpine plants are those that are naturally found in high altitudes.
- Filming at high altitude in the Peruvian Andes wasn't always much fun.
- Because of its high altitude, it is typically one of the first Scottish roads to be closed during bad winter weather.
- This area has a wonderfully high ceiling and gets plenty of natural light through a large window and patio doors.
- Ben knew Joe had a fear of heights, and the ledge was high off the ground.
- At high altitudes, the thin air makes it hard to breathe unless the cabin is pressurized.
- The window was much too high up for her to reach, but unlike the one in the bathroom, it was large enough for her to squeeze through.
- Rare species of bird inhabit the higher branches of the trees.
- It's another gorgeous day. There were some high cirrus clouds earlier and it looks like they're coming back, but, for the most part, it's just been beautiful.
- To the left of the reception hall is the drawing room with an attractive period fireplace, original wooden floors, high ceilings and large windows.
- Most sports utility vehicles are so high off the ground that your dog has to be virtually airborne or a St Bernard to be able to climb in.
- Few people have ever survived such a serious injury at such high altitude.
- Inland, a high central plateau drops eastward towards the vegetated dunes of the Kalahari Desert.
- In common with the living room, the dining area has a high ceiling and a fireplace.
- The plant is easy to propagate, and tolerates poor soil, high altitudes, and harsh climates.
- You enter a long narrow main room with a shimmering disco ball hanging from a high ceiling.
- The speakers will be installed throughout the station in inaccessible or high areas to stop them being vandalised.
- Remember that the overland trip will help you acclimatize to the high altitude.
1.3(in status)(office/rank/officials) altoI have it on the highest authority — lo sé de muy buena fuente / tinta
- she moves in high/the highest circles — se mueve en las altas esferas/los círculos más elevados
- None of his are thought through, a dangerous fault for someone so high in Government.
- In addition to housing and employment, education and tackling crime are also high on their agenda.
- Frank just happened to have a family member who had a high position in Microsoft.
- At that point in time, the impending smoking ban and the effect it would have on drink sales were high on the agenda.
- Press conferences are usually reserved for those higher in the chain of command.
- He stressed that other high positions in the organisation are filled by those committed to conservation.
- Road traffic accident reduction is a high priority for North Yorkshire firefighters and our partners.
- We have many women in high positions in the Church especially working in parishes.
- Politics is much more of a closed shop in Britain and Australia than it is in the US. You have to have go through a certain lengthy career path in the party and parliament before standing for any high office.
- What is it like for a woman in Taiwan to rise to such a high position, and what challenges have you faced?
- He said this situation had put the issue of imports very high on the agenda.
- Robert Altman has definitely made better films, but this one must rank high on the list.
- Arthur Balfour unexpectedly rewarded him by appointing him Chancellor of the Exchequer, a higher office than he had ever received under the Liberals or the Lloyd George coalition.
- Lydon has much to offer, but Woodward elevated him to high office incredibly early in his coaching career.
- Getting water is high on everyone's list of priorities and takes up a good part of a resident's time.
- The escalating problem of unruly, yobbish behaviour is now high on the agenda for politicians of all persuasions.
- For someone in such a high position to dismiss and discount this argument is really worrying.
- Respect for the preservation of the environment was high on his sense of priorities.
- Finding a permanent home for the campus is high on the university's agenda.
- He also achieved a high position in the Academy at Geneva, becoming its rector.
1.4(morally, ethically)(principles/aims/ideals) elevado
- This was a right old mish-mash of high art and low culture, sport and theatre.
- What his parents lacked in high culture, they made up for in political principles.
- One final relevant feature of postmodernity is its mixture of popular and high culture.
- Chapter 7 looks at the part that the Bible has played in high and popular culture.
- It would have been the kiss of death for his career - but if he really was motivated by high principles then at least he would know he had done the right thing.
- Her films and writings establish an exchange between high and popular culture, art and commerce.
- The Czechs are nothing if not talented musicians with a deep love of fine culture and high art.
- An occasional snobbery still persists - theatre is the high art, film its lesser cousin.
- Persian was the court language and the language of literature and of high culture.
- Once realized, this consciousness leads to an awareness of something higher than physical needs, emotional desires, and survival demands dictated by hormones or organs.
- Ernest's father, a man of high ideals, was very strict and censored the books he allowed his children to read.
