In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(living)sustento masculinomanutención femeninoI pay them something toward her keep — contribuyo con algo para su manutención
- At least this way they pay for their crimes and contribute something towards the cost of their keep.
- Occasionally. in those days, some would be paid a wage but mostly they would work for their keep and a little pocket money.
- Many men returned to work on the mills every season for many years as they got a regular wage and their keep.
- They had their pay and their keep and were given a quarter of a sheep to take home to feed their families.
- If they were, then they would have been earning their keep and fending for themselves, like everyone else is supposed to do.
- People like us who did without to own our house as a legacy for our children have our home taken off us if we have to go into care to pay for our keep.
- For 10 shillings a week, plus his keep, Trevor worked on the moor where Mr Middlemiss had moor rights.
- That is why Greatwood is appealing for people to adopt one of the retired racehorses and contribute towards the cost of its keep.
2(in castle, fortress)torre del homenaje femenino
- Even the gateways leading into old keeps and castles don't escape the over-enthusiasm of some amateur restorers.
- She had been stuck in that horrible keep for the last four years of her life.
- This Great Hall was the social centre for the inhabitants of the inner keep.
- Whereas motte and bailey castles were surrounded by a wooden fence, the stone keeps could rely on outer walls made of stone (curtain walls).
- Manors and even small keeps abound in the highlands, not tourist attractions but still noble family estates.
- In stone keep castles, keeps were much higher than any other part of the castle.
- The keep in stone encircled from the full water ditch that we see today was built at this time.
- Kids will love the medieval keep, with its spiral staircases, and dim lighting.
- It is crowned with a stone shell keep of about 1300, which replaced a timber predecessor.
- In a few places great stone keeps were begun, best known of which is the Tower of London.
- The never completed keep is a great round tower divided by a moat from the inner curtain that curves inward to avoid it.
- Its most remarkable feature is that the large keep is itself protected by further curtain walls.
1.1(ticket/receipt) (not throw away) guardar(receipt/ticket) (not throw away) conservar(not give back) quedarse con(not lose) conservaris this old pan worth keeping? — ¿vale la pena guardar este cacharro?
- keep the change — quédese (con) el cambio
- he can't keep a job — es incapaz de mantener / conservar un trabajo
- you can keep the book — puedes quedarte (con) el libro
- keep it, I don't need it — quédate con él / quédatelo, no lo necesito
- he kept his mental faculties to the end — conservó sus facultades mentales hasta el final
- she's kept her looks — se ha conservado bien
- you can keep your lousy job! — ¡se puede guardar su porquería de trabajo!
- can you keep the number in your head? — ¿puedes retener el número?
- And in return the councils can keep a share of the extra revenue raised through business tax to spend in their areas.
- They may agree to match or better the quote in order to keep your business.
- Mr Taylor said Brown had told him it was a new year so he intended to stay out of trouble and to keep his job.
- Are you keeping a reserve of under-worked staff on roll to tap into, in the event of an upswing?
- Do you think it is appropriate to keep skeletons for future scientific work?
- Even so, advisers recommend taking photographs of valuable possessions and keeping receipts for as many things as possible.
- I have a wife and one-year old baby that I have to provide for, and right now that means keeping my third-shift convenience store job.
- Key to overturning Labour's landslides was to remain the party willing to allow people to keep more of their own money.
- Allotment gardeners who won their fight to keep their rented plots may now bid to buy them outright.
- Some messages are important and need to be kept for future reference.
- There will also be a wide range of high quality locally produced crafts, great to keep or to give as gifts!
- He then ordered two cheese burgers and a cola, gave me all his money, and told me to keep the change.
- Good time to drink, he thought, heading to the bar, and leaving Ada to keep a table by the dance floor.
- She must have loved him very much as she kept every diary and letter he wrote from 1906 until he died.
- If she keeps her seat at the local elections, she will be made mayor on May 17, with her husband Mike as Mayor's Consort.
- This powder can be kept for long periods of time and is taken along on a journey.
