In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(beginning)principio masculinocomienzo masculinoat the start — al comienzo
- from the start — desde el principio / comienzo
- from start to finish — del principio al fin
- the start of the academic year — el inicio del año escolar
- to make a start(on sth) — empezar algo
- at least we've made a start — por lo menos hemos empezado
- let's make a start on that painting job — empecemos a pintar de una vez
- to make an early start — (on a journey) ponerse en camino a primera hora
- to make a fresh / new start — empezar / comenzar de nuevo
- to get (sth) off to a good/bad start — empezar (algo) bien / con el pie derecho/mal / con el pie izquierdo
- to give sb a good start in life — darle a algn la base para un buen porvenir
- he didn't have a very good start in life — tuvo una infancia difícil
- From start to finish, the treatment of the defendants was a travesty of legal due process.
- After plenty of rain over the preceding 24 hours, the start of play was delayed to allow a wet outfield to improve.
- Chelsea seized the initiative from the start, and might have scored in the seventh minute.
- From start to finish the whole operation was ill-conceived, hurriedly executed and bungled.
- The committee has no rigid rules for determining the start or finish of a business cycle.
- They are at the start of a long journey, and must be given the benefit of the doubt.
- After having accepted the invite, two hours before the start of the game he phoned me to say he wasn't coming.
- That is a pretty devastating turnaround from the initial outlook at the start of the year.
- What is needed is immediate end to confrontation and start of positive engagement.
- At its Monday session, the Constitutional Court inaugurated the start of the case.
- Thirty hours after the start of treatment the cells were harvested and micronucleus slides were prepared.
- It was the close to the start of my first semester of my senior year at Sequioa High School.
- When crunching, keep your abdominal muscles contracted from the start to finish of each move.
- The film will show the work from its start, through its construction to its delivery to the stadium.
- At the start of my third hour I suddenly recalled that I had not eaten for seven hours.
- This hole is the start of a project initiated to commemorate the millennium for the people of Trowbridge.
- It was an ill omen at the start of the journey, but the trek couldn't be postponed any longer.
- The start and finish of this linear route are poorly served by public transport.
- However, this would result in the balances being in a worse position than at the start of the financial year.
- He makes a point of being on playground duty at the start and finish of the school day, so parents can bring any concerns to him.
(of race)salida femeninofalse start — salida nula / en falso
- So last Saturday Fell Foot was a country traffic jam as 491 runners arrived at the race start.
- There was a considerable delay to the start of the race due to a knock to First Row.
- Injuries forced the lineup to change three times prior to the start of the race.
- The exact course was a secret until about three hours before the start of the race.
- He bustled Ouija Board into fifth soon after the start and held his position until the field quickened down the back stretch.
- It can get a bit crowded at the start of a race and the potential for a crash is significant.
- The early evening kick-off saw a number of players stranded in rush hour traffic and the start was delayed.
- Participants are urged to arrive at least an hour before the start, and say parking will be available in a field at the hall.
- Anyone arriving later than 10.30 am is unlikely to get into the estate in time for the race start.
- I was very aggressive at the start and during the race I tried to defend my second place and to not do any mistake.
- Cricket commitments meant that I was always going to be an hour late for the start.
- It begins with a mass start and the aim is simply to cross the finishing line first.
- I flew up this morning from Philadelphia and just made it in time for the start of the race.
- He ate, drank and stretched and at 9am lined up at the start, to begin his second marathon.
- Judging by the shape of the first corner, the start of the race could be interesting.
- However today my race was really over when I stalled the car at the start and had to begin my race from the pit lane.
- The race start was delayed four times on the Saturday, as there was a complete lack of wind for the ships to sail.
- The heavy rain held up the start for an hour and a half and left sodden fairways and greens to add to the golfers' worries.
- It was a magnificent sight to see so many participants surging through the Claddagh at the start of the race.
- I lost a lot of time at the start of the race and I tried to close the gap as much as possible.
