In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(of impact) choque masculino(of impact) impacto masculino(of earthquake, explosion) sacudida femenino
- These are designed to absorb the energy of recoil gradually, avoiding violent shock or movement of the carriage.
- The slaves were staring up in awe as thousands of the glowing projectiles sailed past, and the ground struck with the constant shocks of the impacts.
- Shock and vibration - the spacecraft will be subjected to vibration and mechanical shocks during launch and separation from the launcher.
- He crumpled to the floor to absorb the shock of the impact and whipped around with his flashlight as the horde closed rapidly.
- Runners should take smaller quantities more often as the shock from each impact may cause gastric stress.
- In many cases the vibrations and mechanical shocks can be dampened sufficiently with a ‘steady bench’.
- That and the shock from the impact would have flattened forests over much of that part of the area.
- Usually such damages will weaken the bumper's ability to absorb the shock of collision.
- Violent shocks punctuated the strong shaking which lasted some 45 to 60 seconds.
- This was required to be put into my mouth during bombing attacks, to cushion the shock of a bomb explosion and so prevent damage to my teeth.
- The shock of impact riddled both pilots with confusion, stumbling to regain control of their mechs.
- Information about the termination shock may also provide insight into the more powerful shocks generated by supernova explosions.
- Peeling himself off the disgusting plastic cover, Dylan shook the shock of the impact from his head and quickly regained his senses.
- Instead of traditional foam lining, the helmet uses padding to absorb the shock of a blow to the head.
- As it was, I slammed onto the floor of the shaft with my knees bent, absorbing the shock, but the force of the sudden stop pitched me forward.
- The mountains absorbed the shock and explosive power of the ordnance.
- They are almost certainly unsafe, as they cannot absorb the shock of an impact, even at slow speeds.
- A very simple answer would probably be to absorb the shock of impact.
- When your character is too close to a grenade or mortar going off, you'll experience a shock effect.
- Under the impact of the shock, the fish float to the surface, becoming an easy prey.
- It also works the leg muscles for longer periods of time than running and produces less than half the impact shock to joints that running does.
1.2electric shockdescarga (eléctrica) femeninogolpe de corriente masculinoI got a shock — me dio corriente
2.1Medicinashock masculinoto be in (a state of) shock — estar en estado de shock
- they were taken to hospital suffering from shock — los llevaron al hospital en estado de shock
- When he died from shock and blood loss, she dumped his body in a local park.
- Unconscious for three days from shock and loss of blood, he woke to find himself back in Texas at the burns centre.
- Septic shock occurs when an infection has reached the blood stream.
- The guard was treated in hospital for severe shock and facial injuries.
- Symptoms of shock include lethargy, rapid heartbeat, weak pulse, low blood pressure, and rapid breathing.
- Some signs of shock are large pupils, irregular breathing, and fast weak pulse.
- Blood loss and shock display the same symptoms.
- By the time she arrived she was in severe shock because of the loss of blood.
- In our study, however, only 1 of 11 control patients with septic shock received hydrocortisone.
- Severe sepsis and septic shock are life threatening complications of infections and the most common cause of death in intensive care units.
- The cause of death was septic shock and irreversible heart failure.
- Hypovolaemic shock follows major blood loss which may be caused by trauma or during surgery.
- Contraindications to the vaccines can be as severe as allergic shock, collapse, seizures, permanent brain injury or death.
- They suffer anaphylactic shock, which prevents them breathing.
- The 30-year-old man, who was driving the Jaguar, was taken to hospital with severe shock, but was later discharged.
- A post-mortem examination showed he died from water on the lungs brought about by anaphylactic shock, or allergic reaction.
- This type of treatment must only be carried out under close supervision from a doctor because of the risk that it may cause a serious allergic reaction called anaphylactic shock.
- I myself was stung by some wasps and went into mild anaphylactic shock.
- I have heard him lecture on malaria, septic shock, the medical significance of tattoos and the art of memoir writing.
- The condition may be caused by hormonal imbalance, physical and emotional stress, infection, severe fright, shock and injury.