- The office has also had trouble keeping multicultural admissions officers more than two years.
- I check to see what the best rates are and challenge my lender to keep my business by giving me a better deal.
- Most tax advisers recommend keeping copies of your returns and supporting documents for at least six years.
- The fact that they were twice baked and very dry meant that they could be kept for long periods and were well adapted for use by travellers.
- Ultimately though, Edwards had just too much speed and he kept his composure to win the day and the season.
- I had trouble keeping my balance because I had an open soda pop can in my hands so I had to go slower.
- How do some of these individuals keep their positions of employment I wonder?
- She added that the 150000 that was set aside in the estimates should be kept in reserve for phase two.
- He is having trouble keeping his charges' attention while she bobs and weaves in the background.
- And on the following Friday night, they kept their nerve to win a hugely-physical dogfight.
- It seems people love to hoard them and keep them for the future.
- If I'd kept the house for just 3 more years it would have doubled in price.
- Less data is being deleted and more data is being kept for longer periods of time.
- Then with a patronizing tone they tell me that I can keep the change.
- Regular use of bronchodilators should therefore be avoided and should be kept in reserve for breakthrough wheezing.
- I hope someone is planning to keep this stuff for future historians.
- The records belong to the city and are kept in trust for future generations.
- Three crops a year are harvested to provide enough rice for the population, and the government keeps surpluses stored for times of drought.
- Other ‘surplus money’ was being kept aside for classroom improvements, said Mr Jackson.
1.2(to look after, to reserve)guardarto keep sth (for sb) — guardar(le) algo (a algn)
- could you keep my place for a moment? — ¿me podrías guardar el sitio un momento?
- they kept his job for him — le guardaron el puesto
- They also kept sheep, goats and cattle to add milk, butter, cheese and meat to their diet.
- He had to cycle seven miles each way to the land where the sheep were kept.
- Mr England decided to convert the barn when the pressures on farming forced him to give up keeping pigs at his holding two years ago.
- He said Beale was now keeping chickens and pigs, of which there had been no complaints, as well as growing strawberries.
- He also wants a proper pony track and stables for the local boys to keep their horses.
- Because of the presence of the tsetse fly, large animals such as cattle and goats are not kept.
- I remember a time when every farmer kept a pig or two for their own use.
- Most of his cattle, however, he keeps for milk production.
- The foundation provides homes for retired racehorses and keeps horses at farms in ten states, including Kentucky, Florida, and New York.
- To increase his income, he kept sheep and cows, did spinning and acted as a labourer when other farmers needed help.
- I know several families who keep a couple of horses each so that they can hunt during the season.
- Although it is true to say that keeping pigs as pets has been extremely popular, there are not as many pet pigs around at the moment according to a pig organisation.
- Twenty or so acres can be useful for keeping horses or ponies and does carry a certain prestige.
- The fox hunters' problem is that, because keeping a horse is a pretty expensive activity, they were always seen as some sort of financial elite.
- She has kept her horse, Callie, which is the first she has owned, at the stables since September.
- But the RSPCA and other leading animal welfare groups advise people not to keep exotic pets.
- On the other side of the village is the Exmoor Falconry and Animal Farm, which not only keeps birds of prey and Shetland ponies but also has meerkats, a couple of kookaburras, and a llama.
- The animal bones indicated that large quantities of sheep were kept, with some cattle and pig.
- It is an active farm which keeps sheep, goats and pigs and produces cork and honey.
- He keeps pigs, cattle and sheep and does not look after the animals himself, contracting out all the mucky work.
2.1(to store, to put customarily)guardarwhere do you keep the coffee? — ¿dónde guardas / tienes el café?
- [ S ]keep in a cool place — conservar en lugar fresco
- Saddles were carefully kept in a spare stall and bridles were precisely suspended in the correct places.
- Mr Caswell kept some furniture and clothing at the flat but did not live there.
- The other guys in your unit keep pinching your bike for odd jobs throughout the day, and you wouldn't mind keeping it stored underneath a desk.