- John Pawson missed the start of the second race, having damaged his fin and forced to make a quick repair.
(lead, advantage)ventaja femeninothis gave him a start over his competitor — esto le dio (una) ventaja con respecto a su contrincante
- His oldest brother, Tory, would give him an hour's head start before following in his car.
- The limit riders headed off with a 23 minute start, but were caught at about the half way mark several kilometres after Mokepilly.
- The senior race also climbs to this summit, the first of five they have to climb (the juniors only do one), and with a five minute start the first junior usually beats the first senior to the top.
- It world take forever to find the pair in town, especially with nearly an hour head start.
- Sulamani was not too well away and gave most of his rivals plenty of start.
(starting line, gate)salida femeninolínea de partida femenino
3(jump)to give a start — dar un respingo
- to give sb a start — asustar a algn
- I woke up with a start — me desperté sobresaltado
- Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty
1(begin)(conversation/negotiations/journey) empezar(conversation/negotiations/journey) comenzar(conversation/journey/negotiations) iniciar(job/course) empezar(job/course) comenzarthe newspaper started life as a weekly magazine — el periódico comenzó / empezó siendo una revista semanal
- I start work at eight — empiezo / entro a trabajar a las ocho
- don't start that again! — ¡no vuelvas con eso!
- to start -ing, to start to + inf — empezar a + inf
- they started arguing — empezaron a discutir
- she started to laugh — se empezó a reír
- As firefighters started to drag the door out of the way, there was a sudden ignition of petrol vapour causing a fireball.
- The girls all want to start part-time work to begin saving for overseas travel.
- The kids who live in the house next door to us have started to learn the recorder.
- The card is aimed at fresh university graduates or those starting their first jobs.
- Lisa has just started her third level studies in Galway and is wished every success.
- However, I really should catch up with the girls before they start their promising careers.
- For someone who started her serious acting career as a mother, Suhasini has no regrets.
- The baby starts kicking and Claire moves her hand on to her stomach.
- Jason jumped up and started to go upstairs to his room with the box of shoes in his hand.
- Trouble continued on the land in Ireland when Gladstone started his second ministry in 1880.
- I am happy to go back to Canada and start furnishing and living in our new house.
- This week primary school teacher Mrs Trainor held a meeting for parents of children who will be starting primary school in September.
- Sally Tomkins, 43, is a full-time mother from Bolton who wanted to buy a computer for her son before he starts university in October.
- After the game, he told me he wanted to start weight training to be the best that he could be.
- He started to move to the front door, but was stopped short as a coughing fit hit him.
- As we started to leave the building, we ran into Vince and had a brief meeting with him.
- Stas and Anton came running out of the building and we started to run towards what I think was Juhani's place.
- When her children started school she began to look for a job in the tourism area.
- She starts kindergarten today at Riverside Presbyterian Day School.
- Most of the members started their Guiding careers in the Brownies, and Marjorie is no exception.
- As soon as the envelope arrived, Logan had started planning how he'd spend the money.
- As we approached the coast we started to fly over buildings and roads, growing denser the closer we got to the airport.
- Undergraduates starting their studies at York St John College are worried about the lack of junior posts available to complete their training.
- I've also started job hunting, and there's an incredible choice of jobs in this city.
- Riley starts to push me forward, but I turn around and push his hands off of me.
- They are set to start work today and will follow recommendations from the Office of the Deputy Prime Minister.
- Ronnie made his way to the bottom of the stairs and started to crawl up them.
- Jin called and told me he's starting third grade in a week or two and that he wished I was there to make him feel better.
- She started night classes in 1997 and quickly developed a taste for medieval and early modern history.
- I should continue what I started and take more classes so I can get a certificate out of it.
- The scheme is aimed at alleviating some of the initial costs people face when they start work after a period of unemployment.
- To her surprise, the nobleman started to laugh and he continued to laugh for some time.
- And it also makes me worry, because he was starting his postdoc when I was barely in my thesis lab.
