In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(illumination)luz femeninoa ray of light — un rayo de luz
- light and shade — claroscuro
- artificial/natural light — luz artificial/natural
- by the light of the moon/a candle — a la luz de la luna/una vela
- you shouldn't read in this light — no deberías leer con esta luz
- hold it up to the light — ponlo al trasluz / a contraluz
- you're standing in my light — me haces sombra
- bring it into the light — tráelo a la luz
- while the light lasts — mientras haya luz
- in / by the cold light of day it didn't seem such a good idea — al pensarlo mejor / en frío, no parecía tan buena idea
- at first light — al clarear (el día)
- let there be light — hágase la luz
- (to be) the light of sb's life — (ser) la niña de los ojos de algn
- to bring sth to light — sacar algo a la luz
- to come to light — salir a la luz
- to hide one's light under a bushel — ser modesto
- to see the light — abrir los ojos
- to see (the) light at the end of the tunnel — vislumbrar el fin de sus (/ mis etc. ) problemas
- to see the light (of day) — ver la luz (del día)
- he first saw the light of day in April, 1769 — nació / vino al mundo en el mes de abril de 1769
- to throw / cast / shed light on sth — arrojar luz sobre algo
- before noun light waves — ondas luminosas
2.1(source of light)luz femeninofemenino lámparato turn the light off — apagar la luz
- to turn the light on — encender la luz
- shine the light over here — enfoca / alumbra aquí
- lights out! — ¡apaguen las luces!
- lights! — ¡luces!
- she wanted to see her name in lights — quería ver su nombre en las marquesinas / en letras de neón
- the bright lights of the big city — las luces de la gran ciudad
- landing/navigation lights — luces de aterrizaje/navegación
- to go out like a light — (become unconscious) caer(se) redondo
- I could see red, white and blue strobe lights flashing all along the water on the Manhattan side.
- Shadows, cast by the trees blocking the porch light outside the windows, dance over the coffee table.
- The police also found a fluorescent light, a grow lamp, ballast, and thermometer.
- Down the street, a solitary porch light flickered and called out to him.
- The city's lights lit up the skyline and created an almost magical glow.
- When Pete flicks out the electric lights, we are plunged into inky darkness and ringing silence.
- There was an electric light at the top of the staircase but there was no bulb in it at the time of the accident.
- She moved quietly to her front porch where the light was turned on for her.
- Fluorescent lights or special grow lamps also work if left on about 14 to 16 hours per day.
- The tunnel is quite elaborate, too, with electric lights and reinforced walls.
- We didn't have a bathroom or electric power or lights and things until I was about 17 years old.
- Andy turned out the lights in the room and got into bed.
- Hang paper chains or other decorations well away from lights or any other source of heat.
- After a few days without lights, electric heat or TV, your stress level shoots through the roof.
- Everything is brightly lit once the UV lights are turned on.
- With only the ceiling lights for illumination, the soldier couldn't tell the time of day.
- The car's lights went off and only enhanced the feeling of shadow.
- The aircraft took off in the dark with the runway illuminated by truck lights.
- When illuminated with electric lights or candles, the pumpkins radiate the same muted colors as stained-glass windows.
- The huge primary lights in the ceiling were darkened but the scattered emergency lights gave some illumination.
2.2(of car, bicycle)luz femeninodip your lights — pon las bajas
2.3semáforo masculinodon't shoot/jump the lights — no te comas la luz roja
- the lights were against us — nos tocaron los semáforos en contra / en rojo
- I don't want to drive these things wide open on the street, but we'll run them zero to 60 at the next few lights.
- Queuing traffic at the numerous lights in and around the High Street creates more congestion.
- Another plan includes installation of signal lights at some junctions on the ring roads.
- Imagine his surprise when traffic coming through the lights headed straight for him.
- Sadly, over one year after the lights were restored the traffic situation has not improved.
- Imagine the flow of traffic without lights and signs.
- Maybe it's just difficult for them to control the horses in Central London, and that's why the guy jumped the light.
