In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(at scene)to be present — estar presente
- she was present at the ceremony — asistió a la ceremonia
- all those present — todos los presentes
- how many were present? — ¿cuántas personas había?
- he was present at the scene of the accident — presenció el accidente
- you are ever present in my thoughts — te tengo siempre presente
- a protein present in blood — una proteína que se encuentra en la sangre
- Michael's parents, David and Marie, were present to thank everyone for their generosity.
- I recently attended a reception in London at which the Queen was present.
- She said even if the commission did not require Rowley to attend, he would like to be present to testify.
- All ten of us were present and accounted for as we went down into the subway station for our next ride.
- Insiders ask whether he should have been present rather than delegating decision-making to his chief executive.
- Military officials have said the order to strike again would not have been given had many bystanders been present.
- Mr. Connor was present in the Townhall on Friday night but did not attend the event.
- People came from far and near to be present for this special ceremony in a church that was rebuilt in 1821.
- Relatives and friends expend considerable effort to be present when death is near.
- It is a holy land, which means a place where God is uniquely present and available.
- Friends were present and they called for help - paramedics and firefighters from the Aston station attended.
- We have an inside source who was present at the rally and is familiar with the reporters involved.
- He was present, and ready to commence the procedure immediately.
- However they were present in large numbers and settled for a short procession inside the church.
- He said Mr Pepper had attended a funeral at which Frank and Thomas Murphy were present.
- Heads turned to see if the visitor was still present and available.
2.1(current)(address/situation/salary) actualat the present time / moment — en este momento
- in the present case — en el caso que nos ocupa
- the present writer — quien esto escribe
- Scepticism there may be, but the present situation is unsatisfactory and ineffective.
- She has no doubt that the present situation is adding an extra burden to what is already a very traumatic time for people.
- The present crime situation should serve as a spring-board to unite people of all walks of life.
- All councillors feel that we would like to reverse the situation but the present bed shortage makes this impossible.
- We are all fed up of the present situation, so let's work together on creative solutions and get our lives back.
- The society's ruling council said it was ‘deeply concerned’ at the present situation.
- More importantly for present purposes, however, it succeeded also under Article 13.
- A tram link between Interchange and Forster Square stations would be slightly better than the present situation.
- It is to meet with the groups to discuss the difficulties it has with the present legislation.
- Burnley chiefs will gather to discuss the present crisis at Thursday's planned board meeting.
- But in his present situation, his dwindling resources could not feed even one mouth.
- The present situation is unsatisfactory in many ways, and should not be allowed to continue.
- Given the present situation, it seems that no long or short term planning was ever done to meet the growing power demand.
- Conversely, others see the present situation as a buying opportunity.
- Even tourists who make an occasional visit recognise the stupidity of the present situation.
- At the present time, none of these questions can be answered with any degree of certainty.
- And he described the present situation as one where feelings are still running high.
- It will highlight the circumstances that led her into her present situation.
- You have said that a unified movement of the peoples of the South is a prerequisite for change in the present situation.
- Given the present situation, it would be easy to be cynical about the magnitude of the task.
- Could you further discuss what you mean and the present dangers language is facing?
- Outside, the present crop is fattening up and indoors, the remains of last year's produce should see us through.
- The present Queen is thought not to be a devotee of theatre.
- There is an awful description in use about the present situation - the ‘new normal’.
- The present situation is intolerable both for the residents and for the Travellers.
- There is still great generosity in the heart of man, even in the present age.
- The present situation is such that harmful chemicals are added for preservation.
- Independence doesn't necessarily mean isolation, which would be suicidal in the present world situation.
2.2the present tense — el presente
- the present indicative — el presente de indicativo
- the present subjunctive — el presente del subjuntivo
- the present participle — el participio activo / (de) presente
- The only problem is that it looks or sounds for the most part, therefore, exactly the same as the present tense of the verb.
- Another peculiarity of headlinese is that it is almost always in the present tense.
