In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(halt)to work without a stop — trabajar sin hacer una pausa / un alto
- work progressed in stops and starts — el trabajo avanzaba a trompicones / a tropezones
- work was at a stop for months — el trabajo estuvo interrumpido / paralizado durante meses
- to bring sth to a stop — poner fin a / interrumpir algo
- the accident brought the traffic to a complete stop — el accidente paralizó el tráfico
- to come to a stop — detenerse
- to put a stop on a check — dar orden de no pagar un cheque
- A large metal tub filled with sachets of water and cold drinks provided welcome respite, and many of the emergency workers made frequent stops to prevent dehydration.
- Finally, the nurse came to a stop and entered a small room with pink walls and a simple layout.
- The elevator came to a stop at the top floor and Anna turned to face the doors as they creaked open.
- Pauses, stops, and breaks will help the film, which never develops any real momentum.
- There wasn't time for fear but I was certainly frightened when the car came to a stop.
- Officers are not only setting up static sites for stopping drivers, but are also conducting random stops in rural villages around the county.
- It was almost a disappointment when we came to a stop at the edge of clearing where a herd of deer were grazing.
- The shooting had almost come to a stop by the time they dropped into a reserve trench.
- The misery machine rumbled into one of the angled parking spots next to the park and came to a stop.
- The game we'd been playing with the boys came to a stop, and I rolled my eyes.
- After completing a number of revolutions, the carousel began to slow and came to a stop.
- Playing the music without bars gives a free-flowing rhythm, devoid of jarring stops and starts.
- Also, rough sea conditions can make safety stops hazardous.
- We finally came to a stop at a farmhouse deep in the countryside.
- His pen came to a stop and he stared down at the scrawled words with a shake of his head.
- Lizards, therefore, progress in short rushes with frequent stops to breathe.
- The front seat passenger opened the side door of the van and the van came to a stop.
- It was an interminable journey of stops and starts.
- Several of the attackers came to a stop, and their soldiers began to fire.
- He came to a stop outside a large metal door and punched in a few keys on the panel to his right.
2.1(break on journey)parada femeninowe made a stop at a service station to have coffee — paramos en una estación de servicio para tomar un café
- after an overnight stop in Madrid — después de hacer noche / de pasar la noche en Madrid
- We were an express train now, and made only a few stops, mostly using the center of the three tracks.
- On the return journey a stop was made at Phimai to explore the wonderful ruins.
- Before the homeward journey, a final stop for refreshments was made at Kinvarra.
- They will run through France on quiet country roads with overnight stops and after a rest on the ferry they will head to London.
- Thompson expects to travel to each region of Nunavut, including campaign stops in Cambridge Bay and Iqaluit.
- It also suggests that dogs should drink plenty of water during a long journey, and have regular stops for fresh air.
- From today until Friday Charles, Prince of Wales, is in Italy with stops in Florence, Rome and Naples.
- We had 3 stops on the journey and took it in turns to drive.
- Also, make stops for bathroom breaks, leg-stretching, sightseeing and drink refills.
- At each lunch stop he also produced dried fruits, nuts and yet more chocolate he had carried for us.
- Moving swiftly on from Lizard Point the next stop was a quick look at St Michael's Mount.
- As the self-confessed ‘biggest slob in the world’ he enjoys sailing holidays filled with impromptu tea breaks and pub stops.
- A short photo stop soon cooled us down, before we pushed on up the hill carrying the weighty bags of tackle and camera gear.
- The 400 mile round trip was broken up with a stop at Stonehenge for an ice-cream.
- The trip was part of a two day visit to the region, which also included a stop in Honduras.
- We always have to make frequent stops so that M can take a loo break and stretch his legs for a while.
- On the return journey a stop was made in Bourton-on-the-Water in brilliant sunshine.
- The pair plan to make a short fuel stop today in Narsarsuaq, Greenland, before flying straight to Iceland.
- When traveling long distances, plan the trip to include rest stops and breaks.
- These are not tour buses, so expect numerous stops to pick up and drop off passengers.
2.2(of bus) parada femenino(of bus) paradero masculino Río de la Plata América Latina(of train, underground) estación femeninoyou have to get out/off at the next stop — se tiene que bajar en la próxima (parada)
- Why not try getting off the bus or train a stop early and walking the rest of the way.
- This morning, however, a bus was sitting at the stop in Moor Street with the number 850 on the front.
- Passengers will be set down on request at all recognised stops along the route.
- Notice of the shuttle bus should have been on the signs at affected rail stops, she said.
- In Andhra Pradesh, the train has stops only at Secunderabad, Visakhapatnam and Tirupati.