- With a lights controlled junction at Feehily's corner this would make things safer for both vehicles and pedestrians.
- The look, of course, was no big deal, but the preposterous wheelspinning start as the lights went green certainly was.
- Not satisfied with that, they then put in more lights, making more traffic snarls.
2.4(in lighthouse)faro masculino
3.1(aspect)to see sth/sb in a good/bad light — ver algo/a algn con buenos/malos ojos
- I suddenly saw her in a new light — de pronto la vi con otros ojos
- seen in this light — visto así
- this puts matters in a new light, this sheds a new light on matters — esto cambia la perspectiva / el panorama
- it didn't show him in a very good/flattering light — no daba una imagen demasiado buena/favorable de él
3.2as preposition in the light of / in light of — en vista de
4(for igniting)have you got a light? — ¿tienes fuego?
- to put a / set light to sth — prender fuego a algo
- to strike a light — encender un cerillo
- The opening casements were also taped along the junction between the casement and the opening light.
- This must be the upper light or lights of a third window, at the back of the room, adjacent to the back wall.
- Summer cross-ventilation can be obtained through opening lights in the glass wall and the motorized panes of the clerestory.
- Top lights and side windows flood the building with daylight from unexpected angles.
- Well-lit by a triple-light mullion and transom window with wooden surrounds, the landing was given additional light from a dormer window high up in the central gable.
- The windows also show progress in one particular way: they are still mullioned and transomed, but the individual lights are no longer arched.
5.3(beliefs)by/according to sb's lights — a/según su (/ mi etc. ) entender
- The good of human freedom, by European lights, must be weighed against the risk and cost of actually fighting for it.
- I think that the president is a basically decent man who is trying to do the best he can according to his lights.
- It seems to me that they were a state, but they had a legal system which, according to their lights, was divinely ordained.
- He was, by his lights at least, honest with me.
6.1(EE. UU.) (low-calorie beer)cerveza light femeninocerveza de bajo contenido calórico femenino
6.2(cigarette)cigarrillo light masculinocigarrillo de bajo contenido en alquitrán masculino
6.3(Britanico) (informal) (light ale)cerveza rubia femenino
1(set alight)(heater/fire/lamp/cigarette) encender(fire/cigarette/heater/lamp) prender
2(illuminate)(room/scene) iluminara dimly/brightly lit street — una calle poco/muy iluminada
- she lit the way for him with a flashlight — le alumbró el camino con una linterna
1(match/cigarette/fire/wood) encenderse(wood/fire/match/cigarette) prender
- The large garden around the swimming pool shone in the glimmering light of many multicolored candles.
- He had carried out research into light and how it interacts with atoms.
- The light from a nearby street lamp paints her face a garish yellow.
- In the village the fields were being turned, and men and women worked in the damp soil from light to dusk.
- The windows were ablaze with light, the heavy wooden doors still open.
- The abstract representations are also a reflection of the artist's mastery over colour and light.
- Einstein used Planck's quantum hypothesis to describe the electromagnetic radiation of light.
- The sun was setting low, casting a dull orange light in the sky.
- In that case, what you need to know before choosing when to take your picture is that the colour of light changes throughout the day.
- We really do not know what would happen to time when an object passes the speed of light.
- I wanted to sleep a little longer, but the faint light of the sun had awakened me.
- Normally, water in the distance is seen by its ability to reflect light off of its surface.
- LEDs are made of semiconductor chips and emit light when a current passes through them.
- Look at them at different times of the day, and in both natural and incandescent light.
- Stockholm is beautiful in the mornings, the golden light glinting off the buildings.
- She rose to her feet and passed into the light of the full moon.
- Dark clothes don't glow because the dark pigments absorb the UV light.
- This is another good time to walk outside and expose yourself to some natural light.
- The garden was lit only by the light of the moon and all was silent.
- The plants were grown in natural light with no supplementary lighting.
- I was nervous and when I get nervous I smoke - too bad I didn't have a light.
- After this I thought I'd do a little light reading.
- The run will finish with an awards presentation, BBQ and some light entertainment.
