In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(from one side to the other)porshe came in through the door — entró por la puerta
- look through the window — mira por la ventana
- it fell through that hole — se cayó por ese agujero
- it went right through the wall — atravesó la pared de lado a lado
- the current flows through the circuit — la corriente fluye a través del circuito
- to hear/feel sth through sth — oír/sentir algo a través de algo
- she peered through the keyhole — miró por el agujero de la cerradura
- he was shot through the head — le pegaron un balazo en la cabeza
- he was unable to breathe through his nose — no podía respirar por la nariz
- the truck crashed through the barrier — el camión se llevó la barrera por delante
- they struggled on through the crowd — siguieron abriéndose paso entre la multitud
- the chair flew through the air — la silla voló por los aires
- he strolled through the town center — paseó por el centro de la ciudad
- we drove through Munich — atravesamos Munich
- we sailed through the Suez Canal — pasamos por el Canal de Suez
- we searched through her belongings — registramos sus pertenencias
- she glanced through the magazine — hojeó la revista
1.2(past, beyond)to be through sth — haber pasado algo
- we're through the preliminary stages already — ya hemos pasado las fases iniciales
2.1(in time)we worked through the night — trabajamos durante toda la noche
- she won't live through the night — de esta noche no pasa
- she slept through the entire lecture — durmió durante toda la conferencia
- half-way through his speech — cuando iba (or vaya etc.) por la mitad del discurso
- she helped him through a difficult period — le ayudó a superar un período difícil
- after everything we've been through together — después de todo lo que hemos pasado juntos
- through the centuries — a través de los siglos
- I can't sit through another two-hour sermon — no puedo aguantar otro sermón de dos horas
2.2US (until and including)Tuesday through Thursday I stay in New York — de martes a jueves me quedo en Nueva York
- offer good through May 31 — oferta válida hasta el 31 de mayo
- October through December — desde octubre hasta diciembre inclusive
3(by)she spoke through an interpreter — habló a través de un intérprete
- I heard about it through a friend — me enteré a través de / por un amigo
- through his help I eventually found an apartment — gracias a su ayuda / mediante su ayuda finalmente encontré un apartamento
- through no fault of her own — sin tener culpa alguna
- it happened through carelessness — ocurrió por falta de cuidado
1(from one side to the other)come through, please! — ¡pasen, por favor!
- the train sped through without stopping — el tren pasó a toda velocidad sin parar
- he barged through — pasó dando empujones
- we're just traveling through — estamos de paso
- the sun came through — salió el sol
- the red paint shows through — se nota la pintura roja que hay debajo
2(in time, process)we worked through without a break — trabajamos sin parar para descansar
- she's never played the piece through — nunca ha tocado toda la pieza (desde el principio hasta el final)
- all night through — durante toda la noche
3.1(completely)wet/soaked through — mojado/calado hasta los huesos
1Transporte(train/route) directothrough traffic — tráfico de paso masculino
- So why is Council so determined to redevelop Junction St as a through road for heavy trucks?
- Overnight Marlborough lost much of the through traffic on which many of its businesses depended.
- Modernisation of the beach will include stopping through traffic to Blackgate Road.
- The whole idea of this is to facilitate the easy movement of through traffic and allow the town to flourish.
- The first through train leaves at 8:45.
- Through trains for returning holidaymakers will run from most holiday centres on July 3.
- This poses problems both for through traffic as well as for vehicles waiting to turn.
- Stockton Lane in Grappenhall will be closed to through traffic for about four months.
- Where did all the through traffic go when the park was shut during the foot and mouth crisis?
- This means that the car threads through traffic with ease and overtakes dawdlers in a flash.
- The proposed scheme is for a flyover to separate local and through traffic at the roundabout.
- Through trains from Hull to Manchester Airport will run as far as Manchester Piccadilly.
- Why can't they open the gates so those who want to use the park for recreation can get in and close it to through traffic?
- Ask anyone in Settle if they enjoy a sandwich at the Naked Man with the roar of polluting through traffic.
- More conventional routes are closed to through traffic by overflowing cardboard boxes.
- Surely there should be a few through trains from Bromley North.
- Here the right-turning traffic on to Kings Avenue is as great as through traffic.
2coloquial(finished)aren't you through yet? — ¿no has terminado aún?
- as a journalist, you're through — como periodista, estás acabado
- to be through with sb/sth — haber terminado con algn/algo
- I'm through with her/him — he terminado con ella/él
- when I'm through with you — cuando haya terminado contigo
- are you through with the atlas? — ¿has terminado con el atlas?
- to be through (with) -ing
- I'm through trying to be nice to you — no pienso seguir tratando de ser amable contigo
- She just left him, said she was through with him and disappeared.
- If you can't do this, you and I are through as of this second!
3BritanicoTelecomunicacionesyou're through! — ¡hable!
- we're through to Madrid — nos han conectado con Madrid
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.