- It should be clear that an apology has to be in the first person, and in the present tense.
- Pashto has a rich agreement mechanism, but one that is manifested differently in the present and past tenses.
- Most of the worst novels were written in the first person narrative present tense.
1.1(current time)the present — el presente
- to live for the present — vivir el momento
- One of the risks of being a historian of the present, of course, is that events can overtake you.
- So for now she keeps up her hopes for the future while surviving in the present.
- We cannot let our future be shaped by those who care only about their present.
- The play is set in the present and covers a period of around one month in Spring.
- Looking deep into Jim's eyes she saw her past, her present and her future.
- This provides an effective and clever bridge from the past to the present.
- The past that historians portray must be one out of which the present can plausibly have grown.
- It made you realize that you simply had no control or power over your present or future.
- If this is to be the future I have condemned myself to, then let my present be a little more noticeable.
- The present and the future were so much more interesting than the past.
- We have all kinds of ways of imagining the future that distract us from actually living in the present.
- These books, by predicting the future, have the ability to take you out of the present for a few moments.
- You see, the game takes place in two time periods: the past and the present.
- In other words, we can use the present to try to explain the past, and the past to explain the present.
- There is even talk of a book on women's cricket detailing its beginnings, its present and its future.
- It offers stunning examples of most every architectural style, from the Middle Ages to the present.
- The plight of Aboriginal people today has just as much to do with the past as with the present.
- The story moves between the present, the past and perhaps a little bit of an uncertain future.
- He wonders if concern about the future prevents us from enjoying the present.
- The present is always more important than the future because we know little about the future and a fair amount about what is happening now.
1.2the present — el presente
- But instead of referring to him in the past tense here, I've referred to him in the present.
- Headlines are written in the present: Bus kills man.
arcaicoDerechothe parties presents — las partes contratantes
1.1(give, hand over)to present sth to sb — hacerle entrega de algo a algn formal
- her daughter will present the bouquet to her — su hija le entregará el ramo de flores
- please present my respects to … — por favor presente mis respetos a …
- to present sb with sth — obsequiar a algn con algo
- she was presented with a silver tray — le obsequiaron una bandeja de plata
- she presented him with a daughter — le dio una hija
- Nominations close on Monday, April 30, and the awards will be presented at a ceremony June 20.
- Terese Capucilli's award will be presented to her at the ceremony by actor and graphics designer Bill Randolph.
- Outside the factory, his good works included presenting Rowntree Park to the city and starting work on New Earswick model village.
- The first Golden Sheaf Award was presented in 1956, when it was decided that the festival should present a grand prize.
- The Whitecross Hospice Fundraising Committee is presenting a cheque to Newry Hospice.
- In 1944, Miss Matilda Talbot presented Lacock to the National Trust, and until recently the area known as the ‘museum garden’, was simply a grassed-over space scattered with trees and shrubs.
- On September 14th as Marquise de Pompadour she was formally presented at court.
- The prize will be presented at a ceremony in New York on September 24.
- The Bowling Green last week Wednesday presented 27,900 baht towards the Lions club's hospital fund.
- The midfielder gave a press conference at Vicente Calderon stadium after he was officially presented to the media and fans as an Atletico player.
- She was presented to the Queen Mother during her 100th birthday year.
- I was presented to the Duke and also the Duchess, who is a Dane.
- After the game Patsy Hobbert presented the James Hobbert Memorial Cup to a delighted Stacks' captain Eoin Colgan.
- Now, Richards, sitting next to Roberts, presents Roberts to the committee.
- The theatre beat off strong competition from all over the country to clinch the award, which was presented at a gala ceremony at London's Royal Court Theatre.
- An under-matron at Malsis school, she was presented by the wife of her cousin, Commander Ian Steel RN.
- The Special Olympics Host Town Committee presented a special prize to Cathal Quinn for scoring a hole-in-one.
- Awards will also be presented for top comeback, fair play, official and community sport volunteer.