- Anyone seeking a little light reading had better steer clear of this book.
- Those with pocket money obtained all kinds of novels, serious and light.
- Wavell had, it seems, an interest both in light fiction and serious history.
- Apart from the usual academic books, books for light reading and for serious reading are also available.
- Yes, I know it's jokey, light, entertaining fare, but it's good as well.
- They were always intended to be light pieces to entertain and to dance to.
- A huge bestseller in Spain, the novel has been criticised by some on the left for serving up a light version of the civil war.
- Otherwise, this is a relatively short and light featurette on the art of movie music.
- In the meantime, we can enjoy this story, which is a nice little bit of light reading.
- It would, said the theory, take the world's most popular game and turn it into mainstream light entertainment.
- The novel is a light read that promises to tax you no more than a politician at election time.
- In recent years, McCartney has branched into composing light classical music.
- None of the inherent whimsy is lost and the film remains an incredibly moving but suitably light piece.
- It is possible that Rob will change the face of light entertainment in Britain.
- As such this is not going to be a film for someone looking for a couple of hours of light entertainment.
- While the racy title and erotic cover art might suggest a light read, nothing could be further from the truth.
- With no humour and very little in the way of hope, this is certainly not light entertainment.
- Picking up the papers I eyed it warily, it was obviously not going to be light reading.
2(bright)it gets light very early these days — ahora amanece / aclara muy temprano
- it's already light — ya es de día
- white paint makes a room look lighter — la pintura blanca le da más luz a una habitación
1.1(not heavy)(load/fabric) ligero(load/fabric) liviano América Latina(voice) suaveit's lighter than the other one — es más ligero que el otro
- the film was light on laughs — la película tenía poco de divertida
- with a light tone — en tono desenfadado
- with a light heart — tranquilo
- His voice had lost its light laughter, and the love of the buildings he had lived with all his life showed through.
- Unfortunately, he wasn't exactly small or light enough to move easily.
- Heavy or light, choose a weight that taxes you so that you approach failure at the end of each set.
- The end product has a high degree of stability as well as being light in weight.
- The first part of the story ends at a very natural point in the story, and on a suitably light moment.
- The film is full of jokes and humour - it has a light, positive, happy feeling.
- Theyv'e commented on how methodically I pack the trolley, heavy stuff to the bottom, light stuff to the top.
- The overall tone is considerably lighter than in Chaucer's poem, the play being diversified with songs and lyrical passages.
- No rifle that is light enough to carry will penetrate brush nor should it be expected to.
- It was a shame that my body weight was still surprisingly light compared to the other teenagers.
- At first she could walk for only six minutes on a treadmill, do four minutes on a rowing machine and lift a few light weights.
- The door gave way easily under her light bodyweight and Piper fell with a thud on the floor.
- There is also a weight limit excluding people who are either too heavy or too light for the game.
- Well, that's a fairly light musing for the evening after much of my heavier writings on here.
- Wrap the dish in clingfilm and place in the fridge with a light weight on top for an hour or so, to allow the flavours to mingle before serving.
- Pigs have been bred to be fat or meaty, heavy or light, according to changing requirements at different periods.
- You don't want to come home with a light suitcase and a heavy heart.
- Looking for a little light relief, I flipped over to a TV auction channel, to see what I didn't want to buy today.
- All day, there are thoughts both weighty and light dancing through my head.
- It comes with a lithium battery and AC adaptor and is light to carry.
- He worked on light metal alloys and the electrolytic production of potassium and sodium.
- They had the benefit of astonishingly light, strong bodies, so we needn't feel too ashamed about lagging so far behind.
- Penn keeps the tone of the film extremely light, as the action effortlessly hops between Florida and Beverly Hills.
- The large, sixteen-inch light alloy wheels add to the sporty dynamics of the car.
- It is confirmed the team are making only two stops, with the first part of the race driven on a light fuel load.
- She was happy for the light load, she wasn't sure if her back could handle any more books.