- And now the man who started cutting hair as a boy is beginning to out-Sassoon Vidal.
- He started attending drama classes at 19 while working in a factory job he hated.
- As we started to travel to the beach I noticed a lake of over 4 acres on our left-hand side.
- The band, having recognised the song, started to play, building up to the crescendo.
- The state pools the money and invests it, then pays tuition when the child starts college.
- Best wishes also to all who are going to Third Level, starting an Apprenticeship or beginning a new job.
- Dylan turned around, took a deep breath, and surprised Riley by starting to cry.
2(cause to begin)(race) dar comienzo a(race) largar México Cono Sur(fashion) empezar(fashion) iniciar(epidemic/fire) provocar(argument/fight) empezar(country/war) empezar(incident/war) desencadenarstop hitting her! — she started it — ¡deja de pegarle! — fue ella la que empezó
- don't (you) start anything with me! — ¡no te metas conmigo!
- to start sb on sth/-ing
- I'll start you on some filing — primero te voy a poner a archivar
- I start my students on Dickens — primero les doy a leer Dickens a mis alumnos
- to start sb -ing
- her words started me wondering — sus palabras me dieron que pensar
- this will start them talking! — ¡esto les dará que hablar!
- the noise started the baby crying — el ruido hizo que el niño se pusiera a llorar
- to get sb started — darle cuerda a algn
- This approval means we can start work on developing the service to make this a reality.
- Prior to starting transmission, the device would monitor the radio environment for a radar's presence.
- The blaze had been inadvertently started by a mountain climber trying to burn toilet paper on Sunday.
- My father would never start trouble, only try to defend himself if he was in danger.
- The blaze was started by a cigarette which had not been properly extinguished in the smoking room.
- Wherever they take their instruments and PVC trousers, these Bond dames seem to start trouble.
- This means you are the one who starts and continues the conversation.
- I was a bit worried that it might all get too hot and start a fire before then.
- There were also more than 2,000 rubbish blazes started by firebugs in Bradford.
- The De Nardi Colpack rider was not allowed to start the Tour of Lombardy World Cup race.
- Fire chiefs believe the blaze may have been started by arsonists.
- A Hampshire firefighter became an arsonist so that he would be called out to the blazes he had started himself.
- Developers will start work on skateparks in Braintree and Witham in less than two weeks.
- We could all participate by not starting, or continuing, a conflict with our family, neighbours or work colleagues.
- It's no surprise then that he starts most of the fights, and suffers most of the insults, at the hands of his fellow bandmates.
- Developers can start work on the site once they have met the conditions of their application.
- She took centre stage when starting last year's junior race before joining in to raise more cash for Francis House.
- The developers want to start work on the site at the end of this year, with a view to opening in 2006.
- South Wales Police believe the blaze may have been started deliberately after finding two separate seats to the fire.
- He started the first running race and cheered the young athletes on in the warm sunshine.
- Then he starts a Slam Dunk competition between Vince Carter and Tracy McGrady.
- The blaze was accidentally started by welders working on the building.
- A caretaker has been praised after he tackled one of three suspicious blazes which were started at a secondary school.
- Yet what Petronzi knew was that many others would use the Heysel link as an excuse to start trouble.
- The blazes are believed to have been deliberately started by children.
3(establish)(business) abrir(business) montar(business) poner(organization/charity) fundar(plan) poner en marchahis father started him in his own business — el padre le montó / le puso un negocio
- I need $20,000 to get me started — necesito 20.000 dólares para empezar
- It was no doubt the arrival of the ZX Spectrum that started him on his career.
- She credits childhood reading of Arthur C. Clarke and Isaac Asimov for starting her on her career.
- Now, a sports column is nothing more than a springboard, a gig that starts you on your way to becoming a multimedia star.
- Willynilly is the game that originally started me writing this book.
