In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(noise)sonido masculinomasculino ruidowe heard the sound of footsteps — oímos (unos) pasos
- we were woken by the sound of her crying/of traffic — nos despertó su llanto/el ruido del tráfico
- don't make a sound! — ¡no hagas ni el menor ruido!
- there wasn't a sound to be heard — no se oía absolutamente nada
- she left the stage to the sound of wild applause — abandonó el escenario en medio de un torrente de aplausos
- I heard the ugly sound of a lock click and that is when the stares and whisperings came.
- So if the airplane is travelling faster than the speed of sound, the air cannot move out of the way.
- The speed of sound is the speed at which pressure disturbances can be transmitted in a fluid such as air.
- To get the right effect, rooms must have areas that absorb sound and reflect it.
- This sound reached to the edge of the forest and was like a great clamor of metals striking together.
- After a while, the faint, almost inaudible but unmistakable sound of footsteps could be heard.
- Wu still remembers how she learned the principle that sound travels faster through iron than through air.
- Bullets travel faster than sound, so I'll never hear the one that gets me, I reassured myself.
- He immediately grabbed it again, when we both heard the unmistakable sound of a shoe squeak.
- When he had gone to wait for me in the mine, he had heard a low rumbling sound.
- She listened to hear what she might, but the only sound was the steady clatter heard earlier.
- He travels 3,000 times the speed of sound without his reindeer vaporising?
- It was a still and humid afternoon, with only the distant drone of the traffic on the M4 to bring sound to the tableau.
- There are two persons in a plane which is traveling at a speed greater than the speed of sound.
- From the door at the very end of the corridor I hear the all-too familiar sound of footsteps.
- Every few minutes a piercing ringing sound could be heard when the inspector examined each alarm.
- The slate call has holes in the side of the pan to allow sound to travel 360 degrees.
- The familiar sound of the elevator reaching its designated floor made both women jump.
- The sound of distant ships' engines can be heard from a nearby river, which is dotted with swaying willows.
- The sound of the celebrations reached them about halfway down the hill.
- I let out a hideous animal sound as I sank to my knees to finish off this beast.
- The steady beep of the heart monitor was the only sound to be heard coming from the dreary hospital room.
- The shadow quickly disappeared and the faint sound of fleeing footsteps could be heard.
- Minute differences in the timing and intensity of sound reaching each ear give the barn owl a fix on its prey.
- Its Japanese designers believe their plane can travel at twice the speed of sound while reducing supersonic boom to a low rumble.
- The sound reached him seconds before he skidded around the corner and located her.
- I was a very musical person before my accident, afterwards I was in a world of silence with no music and no sound at all.
- Just as my eyelids drooped down, I heard a familiar mewing sound.
- It's helpful to imagine sound as waves travelling towards a beach.
- They make most of their calls at night, when it is cooler and sound travels farthest.
- Lightning is seen first because sound travels slower than light.
- Even when partitions are built to the ceiling, sound can still travel up to the deck and bounce down.
- The sound of giggling reached his ears, and Max swiveled his head to find the source.
- Since light travels faster than sound, the thunder is heard after the lightning.
- It had long been known that sound required a medium to travel through and it was quite natural to postulate a medium for the transmission of light.
- He attempted to examine the vacuum which he was able to create and test whether sound travelled in a vacuum.
- She moved quietly around the camped and froze when she heard a loud rumbling sound.
- The endless sound echoed like thunderous footfalls, beating a tattoo on the inside of her skull.
- As a deaf musician Evelyn experiences sound through vibrations, although not, she says, specific notes.
- The sound reached a crescendo, then trailed off to the south in a quickly fading Doppler echo.
1.2(of music, instrument)sonido masculinowe danced all night to the sound of Bill Haley — bailamos toda la noche al son / al compás de la música de Bill Haley
- The music includes vocals and ambient sound, on instruments invented by Strong.
- Greater mobility does not at all guarantee a higher quality of sound.
- You not only get more music you get better sound, which means you get a different recording.
- The sound produced by drums is short; thus, any continuous sound can be produced only by rapid repetition.
- In the pashyanti stage sound possesses qualities such as color and form.
- The sound is of good quality though, which is the salient point for any jazz story.
- It is her blend of jazz, choral sounds and traditional African music that makes her the sensational jazz musician that she is.
- Not seeing the need to improve musical sound or a specific technical aspect of playing, or an unwillingness to try new approaches or make changes in playing became a detriment to some students' overall musical progress.
