In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(not curved or wavy)(line/nose/stick/edge) recto(hair) lacio(hair) liso(road) recto(road) sin curvas(coat/skirt) rectoto walk in a straight line — caminar en línea recta
- keep your knees straight — no dobles las rodillas
- he walks with a straight back — camina muy erguido
- a straight left/right — un directo con la izquierda/derecha
- straight cylinders — cilindros en línea
- It is visible down a straight approach road for nearly half a mile.
- Other jackets and pants have a completely new and fuller body shape, where trousers are full, very long and straight and are worn loose at the waist.
- They come pleated in long styles as well as straight and swinging styles and skirt suits are back.
- Women wear a straight black skirt with a slit through which can be seen layers and layers of white lace.
- My hair was straight naturally, so I usually didn't do anything with it; I liked it the way it was.
- Denise reappeared, wearing a straight blue skirt, trying to compose herself but still looking very embarrassed.
- My hair was straight and hung about two inches over my shoulders; not long and shiny like my sister's locks.
- As a result, two of the remaining races will be divided to make up a six-race programme which will be staged entirely on the straight course.
- I'll be pedalling along, quietly making time along a fairly straight length of road, and be thinking to myself.
- This consisted of a white fitted shirt, a blue straight skirt which came just above the knee and a blue sweatshirt and tie.
- Once here, they invented straight roads, central heating, Latin lessons and a lasting tourist industry in Bath.
- Sally suggests putting together a pair of straight trousers with a biggish top and a belt slung around loosely.
- His hair was naturally straight and it ended at around his neck area.
- There are straight stretches and sharp bends and that is why there are so many fatalities on that road.
- As the bus pelts towards Paramaribo past scattered dwellings on a dead straight road, I'm reminded of home.
- He says because it is a long straight road motorists are ignoring the speed limit.
- Her hair was straight and had two braids that went from her temples to the back of her head.
- As a result, trails often meander instead of following straight courses.
- Her straight hair is tied in a ponytail and her eye shadow looks fresh.
- It appears he negotiated a corner but crashed as he turned onto a straight section of road.
- Her hair was naturally straight so there was no reason to brush it.
- She wore a straight black skirt that reached to the floor and a white blouse with silver buttons.
- What name is given to the effect that causes a straight stick to appear bent when we put part of its length under water?
- Martin had brought them back into the City via Westgate road again, because it was a nice straight route that he liked despite its ups and downs.
- The bride, given in marriage by her father Sean, looked radiant in a white satin, long sleeved straight dress, with a long train.
- We selected a basic straight skirt, but skirts this season have detailing you might want to consider.
- Kneel on all fours with arms straight and wrists in line with shoulders.
- Choose jackets, tailored suits and shirtwaist dresses with straight, classic cuts.
- The roads were straight and empty, and coconut trees still dominated the landscape.
- Her long, straight hair fell over her shoulders in a smooth curtain to her waist and framed her face with a startling effect.
- She was wearing a simple gray T-shirt and jeans that weren't flared, but weren't straight either.
- The waitresses wear authentic Thai clothes and look elegant in their long straight skirts and blouses in silks of every hue of the rainbow.
- After a quick survey of the room, she saw that she was one of a handful of women whose hair was straight rather than curly.
- I see a lot of girls in the media with beautiful faces and long, straight hair.
- In fact, almost the whole way from Kiev we encountered few cars along the wide, forest-lined, straight road.
- At the end of the straight section, the road bends to the right and appears to go down slightly.
- She was certainly pretty, with straight hair down to her lower back, perfectly brushed.
- I threw my head back and laughed, letting my long, straight hair fall down my back.
- With her thick, straight hair and tanned skin, she really could be Olivia's sister.
- Two cars start off at the same point on a straight highway facing opposite directions.
- Even when driving down a perfectly straight road, it is necessary to turn the steering wheel from time to time.
- Commuters are attracted to areas where house prices are still relatively low and the road is straight.
- The straight black skirt made her legs longer and her hips curvier; it showed her figure.
- Some wear navy printed straight skirts with embroidered shoes and embroidered scarves on their heads.
- I have naturally straight hair, but lately it started to curl more than I'd like it to.
- The road is now straight, a highway surrounded by farms and the occasional factory.
- There was apparently to be a return to popularity of the three-quarter tunic buttoning down the back and the straight skirt.
- She watched as the rain rinsed off Evelyn's layers of make-up and her straight hair became frizzy curls.
- The biggest problem with having thin, straight hair is its evident lack of volume.