- Mickey Dolenz of American band the Monkees presented one of the awards at the ceremony.
- She arranged her skirts decorously and, mere seconds later, the butler entered the parlour and presented Mr Brown-Lee to the group.
- The inaugural Bob Hope Award was to be presented to Oprah Winfrey.
- Ruth, 18, offered to present the painting to Mr Bayley as a memento of York, the floods and the exhibition.
- Regional award winners will go forward for selection for the national special awards due to be presented in spring 2004.
- The Committee presented a cheque to St Aidan's National School on Sunday night last.
- A Mossi baby is formally presented to the community three days after birth for a boy, and four days after birth for a girl.
- The new World Bank resident representative in Sofia was presented to ministers and the media.
- The prizes were presented recently at a ceremony in the Tower Hotel.
- Cllr Beattie gave a short speech praising the efforts of all the exhibitors and committee members before presenting the prizes.
- The trophy was presented by best-selling author Bill Bryson who described it as a very exciting match.
- He went inside, the boardroom doors flew open, and Tom presented me grandly to the room.
1.2(confront)to present sb with sth
- I was presented with a bill for £500 — me pasaron una cuenta por / de 500 libras
- we were presented with a very difficult situation — nos vimos frente a una situación muy difícil
- it presents me with a whole host of problems — esto me plantea toda una serie de problemas
- Because he can't learn his new profession from books (Mr. Norrell has bought them all), Strange presents himself to his rival for tutoring.
- Next thing we know, Dewey presents himself in Ned's place at an exclusive and rather snobbish private school before a class of 10-year-olds.
- I view my appearance in Playboy as the first step in presenting myself to the world as I am.
- But it was a composed and prepared Smith who appeared on Newsmaker Live to present herself for public scrutiny.
- AN NHS trust has launched an internal inquiry after it emerged that a murder suspect was turned away when he presented himself at a mental health unit.
- Quiet and well-mannered in the way he presents himself in public, he is at the age of only 25 one of snooker's elite band of millionaires.
- Then one day a man appears at his door, presenting himself as John Shooter, and accuses Mort of copying a story from him.
- David presented himself at the emergency room of the hospital one and one-half days after the third cystoscopy.
- Take care over your appearance and present yourself smelling, looking and feeling as attractive as you can.
- Within days of arriving in Ireland, she presented herself at the Accident and Emergency department of a Dublin hospital showing symptoms of the deadly virus.
- Mrs Statham said: ‘When somebody presents themselves as homeless we decide which category to place them into and the appropriate support services that they require.’
2(proffer)(bill/account/passport/ticket/motion) presentar(argument/ideas) presentar(argument/ideas) exponerthe way it's presented is very important — la presentación es muy importante
- to present a petition to the authorities — presentar una petición a las autoridades
- to present a check for payment — presentar un cheque para el cobro
- All you will have to do to take advantage of the offer is to present your card when you make your purchase.
- The findings were presented yesterday at the annual meeting of the American Society for Microbiology in New Orleans.
- The seminars are presented by the aforementioned authors as well as various professional agencies.
- The joint committee, which presents a preliminary report this autumn, comprises three Liberal Democrats, 12 Labour, seven Tories and two crossbenchers.
- The results were presented at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society.
- A budget bill will be presented to Parliament for debate and approval next month.
- The budget committee is tasked with presenting a PAP budget for approval at the leaders' summit in July.
- What follows is our summary of the key points presented at the symposium.
- A delegate meeting was convened from which the petition would be presented to parliament.
- The material presented here is from a lecture presented to medical and pharmacy students.
- On the evidence here presented, the answer would appear to be a resounding ‘no’.
- He's kick-started the process by studying many of the proposals on offer and presenting this draft plan of action.
- Be sure to put all important communications in writing and consider ideas carefully before presenting them.
- Quite a strong argument was presented to the committee that we should remove ancillary activities altogether from the bill.
- The mayor and chairmen of the four main committees will be presenting their reviews of the year and there will be a public question session.