- Music and sound are crucial elements in many of his works and he also works with texts
- Moving images and sound fill a room animating thought processes and daydreams.
- For him virtuosity per se is not so important as the quality and clarity of sound.
- The sound is more resonant than I would like it to be, but this is not really a big problem.
- The warm lyricism of the music unfurled anew in waves of lush orchestral sound.
- Why does our premier music venue produce such a dreadful quality of sound?
- The bartenders make good drinks and they always have quality music and good sound.
- Unamplified orchestral sound resonates distinctly around the hall, though far from brilliantly.
- The speaker converts musical sound into vibrations that can be felt.
- The main difference between these formats is the quality of sound in relation to the size of the file.
- Gradually, from twin speakers, the room is showered with sound.
- We could kill with song and sound at distances they could not reach with any gun.
1.3(of voice)sonido masculino
1.4Lingüísticasonido masculinoa vowel sound — un sonido vocálico
2.1Físicasonido masculinoat the speed of sound — a la velocidad del sonido
- their home is within sound of the cathedral bells — desde su casa se pueden oír las campanas de la catedral
- before noun the sound barrier — la barrera del sonido
- a sound wave — una onda sonora
2.2Televisión Audio Radiosonido masculinothe picture's good, but the sound's lousy — la imagen es buena, pero el sonido es malísimo
- turn the sound up/down — sube/baja el volumen
- before noun sound archives — fonoteca
- She did all the scriptwriting, filming, sound, lighting, direction herself.
- The installation also includes a video with sound showing images of the sewing group and their community.
- Great video and sound and tons of trailers might make up for a too short running time.
- There Caoimhín focused on the technical side and developed skills in the areas of lighting and sound.
- The dilemma facing the BBC at the time was it was still committed to maintain its mammoth organisation of sound broadcasting and television was very much secondary to its plans.
- By using little dialogue and less music, he lets the incidental sound support the film's atmosphere.
- The fidelity of sound equipment subsequently improved considerably, but the receivers did not.
- In my opinion the main element letting the majority of films down is sound.
- The film was shot without sound, and recorded interviews were added to accompany images of the women at work.
- The impressive nature of the graphics is only bolstered by the excellent sound found within the title.
- The seven-inch screen can show videos with sound because speakers are also included in the pack.
- It's the first hint of the superb use of sound in this film, both ambient and on the soundtrack.
- Video and sound for the documentary are nothing to get excited about, but do the job.
- In environments like sound recording studios, a machine like this one would be highly desirable.
- The accent at the BBC at the time was very much toward sound rather than television.
- Director Ryan Redford skilfully employs music, sound and montage to create a taut film.
- I then sat for two and half days behind a piano with good stuff to record sound.
- There's a lot of ambient sound in this film, and it's very well presented in both mixes.
- Modern versions of this kind of studio could allow various sound and video clips to be playlisted and cued in manually.
- People were less satisfied with poor quality images and poor quality sound.
- It records target hits as fast as four shots per second with realistic sound.
- Vision was transmitted on 261.3 metres and sound on 398.9 metres, medium wave.
- Much like the video presentations, these sound mixes are all in good working order.
- The risers are rolled in; lights are fixed, sound is cued and video monitors are put in place.
3coloquial(impression conveyed)his questions had a threatening sound — sus preguntas sonaban a amenazas
- I rather like the sound of him — parece agradable por lo que dices (or dicen etc.)
- Patrons will also be able to enjoy the soothing sounds of jazz, reggae and traditional African music.
- By the sound of it, Hylands will be drowning in paperwork for the next two years.
- Dad and Maude were having an argument but by the sound of it not about anything too serious.
- Mr Ali has lost a son who, by the sound of it, was going to contribute to the fabric of society, a peace-loving young man who loved his family.
- My biggest beef with electric guitar sounds of the rock persuasion is the lack of dynamics.
- The sound of those words chilled us both, as if suddenly the night fog had draped over the two of us without warning.
- The recording process for Miles is an easy-going, relaxed one by the sound of it.
- I use to play a lot of computer games, and not very good ones by the sound of it.
- Some of the children were naturally very frightened and the teacher by the sound of it did an amazing job.
- Such sonic mayhem envisioned the sounds of madness, neurosis, and warped wit.
- It was a little girl, by the sound of it, but before he could go after her, he woke up with a shudder.
- Frankly, he is not an expert on electoral law, democracy, or anything else, by the sound of it.
- The other, who had no experience of the trade but liked the sound of the idea, agreed.
- When it comes to the traditional sounds of country music, Johnny Loughrey continues to set the pace.
