In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(rigid)(bristles/collar) duro(leather/fabric) tieso(leather/fabric) duro(corpse) rígido(muscles) entumecido(muscles) agarrotadoto have a stiff neck — tener tortícolis
- I found that the hardest thing in my quest to lose weight and get fit was the pain - I was so stiff at first.
- The pants were stiff, inflexible, and suffered the same problem.
- Scrape away as much wax as you can using your finger, a plastic kitchen scraper, or a stiff piece of cardboard.
- I had slept cramped up on a wooden floor, and my whole body was now stiff.
- The stiff black rubber fins allowed bodysurfers to catch bigger waves, then angle across their faces.
- For example, tubing made from cobalt alloys can be used in the production of rigid or stiff endoscopes for use in certain diagnostic procedures.
- Now that the adrenaline had worn off, and I had sat for a minute, my whole body was stiff and sore.
- Her entire body was stiff and sore, and she was cold to the bone.
- As I woke up, my whole body was sore and stiff from all the pain and the prolonged exposure to the rough surface of the rooftop.
- A little into the morning saw all of us grimacing over our stiff bodies - the outcome of the previous day's water pursuits!
- The collar of the stiff shirt was chafing slightly around the scars on his neck, and the ponytail he'd put his hair in was so tight it was liable to give him a headache.
- Arterial damage affects the elasticity of arteries, which become stiff and rigid.
- The pile will be stiff and easily scratch away when it's ready.
- ‘My body was very stiff at first especially because of my old age,’ Shen said.
- As he said this, I indeed felt my arms become rigid and stiff.
- He sat up and grimaced a little because his back ached, his entire body was stiff and his feet were cold.
- While indoors, place a piece of the paper on stiff cardboard.
- His brother certainly looked uncomfortable in his city clothes, pulling constantly at his stiff collar.
- The plans are in PDF format for easy printing and pasting onto stiff cardboard.
- The goal of treatment is to control pain, to prevent joints from losing motion, and to help already stiff joints move more easily.
- My legs were stiff and a little sore from sitting still so long.
- Her body was stiff and her joints screamed with every movement, but she knew that movement would do her good.
- My body was stiff and sore from the rest I got while belaying.
- By breaking in your shoes at home, you won't be at the center struggling through games in stiff, rigid shoes the first time out.
- He stood up, stretching limbs that had become stiff from the cramped surroundings.
- He rolled his shoulders, trying to loosen them up from the stiff black tux he was wearing.
- With intuitive insight, they will begin to recognize when their body is stiff, sore, tired or emotionally drained.
- Another image shows him in black coat, pale trousers, stiff white collar, and hat.
- She didn't move from her spot at all and looked as rigid and stiff as a statue even as her eyes watered from the smoke.
- He's wearing a white shirt with a stiff collar, black trousers with braces, and dancing shoes with leather spats.
- His entire body was stiff and sore from his less than ideal sleeping conditions.
- His muscles were stiff and sore, and his body was tired.
- If an electric fan is not feasible, try to fan the seedling with a piece of stiff paper or cardboard a couple of times a day.
- If your elbows get too straight they will be stiff and you can easily get pulled out of the saddle.
- He wore a long black cloak over a fine-pressed suit, with a high stiff collar.
- The duo have dispensed with plastic CD casings and fashioned their covers from stiff cardboard.
- He was weak and his aching body was still stiff from the beating.
1.2(thick, firm)(paste/dough) consistentebeat the egg whites until they are stiff — bata las claras hasta que estén firmes
- the place was stiff with detectives/tourists — el sitio estaba plagado de detectives/turistas
- While whipping, beat in the granulated sugar until very stiff and firm, about 2 minutes.
- Whisk together the double and single cream until thick, but not stiff: this takes longer than usual because of the addition of the single cream.
- Whip the cream in a large chilled bowl until lusciously thick but not stiff.
- The water content of doughnut mixtures is important; the dough must be stiff enough to be shaped, but still contain plenty of moisture to give the light spongy texture of the cooked product.
- Mix together roughly four tablespoons of flour and one tablespoon of water with enough water to form a paste - a thick, stiff paste will give you a raised cross and a looser paste will give you a flat cross.
