In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(be, remain alive)vivir(for) as long as I live — mientras viva
- she lived to be 100 — llegó a cumplir 100 años
- he never lived to see it — no alcanzó / llego a verlo
- she had three months to live — le quedaban tres meses de vida
- according to the doctors, he should live — según los médicos, se salvará
- you'll live — no te vas a morir
- her words will live forever — sus palabras vivirán para siempre
- his spirit still lives among his people — su espíritu sigue vivo entre su pueblo
- the dramatist makes his characters live — el dramaturgo da vida a sus personajes
- By the following morning doctors had told Lorraine that she had a rare form of cervical cancer and only six months to live.
- In January he was given six months to live but survived longer than doctors predicted.
- Some patients die within one year of diagnosis, whereas others live longer than six years.
- That cat is going to live to be 20 and shows every indication of getting meaner by the minute.
- Though the boy had died instantly on impact, the man lived, and remained in critical condition at a New Jersey hospital.
- He has been given a 20 per cent chance of survival and doctors say he might have three to six months to live.
- In one Scottish study of terminally ill cancer patients, those given vitamin C lived four times as long as those who weren't given it.
- An earlier study found that actors who won Oscars lived an average of four years longer than the competition.
- The Battle of Britain claimed 544 allied lives and nearly half of the survivors never lived to see the final victory in 1945.
- We should celebrate the fact that people are living longer and remain in good health.
- In September 2000, she was diagnosed with bone cancer and given six months to live.
- A young cancer sufferer with only weeks to live spent his last days raising money to fight the killer disease.
- Scientists said yesterday they believe they have found a formula which will lead to cats and dogs living longer.
- They gave him three or at best four years to live, leaving him in a quandary about the ethics of standing again for parliament.
- Peter's mother was called as he was expected to have only twenty four hours to live.
- We can live without breathing for only a few minutes, yet we give it very little thought.
- Pensioners are living longer.
- Only McKinlay survived, living to the age of 95 when he died in Glasgow in 1983.
- In other words, women are living longer knowing they have breast cancer.
- People are now living four to five years longer than in the 1970s, and young people are taller than previous generations.
- I have the energy of a 30-year-old and I want to get out there and live!
- Maybe you should start living instead of just watching everyone else.
- The voice is calling us to leave our foolish fears behind, to take risks, to trust, to begin to really live.
- I think I wanted a TV to distract me from the fact I was breathing, not living!
- Get out there and start living, you never know how much longer it is all going to last.
- In other words, the blues is about having lived whereas the violin draws heavily on a technical ability that can be gained in a practice room.
2.1(conduct one's life)vivirshe lived and died a Christian — vivió y murió cristianamente
- we live very quietly — llevamos una vida tranquila
- to live according to one's principles — vivir de acuerdo a sus (or mis etc.) principios
- One million children are still living in poverty in Britain, despite the government's pledge to reduce child poverty.
- There are 291 million people living below the poverty line in sub-Saharan Africa.
- He lived well and spent freely, renting flats in Chelsea and Brighton, employing servants, owning race horses and running a Rolls-Royce.
- If we learn to live thriftily and remember the importance of helping our neighbours then we can find ways to adjust.
- Most vets and cat experts agree that indoor cats live longer, healthier lives.
- He personally lived frugally and spent the research funding entrusted to him with the same care.
- Why are the numbers of women living with HIV increasing faster than the number of men?
- Most tell us they are keen to remain living independently in their own homes for as long as possible with the necessary social services support to help them do that.
- Forty years after the War on Poverty began, about 30 percent of black children are still living in poverty.
- Instead of enjoying the fact that we can live comfortably, we spend our time looking to see who is living just that little bit more comfortably than us.
- It is a home equipped with the latest technology to enable vulnerable people to remain living independently in their own homes for as long as possible.
- Those who could left the country; those who remained lived under the threat of torture and violent death.
- People have been living under these pitiful circumstances for decades.
- Do you think living beyond our means is a modern malady?
- I, for one, would not produce a child that would have to live under these circumstances.
- As many as one in four single women pensioners now live in poverty.
- Seniors need supportive environments to maintain good health and remain living independently.
- ‘The residents there all live in fear, and so would I,’ he added.
- I'm sure many aircrews lived under the same circumstances at that time.