- National service is compulsory and all adult males are members of the Army Reserve, keeping a rifle at home.
- She pulled and guided her horse to the barn where the saddles were kept, moving swiftly as she worked.
- If luck was needed, Stewart had that covered, too, courtesy of his mascot Fred - a toy skeleton that he kept in his glove bag.
- It would appear that somebody knew he kept money in his house.
- Bags are a girl's best friend, allowing women to keep their must-have possessions close at hand.
- A second briefcase was kept under the White House in a secret bunker in case of nuclear attack.
- Everyone else decided to lounge around the living room where the beautiful sofas were kept.
- The letters, totalling 52 pages, were found in the west of Ireland about 30 years ago and kept in a safe ever since.
- Plants kept on the windowsill will benefit from hardening off before they are planted out.
- It's usually kept on one particular shelf, but when he asked me for it, I looked, and it was gone.
- This manuscript is on the shelf where only books by family members are kept.
- The books are lovingly maintained, and kept on shelves behind a protective screen.
- Frustratingly for the family it was the first time they had stored the bikes inside the shed after previously keeping them inside the house.
- Spread your possessions about - keep your money and mobile phone separate.
- An intricately carved wooden table is kept in between the plush sofas.
- If the fern is planted in a pot and kept in semi shade or even in a place where it gets some more sunlight, you will soon find the plant spreading around.
- A key safe is a secure box, opened by keying in a secret number, that is kept outside your house.
2.2(to have available)tenerI like to keep a first-aid kit in the car — me gusta tener un botiquín en el coche
2.3British (to stock)tenervenderwe keep several kinds of tea — tenemos / vendemos varios tipos de té
3.1(to reserve for future use)guardardejarkeep some for later — guarda / deja algo para después
- The nice thing about ginger is that it keeps well.
- The mix keeps for two to three months at room temperature.
- This product does not keep, and is mainly produced in the autumn and winter.
- The batter keeps in the fridge for up to a month; when you're ready to enjoy, just pour it into a tin, bake and you've got a hot muffin in about 25 minutes.
- Pasta will keep for months in the cupboard.
- It keeps very well if stood upright in a jug containing a little water, and refrigerated.
- Shelf life varies from product to product, but most items will keep, if stored properly, for a minimum of one month.
4.1(to manage)(shop/guesthouse/stall) tener
- Roger, of course, would rather take care of her and keep the shop, but puts on a cheerful face.
- Isaura and her husband kept a grocery nearby, and they often stayed there late in the evenings.
- Jeremy had often told her that her father had been a merchant who kept shop near the barracks.
- Little Nell Trent lives in the gloomy atmosphere of the old curiosity shop kept by her grandfather, whom she tends with devotion.
- Tucked in a bazaar along a grimy street, he keeps a shop about the size of a toolshed.
4.2(to raise)(chickens/bees/pigs) criar
4.3(to have)(servants) tener
- He worked hard to keep his family - like everybody else.
- All the families of the O'Reilly's Club kept a player each in their home, cooked for them and looked after them well.
- It describes a man who has done everything he possibly can to save his job and keep his family in the way that they have expected to live.
- My mother had to sell me as she could not afford to keep me any longer.
- Mrs. Brown had been unable to keep her children and had given her two little girls away.
5.1(to support)(family/household) mantenerhe keeps a mistress — mantiene a una amante
- can you keep her in the manner / style to which she is accustomed? — ¿puedes darle la vida a la que está acostumbrada?
5.2archaic (to protect)guardar anticuado
- Traditional values are so perverted by slavery that Sethe is driven to murder her own daughter to keep her from slavery's horrors.
- We have spent almost 16 years keeping her from harm and helping her grow and now we have to sit back and watch this person come in and abuse her.
- You gave him a good life and kept him from pain.
- We would do anything to keep them from danger.