4(cause to operate)(engine/dishwasher) encender(engine/dishwasher) prender América Latina(car) arrancar(car) poner en marcha(car) hacer partir Chile
- One woman said she had a sense of foreboding while the aircraft was still on the ground because the pilot had trouble starting one of the engines.
- You'd be surprised at what can be done to make the flight safer before starting the engine
- I know the ignition was in the on position but to be honest I don't remember the engine being started.
- The system also allows for the car to be started by simply pressing a button on the dash.
- I heard the car being started and I hurried back to find Herself backing down the driveway.
- It's quite amazing; the merest hint of a parking ticket is enough to start car engines at almost a hundred metres.
- Deuterium Boy belted himself in as Chris started the motor and began backing out.
- Water gushed into the hold space and the captain ordered the pumps started.
- He seemed to be having some trouble starting the little cutting machine up.
- They targeted luxury cars which, thanks to modern security devices, could not be started without the car keys.
- The owner of the vehicle heard it being started and gave chase in another car.
1.1(begin)(school/meeting/term) empezar(term/school/meeting) comenzar(school/meeting/term) iniciarse formal(noise/pain/race/journey) empezar(noise/journey/race/pain) comenzarwhen can you start? — ¿cuándo puede empezar / comenzar?
- the day started badly — el día empezó mal
- the party starts at eight — la fiesta empieza / comienza a las ocho
- prices start at $30 — cuestan a partir de 30 dólares
- to start again or (US also) over — empezar / comenzar de nuevo
- to start by-ing — empezar por + inf
- you can start by reading this — puedes empezar por leer esto
- to start from sth
- the tour starts from the station at two o'clock — la excursión sale de la estación a las dos
- starting (from) next January — a partir del próximo mes de enero
- Sliding Sands Trail starts at the Haleakala Visitor Center parking lot and drops 2,500 feet in 4 miles.
- There was some time left before the lesson started and an idea suddenly occurred to me.
- Ideally, you should decide your lighting scheme before any building work has started.
- The rain stops as suddenly as it started but the streets still swirl with water.
- Excavation at the Seymour site is expected to start by the end of this month.
- As suddenly as it had started, the music stopped and there was a babble of conversation.
- The film starts at 7.45 pm and there will be a smoking ban during the performance.
- ‘The season starts now,’ he says, before reeling off the names of almost his entire squad.
- Because fires can start anywhere smoke alarms are ideal for early detection.
- Each ride will start at Pendle Leisure Centre in Colne at 11 am and will include a cafe-stop.
- The 20 mph zone will start at the point in North Street, where the road meets Bryans Close Road.
- Mr Hainsworth said a £5.2 million refurbishment would start at the store in October.
- Psoriatic arthritis can start suddenly or slowly, and may affect only one joint or many.
- Training camp for officials begins Friday, and the regular season starts Nov. 2.
- The New Wimbledon Theatre's own summer season starts at the end of August, with a two-week run of The King and I.
- The blaze started at 8pm, when it appears Eddie accidentally put a magazine on top of a lit candle.
- The gates will open at 4.45 pm, one hour before the concert starts.
- With plenty of stretching and running the players will be fit and raring to go when the season starts at Old Trafford in August.
- In February demolition work started, and the building was gutted, leaving just the shell.
- My brother kept the vehicle going, and the storm eased as suddenly as it had started.
2.1(originate)(fashion/custom) empezar(custom/fashion) originarseit all started from an idea I had as a student — todo surgió de una idea que tuve cuando era estudiante
- the fire started in an upstairs room — el incendio empezó en una habitación del piso alto
2.2(be founded)ser fundadothe business/society started some years ago — la empresa/la sociedad fue fundada / se fundó hace algunos años
3(set out)to start back — emprender el regreso
- to start up/down the stairs — empezar a subir/bajar la escalera
- it's time we started (for) home — es hora de que nos pongamos en camino a casa
- we start from the hotel at six — salimos del hotel a las seis
- I opened it and saw all the food and scooped it into my arms and started toward the stairs.