- Although there's no cure, cats can live quite healthy lives for a while after infection.
2.2(support oneself)vivirI earn just enough to live — gano lo justo para vivir
- He lived by gambling professionally for over a decade.
- They live by hunting and gathering.
- We lived from subsistence farming, growing sweet potatoes, corn, some sugarcane, and ginger.
- If you make up your mind to live from writing, it is prudent to make certain that your work is good, he added.
- They lived off their own fertile land, happy and contented.
3.1(reside)vivirwhere do you live? — ¿donde vives?
- he lives in Italy/in Paris/in the country/on a boat — vive en Italia/París/el campo/un barco
- she lives at 44 Cedar Avenue — vive en la avenida Cedar 44
- he lives in that suit — no se quita ese traje ni para dormir
- this house is not fit to live in — esta casa no está en condiciones
- it will hit him where he lives — eso le va a dar donde más le duele
- In the past up to four generations have traditionally lived under the same roof.
- I lived there for six months, and found it to be a pleasant rural village.
- South African citizens living abroad at the time of the elections will not be allowed to vote.
- After living there for six months, Mark and I got married and a year later moved to East Harlem.
- She has been living in Britain for nine years and is studying at Portsmouth University.
- His parents spent weeks living at hospital as he recovered from his surgery and still have to take him for check-ups on a yearly basis.
- Although both children now have jobs, they choose to remain living at home.
- Rubbish on spare land in Burnley is causing anger among residents living nearby.
- The lucky ones have grandparents living locally who are willing to help out on a regular basis.
- In 1903, Jack London, the novelist and journalist, spent a year living among the people of the slums of the east end of London.
- Scurvy is still seen, very occasionally, among old people living alone who neglect their diet.
- Police were alerted by a resident living in the flats opposite after the alarm was activated.
- She recently emerged from spending a year living among a closed Buddhist community on Holy Island.
- In 1993 he moved to Sweden where he lived and worked for four years, mostly in the building trade.
- Leopards are not the only mammals in which daughters live close to their mothers.
- Did you or you parents ever live in a house of their own?
- He later moved to Germany and then Italy where he lived for three years.
- Later on I overheard him saying that this was his first Bonfire night in the UK as he'd only lived here for six months.
- We had been friends since kindergarten; she lived across the street from me.
- He was just a divorced man living alone in a really big house.
3.2British informal (belong)irwhere do these dishes live? — ¿dónde van estos platos?
- I don't know where the plates live in their kitchen any more.
- For the time being the vacuum cleaner lives at the end of the couch.
- He took the captain and his men to see where the shields lived.
- I checked the pantry four times - that's where the coffee lives.
1(exist in specified way)vivirshe lives a happy life — vive feliz
- you live your life and I'll live mine — tú vive tu vida y déjame vivir la mía
2(throw oneself into)she really lived the part — realmente se identificó con el personaje
- for two years I lived, ate and slept the business — viví dos años totalmente entregado al negocio
1(alive)vivothe number of live births — el número de nacidos vivos
- wow, a real live princess! — ¡uy, una princesa de verdad / de carne y hueso!
- The EU yesterday banned the import of live birds, poultry meat and feathers from Romania for at least six months.
- Furthermore, is it ethically right for drug developers to use live subjects to test their developmental medicines?
- Nearby was a cage full of live rabbits and when questioned the teenagers could not provide a satisfactory answer as to how the animals came to be there.
- They can also locate small heat sources, such as a liferaft in the open sea, or a live body in an expanse of snowy hillside.
- All 18 who were infected in the 1997 outbreak had been in close contact with live animals in markets or on farms.
- Dried turtle meat, six live turtles and an undetermined number of explosives were recovered on the boat.
- Is it better to be a live slave than a dead hero or heroine?
- Some people buy live trees that are balled in burlap instead of a cut tree.
- Vacuuming removes mite allergen from carpets but is inefficient at removing live mites.
- Hundreds of children have been visiting Roves Farm near Swindon to take part in the nativity with a cast of live animals.
- For example, a dead tree is not an eyesore, it's a home - there's more life in a dead tree than a live tree.
- Several diseases cause rings of dead grass with live green grass in the center.
- Each year, Hong Kong imports 1.6 million live pigs from the mainland.
- I will not have for a pet anything that requires being fed other live animals.
