In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(promise)(support/funds) prometerhe pledged his word — dio su palabra
- to pledge sth to sb — prometerle algo a algn
- he pledged not to come back until he found her — prometió no regresar hasta encontrarla
- During the election campaign in 1964, Ayub Khan had pledged that if elected to the post of president he would remove corruption from all spheres of life.
- McConnell has pledged that pre-school children will not receive sex education and that the morning-after pill will not be handed out in schools.
- The UN says $1.2bn in aid has been pledged so far, for about five million survivors.
- "You hear of all this money being pledged by the government for education.
- Foreign countries have pledged US $4.5 billion in aid to rebuild Sri Lanka.
- A spokesman for the Department of Transport said the government had already pledged cash to support the three planned extensions.
- Contractors pledge that disruption will be kept to a minimum, following widespread complaints during the last excavation.
- Levett pledged nurses would be on the resistance's frontline.
- Concerns about the troubled construction and engineering firm have led campus chiefs to pledge that all students promised a room will still be housed in September.
- News reports also cited Russian officials as pledging that elections for a new Chechen president would take place within four months, as called for in the republic's constitution.
- Donors pledged more than $4.5 billion for rebuilding the shattered country at the gathering on Monday and Tuesday.
- In November Roosevelt conveniently won re-election to an unprecedented third presidential term, while pledging that the USA would not go to war.
- Some politicians, declaring themselves to be servants of the people, have pledged that they would be like faithful dogs.
- Transport bosses have pledged more cash for police patrols to protect passengers on night bus services in Manchester.
- His company has already pledged a donation of " several thousand pounds".
- In-coming President Sean Kelly has pledged that the tournament stays as long as the players want it.
- Mayor Martin Winter has pledged no member of staff at the current schools will be without a job as a result of the changes.
- Pembrokeshire County Council will be redoubling its efforts to market the second call centre building, pledged its leader, Councillor Maurice Hughes.
- A total of US $100 million is already pledged to support the participation of poorer countries.
- An earlier forecast of aid to be pledged at the conference was also put at $3 billion.
- World football chiefs have given the go-ahead for a single UK football team to be picked to compete in the Olympic games, pledging that it will not endanger the future of the Scotland squad.
- At midnight tomorrow a deadline set by the US for countries to sign an agreement pledging that they will never hand over any of its citizens to the court will expire.
- He's pledged to continue to improve services so that customers get a better deal in the future.
- The IOC has pledged US $25 million to fund the agency's first year.
- She had one week to ensure the wages were paid or to pledge that the contractor would not be given any more business.
- To pledge you need the barcode from one of their promotional packs, but no purchase is necessary - you can simply write down the barcode when you're in the supermarket.
- Japan has pledged to donate $250 million in reconstruction assistance in the first year.
- He must now seriously consider if September 13, the date he pledged to unilaterally declare independence, really is worth heralding as the momentous deadline.
- Secondly, he pledged more money for flood defences.
- The $3.7 billion pledged by donors will be just enough to sustain current programmes.
- Less than half of the $5 billion pledged at an international donors conference for Afghanistan has turned up.
- Dr Nelson announced the $6million pilot program in May, pledging that families with children who struggle to read and write in Year 3 would secure assistance.
- So he was pledged financial income under commercial cover.
- Moreover, Iceland has pledged the consumer will not have to pay more for organic products, which are usually more expensive.
- She pledged that, as promised on the doorsteps, during the canvass, she would now be going back to talk to people and would be listening to what they had to say.
- He also called on rich countries to pledge that more than half of the new aid promised at the Monterrey Conference in March will go to Africa.
- Tokyo has pledged US $5 billion in new grants and loans by 2007 for reconstruction.
1.2(commit)to pledge oneself to + inf — comprometerse a + inf
- she is pledged to secrecy — ha dado su palabra de que guardará el secreto
- We are pledged to creating one million new homeowners by 2009.
- He was pledged to withdraw 1300 Spanish troops from Iraq.
- Not only have reform groups solemnly pledged to bring facts and common sense to the debate, they propose societal acceptance of expanded, legal use of drugs by adults.
- But let's not throw sticks at her - she's pledged to become part of the order, rather than the chaos of society.
- Yet still, Americans are stationed in Europe and Americans are still pledged to risk their blood and treasure in Europe's defense.
- He seems obsessed with the quick hit, his strategies geared more to press conferences than to long-term, practical solutions to the stuff he's pledged to protect us from.
- On one hand, I am pledged to be an advocate for the patient's best interests.
- But he will need more than semantics to see him through this one the more so as he is pledged to cut the public spending increase to single digits by 2004 and onwards.
- Whereby all men were pledged to defend the rights of each man, and each man to defend the rights of all men.
- As a bishop, she is pledged to uphold church law and file charges against pastors who openly defy it.
- He is also pledged to get rid of the secrecy that seems to bedevil things going on at the Town Hall.
- The world will be just as dangerous the day after we have solemnly pledged to ignore its dangers.
- They originally pledged to continue action for two weeks but ultimately agreed to hold a meeting with Mr. Milloy which took place on Monday, November 15.
- He was also pledged to be married soon, after all.
- But how best we secure the reform and additional investment that are vital if we are to deliver to the people we are pledged to serve.
- These are the international legal structures in place and we are pledged to abide by them.
- City centre officers are also pledged to have more of an impact on cycle thefts and on cyclists riding in restricted areas.
- Well, I'm pledged to build this Green Party effort and to get more candidates at the local, state and national level, yes.
- This organization is pledged to work for justice in the church and for the implementation of due process procedures.
- He's pledged to execute every family that will not bend a knee to him.
2.1(offer as guarantee)entregar en garantíaentregar en prendathey pledged their furniture to a moneylender — entregaron los muebles como garantía a un prestamista
- I'd be willing to pledge anything for his honesty — pondría las manos en el fuego por su honestidad
- The courts therefore ruled that wives could pledge their husbands' credit for ‘necessaries’ but not for luxuries.
- Each called for the periodic restoration of land which had been pledged as security and forfeited for unpaid debt.
- When the land is pledged for a loan of Rs.500 the oral deal between Shamu's mother and the money lender Lala is that until the loan is paid, one fourth of the harvest will be paid to Lala towards interest.
- The manager says in his statement that those shares had been pledged as security for another loan.
- In England it is possible to pledge bearer securities by handing over the certificates themselves.
2.2(sorority/fraternity) aceptar ser miembro provisional de EEUU
1(promise)promesa femeninoa solemn pledge — una promesa solemne
- election pledge — compromiso electoral
- (in US) the Pledge of Allegiance — la jura de (la) bandera
- to honor / keep a pledge — cumplir una promesa
- to make a pledge to + inf — prometer + inf
- she made a pledge to repay all the money — prometió devolver todo el dinero
- to sign / take the pledge — jurar no probar el alcohol
2(of money)cantidad prometida femeninodonativo prometido masculino
3EEUU(in fraternity, sorority)
estudiante que se va a convertir en miembro
4(token)prenda femeninoas a pledge of his love — en señal de su amor
5(collateral)garantía femeninoaval masculino
6(pawned object)prenda femeninoto redeem a pledge — desempeñar una prenda
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.