- The autopsy report confirmed that Leo had died from hemorrhagic shock - heavy loss of blood.
- Many fighting dogs die of blood loss, shock, dehydration, exhaustion, or infection after contests.
- Certain types of foods can cause anaphylactic shock in some people.
- After several days, the symptoms may progress to severe breathing problems and shock.
2.2(distress, surprise)shock masculinoimpresión femeninoto get a shock — llevarse un shock / una impresión
- I nearly died of shock — por poco me muero del shock / de la impresión
- the shock of her death — el shock / el golpe de su muerte
- the news came as no great shock to us — la noticia no nos sorprendió demasiado
- before noun a shock announcement — un bombazo
- He knew she was still recovering from the shock of seeing Chance and Ricky kissing.
- Many more political shocks and surprises are in store, especially in a situation where all indications point to a major financial crisis in the US and the prospect of a recession.
- The reality of the fact that I could be pregnant had hit me like a ton of bricks earlier, and I was still experiencing the shock of it.
- A headteacher has spoken of his shock at the sudden death of one of his popular young pupils.
- Amelia stared at him in shock for a moment, hardly daring to believe.
- Twiddling his thumbs for long spells last season was a shock to the system.
- His work showed that when an organism experiences a shock or perceives a threat, it quickly releases hormones that help it to survive.
- The doctor had said the master was going to be fine as long as he took things a little easier, so his sudden death was a shock.
- The blonde stared after her in shock for a moment, then huffed angrily.
- Today's news will come as a considerable shock to the Scottish political system.
- Today was… pay day… and I got the biggest shock of my life.
- His sudden death was a shock to the Ballyhaunis and Irish community.
- Sputtering, he broke the surface, a look of utter shock on his face.
- Surprisingly, once the shock disappeared and reality sunk in, tears sprang to my eyes.
- And so they probably got the biggest shock of their life when he signed on the dotted line.
- I think you are denying the shock of this experience upon you because you speak of it in a dismissive sort of air.
- A visitor from Communist Eastern Europe would have suffered only the mildest culture shock.
- The shock of her outburst surprised him into letting her go.
- Linda, in some ways more than me, has been suffering terrible culture shock.
- I can never get over the shock of seeing Jake actually partake in classroom activities.
- Last night he described the announcement as a ‘shock to the system’.
- Devlin caught it instantly, wearing a look of utter shock on his face.
- She vaguely realised that she was probably experiencing a shock reaction.
- After the subtle shock wore off, everyone was muttering about interrupting the movie.
2.3(scare)susto masculinoto get a shock — llevarse un susto
- what a shock you gave me! — ¡qué susto me diste / me pegaste!
- You worry your system might not survive the shock if you experience too long of a lapse between nervous breakdowns.
- The oxygen deprivation and the whole shock of the experience has left him believing he is still in Belgium and that his family are alive.
- The mature students were protesting at the shock announcement of the end of childcare funding.
- The doctors warn the children that mother must not experience any shocks or they may lose her for real this time.
- However, due to the shock of the experience and the upset caused to the young boy, the pair cut their holiday short and returned home.
- In January it won a shock election victory in Halifax.
- Yet I have not forgotten the experience - the shock of discovery.
- And over recent months, not one but several shocks have been experienced across the continent.
- And so nobody else has to go through this experience and the shock initially when that happens.
- The harshness of this incident serves to remind us what a shock reality can be.
- This happens many times when a person goes through a terrible shock or experiences an incident that produces extreme fear.
- We have already had a good ration of shocks or surprises in this year's Championship and you can be certain we'll have some more.
- The morning after is one of the most serious gastronomic shocks you will ever experience.
- It's a bit of a shock to experience the reality of the cruise liner rather than the fantasy - especially when the reality is just as fantastic in its own way.
- However, the doctor warns that her heart is still very weak and any sudden shocks or surprises could kill her.
- Simply fill the aquarium with cold water and even some ice to avoid the shock of a sudden change of temperature, assuming this is being done late in the fall.
- Rochdale Football Club earned a shock victory over Premiership giants Manchester United and Bolton Wanderers on Sunday.