- In the doorway stood a thin lady with straight hair to her shoulders.
- They wore satin dresses with scalloped bodices and straight skirts and carried cream and cerise roses.
- Some stylists are great with, say, thick full hair but have no idea how to do thin straight hair.
- There is a mistaken belief that it is a straight road, while in fact there is a slight bend.
- Police regard the village as a speeding hot spot because of the long, straight roads in the area.
- Newark Road is a long straight road so drivers can build up a lot of speed driving down it, so we need traffic-calming measures to slow them down.
- Opening the door he saw a young woman, the same age as Maggie, but with dark, straight hair, and dark eyes.
- What surprises me is how often they appear beside a straight piece of road.
- I have long, straight hair and I don't want it to be curly so please keep that in mind.
- The men wear their long straight hair in braids and wear blue ponchos and white pants.
- The girl on the left had straight hair, unlike the other girl's, which was wavy.
- She admits to feeling jealous of her younger brother's darker skin, thick straight hair and wide brown eyes.
- I have trouble finding jeans that have a straight leg and high waist.
1.2(level, upright, vertical)to be straight — estar derecho
- is this picture (hanging) straight? — ¿está derecho el cuadro?
- is my tie straight? — ¿tengo la corbata derecha / bien puesta?
- your tie isn't straight — llevas / tienes la corbata torcida
- In order to cast it, the arm has to be straight and the fingers flexed.
- She walked up to me and straightened the already straight collar of my tuxedo jacket.
- I dressed with care, making sure my tie was straight and my shirt-tail was tucked into my slacks.
- The black tie was straight and positioned perfectly, giving him an overall very professional appearance.
- His cherry-red bow tie was perfectly straight, his white shirt immaculately ironed.
- Taking a deep breath she checked her skirt was straight, brushed one strand of hair behind her ear and exhaled.
- Before each journey: check that the car seat straps are straight and properly adjusted to allow for the thickness of your child's clothes.
- Experienced masons keep their string lines taut to help them lay straight courses.
- At the end of the three-hour operation, his vertebral column looked straight.
- Your back should be reasonably straight and upright.
- The goal is to make your spine mostly straight and aligned while you rest.
- Even his tie, blown to one side by a slight wind, was back to its normal straight position.
2(in order)is my hair straight? — ¿tengo bien el pelo?
- I have to get / put my room straight — tengo que ordenar / arreglar mi cuarto
- I need a few days to put / set / get my affairs straight — necesito unos días para poner mis asuntos en orden
- if I pay for the coffees, we'll be straight — si pago los cafés quedamos / estamos en paz
- to get sth straight
- let's get this straight — a ver si nos entendemos
- you have to make sure you've got your facts straight — tienes que asegurarte de que la información que tienes es correcta
- I went to see the boss to set the record straight — fui a ver al jefe para aclarar las cosas
- just to set the record straight, I never actually said that — que conste que yo nunca dije eso
- to put / set sb straight about sth — aclararle algo a algn
- I soon put him straight — enseguida le aclaré las cosas
3.1(direct, clear)(refusal/denial) rotundo(refusal/denial) categóricothe proposal met with a straight rejection — la propuesta fue rechazada de plano
- it's a straight choice between buying a car or going on holiday — la alternativa es clara: o compramos un coche o nos vamos de vacaciones
- this is a straight borrowing from an earlier work — esto está sacado directamente de una obra anterior
- I made $20,000 straight profit — saqué 20.000 dólares limpios de beneficio
- she's on straight commission — trabaja solo a comisión
- to vote straight Democrat — votar a los demócratas para todos los cargos
- it's a straight fight — es un mano a mano
- she got straight A's — sacó sobresaliente en todo
- I have a lot of respect for him because he was always straight with me.
- But one thing I did notice: in interviews, Clarke is refreshingly good at giving a straight answer.
- But the people he deals with are all evasive to the point that he can't get a straight answer.
- A The straight answer is that it's possible, but very unlikely.
- On the issue of the replacement, the coach said it was not as simple as making a straight swap.
- They refused to give straight answers to many of his questions, often citing reasons of national security.
- They can't even explain why they wouldn't give me a straight answer.
- The younger woman kept silent, wishing her mother would just give her a straight answer for a change and stop lecturing.
- Italy usually leaves non-meat eaters with a straight choice between pasta and pizza.
- Rosemary asked him what the problem was but she could not get a straight answer from him.
- Whilst not everyone will agree with what he says, they will respect his conviction, his honesty and his straight talking.
- He was asked a very specific question and he gave a very straight answer to what the question was.