- None of the direct estimates presented below is wholly dependable or comparable with the others.
- In the morning an anti-war petition with a million signatures was presented to parliament.
- I often consulted with the participants and owe much of the knowledge presented here to their direct input.
- Their findings were presented at the annual meeting of the American Association for Dental Research.
- A petition was presented which requested action on two roads.
- The editors have compiled a set of papers originally presented at seminars held at Harvard University in 1998 and 1999.
3.1(constitute)serconstituirthey presented an easy target — eran un blanco fácil
- it may present an obstacle to future development — puede significar / constituir un obstáculo para el desarrollo futuro
- To me, this issue presents a more difficult question.
- And we have seen that sexism presents a greater difficulty than racism in this regard as well.
- Children with recurrent abdominal pain present a difficult conundrum for doctors.
- Don't be pushed into a software upgrade now only to find that data translation incompatibility presents major problems later.
- Falling objects, toppling furniture and panic present the greatest dangers during an earthquake.
- The moors here present a particular challenge, the bridleways are waterlogged, rutted, rocky and really quite fantastic.
- Even the newer equipment presents difficult problems of ballot design.
- The lack of affordable housing presents problems for the whole of the community - if there is no one to nurse the sick, teach the children or work on the land everyone suffers.
- Such difficulty as the case presented turned upon the characterisation of the facts rather than upon any ambiguity in the statute.
- The Atherton Gardens estate has presented endemic problems for social planning since its development.
- This choice presents an immediate problem, since it's infinitely more difficult to lampoon a bad movie than it is a good one.
- The steady demise of our ecosystems presents the greatest danger and is at the forefront of Ehrlich's strategic plan.
- These groups present more direct challenges than other groups with established Whitehall connections.
- However, sustainable energy campaigners rubbish the notion that this presents insurmountable technical difficulties.
- For Reeves, a Bowl concert can be intimidating, but the difficulties it presents also inspire her as a singer.
- The activity documentation form often presents the greatest difficulty to applicants.
- The white T-shirt I bought last week presents a much more difficult ethical issue.
- The proposed Communications Bill presents the biggest threat to a free and objective press for more than 300 years.
- Lack of parking presents a huge problem in relation to business on Bridge Street.
- Now Angela's father has made a compromise offer, but it presents a tough choice for her.
3.2(provide)(perspective/view) presentar(perspective/view) ofrecer
- Like other types of bills of exchange payable on demand, a cheque has to be presented for payment within a reasonable time.
- The builder simply presented his bill for payment.
- Mr. Jones then presents the $100 bill to Mr. Roberts in payment for his house.
- The public prosecutor normally begins to present his evidence in court after about three months.
- We had paid the bill that had been presented to us and might easily have been unaware of the mistake.
- When a cheque is presented for payment the paying bank, as we know, must comply strictly with its customer's mandate.
- The claim form in this action was issued on 19th April 2001 and the Petition was presented to the court on the same day.
- Your bank will honour the cheque when the holder presents it for payment.
- On 3 June 1992 it was wound up by the High Court on a petition presented by the Bank of England.
- No evidence was presented to the court that any party ever gave Mr. MacRae permission to park vehicles on the right-of-way.
- Judges are obliged to remain open-minded about the outcome of a case until the relevant evidence has been presented in court.
- While interim Motions are important to all parties, the affidavits to be presented to the Court must be succinct and to the point.
- Rob appears regularly on television and radio, has presented live radio and webcast shows, and has recorded video and CD-Rom programmes.
- The Multi Storey Theatre Company is presenting the hour-long show, ideal for families with children over the age of five and an adult audience too.
- Retina Dance Company presents contemporary pieces inspired by our prevailing fascination with gameshows and the shallow, short-term celebrity they provide.
- Hull Truck Theatre Company presents Black Tie and Tales, written and directed by John Godber.
- The Lismore Theatre Company presents the Rochdale Follies - a wonderful evening of humour and song performed by some of our top local talent.