- As the triceps is a very small muscle group, make sure you use a light weight, but do lots of repetitions.
- Royal Mail has said it wants to charge more for large but light items and less for small, heavy ones.
1.2Cocina(breakfast/meal) ligero(breakfast/meal) liviano América Latina(pastry/cake) ligero(cake/pastry) liviano América Latina(cola/beer) light EE. UU.(menu) de bajo contenido calóricolight ale — cerveza rubia
- On my plate was some melon, sweet and fragrant, and a star-shaped pastry so light and flaky, I hardly dared pick it up.
- Each doctor that saw her said something different about her diet; food, no food, light diet; no food!
- If it immediately drains back into the glass, then it probably is a light alcohol or dry wine.
- The naan breads in particular were lovely and light and fluffy.
- The thinly-sliced chicken had been poached in a light and delicate broth infused with lime leaf and coriander.
- It was halibut, light but intense, melting but singing with flavour.
- In a large bowl beat the butter and confectioners sugar until light and fluffy.
- He invited me up to join him for a light meal as a token of gratitude for helping his people.
- The main course was a choice of stuffed baby squid or sautéed pork tenderloin on a light Thai green curry sauce.
- Breakfast is a light meal of bread, cereal, yogurt, and coffee or hot chocolate.
- On Sunday morning, we have a light breakfast and then head for the shops.
- For other cheesy dishes, a light, fruity red wine is sometimes better.
- Modern Banbury cakes are small and oval, made of light flaky pastry with a crisp top achieved by a powdering of sugar before baking.
- The pastry was light and flaky, and the insides were pleasant enough, if a little lacking in spice.
- It's a lovely little wine, light but packed with flavour, perfect chilled before dinner or for sitting out in the sun.
- If you want the granny apple to hold slightly and maintain its shape, you can cook it gently in a light sugar syrup.
- The pastry was crisp and light and the salad was the kind where you wanted to eat every scrap.
- James Bond would have invited her into the front seat and suggested a light lunch of sea food and champagne.
- Place the peach in a light sugar syrup with the cracked peach pit for flavour.
- Chris and I went for a walk up over the hill and had a light brunch at the Reverie Cafe in Cole Valley.
- Occasional sweets notwithstanding, the royal children were raised on very simple, light foods.
- Beer is consumed as a typical light alcoholic beverage, while rum is the hard liquor of choice.
- Hold the rich sauces and have a light soup for a starter with fresh fruit for desert.
- The mash was good and the lemon and herby drizzle made this a light and delicate follow-on to the full-flavoured fish soup.
- Beer can range from light ales to dark stouts depending on the proportions of malt and barley.
- Speaking of which, the Rex has a decent menu of light meals and snacks, and offers a variety of draft beers.
- The base was perfectly cooked, light and fresh, the mushroom topping rich and full of flavour.
- So within half an hour of getting Mig's phonecall we were meeting him and going for a light breakfast.
- Start with dry white wines, then do medium whites, then light reds, then stronger reds.
- The menu had a fair range of options from light snacks to full meals.
- Bierzo, abutting Galicia in the north west, shows promise with its light fragrant reds from the Mencía grape.
- But fruit cakes can also be light and non-alcoholic when made with fresh fruit.
- I yelled at Dex who sat so happily on the couch with his feet on top of the table and a bottle of light beer in his hand.
- This has ground almonds and the texture is almost light, although it is rich and moist.
- The spring veggies were another hit: baby carrots, asparagus, French greens and corn in light soy sauce.
- These are topped off by a variety of puddings ranging from light sorbets to incredibly rich chocolate mousses.
- The pastry was light and the pears and ice cream moreish to the point of danger.
- The Princess had requested a light buffet lunch, including a selection of local cheeses.
- Ann beat me to choosing the mince tart, and excellent it was, with acceptably light pastry.
- The champagne cream sauce was refreshingly light and brought out the best of my wife's salmon filet.
- If there was ever a drink that summed up a decade, it was this light, unobtrusive, fizzy red wine from central Italy.
