- In some cases, such as when the swollen epiglottis blocks the windpipe, a tracheostomy may be performed.
- Longer-term help with breathing may require a tracheotomy.
- Seventeen of the patients had a tracheostomy for airway obstruction.
- In severe problem patients a tracheotomy or surgical opening (temporary or permanent) above the Adams apple is needed.
- All tracheotomies were operative tracheotomies, and no percutaneous dilatational tracheostomies were performed.