- While the sound of the words was actually a bit creepy, she was glad to know the ship was still responsive.
- In short, with no backers and - by the sound of it - too few customers, the company has simply run out of cash.
- This is a gem of a song that can make anyone jump up and shake it to the sounds of new-wave "rebel rock."
1.1(give impression)sonaryour voice sounds / you sound different on the phone — tu voz suena distinta por teléfono
- she sounded relieved/surprised — sonó aliviada/sorprendida
- their names sound foreign — sus nombres suenan extranjeros
- you sound as if / as though you could do with a rest — me da la impresión de que no te vendría mal un descanso
- it sounds as if / as though they're here now — (por el ruido) parece que ya están aquí
- when you talk like that you sound just like your father — cuando dices esas cosas es como si estuviera oyendo a tu padre
- that sounds like Susan now — esa debe (de) ser Susan
- it sounded like somebody coughing — era un ruido como de alguien tosiendo
- The waves of pain blinded him, and made the noises of the day sound far away.
- Here, virtuoso Jacques Zoon makes Mozart's music sound as fresh and warm as a doe sipping from a clear mountain spring.
- The poets all read in their native language, so we didn't understand anything they were saying, though it still sounded lovely.
- The advance copy of the record sounds lovely, but the fact there is a record out is more important than the record itself.
- You can track your book's progress around the world, and it all sounds very lovely and whimsical.
- In fact, the way you've phrased your description of her behavior sounds like you want to be released.
- This synopsis makes the film sound like a depressing cautionary tale but it isn't.
- Even the house sparrow's song sounded harsh and sinister on the day.
- The woman on the airport intercom sounds lovely and understanding.
- On the other hand, perhaps I am carefully picking my words so that I can make both Gaia and the animal kingdom sound as if they are alive.
- And while the plot makes the film sound like a campy thriller, it never falls into that trap.
- The Beethoven sonatas, recorded two years later in Munich, sound considerably better.
- Production values are up to snuff; this DVD both looks and sounds good.
- Her name sounded so lovely, so sweet, as it was carried on the wind by his voice.
- Though it does sound like fun if I ever did have to.
- As bizarre as it might sound under this house there appeared to be an underground city.
- From a distance it does sound like a real crying baby and it has a chip inside so it monitors its surroundings.
- As daunting as that may all sound, you'd be amazed at how little the areas can matter.
- But these contradictions make the film sound more lively and daring than it actually is.
- Is it me, or does the name of this blog sound very familiar?
1.2(seem)parecerwe'll leave at ten; how does that sound to you? — saldremos a las diez ¿qué te parece?
- he sounds a nice guy — por lo que dices (or dicen etc.) parece que es un buen tipo
- it sounds as if / as though you had a great time — parece que lo pasaste fenomenal
- you sound like someone who knows his own mind — pareces saber muy bien lo que quieres
- you make it sound like a chore — hablas de ello como si fuera una tarea pesada
- sounds like fun! — ¡qué divertido!
- it sounds like a good idea — me parece muy buena idea
2(make noise, resound)(bell/footsteps/alarm) sonar
- The warning bell had sounded a minute ago.
- All I could do was watch it go, sirens still sounding in the background.
- The dhol is a north Indian drum made from goatskin, and anybody who has stood next to one will testify to how loud it sounds when played.
- They knew that somewhere in the house alarms sounded so they kept moving.
- From the edge of the field, the horns sounded a harsh blast.
- It was unguarded but had a large sign warning that alarms would sound when it opened.
- Late that evening, the doorbell's chime sounded throughout the still house.
- At 8: 30, as I peacefully dreamed of building and living in a tree house, the intercom sounded.
- ‘Here we go,’ he whispered as a buzz was sounded and the ride began to spin and turn.
- An alarm sounded, warning screens blinked and to Petrov's horror a computer map showed the hostile launch of a US nuclear warhead.
- A sweet-sounding horn sounded outside of the Velnaut residence.
- Just as Jon reached for the handle, the buzzer behind them sounded.
- Footsteps sounded in the house, and the sound of the door being closed shot fear through my body.
- In my mind I am praying, praying for the next buzzer to sound so I can escape the woman's bitter stare.
- Pulling the car to a stop just outside a well-lit house with music sounding from inside, Jesse grinned.
- A shrill ring sounded in her house, and caused her to stop dead in her tracks.
- If something - or someone - in the water interrupts the beam, an alarm sounds in the house.
- They heard an alarm sounding off in the distance and knew they did not have much time.