- The veterinarians look at the live birds, checking for any that may be sick or injured.
- Carnivorous animals will eat live insects and some will eat mice and rats.
- Three hundred people staged a rally at Dover yesterday over the export of live animals.
- Any new ingredients in these products are tested on live animals.
- The best way to prevent head lice spreading is to check your whole family's scalps regularly and treat them as soon as live lice are found.
- Unaffected countries have already banned imports of live birds and meat.
2.1(of current interest)(issue) candente(issue) de actualidadit is still a live option — todavía es una posibilidad (a tener en cuenta)
- This is a particularly live issue in changes of job duties, the contractual scope of which is vital to decisions on redundancy payments.
- The issue has been a live issue for a number of years now.
- Now, they must have been live issues, because we find more than traces of them.
- The movement of families from older estates to the new ones is also a very live issue and that is happening on a regular basis.
- The question has been a live one long before it entered the deep entrails of the European Union's legislative process.
- That is a live question because of the proposed abolition of the Compensation Court of New South Wales.
- Whether or not there was a default in payment of rent for these premises remains a live issue.
- That led to the preliminary question, and therefore, your Honour, it remains a live question.
- Here is a chance at least for the younger generation to make known its views on this live subject.
- Mr O'Dwyer, however, emphasised the issue was still live and would have to be dealt with.
- There is a question of trust and it is a live issue and we have to deal with it.
- As to the second point, is there a live question of discretion in this application?
- None-the-less, concern to give local communities effective control over policing remains a live issue.
- So it was a live issue and a real issue for the jury to consider.
- So the question of the process of reasoning that a trial judge is supposed to go through also became a very live question.
- Obesity has become a politically live issue in recent years.
- The place of faith within politics looks likely to remain a live issue as the case for Turkish EU membership is made.
- Food safety and pollution are very live issues.
- They knew that Vietnam is still a live issue among a certain generation.
- That, I submit, was a live issue for the jury when considering this appellant's case.
2.2(still in use)en usothis one is the live copy — esta es la última versión
3Televisión Radiothe show was live — el programa era en directo / en vivo
- the group's last live concert — la última actuación en vivo del grupo
- the program is recorded before a live audience — el programa se graba con público en la sala / en presencia de público
- Crowded round a radio listening to the live broadcast from Parliament, we all felt that a change was going to come, something old was dying.
- The main argument being used against live telecasts is that they will slash attendances on cold winter nights.
- The performance features six exceptional dancers with live music by the UK's leading tango ensemble.
- So many people in the club seemed oblivious to the fact that there was actually live music being played.
- It costs money to go to a football match, why not to watch a live broadcast?
- As a former musician myself, I love live music and especially jazz.
- Traditional broadcasters, with a live webcast of their output, were joined by new internet based stations.
- As yet there's no title, but the band previewed one song, Knives Out, in a live webcast in December.
- As I removed my earpiece after a live broadcast on Tuesday, a man who'd been listening approached me.
- This was an historic event, the second ever live telecast out of Ireland.
- We were treated to live vocals from a soprano, baritone, alto and tenor.
- This will be the first occasion on which a live broadcast will be made in Parliament.
- The first live music on the stage was a band called the Duets, a lady and gent who had many fans around the square to hear their songs.
- Dinner will be served at 6pm and the evening can be spent listening to live traditional music in the village.
- The performer had been asked to tone his act down after rehearsal but had ignored this request during the live broadcast.
- As music teachers, we also must promote and encourage attendance at live performances.
- This tape is a collection of 10 skits from the original live broadcasts of the show.
- Now, we have the regular live telecasts of even Italian and Spanish league football.
- These musicians will perform a live holiday music show from a boxcar stage.
- Though it took many years to establish the technique of sound on film, live music accompanied public performances.
- Hundreds more were watching by live webcast and listening in by audio conference.
- Do you attach any importance to what the press say about your music and your live performances?
- It may not be very long before we will be able to watch anything via live webcast, though likely for a price.
- In addition to the live music, local DJs will also be performing.
- My friends are soccer fanatics but they seemed to enjoy the live telecast, once I had explained the rules.
- However, I suspect that this band really come into their own with live performance.
- A live musical performance demands our attention and alters our perceptions of time and space.
- It presents not only sound but also pictures, and the news can be transmitted instantly in live coverage.