- Closing the door he started down the stairs once more, planning to go out to the tree house.
- He followed her out the door and grabbed her arm before she started down the stairs.
- She took one last look at her bedroom, before starting down the stairs.
- I started towards the double doors, thinking that I should explain in person.
- Renfrew started forward, suddenly aware that he had not just been talking to himself.
- Satisfied, Arlie started back up the stairs, but curiosity got the better of her.
- He started up the stairs, with me in tow, bags and all.
- Rick started toward the door of the medical bay and entered the white room.
- Daren moved and then got up and started toward the door not saying anything to Kristen.
- Suddenly curious, Rayne starts forward, eager to discover what the shop contained.
- She starts for the stairs and this time, she hears their footsteps behind her.
- However, just as the twins were starting down the stairs, a cry roared down the hall.
- The loud silver Chevy arrived and the two girls jumped out and started for the truck he was in.
- She had started toward the stairs when she saw her father asleep in his favorite chair.
- The tall man reached the stairs and started down them, both Nisren and Elleen in tow.
- Gently closing the door behind her she started down the stairs rubbing her eyes free from sleep as she did so.
- Moira nodded in agreement and we both started down the stairs to talk to the guys.
- As he starts up the stairs, Harrison asks him where he is going.
- He started up the stairs, leaving Gabrielle, obviously expecting her to follow.
4(begin to operate)(car) arrancar(car) partir Chile(dishwasher) empezar a funcionar(dishwasher) ponerse en marchathe car won't start — el coche no arranca
- You just potter about quite normally, completely unaware that the engine is starting and stopping constantly.
- One day I turned the key, the ignition light came on but the engine didn't start.
- There was a muted roar combined with a yelp from Happy as the Turbo jet engine started.
- The engine starts at the same revs it was doing before.
- What he can do is enter a special code, and the car's engine will not start.
- The caboose starts suddenly, then eases to a gentle roll.
- Push the gas down and the engine starts instantly and off you go.
- They returned to their nearby home, went to bed and shortly afterwards, the car alarm started.
- According to reports, the engine wouldn't start and they couldn't swim to the vessel against the current.
- Then the engine started and I saw him back out of the driveway and squeal off down the road.
- Soon, she heard the engine starting and the sound of the Land Rover rolling out of the driveway.
- The mechanic had the engine started, peered in and listened to the noise with closed eyes.
- She was only vaguely aware of the sound of car engines starting and the flash of headlights illuminating them as they drove by.
- The engine finally started by the time the troops were about to jump onto the plane.
- He was already to his Hummer and the engine started when she came out onto the porch and watched him speed off.
- Once he was inside the sedan, she heard the engine starting and the next moment the car zoomed away.
- Just as the cart was starting, Kirsten jumped out of the cart.
- Several showers of sparks later I made the correct connection and the car started.
- Twenty seconds later Wendy heard the faint sound of a car engine starting.
- The diesel engine starts easily and the first impression of the car is how quiet it is.
5(move suddenly) dar un respingo(be frightened) asustarse(be frightened) sobresaltarseI started (up) from my chair — me levanté de la silla de un salto
- she started at the noise — el ruido la sobresaltó / la asustó
- she started out of her dream — se despertó de su sueño sobresaltada
- tears started to her eyes — los ojos se le llenaron de lágrimas
- Everyone started, surprised, until they realised it had been the Queen speaking.
- When we broke apart the next time, she started suddenly, as if coming out of a dream.
- She started and jumped up, looking at Tobias with an expression that was close to fright.
- Cinaed started slightly in surprise as he heard the door he had set his back to start to open.
- The closed door opened suddenly and Angel started but it was only a rather small woman.
6(protrude)(eyes) salirse de las órbitas
- She looked at me with her round eyes starting from her face, and then turned over her shoulder to see if her gasp had alerted anyone.
- Then she came wriggling back, with repentant doleful eyes starting upward and a knife behind her back.
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