- Suddenly there was a loud snap, which sounded through the basement, and Lizzie had stopped screaming.
- Ravenna had not long to ponder because footsteps, faint at first but steadily growing louder sounded from the corridor.
1.1(horn/trumpet) tocar(trumpet/horn) hacer sonarthe results sounded a warning to investors — los resultados alertaron a los inversores
- Thus we are trying to get him to sound out refrigerator letters, the same way one would train children on phonics.
- The student should sound out the long /e/ sound.
- Sound the phrase Di di di di di, pulling the ee out freely.
- Yes, the vet sounded her chest, which was clear, and she is eating normally.
- She saw several doctors who sounded her chest and asked if any of her relatives had died of consumption.
1sound asleep — profundamente dormido
- I'll sleep the sounder for knowing you're home — dormiré mejor sabiendo que estás en casa
- This evening I settled down happy as can be, turned on the TV, and within moments was sound asleep.
- The very first night I was sound asleep and I woke to the sound of my dad laughing.
- Every person in the village was sound asleep.
1.1(healthy)sano(constitution) sano(constitution) fuertesafe and sound — sano y salvo
- Most are children and, fortunately, most turn up safe and sound within a few days.
- They are amazed that people, otherwise of sound mind, are addicted to it.
- So I think the most important thing to do is to get a good sound medical and psychiatric diagnosis.
- He excels because of sound footwork, strong hands and an outstanding work ethic.
- The true, strong and sound mind is the mind that can embrace equally great things and small.
- Packaging is needed to ensure that a product is delivered to customers in a sound condition.
- It is the only way they can maintain a sound mind in a life they dread.
- Being of more sound mind, I went for the halibut with vegetables.
- Firstly, the individual must be of sound mind and be able to make a rational, easily understood decision.
- A second medical opinion is required, and the patient must be of sound mind.
- Mr Welch said that the pumps appeared to be in sound condition.
- Both the mother and babies are in sound condition, said doctors of a local hospital said Tuesday.
- If a person is a liar, he is usually of sound mind and lies intentionally for certain benefits.
- They feel that the books are to blame for unhinging his previously sound mind.
- Agriculture is the substructure for a sound food security, essential to economic development.
- We could tune in and tune out, reassured that our American values were safe and sound.
- Locke sighed in relief at knowing the girl was safe, sound and within his line of vision.
- It is hard to dispute that Britain would be exchanging a sound fiscal regime for a far inferior model in the event of having to sign up to the stability pact.
- A good result like this will, I'm sure, act as a sound platform for more strong challenges in the coming races.
- Baikie is now of the mind that his face doesn't seem to fit when it comes to senior sides entrusting their players to a coach with sound credentials.
1.2(in good condition)(foundation/basis/structure) sólido(basis/foundation/structure) firme(timber) en buenas condicionesthe business is basically sound — el negocio es esencialmente sólido
- to put the economy back on a sound footing — sanear la economía
2.1(valid)(reasoning/argument/knowledge) sólido(decision/advice) sensatoa sound case — un caso irrebatible
- Their influence has faded in the modern world, but the need for a sound base for moral judgments has not.
- I think that the thrust of the piece is quite sound, and the piece is generally much worth reading.
- I felt we were well-informed and the points we made were based on sound logic.
- Of course it took ages before the paper actually first hit the streets, but there are perhaps sound reasons for that.
- Our simple submission is the majority in the Court of Appeal got it right for cogent and sound reasons.
- They are based on sound research and real political alternatives.
- They are a matter of faith and of national machismo, rather than being based on sound science or economics.
- These sound words of advice are being given to those who believe in Allah and the Last Day.
- It is a logically valid and empirically sound conclusion as our senses and mind are nowhere near perfect.
- For longer than most of us know, man has always buried what has died, either for sound health reasons or as an act of respect for the fallen.
- Although this advice is based on a sound theory, there is no clinical evidence to support it.
- He had taken the car for the very sound, very logical reason that he wanted it.
- It also states ‘such an outcome will only be the result of a sound justification on the primary criteria’.
- Havant in the main were using kicks to gain ground, which given the ground conditions, was a sound ploy.
- He will be unable to formulate sound policy in this area until he can see what he has done wrong.
- There are sound reasons for what the council suggests, as congestion and air quality are important issues.
- But I at least try to think that there is a sound reason for making the design choices we do.
- What is lacking is the will, the capacity to embrace change once the latter is based on a sound business plan.
- The Department of Health insisted its decision was based on sound evidence and was designed to shake up existing provision.
- Her advice was freely given and was always based on common sense and sound reasoning.