- While he argues that the opposition of high and low art is wrong, he does so only because he doesn't know what high art is in the first place.
- The auteur's true genius lies in his ability to combine high art with popular culture.
- The new Millennium wing at the National Gallery represents the marriage of high ideals and fine art.
- During this period the gap between most forms of high culture and popular culture remained wide.
- Literature was no exception, and Shakespeare was eagerly received as the epitome of high culture.
- Popular taste is a good guide to the temper of the times, much more so than highbrow high culture.
- It may not have been high art, but for sheer singalong spectacle and professionalism it was unbeatable.
- The classics had a profound presence not only in the high culture, but in the inner lives of educated persons.
- Lisa and I are off for an afternoon of high culture at the theatre.
1.5(in pitch)(voice) agudo(note) altothe speech ended on a high note — el discurso terminó con una nota de optimismo
- The intro was played softly and her voice was high and sweet, singing the melody.
- Her voice could reach such a high pitch, that it could actually cause a dog to lose its sanity.
- She has this really high shrill voice that makes me cringe every time she speaks.
- A high sing-song voice rang from the kitchen and a woman appeared.
- All of a sudden, the stillness of the air was torn by the loud, shrill sound of a klaxon wailing at high pitch.
- A high whining sound came from the other end, and he held the phone away from his ear, rolling his eyes and grimacing.
- The best singers started their song at a low pitch to suit the range with which their voices are able to cope, and did not try songs which required them to reach high notes.
- ‘You're hurt,’ she said in her high childish voice.
- The sound of the drill is high and shrill and shatters the silence in my room.
- Did you know that as human ears age, they lose the ability to pick up high pitches?
- Her voice was high and almost childish as she gave the man a playful swat on the arm.
- As they cross into his yard, their voices fade to a dull murmur punctuated by high laughter.
2.1(considerable, greater than usual)(number/score/interest rate/salary) alto(current/voltage/pressure) alto(velocity/speed) alto(wind) fuerte(fever/temperature) altohe has a very high color — tiene un color muy subido
- think of a number higher than five — piensa en un número mayor que cinco
- the high latitudes — las altas latitudes
- the temperature was in the high eighties — la temperatura rondaba los noventa grados
- the death toll could rise as high as 20 — el número de muertos podría elevarse a 20
- unemployment is very high — hay mucho desempleo
- the high cost of giving in to terrorism — el alto precio que se paga por ceder al terrorismo
- to pay a high price for sth — pagar algo muy caro
- they've paid a high price for failure — han pagado muy caro el fracaso
- to play for high stakes — apostar fuerte
- my hopes were high as I set out — tenía grandes esperanzas al partir
- Byzantine art finds its highest expression in … — el arte bizantino tiene su expresión más depurada en …
- to be high in sth — ser rico en algo
- high in protein — rico en proteínas
- Many of us eat to excess and eat too many foods with a high sugar content.
- Cashews are high in protein and carbohydrate as well as being rich in vitamin A.
- Ten of those caught face a court appearance, mostly because they were clocked doing excessively high speeds.
- You are 65, but you played for high stakes over several years, and eventually you lost.
- As a result, many people may find they are actually over-insured and paying unnecessarily high premiums.
- It was one of the most daring missions of the Second World War - and the stakes had never been higher.
- But one of the factors that made cancer treatment expensive was the high cost of the drugs.
- This three-bedroom period house has been extended and renovated to a very high standard.
- He said the area had a high percentage of children under four, and many parents were without family support.
- Meanwhile, melt the remaining butter and the oil in a frying pan, add the mushrooms and fry over a high heat until golden brown.
- Chickpeas are exceptionally high in protein and very low in fat, making them an ideal food.
- Educational standards in the area are high, particularly among younger people.
- The first deal is decided between two opponents who each cut the cards - whoever cuts the higher card has the slight advantage of dealing first.
- The normal purpose of any cartel is to keep prices high by controlling supply and demand.
- But poker is most interesting when the stakes are high and small fortunes rest on the draw of a card.
- The only difference is the stakes are significantly higher.
- The firm says demand for industrial property from purchasers in the West Yorkshire area is high.
- Staff are also expressing concerns over job security, high workloads and excessive hours.
- He added that staff would be asked to work extra hours to cope with the high volume of business during the festive period.