- At the moment we're standing at the stop saying if the bus works, we'll get on it.
- When we started once again the train maintained optimum speed until the next stop.
- Designated stops will be constructed, with special ramps to allow easy access by passengers onto the taxis and buses.
- You really do not want two stops close together.
- There are no bus or train stops anywhere near it.
- He said a bus had pulled up at the stop laden with passengers.
- But, even now, free shuttles cross the city's ring road to pick up customers from the nearest metro stops.
- The system will be one tram short when the stop opens so they are having to bring a tram over from Cologne especially.
- In order to make up time a train missed out some stops.
- There were no designated stops which meant people could get off anywhere.
- The bus goes off on its merry way and picks up a zillion passengers at the next stop.
- Fewer stops surely means fewer passengers, therefore lower financial performance.
- I was on the bus the other day, and the bus was drawing towards my stop so I was standing by the door waiting to get off.
- The stops it skips are covered by an earlier train, 426, which terminates in Baltimore.
- Buses could also pick up passengers without pulling into stops.
3(punctuation mark) punto masculino Britanico(in telegrams) stop masculinosee also full stop
(on organ)registro masculino
- Specific ranks of pipes may be brought into and out of play by means of stops.
- It also has a cathedral housing the biggest organ in the world: 17,388 pipes and 231 stops.
- These organs were played only with sliding stops, not a keyboard like a modern organ.
5.1(stopping device)tope masculino(on typewriter) marginador masculino
- Underexposing by one to two stops intensifies the effect.
- If you are using print film, you will probably never see a difference in bracketed shots, unless you have bracketed by 3 stops or more.
- Remove the film, stop down 4 stops, and give a flash exposure.
- When you go through the finished prints you will be able to see the results of 2 complete stops of exposure difference.
- You will find these readings are roughly two stops more light than the camera ‘thinks’ they should be.
6also stop consonantLingüísticaoclusiva femeninoconsonante oclusiva femenino
- For example, the aspirated series of stops and affricates are written by adding a horizontal stroke to the letters for the plain series.
- Taiwanese has final consonant stops, and Mandarin doesn't.
- Many varieties of Chinese, including both Mandarin and Cantonese, do not distinguish voiced and voiceless stops and affricates.
verbo transitivostopping, stopped
1.1(halt)(taxi/bus) parar(person) parar(person) detenerI stopped a passing car to ask for help — paré (a) un coche que pasaba para pedir auxilio
- we were stopped by the police — nos paró la policía
- he stopped the ball with his foot — paró la pelota con el pie
- demonstrators stopped the traffic — los manifestantes pararon / detuvieron el tráfico
- He stops the car out front and just leaves it there.
- The same group even stopped a young Catholic man on the Cliftonville Road and sternly repeated their warning.
- At 5.30 one morning a few years ago, Nigel was stopped by a man who demanded money.
- Next, the tape can be stopped and replayed to make certain all parties can be heard.
- He was stopped, ordered out of the car and a computer check showed the car had been reported stolen.
- Those hoping to visit it are stopped by a granite wall topped with barbed wire.
- 500 yards from our shop at the roundabout members of the public were blocking the road, stopping people going toward the parkway.
- He harassed the gang's customers, stopping those he found wandering up his block and confronting them.
- Persons suspected of committing a crime may be stopped and searched.
- Everyone believed that police harassment was common, although no one had been stopped and searched.
- While we were driving across the grassland to the house, he stopped the truck.
- Through traffic will be stopped and all parked cars at the side of the High Street have to be moved by 5pm.
- On one patrol we were stopped by a former airline worker who wanted to give us information.
- They drove through the town trying to force each other off the road before being stopped at a road block.
- He went up the stairs and was headed for his room when he was stopped by Minako.
- Reduction of noise, either by stopping the audiotape or the use of earplugs, was associated with improved sleep quality.
- In the previous year, they were five times more likely to be stopped and searched.
- She tried to get upstairs but was stopped and also ordered to get down onto the floor.
- But there was no mechanical defect which would have caused the car to have been stopped and parked.
- The car had been stopped and turned off, and I was still holding on for dear life.
1.3(brake)(vehicle) parar(vehicle) detenerI stopped the car and got out — paré / detuve el coche y me bajé
- Sudden cardiac death, an abrupt event in which the heart stops, affects one in 100,000 to 300,000 athletes.
- He said that most residents did not mind the presence of the children, and some stopped to watch them perform their tricks.
- Ryan stood on his tip-toes for a couple of seconds, craning his neck to see why the parade had stopped.
- As soon as they reached a safe place to stand, everyone stopped and watched her.
- The problem is, what if the engine stops while he is already on the fast lane of a nearby toll road?
