In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(beginning)principio masculinocomienzo masculinoat the start — al comienzo
- from the start — desde el principio / comienzo
- from start to finish — del principio al fin
- the start of the academic year — el inicio del año escolar
- to make a start(on sth) — empezar algo
- at least we've made a start — por lo menos hemos empezado
- let's make a start on that painting job — empecemos a pintar de una vez
- to make an early start — (on a journey) ponerse en camino a primera hora
- to make a fresh / new start — empezar / comenzar de nuevo
- to get (sth) off to a good/bad start — empezar (algo) bien / con el pie derecho/mal / con el pie izquierdo
- to give sb a good start in life — darle a algn la base para un buen porvenir
- he didn't have a very good start in life — tuvo una infancia difícil
- From start to finish, the treatment of the defendants was a travesty of legal due process.
- After plenty of rain over the preceding 24 hours, the start of play was delayed to allow a wet outfield to improve.
- Chelsea seized the initiative from the start, and might have scored in the seventh minute.
- From start to finish the whole operation was ill-conceived, hurriedly executed and bungled.
- The committee has no rigid rules for determining the start or finish of a business cycle.
- They are at the start of a long journey, and must be given the benefit of the doubt.
- After having accepted the invite, two hours before the start of the game he phoned me to say he wasn't coming.
- That is a pretty devastating turnaround from the initial outlook at the start of the year.
- What is needed is immediate end to confrontation and start of positive engagement.
- At its Monday session, the Constitutional Court inaugurated the start of the case.
- Thirty hours after the start of treatment the cells were harvested and micronucleus slides were prepared.
- It was the close to the start of my first semester of my senior year at Sequioa High School.
- When crunching, keep your abdominal muscles contracted from the start to finish of each move.
- The film will show the work from its start, through its construction to its delivery to the stadium.
- At the start of my third hour I suddenly recalled that I had not eaten for seven hours.
- This hole is the start of a project initiated to commemorate the millennium for the people of Trowbridge.
- It was an ill omen at the start of the journey, but the trek couldn't be postponed any longer.
- The start and finish of this linear route are poorly served by public transport.
- However, this would result in the balances being in a worse position than at the start of the financial year.
- He makes a point of being on playground duty at the start and finish of the school day, so parents can bring any concerns to him.
(of race)salida femeninofalse start — salida nula / en falso
- So last Saturday Fell Foot was a country traffic jam as 491 runners arrived at the race start.
- There was a considerable delay to the start of the race due to a knock to First Row.
- Injuries forced the lineup to change three times prior to the start of the race.
- The exact course was a secret until about three hours before the start of the race.
- He bustled Ouija Board into fifth soon after the start and held his position until the field quickened down the back stretch.
- It can get a bit crowded at the start of a race and the potential for a crash is significant.
- The early evening kick-off saw a number of players stranded in rush hour traffic and the start was delayed.
- Participants are urged to arrive at least an hour before the start, and say parking will be available in a field at the hall.
- Anyone arriving later than 10.30 am is unlikely to get into the estate in time for the race start.
- I was very aggressive at the start and during the race I tried to defend my second place and to not do any mistake.
- Cricket commitments meant that I was always going to be an hour late for the start.
- It begins with a mass start and the aim is simply to cross the finishing line first.
- I flew up this morning from Philadelphia and just made it in time for the start of the race.
- He ate, drank and stretched and at 9am lined up at the start, to begin his second marathon.
- Judging by the shape of the first corner, the start of the race could be interesting.
- However today my race was really over when I stalled the car at the start and had to begin my race from the pit lane.
- The race start was delayed four times on the Saturday, as there was a complete lack of wind for the ships to sail.
- The heavy rain held up the start for an hour and a half and left sodden fairways and greens to add to the golfers' worries.
- It was a magnificent sight to see so many participants surging through the Claddagh at the start of the race.
- I lost a lot of time at the start of the race and I tried to close the gap as much as possible.
