In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- In fact, ancient sumptuary laws, explaining exactly what objects were forbidden by church and state, were read from the Anglican pulpit until the 1860s.
- But sumptuary taxes, although sometimes prolific revenue producers, often fail in their intended function; when set high enough on a commodity to deter legal sale, they are evaded on the black market.
- The sumptuary legislation that had once guaranteed the accurate display of social rank for both men and women under the Old Regime gave way to a more implicit code of masculine sameness and female difference.
- There is evidence of the sheer silk called ‘tiffany’ often used for women's hoods, and of bone or bobbin lace, forbidden to common people in sumptuary laws, but displayed lavishly on the waistcoats and petticoats of merchant families.
- I call for legislating a mandatory sumptuary code strictly limiting persons licensed to wear them.
- My argument here is based on a sense of clothing's inability to signify depth, despite the attempts of sumptuary laws to fix clothing as a stable referent for identity.
- He also rejected the idea that governments need concern themselves with the drinking habits of poor people or have any business passing sumptuary laws to restrain how poor people dress.
- In the Middle Ages, aristocrats and clerics were protected by a panoply of rules and customs - sumptuary laws, for example - that separated them from the peons.
- Much like Western sumptuary laws, the intricate rules of ancestor worship were strictly enforced.
- Such magistracies ranged from feeding the homeless, enforcing sumptuary laws, protecting common lands, to protecting abused women, among other tasks.
- To his contemporaries he seemed subversive, robbing aristocracy of its sumptuary prerogatives.
- While some of the items in this burial are sumptuary, such as the beads and bone flute, the article described these items, including the small pot, as being placed with the infant rather than the adult female.
- The more covert and salacious these prints were, the more they were treasured by the general populace, who at such times were also frustrated by limits placed on their dress and behavior by strict sumptuary codes.
- Under Raffles and for some time afterward, ground rent was virtually the sole source of public revenue except for sumptuary taxes on opium and liquor.
- The next chapter shifts focus to define the ‘morality’ of color, investigating practices like sumptuary legislation, intended to control wearing apparel and facilitate easy distinction of social classes in public places.
- Ritual, extravagant traditional symbolism of rank and office, and elaborate sumptuary legislation soon appeared.
- Trade was controlled through feudal guilds, and detailed sumptuary regulations governed the lives of all social classes.
- What, in particular, was the diet of national leaders who introduced sumptuary laws, to prevent extravagant expenditure on food and wine?
- The Texas statute is sumptuary law that has no value in jurisprudence or society.
- Puritan settlers abided by English sumptuary laws that prohibited extravagance and regulated clothing styles according to trade, rank, and wealth.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.