- It's almost impossible to choose between a cake layered with cream cheese frosting and a lighter white sponge cake with whipped cream and strawberries.
- Your best bet is to drink the light or low-carb beer you like best and to do so in moderation.
- It's like drinking club soda that has been watered down and mixed with flat light beer.
- The tuna tartare was mixed in a light cream sauce, and served with a mound of black caviar.
- The sweet, light tomato sauce provides space and support for the pungent, spicy salami and cheese.
- People who sign up as members will be invited to help themselves to a light buffet after the formal launch of the group.
- I went out for light drinks with a mate after work last night and was home by 8.30 pm.
- I also enjoy a light, fluffy omelet, or maybe basted eggs with bacon or strawberries and dry toast.
- These were covered in a light garlic-flavoured batter and came with a tangy Neopolitan sauce.
- It was light and tasty, but rather deficient in the garlic stakes.
- Tickets for the event cost only £5 each and that also includes a light supper.
- Palestinians often buy snacks or light meals from street vendors as they go about their daily business.
- Pita meat pie often is the final course of a meal or is served as a light supper on its own.
- Adding some light dairy products to a smart diet was first seen as a way to lower blood pressure.
- Schiava grapes are found in most of the non-varietal light red wines of Trentino-Alto Adige.
- Imported light beers are up across the board, while domestic lights are a mixed bag.
- Cream together the unsalted butter and demerara sugar until light and fluffy.
- This rhubarb and blueberry soufflé is light, lovely, rich and drop-dead gorgeous.
- As I did not have milk on hand, I used light whipping cream in addition to regular.
- It was white, fleshy and not oily, cooked in a light batter and served with a white cream sauce and mushrooms.
- I went on to eat a light breakfast and to get my morning writing session done, then felt decidedly dozy.
- Prawn risotto with dill and creme fraiche had all the promise of a light but punchy starter.
- Cream the margarine and sugar until light and fluffy, then add the beaten egg a little at a time while continuing to work.
- The sticky toffee pudding had a light sponge and moreish caramel sauce, all of which disappeared fast.
- Effects are more or less the same whether light, regular or alcohol-free beer is consumed.
- Pale green in the glass, with golden highlights, this is a soft, light wine with attractive floral notes.
- I did some studying after eating my light lunch of 9 sushi rolls and a big glass of tea.
- You can poach or fry the eggs, keeping the yolks runny, and serve with a salad for a light lunch or supper.
- The wine tasted so light that they drank a lot without any consideration.
- Here, cooks will prepare a light meal of mixed salad, tinned cold fish or meat, bread and cheese and fruit.
- I started with light beers and ended up with dark, as is recommended to appreciate the flavours properly.
- I took a seat on a high barstool amongst the quiet and serious four and ordered half a pint of light ale for the golden pound I had had in my right pocket.
- Eating a light meal before your treatment may also help prevent nausea and vomiting.
- Aljotta is a light fish soup relying heavily on garlic and marjoram for flavour.
- The sweetbreads were fine, raised above the mediocre by a wonderfully sweet and light pastry.
- Many dishes need a full-bodied wine with an oak overlay and would suffer in tandem with a light, fruity wine.
- Beat the butter and caster sugar in a bowl until light and creamy.
- They were doused in a light tomato sauce that seeped into the big mound of rice below.
- My other half gave top marks to her hot smoked haddock tartlet, made with light filo pastry and served up with asparagus and a poached egg.
- The new aircraft have a light armament capability and can be used for security or defensive operations as well as for training.
- Two light cruisers were being built in Italy but these were commandeered by the Italians in December 1941.
- For the most part these contingents have been based on a core component of light infantry.
- Traces of the modus operandi of the light infantry of old still live on amidst special forces such as the SAS.
- Transportation of soldiers is another way mechanized forces can help light units.
- The Dover Barrage was a combination of nets, mines and searchlights, patrolled by light craft.
- In command of the light tanks, Patton headed a school and trained his tankers for combat.
- The army is on path to meet its future as a light armoured force, contrary to recent debate in the media.