- In a separate bowl, beat the egg whites until firm but not stiff, and fold the two mixtures together.
- If the dough is too stiff a little more coconut milk could be added.
- In a separate bowl, beat the egg whites until thick and stiff.
2(hard, severe)(test/climb) difícil(climb/test) duro(resistance) férreo(resistance) tenaz(penalty) fuerte(penalty) severo(conditions/terms) duro(breeze) fuerteI need a stiff drink — necesito un trago fuerte coloquial
- he poured himself a stiff vodka — se sirvió un vaso grande de vodka
- From there a very stiff climb through what is still called ‘Sullivan road’ took us to Kundhesappe and then to Doddabetta foothill.
- Needless to say, what sounds like a reasonable idea met with stiff resistance.
- The lawyers are arguing that that fine is just too stiff.
- A stiff wind blew through the woods, ruffling their hair.
- In a traditional yurt, the framework is covered with felt mats and tied down with hair ropes to prevent the mats from blowing off in stiff winds.
- It's obvious that the surface here is quite stable: even when stiff winds blow, there's hardly a speck of dust raised.
- The line, a reference to their recent stiff increases in license fees for cable operators, drew laughter and applause.
- Naturally, there is some stiff opposition waiting for you at nearly every turn.
- A stiff ride on the flats along a creek-bed exhilarated him and sharpened his bloodlust.
- However, outside of China, in Japan for instance, such an effort will meet stiff resistance from habit users and from simple economic forces.
- The last two miles on the home stretch were tough, with a few hills and a stiff wind but all got home safe without any falls.
- It turned out to be a rewarding trip as they overcame the stiff challenge of their Wicklow opponents.
- A stiff wind had kept up all night and she'd slept bad.
- I would recommend doing between eight and 12 repetitions on a fairly stiff hill about 800 metres long.
- They got fined $100 million which is a stiff fine by the Federal Reserve.
- But I am daunted at the challenges that paddling up-stream against an out-going tide and against a stiff wind must present.
- It was a consummate display of rugby into a stiff wind.
- After getting no less than two fines and a stiff warning from the electoral committee, they were found to have gone over the allowed limit of their budget.
- "This is a fairly stiff penalty for what we did," said Norris.
- Once more, firm sand provided a gentle walking surface until almost the end of the beach, where we rested before the short but stiff climb to the heathland above the cliffs.
- By insisting, however, on such a stiff income tax rate, the allied powers had created ample opportunities for the scheme just described.
- Individuals who decided not to take up the offer of making a voluntary disclosure will face prosecution, as well as stiff bills for tax, interest and penalties.
- I was getting used to the cold when I heard a sound in the distance, looked up, and saw the first signs of a stiff wind working its way toward me.
- The course was cruel to the runners, presenting them with with five stiff hill climbs to negotiate in the last 15 km.
- The mens team also faces a stiff challenge when they take on Club Amber.
- This game was played in horrid conditions and the stiff breeze that blew from one corner flag to the other made point taking arduous even at the best of times.
- Even the most stiff nominal tax rate would turn out to be a very meager tax burden for landowners.
- Recent, but unconfirmed reports, suggests the stiff competition and generally tough trading conditions has not been as bad as previously expected.
- However, they have the foundations of what will provide a stiff challenge for the county's elite forces.
- The relocation to suburbs in Dublin also allowed them avoid paying stiff city taxes.
- A stiff wind did nothing to dampen the atmosphere at a great day's racing at Lacken Strand on Sunday, May 19th.
- Be prepared for a stiff climb, but the sundial and the view of Houghton and Hillbrow is worth the huffing and puffing.
- A fairly stiff breeze was blowing, but the branches of the willow trees never swayed.
- Mind you, it's up against stiff competition from University Challenge.
- And walkers, too, are in for some pretty stiff challenges once they leave the paths.
- Dave, the lodge manager, sets a stiff pace uphill.
- Still, the game proved an outstanding one and would have brought the Mayo players on a lot and ready for the stiff challenge that the Ulster champions will provide.
- He was tried and found guilty by a British Consular Court: his punishment was a stiff fine and probation with a stern warning to desist.
- The league should be proud of that, not hiding behind stiff fines and harsh rhetoric.