- Waves on Puget Sound were so high that day that only four crew members could row.
- My personal opinion on the speed limits of this country is that they are too high for residential areas.
- This area has high unemployment, and mortality is above the national average.
- This often means they pay workers low wages and charge customers high prices.
- Although he was earning a relatively high salary, he found the job extremely stressful.
- It seems to me that many in the U.S. don't quite appreciate how high the stakes are.
- The chilly weather and high wind affected his performance, according to Zhang.
2.2(good, favorable)to hold sb in high esteem — tener a algn en gran / en mucha estima
- he has a high regard for you — tiene muy buen concepto de ti
3.1a moment of high drama/comedy — un momento muy dramático/comiquísimo
- a tale of high adventure — una historia de grandes aventuras
3.2(climactic)culminantethe high point of the novel — el punto culminante de la novela
4.1(happy, excited)she was in high spirits — estaba muy animada
4.2informal (intoxicated)drogadocolocado España coloquialto be/get high on sth — estar drogado/drogarse con algo coloquial
- Maybe I am still high from all the joints I smoked earlier this evening.
- It was 2001 when Joe was physically attacked by a passenger he believes was high on drugs.
- He is fat, lazy, moody, gluttonous, horny and pretty much constantly drunk or high on hashish.
- In fact, as the hours wore on, I found I was feeling charged and a little high with all the chocolate.
- Once again a boorish minority, high on drugs or drink, is to blame.
- He admitted that he had no idea what he was doing on the day of the murders because he was so high on drugs.
- It was also alleged he rang Miss A in the early hours telling her he was high on cocaine and that he wanted to perform a sex act with her.
- This witness also admitted to being high on crack cocaine, marijuana and beer the night of the killing.
- This wasn't the boy who seemed to be high on opium every time I met him.
- The defence lawyer noted that he was high on crack cocaine at the time of the stabbing.
- During the three-week trial the jury heard Giles, 19, was high on drink and drugs at the time of the attack.
- During some of these incidents he admitted to being high on heroin and cocaine.
- They were pursuing a mirage of infinite wealth in private aeroplanes, high on champagne and designer drugs.
- He used to come home high on marijuana and my little sisters were seeing him like that, so I have seen what drugs can lead to.
- I could tell that she had slept hardly at all during the day, she was probably still high from the night before.
5(of time, period)in high summer — en pleno verano
- high Gothic — el gótico tardío
6(game) que huele fuerte(meat) pasado
- Mine are hung for no more than 2 or 3 days especially over the last few years what with the milder winters. Its a question of taste and how high you like your bird.
- The meat was quite high with complex strong flavours, which is just the way I like it.
1.1(fly) altothe tower loomed high over the town — la torre se erguía / se alzaba por encima de la ciudad
- the mountain towered high above us — la montaña se elevaba dominante sobre nosotros
- they built ever higher — construían cada vez más alto
- high in the sky — en lo alto del cielo
- high overhead — en las alturas
- high up — en lo alto
- if you go a bit higher up, you'll get a better view — si subes un poco más, tendrás mejor vista
- the Bears are fairly high in the league — los Bears están entre los primeros de la liga
- it's pretty high (up) on the agenda — es uno de los asuntos más importantes
- The circular table in his office is piled high with newspapers and books that he intends to read if only he could find the time.
- The female builds the nest, which is located on a horizontal branch high up in a conifer tree.
- The decor is sparse and dated, but staff are friendly and keen to explain the different dishes. There is no wait service - you just grab a tray and pile it high.
- Exploding gas tanks launched huge fireballs and black plumes of smoke high into the air.
- Some athletes take steroids in the hopes that they will improve their ability to run faster, hit farther, lift heavier weights, jump higher, or have more endurance.
- The shade in which they had been resting was rapidly disappearing as the sun rose high into the sky.
- So, despite these edicts, new apartment houses continued to be built five or six storeys high.
- All of the larger lakes in Gran Canaria are situated high up in the mountains.
- But some governments placed it higher on their agendas than others.
- In one corner of the room sat a desk and chair, both made of maple wood and piled high with various papers.
- Any visit to his house was likely to involve a discussion about the placing of a sculpture or just how high on the wall a tapestry should hang.