- John Pawson missed the start of the second race, having damaged his fin and forced to make a quick repair.
(lead, advantage)ventaja femeninothis gave him a start over his competitor — esto le dio (una) ventaja con respecto a su contrincante
- His oldest brother, Tory, would give him an hour's head start before following in his car.
- The limit riders headed off with a 23 minute start, but were caught at about the half way mark several kilometres after Mokepilly.
- The senior race also climbs to this summit, the first of five they have to climb (the juniors only do one), and with a five minute start the first junior usually beats the first senior to the top.
- It world take forever to find the pair in town, especially with nearly an hour head start.
- Sulamani was not too well away and gave most of his rivals plenty of start.
(starting line, gate)salida femeninolínea de partida femenino
3(jump)to give a start — dar un respingo
- to give sb a start — asustar a algn
- I woke up with a start — me desperté sobresaltado
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
1(begin)(conversation/negotiations/journey) empezar(conversation/negotiations/journey) comenzar(conversation/journey/negotiations) iniciar(job/course) empezar(job/course) comenzarthe newspaper started life as a weekly magazine — el periódico comenzó / empezó siendo una revista semanal
- I start work at eight — empiezo / entro a trabajar a las ocho
- don't start that again! — ¡no vuelvas con eso!
- to start -ing, to start to + inf — empezar a + inf
- they started arguing — empezaron a discutir
- she started to laugh — se empezó a reír
- As firefighters started to drag the door out of the way, there was a sudden ignition of petrol vapour causing a fireball.
- The girls all want to start part-time work to begin saving for overseas travel.
- The kids who live in the house next door to us have started to learn the recorder.
- The card is aimed at fresh university graduates or those starting their first jobs.
- Lisa has just started her third level studies in Galway and is wished every success.
- However, I really should catch up with the girls before they start their promising careers.
- For someone who started her serious acting career as a mother, Suhasini has no regrets.
- The baby starts kicking and Claire moves her hand on to her stomach.
- Jason jumped up and started to go upstairs to his room with the box of shoes in his hand.
- Trouble continued on the land in Ireland when Gladstone started his second ministry in 1880.
- I am happy to go back to Canada and start furnishing and living in our new house.
- This week primary school teacher Mrs Trainor held a meeting for parents of children who will be starting primary school in September.
- Sally Tomkins, 43, is a full-time mother from Bolton who wanted to buy a computer for her son before he starts university in October.
- After the game, he told me he wanted to start weight training to be the best that he could be.
- He started to move to the front door, but was stopped short as a coughing fit hit him.
- As we started to leave the building, we ran into Vince and had a brief meeting with him.
- Stas and Anton came running out of the building and we started to run towards what I think was Juhani's place.
- When her children started school she began to look for a job in the tourism area.
- She starts kindergarten today at Riverside Presbyterian Day School.
- Most of the members started their Guiding careers in the Brownies, and Marjorie is no exception.
- As soon as the envelope arrived, Logan had started planning how he'd spend the money.
- As we approached the coast we started to fly over buildings and roads, growing denser the closer we got to the airport.
- Undergraduates starting their studies at York St John College are worried about the lack of junior posts available to complete their training.
- I've also started job hunting, and there's an incredible choice of jobs in this city.
- Riley starts to push me forward, but I turn around and push his hands off of me.
- They are set to start work today and will follow recommendations from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
- Ronnie made his way to the bottom of the stairs and started to crawl up them.
- Jin called and told me he's starting third grade in a week or two and that he wished I was there to make him feel better.
- She started night classes in 1997 and quickly developed a taste for medieval and early modern history.
- I should continue what I started and take more classes so I can get a certificate out of it.
- The scheme is aimed at alleviating some of the initial costs people face when they start work after a period of unemployment.
- To her surprise, the nobleman started to laugh and he continued to laugh for some time.
- And it also makes me worry, because he was starting his postdoc when I was barely in my thesis lab.
