In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(living)sustento masculinomanutención femeninoI pay them something toward her keep — contribuyo con algo para su manutención
- he helped in the kitchen to earn his keep — ayudaba en la cocina a cambio de comida y techo
- for keeps
- he gave it to me for keeps — me lo regaló
- if they win the cup again, it's theirs for keeps — si vuelven a ganar la copa, se la quedan para siempre
2(in castle, fortress)torre del homenaje femenino
1(ticket/receipt) guardar(receipt/ticket) conservarquedarse conconservaris this old pan worth keeping? — ¿vale la pena guardar este cacharro?
- keep the change — quédese con el cambio (/ vuelto etc. )
- he can't keep a job — es incapaz de mantener / conservar un trabajo
- you can keep the book — puedes quedarte (con) el libro
- keep it, I don't need it — quédate con él / quédatelo, no lo necesito
- he kept his mental faculties to the end — conservó sus facultades mentales hasta el final
- she's kept her looks — no ha perdido su atractivo
- you can keep your lousy job! — ¡se puede guardar su porquería de trabajo!
- can you keep the number in your head? — ¿puedes retener el número?
2(to look after, to reserve)guardarto keep sth ( for sb) — guardar(le) algo ( a algn)
- could you keep my place for a moment? — ¿me podrías guardar el sitio un momento?
- they kept his job for him — le guardaron el puesto
3(to store, to put customarily)guardarwhere do you keep the coffee? — ¿dónde guardas / tienes el café?
- keep in a cool place — conservar en lugar fresco
4(to have available)tenerI like to keep a first-aid kit in the car — me gusta tener un botiquín en el coche
5Britanico(to stock)tenervenderwe keep several kinds of tea — tenemos / vendemos varios tipos de té
6(to reserve for future use)guardardejarkeep some for later — guarda / deja algo para después
8(to manage)(guesthouse/shop/stall) tener
9(to raise)(bees/chickens/pigs) criar
10(to have)(servants) tener
11(to support)(family/household) mantenerhe keeps a mistress — mantiene a una amante
- can you keep her in the manner / style to which she is accustomed? — ¿puedes darle la vida a la que está acostumbrada?
- it costs me a fortune to keep them in clothes — me cuesta una fortuna vestirlos
- I hardly make enough to keep myself in cigarettes — apenas si saco para mis cigarrillos
12arcaico(to protect)guardar anticuado
13(to maintain)she keeps a diary — escribe / lleva un diario
- I've kept a note / record of everything — lo tengo todo anotado
14(to cause to remain, to continue)mantenerI kept dinner hot for him — le mantuve la cena caliente
- try and keep it clean/tidy — trata de mantenerlo limpio/ordenado
- keep her informed — manténla al tanto
- the noise kept me awake — el ruido no me dejó dormir
- keep him awake — no dejes que se duerma
- to keep sb/sth -ing
- to keep sb guessing — tener a algn en ascuas
- keep your letters coming — sigan enviando cartas
- he kept the engine running — mantuvo el motor en marcha
- I'm sorry to have kept you waiting — siento haberlo hecho esperar / haberlo tenido esperando
- try and keep him talking — procura que siga hablando
15(to detain)don't let me keep you — no te quiero entretener
- what kept you? — ¿por qué tardaste?
- she was kept in hospital — la dejaron ingresada
- they kept me at the police station for hours — me tuvieron horas en la comisaría
- the teacher kept me after school — la maestra me hizo quedar después de clase / me dejó castigado
16(to adhere to)(vow/promise) cumplirhe kept his word — no faltó a su palabra
- she didn't keep the appointment — faltó a la cita
17(to observe, to celebrate)celebrarReligión guardar
1(to stay, to remain)mantenerseto keep fit — mantenerse en forma / en buen estado físico
- to keep awake — no dormirse
- can't you keep quiet? — ¿no te puedes estar callado?
- keep still! — ¡estáte quieto! / ¡quédate quieto!
- it's important to keep calm — es importante mantener la calma
- keep calm! — ¡calma!
- he kept silent — guardó silencio
- it will keep fresh for several days — se mantiene fresco unos cuantos días
- For 10 shillings a week, plus his keep, Trevor worked on the moor where Mr Middlemiss had moor rights.
- Occasionally. in those days, some would be paid a wage but mostly they would work for their keep and a little pocket money.
- That is why Greatwood is appealing for people to adopt one of the retired racehorses and contribute towards the cost of its keep.
- Many men returned to work on the mills every season for many years as they got a regular wage and their keep.
- People like us who did without to own our house as a legacy for our children have our home taken off us if we have to go into care to pay for our keep.
- If they were, then they would have been earning their keep and fending for themselves, like everyone else is supposed to do.
- At least this way they pay for their crimes and contribute something towards the cost of their keep.
- They had their pay and their keep and were given a quarter of a sheep to take home to feed their families.
- Its most remarkable feature is that the large keep is itself protected by further curtain walls.
- The never completed keep is a great round tower divided by a moat from the inner curtain that curves inward to avoid it.
- In stone keep castles, keeps were much higher than any other part of the castle.
- In a few places great stone keeps were begun, best known of which is the Tower of London.
- Whereas motte and bailey castles were surrounded by a wooden fence, the stone keeps could rely on outer walls made of stone (curtain walls).
- Manors and even small keeps abound in the highlands, not tourist attractions but still noble family estates.
- The keep in stone encircled from the full water ditch that we see today was built at this time.
- This Great Hall was the social centre for the inhabitants of the inner keep.
- It is crowned with a stone shell keep of about 1300, which replaced a timber predecessor.
- Even the gateways leading into old keeps and castles don't escape the over-enthusiasm of some amateur restorers.
- She had been stuck in that horrible keep for the last four years of her life.
- Kids will love the medieval keep, with its spiral staircases, and dim lighting.
2(to continue)seguirkeep on this road — siga por esta carretera
- keep left/right — siga por la izquierda/derecha
- to keep -ing — seguir + ger
- keep talking/running — sigue hablando/corriendo
- you have to keep trying — tienes que seguir intentándolo
- we should have just kept going — deberíamos haber seguido (adelante)
3(repeatedly)she keeps hitting me — siempre me está pegando
- he keeps interfering — está continuamente entrometiéndose
- I keep thinking it's Tuesday today — me ha dado por pensar que hoy es martes
- I keep forgetting to bring it — nunca me acuerdo / siempre me olvido de traerlo
4(food) conservarse (fresco)it won't keep in this heat — no se va a conservar (fresco) / se va a echar a perder con este calor
- this cake will keep for several months — este pastel se conserva / se puede guardar muchos meses
5(news/matter) esperarI have something to tell you — will it keep till later? — tengo algo que decirte — ¿puede esperar a más tarde?
6coloquial(to be in certain state of health)how are you keeping? — ¿qué tal estás?
- I hope she's keeping well — espero que siga / esté / ande bien
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