- Ignition harnesses were prone to succumb to the damp British weather and the failure of the harness would also lead to the engine stopping.
- The driver will report the incident to his control room and the train will stop in the tunnel just before the platform at Bank.
- He moved on, across the room, and stopped in front of a small leather and metal trunk.
- Early Friday morning, the captain announced that the engine had stopped and the ship was taking on water.
- They had stopped in a relatively small room, unadorned, with just a bed and wardrobe.
- Dr Conrad headed towards the pavement then stopped abruptly in his tracks, staring.
- You would be cruising along and, suddenly without warning, the engine just stopped.
- For morning coffee the coach stopped in Alcester and for lunch at Evesham Country Park.
- One other couple along with us danced on the floor because everyone else had stopped to watch.
- Ashley stops, wipes her mouth and looks around.
- He could not stop in the rush hour traffic and worried about her for the rest of the day.
- Jim's hand stopped halfway to his mouth, holding the bottle there for a moment in limbo.
- It is a good thing the procession stops at red lights, although with a traffic escort, they could jump red lights.
- The party stopped for a little while to eat lunch on the lee side of a large rock.
- I even think some of the guys at the nearby skate park had stopped to watch.
1.4(switch off)(machine/engine) parar
2.1(bring to an end, interrupt)(inflation/decline) detener(inflation/decline) parar(abuse/discussion) poner fin a(abuse/discussion) acabar constop that noise! — ¡deja de hacer ruido!
- his statement stopped speculation — sus declaraciones pusieron fin a la especulación
- the trial was stopped — se suspendió el juicio
- the company has stopped production of this model — la compañía ha dejado de producir este modelo
- the aim is to stop the cancer in its early stages — el objetivo es detener el avance del cáncer en su fase inicial
- rain stopped play — la lluvia interrumpió el partido
- There is no obligation to maintain regular payments, which may be stopped and then resumed at any time, without penalty.
- When was a development ever stopped for a protected species?
- Many people have had their payments stopped before they began because void notices were issued in error.
- Their aim was to try and stop the social disintegration they believed liberal freedoms had unleashed.
- The key question is this: Are you just stopping the bleeding, or are you dealing with the root causes?
- How is she supposed to get any rest if you guys don't stop this racket out here?
- One such case made it into police records unintentionally after neighbors tried to stop a domestic assault out of concern for the family rather than out of anger at the man.
- She won an injunction to stop the process and launched her legal bid.
- Early detection and treatment can often slow or stop the progression of disease.
- Therefore, this formula warms the kidneys and warms the spleen, secures the intestines and stops diarrhea.
- And so far, the injections have only stopped the degenerative process, not reversed it.
- With the season practically over, there was nothing he could do to stop the slide out of Division Three.
- Diet control can only stop extra fat formation but cannot burn the fat which is already there.
- Your client may not be able to stop the process even if they change their mind.
- It's a lot harder to stop a ritual process midway than to avoid the process entirely.
- Fortunately in Australia this process was stopped before it ran its course.
- This stops the curing process which is important, otherwise your fish will turn to mush.
- A working party which looked at ways to stop accidents along the stretch of road was set up five years ago.
- They're going to try to do it and I don't think they are going to be capable of stopping the political process.
- The country would have three months to shut its nuclear facilities, or aid could be stopped.
2.2(cease)stop what you're doing and listen to me — deja lo que estás haciendo y escúchame
- stop it! — ¡basta ya!
- stop that nonsense! — ¡déjate de tonterías!
- to stop -ing — dejar de + inf
- do stop arguing! — ¡dejen de discutir!
- I'm trying to stop smoking — estoy tratando de dejar de fumar
- I couldn't stop laughing — no podía parar de reírme
- it hasn't stopped raining all day — no ha parado de llover en todo el día
- he never stops talking — habla sin parar
- stop saying that! — ¡no sigas diciendo eso!
- stop beating about the bush — déjate de rodeos
- The others managed not to laugh and my girlfriend poked me to make me stop giggling, but that just made it funnier to me.
- They should eat only when hungry, eat food they really want, and stop eating when they are full.
- When Sophie had managed to stop crying, the pair of them walked back to the building and told the other two over supper what Paz had said.
- I'm trying to stay calm but every time I see the adverts on the telly, I can't stop smiling or giggling.
- After his encounter with this civilization, the time traveller advances further into the future to a time when the Earth stops rotating.
- The quake was so strong that they were forced to stop talking and to abandon the stall.
- Evelyn stopped giggling when she saw Julian with a serious look on his face.
- Her hands surround my waist and suddenly she stops kissing my mouth.