- And now the man who started cutting hair as a boy is beginning to out-Sassoon Vidal.
- He started attending drama classes at 19 while working in a factory job he hated.
- As we started to travel to the beach I noticed a lake of over 4 acres on our left-hand side.
- The band, having recognised the song, started to play, building up to the crescendo.
- The state pools the money and invests it, then pays tuition when the child starts college.
- Best wishes also to all who are going to Third Level, starting an Apprenticeship or beginning a new job.
- Dylan turned around, took a deep breath, and surprised Riley by starting to cry.
2(cause to begin)(race) dar comienzo a(race) largar México Cono Sur(fashion) empezar(fashion) iniciar(epidemic/fire) provocar(argument/fight) empezar(country/war) empezar(incident/war) desencadenarstop hitting her! — she started it — ¡deja de pegarle! — fue ella la que empezó
- don't (you) start anything with me! — ¡no te metas conmigo!
- to start sb on sth/-ing
- I'll start you on some filing — primero te voy a poner a archivar
- I start my students on Dickens — primero les doy a leer Dickens a mis alumnos
- to start sb -ing
- her words started me wondering — sus palabras me dieron que pensar
- this will start them talking! — ¡esto les dará que hablar!
- the noise started the baby crying — el ruido hizo que el niño se pusiera a llorar
- to get sb started — darle cuerda a algn
- This approval means we can start work on developing the service to make this a reality.
- Prior to starting transmission, the device would monitor the radio environment for a radar's presence.
- The blaze had been inadvertently started by a mountain climber trying to burn toilet paper on Sunday.
- My father would never start trouble, only try to defend himself if he was in danger.
- The blaze was started by a cigarette which had not been properly extinguished in the smoking room.
- Wherever they take their instruments and PVC trousers, these Bond dames seem to start trouble.
- This means you are the one who starts and continues the conversation.
- I was a bit worried that it might all get too hot and start a fire before then.
- There were also more than 2,000 rubbish blazes started by firebugs in Bradford.
- The De Nardi Colpack rider was not allowed to start the Tour of Lombardy World Cup race.
- Fire chiefs believe the blaze may have been started by arsonists.
- A Hampshire firefighter became an arsonist so that he would be called out to the blazes he had started himself.
- Developers will start work on skateparks in Braintree and Witham in less than two weeks.
- We could all participate by not starting, or continuing, a conflict with our family, neighbours or work colleagues.
- It's no surprise then that he starts most of the fights, and suffers most of the insults, at the hands of his fellow bandmates.
- Developers can start work on the site once they have met the conditions of their application.
- She took centre stage when starting last year's junior race before joining in to raise more cash for Francis House.
- The developers want to start work on the site at the end of this year, with a view to opening in 2006.
- South Wales Police believe the blaze may have been started deliberately after finding two separate seats to the fire.
- He started the first running race and cheered the young athletes on in the warm sunshine.
- Then he starts a Slam Dunk competition between Vince Carter and Tracy McGrady.
- The blaze was accidentally started by welders working on the building.
- A caretaker has been praised after he tackled one of three suspicious blazes which were started at a secondary school.
- Yet what Petronzi knew was that many others would use the Heysel link as an excuse to start trouble.
- The blazes are believed to have been deliberately started by children.
3(establish)(business) abrir(business) montar(business) poner(organization/charity) fundar(plan) poner en marchahis father started him in his own business — el padre le montó / le puso un negocio
- I need $20,000 to get me started — necesito 20.000 dólares para empezar
- It was no doubt the arrival of the ZX Spectrum that started him on his career.
- She credits childhood reading of Arthur C. Clarke and Isaac Asimov for starting her on her career.
- Now, a sports column is nothing more than a springboard, a gig that starts you on your way to becoming a multimedia star.
- Willynilly is the game that originally started me writing this book.