- At that time, Pat had his own sponsored programme on Radio Eireann which was presented weekly by Ken Stewart.
- The athlete, who won four gold medals at the Paralympic Games in Sydney, will be presenting shows on her local station, BBC Radio Cleveland.
- He went on to present other television programmes, particularly interviews of major political figures.
- In November, the company presents Charles Gounod's Romeo and Juliet, starring tenor Marc Hervieux and soprano Kathleen Brett.
- Sara Cox and Vernon Kay will join a large number of stars in presenting BBC radio coverage of the world's biggest rock event on July 2.
- Sam Dowling's energetic and innovative Roscommon-based experimental theatre company presents its exciting new production.
- The company presented Opel Signum and Chevrolet Evanda models.
- Noel Edmonds returns to his radio roots to present Radio 2's Drivetime show for two months.
- His brother, Grant Stott, 35, presents a radio show on Edinburgh's Forth One.
- He wrote and presented Charles: the Battle of the Palaces, for Channel 4 in April 2003.
- Mark Radcliffe presents his Radio 2 show live from Moshulu, with special guest KT Tunstall.
- Wogan alone is said to earn £800,000 a year for presenting Radio 2's breakfast show.
- The six-part series, presented by Scottish television presenter Stephen Jardine, is due to be screened in June.
- The Misfit Theatre Company presents the award-winning play from Rona Munro, whose play Iron won critical acclaim at the Fringe.
- We see a touring theatre company presenting a Shakespeare play with an ex-husband and wife in the lead roles.
- Hewitt met her when they presented a radio show together.
- The Carl Rosa company presents Franz Lehar's light opera set in the heady Paris of the Moulin Rouge just a few years before the outbreak of the first world war.
- Fishamble Theatre Company presents the work of one of Ireland's most acclaimed writers, Maeve Binchy, adapted and directed for the stage by Jim Culleton.
- The event was well supported by Thai and international companies presenting their latest products set up at booths.
- Riddoch has spent the past five years on Radio Scotland, presenting a daily show that tackles issues high on the national news agenda.
- NTC Touring Theatre Company presents a second show, The Stars Look Down, on Tuesday.
- She will liaise with local retailers and producers in a county-wide attempt to highlight the variety of products and the ways that Orkney firms are presenting these to the public.
- Jaffrey has authored 15 cookery books and has presented several television shows.
- Wild In Your Garden presented by Bill Oddie is a week long event revealing the secret lives of the animal neighbours that live in gardens, towns and cities.
- In another, a French shoe company presents an Arab-style slipper decorated with the stars and stripes alongside the word ‘Peace’.
- She has frequently appeared on television, and conceived and presented the BBC television series Ballerina in 1987.
- If you're looking for a little more poetry in your fringe theatre, The Shakespeare Company presents its third annual Inspired Shakespeare Shorts the very next week.
- Simon Barnes presents Back to Front, a series of 30-minute documentaries on famous sporting events, starting today on BBC Radio 4 at 10.30 am.
- Last year, her profile beyond the farming community received a boost when she presented the reality television show Celebrity Farm.
- In addition, earlier this year the company presented a newly developed fuel cell powered vehicle at the Geneva motor-show.
- In celebration of the opening of West Bay Fine Art, the company presents the release of four canvas limited editions by the newly signed, pastel artist Julene Baker.
- The Royal Shakespeare Company presents this ‘magic, myth-making and mischief of modern India’ on May 13-17.
- This year, the Public Art Fund presents an exhibition of new work by five artists who explore diverse notions of leisure and leisure-time activities.
- In the 1990s he graced fashion shoots in glossy magazines and presented countless forgettable television shows.
- The event was videoed and, three days later, Rhodes got a call from an independent television producer, asking whether he would consider presenting a ten-minute cookery slot.