- It was straight, forthright and honest, and, once the situation was resolved, there were no grudges and no problems.
- Poor old George is really struggling because he always tries to give straight answers even when the truth is better left unsaid.
- People were straight with me that day, but suddenly I was fair game for the media.
- In both cases, a straight choice is being made between doing something and paying somebody else to do it for you while you do something more lucrative.
- They're the ones that people in the industry know and recognise as the straight journalism courses.
- A straight biography would have been a more obvious project to undertake.
- Disruption is inevitably compounded by having to rearrange the team to change positions and adjust tactics, rather than make a straight swap.
- I don't think that they gave a straight answer to any of the questions they were asked by either Brokaw or each other.
- Like the president, he believes in eye contact and straight talk.
- Long ago, I promised myself that I would always give my children a straight answer whenever they asked anything of me.
- He knew that he hadn't been exactly straight with David about the idea that he was dead.
- What we need is honesty and more straight talking about the choices we face as a country, about the real costs of what is proposed or the actual costs of the state's retreat.
- He said on Friday that if he had been given a straight choice between the Scotland job and the Leicester one, he would have taken the latter.
- For now it seems like a straight choice: pay more in tax for a better service for all, or pay more privately to ensure your personal health.
- It seems to me he was asked a very straight and simple question that he then chose to overly complicate.
- I wasn't going to be doing any watching so I thought it best to put it in simple, straight terms.
- The only way to truly find out why would be to ask all the coaches how they voted and even then it might be hard to get a straight answer.
- This time, the message was simple and straight: You too will grow old one day.
- If two teams end level for second place there will be a straight play-off.
- Sceptics point out that the poll only offered a straight choice between Whitehall and regional rule, and left out the option of more local control.
- In the eyes of our leaders there is a straight choice to be made by everyone.
- But give me a straight choice between this and the economics of the jungle that is fair trade, and I will choose the present system.
- But this is one time when no one should accept not getting a straight answer.
- By contrast, in the run-up to the war, he appeared to be straight, direct and sincere.
3.2(unmixed)(gin/vodka) soloI always have my Scotch straight — siempre tomo el whisky solo
- Grey and Flanagan nodded and watched as O'Hara proceeded to pour not just a shot, but a full glass of straight whisky.
- Five minutes later had me at the side of the school opening the bag and taking a huge gulp of straight vodka.
- By the age of 14 Annie was drinking straight vodka, smoking cannabis on a daily basis and almost never going to school.
- I didn't want to just order a beer - how classic - or a glass full of straight vodka.
- She orders straight vodka because she remembers a magazine ad that made it look crisp and tasty.
- Before he can order, a straight shot of whiskey is dropped in front of him.
- That makes it more difficult for employees to hide beer, wine, or straight liquor in a Styrofoam cup or shaded glass.
- Holding the bottle by the neck she took her first sip; it tasted of blackberries, but mostly of straight liquor.
- He said that since the shutdown, bartenders cannot serve straight alcohol.
- Vodka is always drunk straight, accompanied by pickled or salty food.
4(honest, frank)(question) directoall I want is a straight yes or no — lo único que quiero es que me digas que sí o que no, sin más
- you won't get a straight answer out of him — no conseguirás que te dé una respuesta clara
- I've been absolutely straight with you about the whole business — no te he ocultado nada del asunto
5(successive)he won in straight sets — ganó sin perder / sin conceder ningún set
- she's had five straight wins — ha obtenido cinco victorias consecutivas / al hilo
- this is the fifth straight day it's happened — este es el quinto día seguido que pasa
- a straight flush — una escalera de color
6.1(serious)(actor/play) dramático(play/actor) serio(composer) de música seria
- It's a great experience as there is a lot more latitude but I actually prefer dramas and straight thrillers.
- Without that it would be pretty drab and dull, like a straight play.
- You know, I was hired to be the straight woman for all these funny people.
- Trained at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art, Howard performed in straight plays on both sides of the Atlantic.
- It isn't every day a London theatre presenting a straight play gets an audience like this one seems to be attracting.
- The West End is also suffering from the lack of successful straight plays.
- It is a subject familiar to us from screwball farces, and one from which a straight drama could also be drawn.
- He had been seen in one variety programme, one straight play and once on the panel of ‘What's my line?’
- He has played comedy roles and straight roles and done voiceovers.
- This part of the film develops slowly, and is predominantly a straight drama.
- She saw her first straight play at the age of nine.
- Though the subject matter is somewhat similar, this is a straight drama, devoid of comic moments and Seventies retro.