- Stiff penalties are to be introduced for people who make bogus insurance claims.
- Despite a variety of strong protections and stiff penalties for violations, this law continues to fall short of its target.
- I still see a lot of people here using their phones normally here, but the fines are fairly stiff if you are caught.
- The news of increase in sales tax on diesel had met with stiff resistance from petrol pump dealers, who had threatened to go on a strike in protest against it.
- Fortunately, I'm currently in the midst of sobering up a little before I go to sleep, thanks to the stiff breeze blowing in through my bedroom window.
- But the new rates put a premium on using those accounts for investments that would otherwise face stiff taxes - like bonds.
- It will shatter, and then a stiff wind will blow though, and the pieces will slowly fall and scatter.
- In a stiff wind on a gathering sea, they would have all the stability of a tin tray.
- Although the temperature hovered in the forties, a stiff wind had picked up.
- You can drive to the base of the rock but it is a fairly stiff climb from there, although it only takes about five minutes.
- A stiff breeze was blowing from the town end, to the Rangers' advantage.
- As he spoke, it seemed the gods were heeding the many prayers at the Cork venue, as the sun shone brightly and a stiff wind blew on the opening day.
- The Pope, who aides say is losing sleep over the possibility of war, celebrated a Mass that began with a stiff wind blowing in from Siberia over the flat steppes and ended in sunshine.
- The last two mile on the home stretch was tough, a few hills and a stiff wind.
- Because of the stiff penalties for second children, many couples have unregistered babies.
- That commission recommended stiff increases in the payroll tax to create a surplus that would help fund the retirement of baby boomers down the road.
- This can be done, in part anyway, by stiff taxes on carbon dioxide emissions.
- Since the club opened it has notched up wins against some very stiff competition.
- The fine should be stiff, possibly around Rs. 1,000.
- Invariably, we were buffeted by a stiff wind which left you red-faced but invigorated.
- Any member that exceeds the 3% limit has two years in which to bring its deficit down, or it will face stiff fines from the Commission.
3(formal, stilted)(manner/person) almidonado(person/manner) acartonado(manner/person) estirado(bow/smile/compliment) forzado(compliment/bow/smile) poco espontáneo
- He was sincere but he was not adept at consolation so it came out stiff, wooden.
- Her tone is stiff and distant, and he doesn't answer, something she finds unsettling.
- He seems to be a rather stiff and aloof character.
- Once relaxed and happy, Lena now seemed stiff, like a drill sergeant or something.
- We discontinued our love charade, even with Rod present, and never gave more than a stiff and polite nod of greeting to one another.
- They'd been distant and stiff with each other since the truth about the bet had come out.
- Through the primaries, everyone said he could be aloof and cold, stiff and ambitious.
- And although both Ruth and Colin are playing stiff British characters, they do manage some convincing chemistry.
- He was the only one not stiff and unresponsive with worry.
- I also thought that the two of us needed to learn to relax around each other, for we had grown to be much too stiff and serious than friends should be.
- Dancing with Angelique was difficult at first, she refused to get to close to him, and was stiff and cold.
- First it suddenly hit her that she was stiff, even snappish, towards everyone but her closest friends, Mick and Reardon.
- He is stiff, self-conscious, grudging, coy and ungenerous.
- Mel had never particularly liked the woman's stiff manner and perfect outward appearance.
- Continuing in his stiff, impassive way, Chris lifted Dion onto the rotten chair and wrapped the ropes around him and the chair.
- You have a melancholy disposition resulting in a shyness, or a formal and stiff manner of presenting yourself.
- They come across as stiff and uninteresting, but that's exactly what the director wants from them.
- If you appear stiff, reserved, timid and insecure, they will feel repulsed.
- Corrissa's stiff manner left her, and she ran frantically towards the door and immediately started pounding on it.
- Is he going to come across as stiff and wooden, or is he going to come across as a person that Americans can trust?
1I'm frozen stiff — estoy helado hasta los huesos coloquial
- we were bored stiff — nos aburrimos como ostras
- I was scared stiff — estaba muerto de miedo
- we were worried stiff — estábamos preocupadísimos
1fiambre masculino coloquialcuerpo masculino
1he stiffed me! — ¡se largó sin pagar! coloquial
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.