4.2Televisión Radio(show) presentar
5formal(introduce)presentarmay I present my husband? — permítame presentarle a mi marido
- to be presented at court — ser presentado en la corte
- to present sb to sb — presentarle algn a algn
- I presented him to my parents — se lo presenté a mis padres
1(arise)(opportunity/problem) presentarse(problem/opportunity) surgir
- I started playing golf since about age 14, and can remember playing in rain or shine whenever the chance presented itself.
- She does not plan large works in advance, but instead visits the designated exhibition space and waits for an idea to present itself to her.
- They are not like the other girls at Moore River, and, when an opportunity presents itself, they escape.
2formal(appear)(person) presentarseto present oneself for interview/examination — presentarse a una entrevista/un examen
- to present oneself as a candidate — presentarse como candidato
3(display, show)presentarsethis is how the situation presents itself to me — así es como yo veo la situación
1(disease/patient) presentarsethe patient presented with symptoms of … — el paciente se presentó con síntomas de …
- the baby presented in the breech position — el niño venía de nalgas
- Gardberg et al found that 68% of fetuses presenting as occiput posterior position at birth resulted from a malrotation from an initial occiput anterior position.
- She presented to another hospital with cyanosis and in respiratory distress.
- A 76-year-old man presented to the emergency room with abdominal pain and fatigue.
- Influenza may present as a mild respiratory illness similar to the common cold.
- However, none of the 5 tumors presenting during pregnancy and lactation that were tested were positive for either protein.
- Geller reported a case of acute leukemia presenting as respiratory distress in a patient with leukemic pulmonary infiltration diagnosed at autopsy.
- A 55 year old man presented to his general practitioner with a productive cough.
- At 12 months of age, the patient presented to the hospital with vomiting.
- The lesion presents as a painless, pruritic papule on exposed skin areas.
- Firstly, hepatitis C is not an uncommon disease presenting to general practitioners.
- Mr. Smith is a 63-year-old man who presents to his family physician with typical anginal chest pain.
- On average, one full school day was missed unnecessarily after children presented to hospital emergency departments with minor injuries.
1(gift)regalo masculinoobsequio masculino formalpresente masculino formalit's (for) a present — es (para) un regalo
- I got it as a present — me lo regalaron
- to give sb a present — hacerle un regalo a algn
- They also have a gift shop with lots of presents suitable for Mum on Mother's Day.
- Anyway, full marks to them for having their wedding at home rather than running off abroad and also for the presents for charity idea.
- They give you gifts and presents and refuse to take ‘no’ for an answer.
- Unruly children have traditionally been threatened with coal instead of presents in their Christmas stockings.
- Neil said that the idea of asking for donations instead of presents came after the death of his best friend, Steve.
- Instead of giving my grandmother a normal gift (she's very hard to buy presents for), we decided to take her away for a weekend.
- But I'd have loved presents and a stocking as well.
- I've read other blogs and things bemoaning the fact that Christmas in Japan is not about religion, only about presents.
- Decorative serving platters also make great presents for the culinarily gifted.
- Teresa wraps presents in tea-towels - saves paper and is a handy gift in itself!
- Camelot believes the scratchcard, launched tomorrow, will appeal to people who buy record or gift tokens as presents.
- Practical presents are now a favourite of mine: getting gifts that you like but wouldn't necessarily buy yourself.
- ‘That's weird,’ I said looking around me at the piles of presents, cards and gift certificates.
- In addition to this, think of all the presents, the toys, gift sets and, most importantly, all that wrapping paper.
- Over £900 was raised for the Southern Area Hospice Services from donations placed instead of presents for Jimmy.
- And the rise of clinics selling gift vouchers means that friends and family can contribute to presents of an operation for their loved ones.
- We leisurely opened presents and stockings and had brunch around 3 pm.
- We make the same mistakes when it comes to wedding gifts, birthday presents, anniversaries, house-warming gifts etc.
- It first started with one gift, then the rest of the presents on Christmas morning.
- This latest appeal involved the donation of presents for the children and, as shown in the photographs, they were thrilled.
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