- Around ten minutes to three I observe a plane flying high overhead and heading out towards the Atlantic.
- Our main focus is on promoting young talent and we are developing this sponsorship to recognise individuals who aim high and work hard.
- At last they stopped to eat and rest again, as the sun reached its zenith high above.
- He was balding, pudgy, pale and had his pants hitched up a little too high on his waist.
- Across the room stood a tower of vinyl albums stacked about 14 feet high.
- The sun was already high in a cloudless blue sky and a heat haze shrouded the surrounding mountains.
- If you prefer the sun head to North Costa Blanca in Spain where, set high on a hill in the Jalon valley is a four bedroom villa with its own swimming pool and sun terrace just an hour from Alicante airport.
- Dishes from yesterday's dinner are piled high in the sink.
- The cheap seats way up high are packed and, in the orchestra, there are just a few empties.
- I was a little concerned that I would pitch my material too high or too low.
- Mr Bond said that before the council collected the mess this week it was piled five feet high against the wall of the flats.
1.2(in status)altoto aim high — apuntar alto
- he's risen high in his profession — ha llegado alto en su profesión
- There is no great benefit from ranking high this year as next year there are no World Championships.
- He scored high on intelligence tests, is ambidextrous and is known as a hard worker.
- It has to be said that Pas de la Casa is boring, unless getting legless ranks high on your list.
- People who listen to Mozart then score slightly higher on specific tests of cognitive function.
- What is lacking are not the resources, but the political will. It is clear these topics do not rate very high on his agenda.
- The only cities to rate higher on the index were London, Paris and Helsinki.
- The babies whose parents signed to them later scored higher on repeated tests of verbal ability.
1.3(in pitch)(sing) alto
- My voice went high with excitement.
- We, the campaigners for radical change, have to raise our voices high.
- Without realizing it, I had raised my voice high enough for the whole class to hear.
- ‘No!’ Stephanie raises her voice higher than she had anticipated. ‘That's not it at all!’
- I sang tenor and there was only like three of us in the whole school who could sing high like that.
2.1(in amount, degree)how high are you prepared to bid? — ¿hasta cuánto estás dispuesto a pujar / ofrecer?
- she stands high in my esteem / estimation — la tengo en gran estima
2.2(in cards)to go high — jugar una carta alta
- to lead high — salir con una carta alta
- to play high — jugar fuerte
1.1(level)récord masculinoinflation reached a new high — la inflación alcanzó un nuevo récord
- Equally, the proportion undertaking further study is at a record high.
- The IPCC have said that the level of other greenhouse gases is also at an all time high.
- In 2002, unemployment levels reached historic highs of 23 percent, real wages plummeted and the peso was severely devalued.
- Jiangxi Province in East China has been hot since the beginning of July, with highs over 37 degrees Celsius almost every day.
- Similarly, by early January, the tech stocks that had led the Nasdaq to record levels had plummeted 35 percent from their December highs.
- Everyone knows about oil, but wholesale coal prices rose by 40% last year and metal prices, from copper to platinum, still regularly hit new highs.
- The bureau said Monday was the hottest day of the year so far, with a record high of 37.8?
- Gasoline prices continue to hit record highs and AAA says the national average for a gallon of self-serve regular now is $2.41.
- Temperatures averaged almost 10 degrees above normal with highs reaching the low-to-mid nineties.
- However, economists believe the euro will continue to reach new highs against both the dollar and sterling in the coming months.
- The banks' gloomy predictions come after the FTSE100 reached new highs in 2003 and its highest level since August 2002.
- With gasoline hitting new highs, motorists have been doing plenty of grousing at the pumps.
- Coogan's comments follow the publication of figures last week which showed that mortgage lending and levels of personal debt had reached all-time highs.
- But over the week the Japanese yen leapt to new three-year highs of around Y110.90 against the dollar, signalling that policy may indeed have changed after all.
- However, with borrowing and debt levels at record highs, buoyancy in these areas could still crumble rapidly if the general view of the economy changes for the worse.
- This is a big worry, because mortgage debt and consumer credit figures keep hitting new highs every month.
- Records tumbled across Yorkshire yesterday as schools and colleges in the region saw A-level scores hit new highs.
- The jobless figures rose in every state except Western Australia, reaching highs of 9 percent in Queensland and 9.2 percent in Tasmania.
