In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
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- Various forms of leishmaniasis are spread by the sandfly and are endemic in 88 countries on five continents.
- Leishmania donovani, the etiologic agent of visceral leishmaniasis is transmitted by the bite of a sandfly.
- The disease is transmitted to humans by the bite of female sandflies (Phlebotomus or Lutzomyia).
- Examples include the protozoan Leishmania in sandflies, the plague bacterium Yersinia pestis transmitted by the tropical rat flea Xenopsylla cheopis, and trypanosomes in tse-tse flies.
- American cutaneous leishmaniasis is transmitted by sandflies in rain forest areas mainly among mammals and occasionally humans.
- Kala-azar, transmitted by sandflies was endemic in Assam until 1950, with three major epidemics between 1875 and 1950.
- Human infections with Leishmania protozoan parasites, transmitted via the bite of a sandfly, cause visceral, cutaneous, or mucocutaneous leishmaniasis.
- Recently a protein isolated from the salivary gland of a biting sandfly was shown to have a very powerful vasodilation effect (this facilitates blood feeding by the insect when it is injected into the host).
- The organism is transmitted to humans by the bite of the sandfly.
- Residual spraying with DDT and use of mosquito nets during sleep are recommended to stop transmission by sandflies.
- Leishmaniasis, a globally prevalent parasitic disease occurs in three forms viz., visceral, cutaneous and mucocutaneous, transmitted by the bite of infected female Phlebotomus sandflies.
- Fatal epidemics of visceral leishmaniasis - an ancient disease spread by sandflies and known in some places as dumdum - periodically flare up in southern Sudan.
- There are about 20 different species, which are transmitted by local sandflies.
- In World War II, there was a high incidence of leishmaniasis and sandfly fever in troops deployed to the Persian Gulf region.
- Leishmania are protozoal parasites that are transmitted to humans by Phlebotomus sandflies.
- Haemoproteus is transmitted by sandflies, or biting midges, of the genus Culicoides, and by louse-flies, both of which occur in the Lesser Antilles.
- But the sandflies, which carry diseases including leishmaniasis - an infection which can cause blood poisoning - cannot be vaccinated against.
- Similarly, the Mosquito Magnet mimics a human by emitting a plume of carbon dioxide, heat and moisture, and an attractant, octenol, which targets mosquitoes, biting midges, black flies and sandflies.
- Elisabeth found herself with a straggle of colonists in a mosquito-ridden, uncleared jungle where sandflies bored into the skin of the feet and the clay soil was so intractable that nothing would grow.
- Bundaberg is blessed with its very own biting midges, also known as sandflies, that are indigenous to the Burnett River and breed in the river mud.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.