- When I've stopped giggling, I shall resume my search for pet insurance!
- One child was so traumatised by the experience she could not stop vomiting and had to be hospitalised.
- After a moment, he stopped coughing and laid back on the pillows, breathing heavily.
- Sabbath reminds us that the world will not stop turning if we cease from our labors for a day.
- Curious, Alyssa stopped practicing her backstroke and looked at her father.
- Beside me, Lucas had stopped laughing and coughed a few times to clear his throat.
- I put down my fork and spoon and quietly stop eating, feeling very foolish.
- Once he stopped coughing she reached an arm over to him to pat him on the back.
- She managed to stop laughing, then her face turned serious and she gazed into his face.
- My drink came out of my nose and I had tears rolling down my face by the time I finally managed to stop laughing.
- Finally, she stops coughing and the masters approach her cautiously.
- He'd begun smoking in his teens and had been smoking ever since, apart from a few years when he managed to stop while in the army.
3(prevent)I'm going, and you can't stop me — me voy y no puedes detenerme / impedírmelo
- who's/what's stopping you? — ¿quién/qué te lo impide?
- there's no stopping us now — nadie nos puede parar ahora
- I had to tell him, I couldn't stop myself — tuve que decírselo, no pude contenerme
- to stop sb (from) -ing — impedirle a algn + inf
- the bad weather stopped us (from) going out — el mal tiempo nos impidió salir
- try to stop her (from) coming — trata de impedir / de evitar que venga
- we had to lock him up to stop him (from) escaping — lo tuvimos que encerrar para impedir que se escapara
- to stop sth -ing — impedir que algo + subj
- to stop sth happening — impedir que ocurra algo
- we're trying to stop the airport being built here — estamos tratando de impedir que construyan el aeropuerto aquí
- A cold night for a tryst, but I suppose that never stops anyone who's determined enough.
- Maddy gave a small laugh as her friend continued to say horrible things about Quentin, before stopping her.
- Mr Crawford has put a padlock on the fuel tank but suspects it won't be enough to stop determined thieves.
- We had a meeting on Sunday night and we are determined this fire is not going to stop us.
- And how the hell do you stop someone who's determined to do something like this?
- If you were all to work together, he'd have a difficult time stopping you, and he might even be defeated.
- Several times, she tried to get to Elizabeth, but the two men continually stopped her.
- I couldn't do it last year due to illness but I was determined not to let anything stop me this time.
- I love flying both types and will continue until someone stops me, but the fact remains that a mistake in a sailplane is much more likely to kill you than in a hang glider.
- I believe in free speech and free expression but these barbaric people are going too far and need to be stopped.
- We didn't let that stop us and we continued to court and we were always together.
- She wasn't in his way, she wasn't blocking him or stopping him, she was just a little girl that had tried to stand up against the big bad wolf.
- So do you have any sense what is actually being done to stop him or to limit the impact of his activities?
- I took one out and was about ready to put it in my mouth, but stopped myself.
- When you believe in your own possibility and ability, coupled with a strong determination to achieve what you have set out to achieve, not many can succeed at stopping you.
- But he said this would not going to stop him, nor would it prevent him letting his children play in the area.
- But she is certain that the lack of a bike and the fact the she is not a fan of exercise will not stop her.
- I didn't want to talk to Rachel about why I was stopping her and I didn't want her to continue.
- To have them banning us from the activities we love, on the pretext that stopping us will somehow protect less careful people, is a misuse of power - and one that cannot possibly work.
- Margaret is determined to use what influence she has to stop Ken.
4.1(cancel, withhold)(subscription) cancelar(payment) suspenderto stop (payment of) a check — dar orden de no pagar un cheque
- Most banks charge, typically £10, for stopping a cheque.
- I was obliged to beg for extra time, stop the cheque, and then to apply for a replacement licence.
- We will have this cheque stopped tomorrow.
- This was fine with me, as I intended to stop the cheque anyway, but it was already too late; the moment had passed.
- The defendant stopped the cheque, which was accordingly dishonoured by the drawee bank.
- Don't try and stop the cheque if you want to pay online or over the phone instead.
- We also advise you that the post dated cheque for £103,000 has now been stopped.
- However the police called me yesterday to alert me and I stopped the cheque on Monday.
4.2British (deduct)descontarretenerthe boss stopped £30 out of my wages — el jefe me descontó / me retuvo 30 libras del sueldo
5.1(block)(hole) tapar(hole) taponar(gap) rellenar(tooth) empastar
- Take the coconut shell and fill with yolk, stopping the hole with your finger.
- He is getting the drains right and stopping the leaks in the roof and so on.