- The pace of light infantry is limited to the speed of a soldier on foot.
- Sniper units are similar to the light infantry units but they operate in smaller teams.
- In December 1939 it was taken over by the Kriegsmarine and armed for use as a light escort and patrol boat.
- As a military reformer, Moore successfully developed light infantry tactics and training methods.
2.1Meteorología(breeze/wind) suavelight rain — llovizna
- a light covering of snow — una fina capa de nieve
- But in the summer, a light body oil is also necessary to care for sun-drenched skin.
- He'd walked her home through the light, early summer rain that was falling on the city.
- The rain was light, but heavy enough to make you cold and uncomfortable after a few minutes.
- The following moisturiser is very light and gentle and suitable for all skin types.
- The valley is densely forested and lush; a light autumn snowfall dusts distant high peaks.
- There had been light snow showers earlier that morning when we took off for our first flight of the day.
- Indeed, some very light breezes saw racing starting late and we bring you results of the first two races with results to be confirmed.
- Traffic, now including vans, is using the minor road, which is only suitable for light traffic.
- The stars were out, and a light summer breeze teased my hair and brushed across my face.
- If you wake early enough, you can catch a solid hour of light breezes and a certain summer coolness.
- We were at 700 feet and one and a half miles, with the visibility obscured by light fog.
- On Tuesday last Galway woke up to see all the motor vehicles covered with a light coating of brown sand.
- We had run into pretty light resistance, and we had pushed out a couple of thousand yards.
- When schools and university are on holiday, traffic is relatively light most of the time.
- It could carry 118,000 barrels of light oil products such as gasoline and heating oil.
- Since the main part of the Jacobite army never engaged the enemy, losses were relatively light.
- I cycle to work the next day, through a light drizzle and heavy traffic.
- At worst, a light drizzle can be stomached, a little nip on the temperature can be endured - but nothing more extreme.
- Personally I do not find it as good in heavy or light winds as the Lewis kites.
- What started as a light shower grew so heavy that she and her daughter began to fear that the roof would cave in.
2.2(sparse)traffic is light at this time — a esta hora hay poco tráfico
- trading was light — hubo poca actividad en la Bolsa
- the losses were fairly light — las pérdidas fueron de poca consideración / de poca monta
2.3(not strenuous)(duties/work) ligero(work/duties) liviano América Latina
- Despite new and improved laws, judicial proceedings remain slow and the fines actually imposed are light.
- The All Blacks enjoyed a day of light training today with key players carrying injuries.
- She got a light sentence and I think the worst of her troubles are over.
- Typically, she received a very light sentence, soon revised downward.
- This is giving a clear green light to burglars to commit this crime as they are more than likely to get a very light sentence or be put on a drug rehab programme.
- Are they working to review the light sentence that has been handed out?
- His sentence had been relatively light, as she never accused him of violating her.
- I figure he must think he's only going to get a light sentence and a bit of a fine.
- Still expecting a light sentence, he was crushed by his condemnation to indefinite imprisonment.
- The prosecutors left the Court without explaining the request for such a light sentence.
- The plaintiff's back injury only allowed him to take on light work.
- However in reality many people who do assist in euthanasia get fairly light sentences.
- One officer may sleep if the work load is light, while the other monitors the flight.
- Sit up, do light housework, or take a walk until your body has had a chance to digest.
- Should they be blogging regularly or only when they have a light work load?
- Sentences in the UK are relatively light, averaging around nine months.
- Always walk or do another light cardiovascular exercise for five minutes before you work out.
- What would you do if the men who were responsible were given light jail sentences?
- But suggest a bit of light housework and he's all feral snarls and pulling rank.
- When the police bring anyone to justice in this country, some judges want to let off the scum of the land with light sentences.
- Six years is a light sentence for taking another man's life.
2.4(not severe)(sentence) leve
3(not serious)(reading/comedy/music) ligeroa program of light entertainment — un programa de variedades
- to make light of sth — quitarle / restarle importancia a algo
1to travel light — viajar con el mínimo de equipaje
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