5.3(to maintain)she keeps a diary — escribe / lleva un diario
- I've kept a note / record of everything — lo tengo todo anotado
6.1(to cause to remain, to continue)mantenerI kept dinner hot for him — le mantuve la cena caliente
- try and keep it clean/tidy — trata de mantenerlo limpio/ordenado
- keep her informed — manténla al tanto
- the noise kept me awake — el ruido no me dejó dormir
- keep him awake — no dejes que se duerma
- to keep sb/sth -ing
- keep your letters coming — sigan enviando cartas
- he kept the engine running — mantuvo el motor en marcha
- try and keep him talking — procura que siga hablando
- She will also need some reassurance that in future she will be kept safe and that such an event will not repeat itself.
- She smiled graciously and said, ‘I mustn't keep you’ and she was gone.
- She keeps the house clean and beautifully arranged.
- ‘I don't want to keep you,’ she apologized. ‘Guess you'd best get outside.’
- His condition became so bad he had to be kept alive on a ventilator.
- The wardens would also have had a general duty of care to keep the area clear of litter to help improve the look of the site.
- But for some prisoners a good book can be the only thing keeping them sane.
- The beaches are always kept in a pristine condition by the many vendors who are there to look after all your needs.
- Food that needs to be kept fresh can be stored in containers too, meaning less plastic wrap or foil is needed.
- Bella didn't know what to say to that, so she kept silent.
- The miracle of modern medicine may keep a loved one alive despite a terminal condition.
- No longer can they depend upon their mother to feed them or protect them, or keep them warm.
- You must be quick, and not keep me long.
- The thick layer of leaves keeps the ground relatively wet, so Bob usually waits until June to plow the leaves under and then plant hay.
- The cemetery has been kept in excellent condition over the past number of years and it is hoped that this will be the case again this year.
- The exact location of the cave will be kept secret to protect the art, which is in pristine condition.
- For security reasons, however, the exact location of the deposits is kept secret for the time being.
- More hybrids are expected in the near future and competition should keep prices realistic.
- We have to do what needs to be done in order to keep our secrets safe.
- It was used in the days before refrigerators to keep food cool and store ice blocks gathered in winter.
- The continuing cold weather has kept mildew levels very low.
- He cannot even walk on his own and he is barely kept alive by a variety of mechanical devices.
- Keeping all his constituents happy is an all but impossible task.
6.2(to detain)don't let me keep you — no te quiero entretener
- what kept you? — ¿por qué tardaste?
- she was kept in hospital — la dejaron ingresada
- they kept me at the police station for hours — me tuvieron horas en la comisaría
- the teacher kept me after school — la maestra me hizo quedar después de clase / me dejó castigado
7(to adhere to)(vow/promise) cumplirshe didn't keep the appointment — faltó a la cita
- We are free and tolerant in our private lives, but in public affairs we keep the law.
- The men will not be allowed to leave the remote centre and must also keep a vow of complete silence for six months.
- The Gentiles or unbeliever is able to keep the moral law because they are made in the image of God.
- The company kept its pledge to launch the services which will allow always-on internet access of over mobile handsets by the end of the year.
- Four years after a South Yorkshire council was blasted for failing to work on stopping benefit fraud, it has come under fire again for not keeping its promises to improve.
- How far am I expected to travel so you can say you kept your promise?
- Even as she said it, she knew that she could not guarantee herself that she would keep that oath.
- This is the work not of months, but of years and keeping these commitments is essential to our future security.
- We've made foolish promises, and it wouldn't be right to overburden those future younger workers by keeping them.
- Every week religious Jews observe the Sabbath, the Jewish holy day, and keep its laws and customs.
- Among ourselves, we keep the law but when we are operating in the jungle, we must also use the laws of the jungle.
- They were redeemed, not because they kept the law but because they received the promise.
- Our experience in Ireland is that the only thing that really works in terms of drivers keeping the law is fear.
- So for instance, the lyre bird is the storyteller of the bush, not only because it doesn't have a voice of its own, but because it keeps the law.
- However, if he also keeps the commitment to buy new helicopters from Eurocopter, this will mean that in a couple of years Bulgaria will have 36 machines.
- She can leave home only to get to her office job, to keep legal or health appointments.