- He lost his job after a shock defeat at the local elections in June.
- The atmosphere was electric all night: the match was filled with shocks and surprises for everyone.
- Pain is the most primal of human experiences; the rude shock of being born is our first encounter with intense discomfort.
- We just didn't have enough in the budget to fix the Charger if an axle broke or the shocks went out.
- As the doctor discussed the medical oddity in front of him, Lamb felt a sudden shock shoot through her.
- A double wishbone front suspension and gas-filled rear shocks help absorb vibration at faster speeds while providing a smoother ride over mixed road services.
- You know, the caked in clay inside the frame channel and bent steel brake lines and rusted shocks.
- Crew chiefs will continue to make aggressive calls, but expect engineers to focus more on mechanical grip with chassis, shocks and springs.
- A country with bad roads does not require ceramic engines; it needs vehicles with rugged axles and shocks.
- I landed in the ditch with a thump, as the shocks tried to absorb the impact.
- Such products may include oil filters, air filters, shocks, spoilers, or headlamps, as they in effect, are part of the truck.
- The suspension is upgraded with new bushings, springs and shocks and the tuning is refined for better ride and handling.
- The front set-up uses struts with lower wishbones, coil springs, and hydraulic shocks.
- Improved suspension parts ranging from bushings to springs, shocks and tires make this vehicle a stand out in terms of handling and ride quality.
1(stun, appal) horrorizar(scandalize) escandalizar(scandalize) horrorizar(scare) asustarhe was shocked by what he saw — quedó choqueado con lo que vio Chile
- the country was shocked by the news of his death — la noticia de su muerte sacudió / conmocionó al país
- my mother is easily shocked — mi madre se escandaliza / se horroriza por cualquier cosa
- it shocked me into being more careful — me asustó realmente y ahora tengo más cuidado
- I was shocked, stunned and upset that she had to go through all of that.
- It was a revelation that shocked a public that had thought itself inured to stories of criminal excess.
- We of the international scientific community were shocked and outraged at the conditional approval of the project.
- The element of surprise is crucial to shocking your victim.
- I alternated from being shocked to outraged to saddened.
- I was shocked, surprised, and still wondering how he had found me - he had just stepped out of the shadows, saving the day.
- I was shocked and surprised at this whole event, the arrests, everything.
- I have never witnessed anything like this before in my life and was shocked and offended at the lax attitude of the policeman during all of this.
- He projected an unpretentious, open image, and his reputation for moral rectitude became a crucial asset for a nation still shocked by the Watergate scandal.
- Later he became the supreme 1960s dandy subversive, shocking the nation by being the first man to use the f-word on television.
- I am shocked and very surprised to hear this news as I am sure the rest of the cricket scene will be.
- While others were quite shocked or even offended by the waitress's behaviour, I was very amused.
- I know that some of you will be shocked, and others outraged - but I can assure you that I have, by no means, set out to offend.
- They were very private but I was still shocked and upset when I heard the news.
- The credits rolled and I was shocked at the surprise ending.
- Those who might be shocked and offended by the political message will stay away.
- ‘She was extremely shocked and upset,’ said a police spokesman.
- That documentary dished out shocking revelations as to what the state fed our children.
- You are shocked, you are surprised, but most of all you can wonder about is if the bride's father told her to stop dating that pretty-boy loser.
- She couldn't handle well when she's shocked or surprised.
- Are you shocked at recent revelations about players, booze, and drugs?
- We thought it was a blessing that neither of them suffered, but we were still shocked and upset.
- Many of your readers will have been shocked by your revelations.
- I'm too shocked and upset to say any more just now.
- ‘I was really shocked and upset when I came across a series of unpleasant e-mails about me,’ the woman said.
- She was shocked but not surprised about the accident on Saturday.
- The revelation has shocked environmentalists who are demanding an urgent investigation into the risks of the contamination spreading.
- She was visibly upset, and it shocked me, watching her.
- But this week, when he visited, he was shocked and deeply upset to find his beloved wife's grave had been used as a dumping ground for the earth which had been removed from a next door grave.