2.2(reliable)(staff/colleague) responsable(staff/colleague) formalto be sound on sth — ser de fiar en cuanto a algo
- the book is very sound on the details of his upbringing — el libro está muy documentado en los detalles de su educación
- The best of them were sound judges of the quality, character and capability of their clients.
- But what a hard lesson for the young Newbridge man who had played a very sound game up to this point.
- A sound knowledge of the laws of tennis is a definite prerequisite for becoming a ball boy.
- Curiously all the Lambeth residents I know think he's a sound bloke who has the right idea, and that's not just the smokers.
- You have to be fundamentally sound and have a great game plan for every game over here.
- Bohn possesses one of the most fundamentally sound and fluid games in the world.
- Paul's reference to Lois was within the context of sound Christian Living.
- The author of Glanvill clearly had a sound grounding in Roman law, though the book makes it clear that English law is by no means the same.
- He's effective because he is technically sound and relentless when chasing the ball.
- It now is commonly accepted that foreign players are more fundamentally sound than we are.
- The men in suits praise him for his sound knowledge of the game and his eye for talent; all the while overlooking his shortcomings.
- He took good care of his land and his livestock and was a sound judge of animals.
- In this case I wouldn't say age really mattered because he's a sound guy and you can't help liking him.
- The works are sound and competent, physically big and large in their sense of the personal too.
- Though limited by his size and skills, Hochstein is a sound technician with a great work ethic.
- This social order is not only essential to the practice of every sound government: it has its origin in divine law.
- We had an intelligent team, a very fundamentally sound team that worked together.
- Steve was an absolute marvel to watch and a very sound bloke to listen to.
- Kathleen was a deeply spiritual person with a sound knowledge of theology and philosophy.
- In short, I believe that a sound person should have the right to choose whether to live or die.
- The sound sleep that followed left me no time to repeat the enjoyment next morning before breakfast.
- An insistent pounding in her head woke her from a very sound sleep.
- She was sitting bolt upright out of a sound sleep, clutching him around the neck.
- Still in a fog after being awakened from a sound sleep, we suddenly were in the air.
- Anyway, I woke out of a sound sleep on Sunday morning with an extremely vivid dream.
- Somewhere during this juggling of sober thoughts Stephen dropped off to a sound sleep.
- This is the programme for anyone who has ever bemoaned a total lack of sleep, or simply wished for a sound night's slumber.
- She often complains she is tired and just can't get a sound sleep like she used to when she first started out in her career.
- Joshua stirred from his sound slumber, finding Bonnie just as close as he remembered.
- I trudged into the depression and fell into a sound sleep as Billie stayed on guard.
- A cup of chamomile tea at night is said to induce sound natural sleep and calm an overactive brain.
- A drop of lavender oil on your pillow will also help to promote sound natural sleep.
- Your dog will wake from a sound sleep and go to the door because he can tell you're wrapping up that phone call.
- Then I could so easily close my eyes to all that is happening around me and my family, roll over and fall into a deep sound sleep.
- The effects are there for all to see: improved skin texture, vitality and sound sleep at night.
- His eyes closed gently, as if he was in a sound sleep, his long eyelashes clinging to one another.
- I had a sound sleep on the plane and now I'm awake, all rejuvenated to resume work again.
- The baby could enjoy a sound sleep because noise was muffled by the sound-proofed walls.
- Seven months ago, Joe awoke from a sound sleep with an awful pain in his big toe.
- The moment we got to the hotel we threw ourselves onto bed for a sound sleep.
3.2(hard, thorough)a sound beating — una buena paliza
- Attempts to sound depth acoustically instead focused on determining the exact distance of a sound source by measuring the time taken for a sound generated aboard a ship to travel to the sea bottom and back.
- Then he bangs four more times, as if sounding the echoey depths of a hidden chamber.
- The first ship to sound at a greater depth than 5,000 fathoms was the British surveying vessel Penguin in 1895.
- Before sounding the uterus, the provider should already have screened the woman to rule out the possibility of vaginal or cervical infection.
- The blue flange should be aligned with the IUD arms and set at the distance the uterus was sounded.
- After successfully sounding the uterus, open the sterile package to reveal the shaft of the inserter.
1(channel)paso masculinoestrecho masculino
- They are common on the coast and in north Puget Sound, and are less common in the southern end of the sound.
- As I remember, there was a time that we started on Friday doing endless laps around the Sound.
- Captains of foreign ships, and even those under U.S. registry, don't know the topography of the sound like an experienced local.
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