- We have kept that tradition for 1,600 years and we should be proud of it, he added.
- An irregular churchgoer before September, the woman who prayed for a miracle and got one is now keeping her end of the bargain.
- He represents a party that is short on policy, short on commitment, and seriously short on keeping any promises that it made during the election.
- If they kept these laws they were going to be victorious and happy in their promised land.
- According to my teachers, only Catholics who kept the commandments had a real shot at Heaven.
- ‘This is about keeping a commitment, delivering promises and being true to our convictions,’ he said.
- It also results from engineers being conscientious people who are serious about keeping their commitments.
- We are not saved by keeping the law, or by doing good works, or by adhering to church doctrine.
- Because no one keeps the whole Law, everyone who lives by the Law must be under a curse.
- For Pharisees, holiness was achieved, in part, by rigorously keeping the law.
- Thus far we have seen only part of what he meant when he said that Christians should keep the whole law.
- Such a man obeys my commands and carefully keeps my laws.
- We wanted to find out whether Britain and the West are keeping the pledges we made.
- She was accused of failing to keep her promise to work with the aviation industry to improve the choice of destinations.
- You took an oath to defend the nation, and you kept that oath overseas and under fire.
- For all these years, I kept my promise and never looked into the box under our bed.
- Meanwhile, the budget at the club has been slashed and the manager left because pledges were not kept.
- Smaller, lighter and faster, it keeps the tradition of luxury.
- Paul and the Jesus of the gospels reject the belief that keeping the Jewish law is necessary for salvation.
- He thought that to be ‘good’ he had to keep the rules and respect the law of God.
- When we think of observing the law, of keeping the commandments, it is the will that first comes to mind.
- Catherine always said that if she won the prize she would take her mother with her, so she has kept her promise.
- Pharmaceutical companies now had to keep their promises and negotiate honestly, she said.
- We can dedicate more resources to keep our traditions that might be lost otherwise.
8(to observe, to celebrate)celebrarReligión guardar
- Some kept all the Holy Days and some kept only Passover.
- They were once so numerous that the town kept the feast of St Crispin on October 25, patron saint of cobblers.
- Not once in the New Testament are we told to keep the Sabbath.
1(to stay, to remain)mantenerseto keep fit — mantenerse en forma / en buen estado físico
- to keep awake — no dormirse
- can't you keep quiet? — ¿no te puedes estar callado?
- keep still! — ¡estáte quieto! / ¡quédate quieto!
- it's important to keep calm — es importante mantener la calma
- keep calm! — ¡tranquilo!
- he kept silent — no dijo nada
- it will keep fresh for several days — se mantiene fresco unos cuantos días
2.1(to continue)seguirkeep on this road — siga por esta carretera
- keep left/right — siga por la izquierda/derecha
- to keep -ing — seguir + ger
- keep talking/running — sigue hablando/corriendo
- you have to keep trying — tienes que seguir intentándolo
- we should have just kept going — deberíamos haber seguido (adelante)
2.2(repeatedly)she keeps hitting me — no deja de pegarme
- he keeps interfering — está continuamente entrometiéndose
- I keep thinking it's Tuesday today — me ha dado por pensar que hoy es martes
- I keep forgetting to bring it — nunca me acuerdo / siempre me olvido de traerlo
3.1(food) conservarse (fresco)it won't keep in this heat — no se va a conservar (fresco) / se va a echar a perder con este calor
- this cake will keep for several months — este pastel se conserva / se puede guardar muchos meses
3.2(news/matter) esperarI have something to tell you — will it keep till later? — tengo algo que decirte — ¿puede esperar a más tarde?
3.3informal (to be in certain state of health)how are you keeping? — ¿qué tal estás? coloquial
- I hope she's keeping well — espero que siga / esté / ande bien
- We have all been keeping well.
- My mother did not keep very good health, so we had a charwoman who came in to do the cleaning.
- Mother kept very unwell the greater part of the way.
- For a man who spends so much time in the gym and out on the golf course, he contrives to keep remarkably poor health.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.