- With the summer heat hitting new highs and the air conditioner not functioning due to power restrictions, I decided that we would take a little expedition to the zoo.
- In Finland, sea levels reached record highs, cutting off several coastal roads, but no major damage was reported.
(anticyclone)zona de altas presiones femenino
- In the southern hemisphere it is the meeting place of the dry east to southeast winds generated by the subtropical highs, and the moisture-laden northwesterly monsoon winds.
- These intermittent highs effectively separate the northwestern trough from the deep-water regions of the Hatton-Rockall and Iceland Basins to the west.
- The high may move northward to cover Scotland or stay stuck just south of the UK.
(high temperature)máxima femenino
3coloquial(euphoria)masculino viaje coloquialmasculino colocón España coloquialmasculino pasón México coloquialI'm on a real high at the moment — las cosas me están yendo de maravilla
- I want to be clean and healthy and fit for my kids and have normal highs that aren't due to cocaine.
- Blake stopped the car in front of the junior high and Andy waved at some friends.
- And these were girls that Haylie had grown up with, in middle school and junior high.
- I wanted to know because she looked old enough to be in junior high but acted so much younger.
- From the day he and I had met in the fifth or sixth grade, up until our final two years in junior high, we had both been fairly close and good friends.
- I was in the last year of primary school while my sister was in junior high.
- Back in junior high, the mall was the place where my friends and I spent most of our free time.
- She had secretly liked him since junior high and now she got to pretend to be with him.
- He had gone to my elementary school, moved on to junior high, and I never saw him again.
- I was supposed to be going into my sophomore year with all the friends that I had made last year in junior high.
- The neurotransmitter plays a major role in drug-induced highs and in addiction.
- By the end of the performance I'm absolutely starving and on a real adrenaline high.
- If you are an adrenalin junkie, you can rest assured that the highs you get from a workout with this car will never be beaten by anything else with four wheels and a licence plate.
- Most of the pilots were still on a high from the manner of the victory.
- I have been a diabetic since junior high and had to drink sissy diet sodas for years.
- The soccer conversation ended as we arrived at the school parking lot of Clemington High.
- Two trophies in his first six months in charge ensured the club ended last season on a high.
- I've had this pen name since junior high, and it doesn't do a whole lot for me anymore.
- She claims she now has more energy and inspiration, and is on a permanent natural high.
- With a World Cup just months away, England are determined to finish this Six Nations' campaign on a high.
- I grabbed his hand, wanting to listen to the song I had listened to back in junior high.
- He's gone for a lot of French players but French football is on a real high at the moment.
- Exhausted cyclist Sarah Ulmer is still on a high from taking gold at the Olympics in world record time.
- He neither drinks, nor smokes, preferring transcendental meditation to the highs attained through substance abuse.
- Then the homecoming we got in Galway, you'd be on a high for a week after it.
- I was on a high for the rest of the night, and it lasted until the next day.
- When we got to the top we would both talk about how life would be like when we were in junior high.
- He has a new family and a job as head janitor in a junior high, but the past isn't through with him yet.
- Cannabis does alter your mind. It can make you more irritable, or sometimes depress you, or sometimes put you on a high.
- It's nothing for him to stop by a class room and spend an hour with kids at a local junior high.
- It could have been better, but thankfully we finished on a high by winning the FA Cup.
- We're both adults now and maybe formed a different idea about ourselves from who we were in junior high.
- She grew up on the North Shore, and met Billy Davie when she was still in junior high.
- The audience were whipped up into a frenzy of emotion that sent everyone home on a high.
- All the tension and knots just disappeared and I was on a high for the rest of the day.
- Miller is not a musician, but he tried the trombone for one semester in junior high.
- There was also a craze for ‘speedballs’ where users take a mix of heroin and crack cocaine to sustain their high.
- I took a couple of deep breaths, preparing myself for yet another day at Green County High, and then took off for my Algebra class.
- One day she would be depressed and then the next day she would be on a high.
- Fortunately, I was on a high by now, and energy was pouring out of me.
(top gear)directa femeninoin high — en directa
- to move into high — meter la directa
- While Sullivan hasn't reached Mikita and Savard's heights, he has recorded career highs in goals and points in this, his second season with the Hawks.
5coloquial(high school)masculino cole coloquial
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.