4(cause to operate)(engine/dishwasher) encender(engine/dishwasher) prender América Latina(car) arrancar(car) poner en marcha(car) hacer partir Chile
- One woman said she had a sense of foreboding while the aircraft was still on the ground because the pilot had trouble starting one of the engines.
- You'd be surprised at what can be done to make the flight safer before starting the engine
- I know the ignition was in the on position but to be honest I don't remember the engine being started.
- The system also allows for the car to be started by simply pressing a button on the dash.
- I heard the car being started and I hurried back to find Herself backing down the driveway.
- It's quite amazing; the merest hint of a parking ticket is enough to start car engines at almost a hundred metres.
- Deuterium Boy belted himself in as Chris started the motor and began backing out.
- Water gushed into the hold space and the captain ordered the pumps started.
- He seemed to be having some trouble starting the little cutting machine up.
- They targeted luxury cars which, thanks to modern security devices, could not be started without the car keys.
- The owner of the vehicle heard it being started and gave chase in another car.
1.1(begin)(school/meeting/term) empezar(term/school/meeting) comenzar(school/meeting/term) iniciarse formal(noise/pain/race/journey) empezar(noise/journey/race/pain) comenzarwhen can you start? — ¿cuándo puede empezar / comenzar?
- the day started badly — el día empezó mal
- the party starts at eight — la fiesta empieza / comienza a las ocho
- prices start at $30 — cuestan a partir de 30 dólares
- to start again or (US also) over — empezar / comenzar de nuevo
- to start by-ing — empezar por + inf
- you can start by reading this — puedes empezar por leer esto
- to start from sth
- the tour starts from the station at two o'clock — la excursión sale de la estación a las dos
- starting (from) next January — a partir del próximo mes de enero
- Sliding Sands Trail starts at the Haleakala Visitor Center parking lot and drops 2,500 feet in 4 miles.
- There was some time left before the lesson started and an idea suddenly occurred to me.
- Ideally, you should decide your lighting scheme before any building work has started.
- The rain stops as suddenly as it started but the streets still swirl with water.
- Excavation at the Seymour site is expected to start by the end of this month.
- As suddenly as it had started, the music stopped and there was a babble of conversation.
- The film starts at 7.45 pm and there will be a smoking ban during the performance.
- ‘The season starts now,’ he says, before reeling off the names of almost his entire squad.
- Because fires can start anywhere smoke alarms are ideal for early detection.
- Each ride will start at Pendle Leisure Centre in Colne at 11 am and will include a cafe-stop.
- The 20 mph zone will start at the point in North Street, where the road meets Bryans Close Road.
- Mr Hainsworth said a £5.2 million refurbishment would start at the store in October.
- Psoriatic arthritis can start suddenly or slowly, and may affect only one joint or many.
- Training camp for officials begins Friday, and the regular season starts Nov. 2.
- The New Wimbledon Theatre's own summer season starts at the end of August, with a two-week run of The King and I.
- The blaze started at 8pm, when it appears Eddie accidentally put a magazine on top of a lit candle.
- The gates will open at 4.45 pm, one hour before the concert starts.
- With plenty of stretching and running the players will be fit and raring to go when the season starts at Old Trafford in August.
- In February demolition work started, and the building was gutted, leaving just the shell.
- My brother kept the vehicle going, and the storm eased as suddenly as it had started.
2.1(originate)(fashion/custom) empezar(custom/fashion) originarseit all started from an idea I had as a student — todo surgió de una idea que tuve cuando era estudiante
- the fire started in an upstairs room — el incendio empezó en una habitación del piso alto
2.2(be founded)ser fundadothe business/society started some years ago — la empresa/la sociedad fue fundada / se fundó hace algunos años
3(set out)to start back — emprender el regreso
- to start up/down the stairs — empezar a subir/bajar la escalera
- it's time we started (for) home — es hora de que nos pongamos en camino a casa
- we start from the hotel at six — salimos del hotel a las seis
- I opened it and saw all the food and scooped it into my arms and started toward the stairs.