6.2informal (conventional)convencionalstraight sex — relaciones sexuales convencionales
- The fact of the matter is that gay people are just like straight people.
- Now, it's not uncommon for straight people to benignly refer to gays as queer without offending anyone.
- The last event drew between 30 and 40 straight people, out of a crowd of about 150.
- We simply don't share any characteristics other than our sexuality, any more than straight people do.
- They were very good people and very straight, honest people.
- They're so straight, some of these people, that you can see how stressed they are when it comes to asking for cannabis.
- I spend most of my life in the company of straight people.
- Do heterosexuals make a conscious decision to be straight?
- Privileged straight people rarely ever believe you if you tell them that so many kids get kicked out for being gay.
- It's far too easy to grow up as a gay man convinced that the best thing all round is to be straight.
- That's what jealous straight people will do to spoil our happiness.
- It's ridiculous, because it doesn't work for straight people.
- But let's face it - straight people have the option to get married.
- As you'd expect, it's more common for people to think gay men are straight than vice versa and that's often happened to me.
- The fact is that gay people can serve their country just as bravely as straight people can, and thousands of them have.
- I don't usually tell people I'm straight when I'm in gay clubs; it seems bad manners, somehow.
- And gay people are no more immune to this accusation than are straight people.
- You know, it's a huge audience: a lot of straight people, a lot of teenagers, a lot of gay people, too.
- I'm sick of hearing homophobic straight people talking about fags.
- I mean, I love being me and part of that is being bi, and I presume straight people feel the same about their straightness.
- In the meantime, Gray was working hard to convince a straight person in her life that it was OK to attend.
- My children have grown up seeing no difference between gay and straight people.
- We had a whole bunch of straight people, who felt just as much a part of the night as anyone else.
- They are straight, decent guys; unassuming and happy to take whatever slings and arrows are on the pitch.
- I don't really care what it's called, but if non-religious straight people can get married, so should gays.
- One reader even suggested that an organization should be founded to encourage other straight people to do the same.
1(frankly)con franquezagive it to me straight, Meg, am I going to get better? — dímelo con franqueza, Meg ¿me voy a mejorar?
- she told him straight out — se lo dijo sin rodeos
2(honestly)are you playing straight with me? — ¿estás jugando limpio conmigo?
- to go straight
- he swore he'd go straight — prometió que se reformaría / se enmendaría
- I'm going straight — me estoy portando bien
3(clearly)(think/see) con claridadI can't think straight — no puedo pensar claro / con claridad
4Teatro(play) de manera clásica
5(directly)directamenteI came straight home from work — vine directamente / derecho a casa después del trabajo
- she drank it straight from the bottle — se lo bebió directamente de la botella
- he looked like something straight out of a horror movie — parecía salido de una película de terror
- I joined the army straight from school — me alisté en el ejército en cuanto terminé el colegio
- they walked straight in — entraron sin llamar
6(immediately)I went out straight after dinner — salí inmediatamente después de cenar
- I regretted it straight afterwards — me arrepentí inmediatamente
- that music takes me straight back to my childhood — esa música me transporta a mi infancia
- I'll bring it straight back — enseguida lo devuelvo
- she said straight off she wasn't paying — dijo de entrada que ella no pagaba
- I'll come straight to the point — iré derecho / directamente al grano
- if you do that again, you go straight to bed — si vuelves a hacer eso, te vas derechito a la cama
- straight away
7(in a straight line)(walk) en línea rectathey live straight across from us — viven justo enfrente de nosotros
- she looked straight ahead/up — miró al frente/hacia arriba
- the truck was coming straight at me — el camión venía derecho / justo hacia mí
- I aimed straight for his heart — le apunté justo al corazón
- he made straight for the bar — se fue derecho al bar
- can you look me straight in the eye and tell me that? — ¿podrías decírmelo mirándome a la cara?
- keep/drive straight on until you come to the lights — sigue derecho hasta llegar al semáforo
- the bullet went straight through his arm — la bala le atravesó el brazo
8(erect)(stand/sit) derechosit up straight — ponte derecho
9coloquial(at fixed price)they sell at 50 cents straight — se venden todos a 50 centavos
(on race track)the straight — la recta
- to reach/enter the (final) straight — llegar a/entrar en la recta final
2(straight line)cut the material on the straight — corta la tela al hilo
4coloquial(conventional person)tipo convencional masculino coloquialtipa convencional femenino coloquial
5Juegosescalera femeninocorrida femenino México
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.