In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(living)sustento masculinomanutención femeninoI pay them something toward her keep — contribuyo con algo para su manutención
- he helped in the kitchen to earn his keep — ayudaba en la cocina a cambio de comida y techo
- for keeps
- he gave it to me for keeps — me lo regaló
- if they win the cup again, it's theirs for keeps — si vuelven a ganar la copa, se la quedan para siempre
- Occasionally. in those days, some would be paid a wage but mostly they would work for their keep and a little pocket money.
- For 10 shillings a week, plus his keep, Trevor worked on the moor where Mr Middlemiss had moor rights.
- If they were, then they would have been earning their keep and fending for themselves, like everyone else is supposed to do.
- At least this way they pay for their crimes and contribute something towards the cost of their keep.
- Many men returned to work on the mills every season for many years as they got a regular wage and their keep.
- That is why Greatwood is appealing for people to adopt one of the retired racehorses and contribute towards the cost of its keep.
- People like us who did without to own our house as a legacy for our children have our home taken off us if we have to go into care to pay for our keep.
- They had their pay and their keep and were given a quarter of a sheep to take home to feed their families.
2(in castle, fortress)torre del homenaje femenino
- In stone keep castles, keeps were much higher than any other part of the castle.
- This Great Hall was the social centre for the inhabitants of the inner keep.
- Even the gateways leading into old keeps and castles don't escape the over-enthusiasm of some amateur restorers.
- Manors and even small keeps abound in the highlands, not tourist attractions but still noble family estates.
- It is crowned with a stone shell keep of about 1300, which replaced a timber predecessor.
- Kids will love the medieval keep, with its spiral staircases, and dim lighting.
- Its most remarkable feature is that the large keep is itself protected by further curtain walls.
- The never completed keep is a great round tower divided by a moat from the inner curtain that curves inward to avoid it.
- Whereas motte and bailey castles were surrounded by a wooden fence, the stone keeps could rely on outer walls made of stone (curtain walls).
- In a few places great stone keeps were begun, best known of which is the Tower of London.
- The keep in stone encircled from the full water ditch that we see today was built at this time.
- She had been stuck in that horrible keep for the last four years of her life.
1(ticket/receipt) guardar(ticket/receipt) conservarquedarse conconservaris this old pan worth keeping? — ¿vale la pena guardar este cacharro?
- keep the change — quédese con el cambio (/ vuelto etc. )
- he can't keep a job — es incapaz de mantener / conservar un trabajo
- you can keep the book — puedes quedarte (con) el libro
- keep it, I don't need it — quédate con él / quédatelo, no lo necesito
- he kept his mental faculties to the end — conservó sus facultades mentales hasta el final
- she's kept her looks — se ha conservado bien
- you can keep your lousy job! — ¡se puede guardar su porquería de trabajo!
- can you keep the number in your head? — ¿puedes retener el número?
2(to look after, to reserve)guardarto keep sth ( for sb) — guardar(le) algo ( a algn)
- could you keep my place for a moment? — ¿me podrías guardar el sitio un momento?
- they kept his job for him — le guardaron el puesto
3(to store, to put customarily)guardarwhere do you keep the coffee? — ¿dónde guardas / tienes el café?
- keep in a cool place — conservar en lugar fresco
4(to have available)tenerI like to keep a first-aid kit in the car — me gusta tener un botiquín en el coche
5Britanico(to stock)tenervenderwe keep several kinds of tea — tenemos / vendemos varios tipos de té
6(to reserve for future use)guardardejarkeep some for later — guarda / deja algo para después
8(to manage)(shop/stall/guesthouse) tener
9(to raise)(chickens/pigs/bees) criar
10(to have)(servants) tener
11(to support)(family/household) mantenerhe keeps a mistress — mantiene a una amante
- can you keep her in the manner / style to which she is accustomed? — ¿puedes darle la vida a la que está acostumbrada?
- it costs me a fortune to keep them in clothes — me cuesta una fortuna vestirlos
- I hardly make enough to keep myself in cigarettes — apenas si saco para mis cigarrillos
12arcaico(to protect)guardar anticuado
13(to maintain)she keeps a diary — escribe / lleva un diario
- I've kept a note / record of everything — lo tengo todo anotado
14(to cause to remain, to continue)mantenerI kept dinner hot for him — le mantuve la cena caliente
- try and keep it clean/tidy — trata de mantenerlo limpio/ordenado
- keep her informed — manténla al tanto
- the noise kept me awake — el ruido no me dejó dormir
- keep him awake — manténlo despierto
- to keep sb/sth -ing
- to keep sb guessing — tener a algn en ascuas
- keep your letters coming — sigan enviando cartas
- he kept the engine running — mantuvo el motor en marcha
- I'm sorry to have kept you waiting — siento haberlo hecho esperar / haberlo tenido esperando
- try and keep him talking — procura que siga hablando
15(to detain)don't let me keep you — no te quiero entretener
- what kept you? — ¿por qué tardaste?
- she was kept in hospital — la dejaron ingresada
- they kept me at the police station for hours — me tuvieron horas en la comisaría
- the teacher kept me after school — la maestra me hizo quedar después de clase / me dejó castigado
16(to adhere to)(promise/vow) cumplirhe kept his word — cumplió su palabra
- she didn't keep the appointment — faltó a la cita
17(to observe, to celebrate)celebrarReligión guardar
1(to stay, to remain)mantenerseto keep fit — mantenerse en forma / en buen estado físico
- to keep awake — mantenerse despierto
- can't you keep quiet? — ¿no te puedes estar callado?
- keep still! — ¡estáte quieto! / ¡quédate quieto!
- it's important to keep calm — es importante mantener la calma
- keep calm! — ¡tranquilo!
- he kept silent — guardó silencio
- it will keep fresh for several days — se mantiene fresco unos cuantos días
2(to continue)seguirkeep on this road — siga por esta carretera
- keep left/right — siga por la izquierda/derecha
- to keep -ing — seguir + ger
- keep talking/running — sigue hablando/corriendo
- you have to keep trying — tienes que seguir intentándolo
- we should have just kept going — deberíamos haber seguido (adelante)
3(repeatedly)she keeps hitting me — no deja de pegarme
- he keeps interfering — no deja de entrometerse
- I keep thinking it's Tuesday today — me ha dado por pensar que hoy es martes
- I keep forgetting to bring it — nunca me acuerdo / siempre me olvido de traerlo
4(food) conservarse (fresco)it won't keep in this heat — no se va a conservar (fresco) / se va a echar a perder con este calor
- this cake will keep for several months — este pastel se conserva / se puede guardar muchos meses
5(matter/news) esperarI have something to tell you — will it keep till later? — tengo algo que decirte — ¿puede esperar a más tarde?
6coloquial(to be in certain state of health)how are you keeping? — ¿qué tal estás? coloquial
- I hope she's keeping well — espero que siga / esté / ande bien
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.