- The boat's owner succeeds in stopping the leak.
- It is too late to stop the leak when the vessel is in the midst of river.
- The leak was stopped 20 minutes later when an inspector switched off the main.
- The amount of work required to stop a leak depends on the complexity of the problem.
- Firemen wearing breathing gear stopped the leak and an engineer was called to repair a broken seal.
- The council is taking action to stop a leak in Hollies Road.
- A spokesman said it had to wait for the gas leak to be stopped before work could begin on restoring the electricity supply.
- When it is 30 below zero, getting people's heat on is more important than stopping their leaks.
- Engineers have now secured the hole with wooden boards and an emergency plumber managed to stop the water leak and get the heating back on.
- That's an appropriate piece of stout paper to stop the leak in the wastepipe.
5.2Música(string) apretar(pipe) ponerle un registro a(pipe) ponerle una sordina a(French horn) (con la mano) hacerle sordina a
- Five weeks later he stopped the highly respected Frankie Otero in five rounds.
- Jerry proved the experts wrong stopping Spencer in round twelve.
- Jones goes on to make six defenses of the IBF super middleweight title, stopping all six of his opponents.
- He defended the title another three times, stopping his opponents on each occasion, to put himself in line for the WBA world belt.
- Ouma did go ahead with the fight, stopping Woods in the 11th round.
6.2(parry)(blow/punch) parar(punch/blow) detenerhe stopped a bullet — recibió un balazo
verbo intransitivostopping, stopped
1.1(halt)(vehicle/driver) parar(vehicle/driver) detenerseI stopped to ask a policeman the way — paré para pedirle indicaciones a un policía
- stop, thief! — ¡al ladrón!
- stop or I'll shoot! — ¡alto o disparo!
- stop, police! — ¡alto, policía!
- stop right there — ¡alto ahí!
1.2(interrupt journey)(bus/train) parardoes this train stop at Reading? — ¿este tren para en Reading?
- let's stop here and have a rest — hagamos un alto / paremos aquí para descansar
- they stopped in a small village for the night — hicieron noche / pasaron la noche en un pueblecito
1.3(cease operating)(machine/clock/watch) pararsehas your watch stopped? — ¿se te ha parado el reloj?
- her breathing has stopped — ha dejado de respirar
- his heart has stopped — su corazón ha dejado de latir
2.1(cease, be discontinued)the rain has stopped — ya no llueve
- the pain/bleeding has stopped — ya no le (or me etc.) duele/sale sangre
- the noise stopped — dejó de oírse el ruido
- this squandering must stop — este derroche tiene que terminar
- production has stopped at the factory — la fábrica ha suspendido la producción
- production of this model has stopped — este modelo ya no se fabrica más
- Most of these outbreaks stop when people get away from the place where the illness started.
- The rain stopped as quickly as it had started and soon the track was dry again.
- Growth stops, and, as a result, the plant becomes more susceptible to such environmental pressures as drought and high temperature.
- The anticoagulated blood is then reinfused in the operating theatre during or shortly after surgical blood loss has stopped.
- Sometimes the recording stops in the middle of sentence: not a problem.
- Even if the 60 votes are not achieved, debate stops and the Senate proceeds with other business.
- If neither person feels that anything is being achieved, she adds, she will suggest that the sessions stop.
- If growth has stopped and you need the crop for hay, cut it soon to maintain as much quality as possible.
- When one becomes happy and content, development stops.
- Then the safety car came out for three laps and the race stopped.
- If she stepped out of her place and broke the formation, the weird ceremony would stop.
- The man slumped down and signalled for an inhaler so a medic was called, but the ordeal did not stop there.
- If applied to the scalp twice daily, it may produce some hair growth but is expensive and hair growth stops when treatment is stopped.
- Remember, your muscle growth stops when your protein does.
- She started to have more energy and the deterioration that the radiotherapy was causing in her mouth stopped.
- It is nothing more than barbaric and the sooner it stops the better.
- Most annual agricultural crops are determinate, and their growth stops once they reach physiological maturity.
- When most of the hydrogen is fused into helium, fusion stops and and gravity again takes over.
- It is important to note that there may be a window of opportunity for this adaptation to occur before growth stops.
- He was adamant he was going to speak or the meeting would stop.
2.2(interrupt activity)pararI think I'll stop for a while — creo que voy a parar un rato
- she never stops — no para un minuto
- you've done enough work for today: it's time you stopped — basta por hoy, ya has trabajado bastante
- I didn't stop to think — no me detuve a pensar
3coloquial(stay)quedarseI can't stop — no me puedo quedar
- won't you stop for supper? — ¿no te quieres quedar a cenar?
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