- A family was shocked and upset when they returned from holiday to find their home had been trashed in a burglary.
- As people of a nation, we have always been shocked and disgusted with dirty politics.
- We had a meeting to discuss the figures and people were shocked and surprised.
- The report shocked the world and outraged the Arab world.
- Well, actually I'm extremely shocked and surprised because it is coming at the wrong time.
- I believe that future generations will be shocked and outraged that it took us so long.
- Ordinary Australians are totally shocked and outraged.
- I was shocked and surprised when I learnt of this fact.
2Medicinato be shocked — sufrir un shock
- They weren't just being thrown, it was if they were being shocked by high-voltage electricity.
- Those who survived reported being brutally beaten, shocked with electrodes, subjected to sexual abuse and kept naked in cells with little or no food or water.
- It may also be good for the Democrats, who could use a jolt of electricity to shock them out of their smug complacency.
- We backed away from each other like we just got shocked by electricity, both blushing like crazy.
- She testified that another girl held in the same facility was hung upside down, naked and shocked repeatedly with the electric prod.
- Last year I developed an abnormal heart rhythm and had to be shocked with electrocardioversion to get back into normal rhythm.
- His heart was electrically shocked back to a normal rhythm.
- The treatment, which essentially involves shocking the brain with electricity, was very effective in tackling depression, she and her husband were told.
- I felt like I've been shocked with electricity, but I tried to be as calm as possible.
- Faye screamed as the lightning went through her body as electricity shocked her entire body.
- Patients who remain shocked after 3 litres of intravenous fluid usually have continued bleeding and require urgent laparotomy.
- One person, identified in court documents as an inmate named Rasheed, told lawyers his tongue was shocked with electricity and his toenails pulled out.
- They draw power from nearby electricity lines to shock the fish.
- They're using electrical prods to shock the fish, which has very negative long term effects on the fish population.
- Implanted in the chest, the ICD is a small electronic device which shocks the heart back into a healthy rhythm if it detects an abnormal heartbeat.
- The electric current shocks the sweat glands, and they stop producing sweat temporarily.
- The grain shocks would be off-loaded into the thrashing machines.
- This accumulation of the bundles in the field was a big help for the manual labor which is what it took to assemble grain shocks from all those bundles!
- The field of wheat is well in the foreground, diversified and defined by the shocks of grain to the right.
1(bushy mass)a shock of hair — una mata de pelo
- He has a shock of black hair and streaks of dirt running down his arms and chest.
- He had a thick shock of dark brown hair, with a little gray peeking in around his temples and just above his ears.
- Misty, hazel eyes brightened in delight at the sight of the girls and he quickly reached up a hand to try to tidy his shock of black hair.
- Amongst those in the queue is a tall woman with a shock of black hair.
- He is handsome, with high cheekbones, a strong chin, and a shock of thick hair, and he stares with a slight frown at something in the distance.
- His shock of black hair covered his forehead, ending just above two bright amber eyes.
- His skin was so pale white and atop his head sat a shock of hair as black as the night sky.
- At a party I met a striking young woman whose hair escaped in a shock of dark anarchic curls.
- His shock of black hair looked windswept, and beneath it, his eyes peered out curiously from behind wire-frame glasses.
- A shock of black hair sat atop his head and his face was littered with soft brown freckles.
- When I open them again, I'm greeted with a pair of worried black eyes surrounded by a shock of black hair.
- His eyes were blue and shone through a shock of thick ebony black hair.
- Almost immediately I saw a shock of red hair appear from behind a beam.
- His black hair was pulled into a high ponytail and a shock of his unusual red bangs hung slightly into his striking, bright blue eyes.
- I noticed him, at first, because of his shock of white hair.
- Shorter than any of the others, her head was adorned with a shock of black hair.
- He has a shock of thick snow-blond hair that is certain to attract the others in white.
- A shock of raven-black hair gripped his scalp tightly and fell down past his shoulders.
- The other man though, was taller, he seemed about 6 feet tall, or close to it, and he had a shock of black hair and he had bright green eyes.
- A shock of black hair, like healthy lunar wheat, frames her features.
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