- Closing the door he started down the stairs once more, planning to go out to the tree house.
- He followed her out the door and grabbed her arm before she started down the stairs.
- She took one last look at her bedroom, before starting down the stairs.
- I started towards the double doors, thinking that I should explain in person.
- Renfrew started forward, suddenly aware that he had not just been talking to himself.
- Satisfied, Arlie started back up the stairs, but curiosity got the better of her.
- He started up the stairs, with me in tow, bags and all.
- Rick started toward the door of the medical bay and entered the white room.
- Daren moved and then got up and started toward the door not saying anything to Kristen.
- Suddenly curious, Rayne starts forward, eager to discover what the shop contained.
- She starts for the stairs and this time, she hears their footsteps behind her.
- However, just as the twins were starting down the stairs, a cry roared down the hall.
- The loud silver Chevy arrived and the two girls jumped out and started for the truck he was in.
- She had started toward the stairs when she saw her father asleep in his favorite chair.
- The tall man reached the stairs and started down them, both Nisren and Elleen in tow.
- Gently closing the door behind her she started down the stairs rubbing her eyes free from sleep as she did so.
- Moira nodded in agreement and we both started down the stairs to talk to the guys.
- As he starts up the stairs, Harrison asks him where he is going.
- He started up the stairs, leaving Gabrielle, obviously expecting her to follow.
4(begin to operate)(car) arrancar(car) partir Chile(dishwasher) empezar a funcionar(dishwasher) ponerse en marchathe car won't start — el coche no arranca
- You just potter about quite normally, completely unaware that the engine is starting and stopping constantly.
- One day I turned the key, the ignition light came on but the engine didn't start.
- There was a muted roar combined with a yelp from Happy as the Turbo jet engine started.
- The engine starts at the same revs it was doing before.
- What he can do is enter a special code, and the car's engine will not start.
- The caboose starts suddenly, then eases to a gentle roll.
- Push the gas down and the engine starts instantly and off you go.
- They returned to their nearby home, went to bed and shortly afterwards, the car alarm started.
- According to reports, the engine wouldn't start and they couldn't swim to the vessel against the current.
- Then the engine started and I saw him back out of the driveway and squeal off down the road.
- Soon, she heard the engine starting and the sound of the Land Rover rolling out of the driveway.
- The mechanic had the engine started, peered in and listened to the noise with closed eyes.
- She was only vaguely aware of the sound of car engines starting and the flash of headlights illuminating them as they drove by.
- The engine finally started by the time the troops were about to jump onto the plane.
- He was already to his Hummer and the engine started when she came out onto the porch and watched him speed off.
- Once he was inside the sedan, she heard the engine starting and the next moment the car zoomed away.
- Just as the cart was starting, Kirsten jumped out of the cart.
- Several showers of sparks later I made the correct connection and the car started.
- Twenty seconds later Wendy heard the faint sound of a car engine starting.
- The diesel engine starts easily and the first impression of the car is how quiet it is.
5dar un respingoasustarsesobresaltarseI started (up) from my chair — me levanté de la silla de un salto
- she started at the noise — el ruido la sobresaltó / la asustó
- she started out of her dream — se despertó de su sueño sobresaltada
- tears started to her eyes — los ojos se le llenaron de lágrimas
- Everyone started, surprised, until they realised it had been the Queen speaking.
- When we broke apart the next time, she started suddenly, as if coming out of a dream.
- She started and jumped up, looking at Tobias with an expression that was close to fright.
- Cinaed started slightly in surprise as he heard the door he had set his back to start to open.
- The closed door opened suddenly and Angel started but it was only a rather small woman.
6(protrude)(eyes) salirse de las órbitas
- She looked at me with her round eyes starting from her face, and then turned over her shoulder to see if her gasp had alerted anyone.
- Then she came wriggling back, with repentant doleful eyes starting upward and a knife behind her back.
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