- Its scientific agenda brought back invaluable information about flora, fauna, hydrology and geography.
- Physical sciences, particularly earth sciences such as geology and hydrology, are popular subjects for study and research in Oman's university and in a number of government ministries.
- A synthesis of many disciplines, hydrology is the science of water, its properties, its circulation, and its distribution in Earth and atmospheric systems.
- The international conference is a forum for student teams to present the results of Earth science research projects about atmosphere, climate, hydrology, soil, land cover/biology, and phenology.
- The choice is made on the basis of their international significance in terms of ecology, botany, zoology, limnology, or hydrology.