- Right after that the government pulled the plug on further live broadcasts from the cathedral.
- But every effort is made, says Ian, to create the illusion that the broadcasts are live.
- Those who couldn't squeeze into the hall could hear the lecture blasted across the campus on speakers, or go home and view the live webcast.
- You can dance the night away or just relax and enjoy the live music performed by the superb nine-piece Art Lester Band.
- Added to that, his company is passionate about the relationship between live music and dance in performance.
- In 1910, a bandstand was erected for the then popular live brass band music.
- Wearing a green coat and matching headscarf, she made two live broadcasts from just outside the city.
- Although she has a preference for live music and performance Caroline has a very successful recording career on the Scorpus label.
- The performance features two live musicians and five performers who do the work of about 10.
- There was also a live concert of indigenous music and a lavish banquet.
- Bob agreed that he and Jim would take part in a live broadcast for Country Magazine.
- Most of the evening performances were a blend of live music and spoken word performances.
4.1Electricidad(terminal/circuit) con corriente(circuit/terminal) cargadodon't touch the cable: it may be live — no toques el cable; puede estar conectado / tener corriente
- The base housed the live electrical wires.
- Remember which wire is live and have your helper turn the power back off, checking with the tester to be sure.
- The gang are expert at disabling alarms and have often cut through live junction boxes to do so.
- He died as a live electric wire fell down into river.
- Would the wires still be live once they weren't connected up to the box?
- It is the second time the workman has stared death in the face after striking a live cable with a shovel in Bradford on Avon eight years ago.
- One accident involving a live electrical wire in his path while he was cutting grass nearly killed him.
- The cable was certainly live when we got there, but it may have been tripped further down the line.
- The tree brought down electrical and BT lines, with a live cable setting the tree alight.
- The impact of the crash snapped the pole in two, with the upper half landing on his roof, leaving live cables dangling next to his property.
- Meanwhile, Antony, the thinker, had cleverly skewered a piece of Cheddar onto the end of a bare live electrical wire.
- The crews also secured live electricity cables as falling trees and branches brought down overhead wires.
- The batter is poured into a banana-leaf-lined container and baked in a clay oven on live coals.
- The rice wine felt like live coal slipping down my throat.
- Nobody wished to retain money, everybody dropped it like a live coal.
- A live coal from the altar has touched his lips, and they are purified.
- He would bank the furnace fires and close the draft to insure live coals the next morning.
5Deporte(ball) en juego
- Now for the coup de grace: a pair of Offaly hands would wrap themselves around the next live ball.
- The ball was still live and the pitcher threw it out of play.
- Burress then picks up the ball and drops it again, and the Falcons proceed to pick up what should be a live ball.
- A player may leave the playing area to play a live ball.
- The ball becomes live when it leaves the referee's or umpire's hands on a jump ball.
1(broadcast) en directo(broadcast) en vivowe now go live to Colin Black in New York — ahora conectamos con Colin Black en Nueva York
- Kian described it as the moment the band has all been waiting for, getting up on stage and performing live.
- Thousands will relish the chance to see them perform together live on stage at Buckingham Palace.
- The entire BBC Local Radio network in England will broadcast the funeral live.
- Millions more watched the event live on TV and listened to the national radio.
- There's something about seeing sport live that makes a difference.
- The game will be screened live on Sky TV with a 6.05 pm kick off.
- John will also report live from the major events in the political calendar.
- The songs have been recorded live in studios and computers have not been used to arrange the music.
- Charlie sent a personal message and a signed photograph to brave Jasmine and free tickets have been arranged for her to see the band play live.
- If enacted, either bill could prevent you from hearing your favorite band or DJ live.
- Their midday encounter was being shown live on the big screen, just behind the court.
- Glasgow's Proms in the Park will be broadcast live, in its entirety on BBC Radio Scotland.
- We just can't wait to be back on-stage performing live and especially at home in Ireland.
- You also allowed it to be broadcast live on television and on radio here.
- What do you prefer - playing live or recording spectacular music in the solitude of a recording studio?
- This man is a singer of tremendous ability and well worth hearing live.
- The race will be televised live around the world.
- I also remember watching his resignation speech live, another great performance.
- Even though I'd only written my first song then, I'd been playing live for years.
- Each programme from the daytime schedule is broadcasting live from a different venue throughout the day.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.