In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(rotation)vuelta femeninogive it another turn — dale otra vuelta
- a quarter/half turn — un cuarto de vuelta/media vuelta
- the meat was done to a turn — la carne estaba hecha a la perfección
- And that meant an extra turn of the screw in the Battle of the Church Chimes.
- Now it just the turn of key or the flick of a switch that gets us on our daily journey.
- I need to make at least a 90-degree shoulder turn on the backswing.
- I turned it in my hand, gave the flint wheel a turn and the flame came to life.
- The answer is likely to depend on the political turn of the screw.
- As I put the key in the lock for the final turn, my mother asked me if I was sad.
- The engine stirred after the third turn of the key, emitting the guttural gurgle of a badly tuned rally car.
- The turn of a key in the lock makes me jerk away from my heavenly memory and into my brutal reality.
- Each of these turns of the wheel was accompanied by fear, persecution, suspicion, and anxiety.
- A quick turn of the steering wheel ran the car into two barrels filled with sawdust.
- Lower the ram a bit and screw the seating stem down three or four turns.
- Well, look at this term as a new turn of the wheel from which you could gain.
1.2(change of direction)vuelta femeninogiro masculino[ S ]no left turn — prohibido girar / doblar / torcer a la izquierda
- He hears the squeaky wheel of a grocery cart behind him and turns.
- Jurors continued along the track, with Mr Latham pausing to point out a site where a car would have been able to make a three-point turn.
- It was called Snap because whenever a marcher turns, pivots, or stops he or she literally must be so quick about that it seems like they literally snap into place.
- Manouvere-wise I can do a three-point turn but the car growls at me when I'm reversing and I don't like it.
- It can even increase brake pressure on the outside wheels when braking in turns.
- Adrian made a sharp turn with his wheel and got around Aziza, leaving her.
- I found I could make quick turns without that uneasy feeling that the vehicle could roll over.
- Take two sharp left turns, forgetting wife's advice that sharp turns may indeed cause car sickness.
- Again, the owner will probably get dizzy doing all these pivots and turns, but it's important to keep at it.
- There are the car races and hand-brake turns, not forgetting the obligatory ghetto blaster.
- Then he made a right-angled turn, taking his four-wheel-drive vehicle out over bumpy grass.
- We did hand brake turns and skids in an unbelievable ten minutes of driving, by a man who has been behind the wheel of rally cars for the past 13 years.
- If it's a driving test you'd probably be better off concentrating on your three-point turn.
- As you can see from the picture, there is not even any room to do a three-point turn, never mind a high speed stunt!
- German Stefan Zoll livened up proceedings for the last half-hour with a few fancy turns and swivels but his remarkable failure to pass did little to aid Pickering's quest for a goal.
- He claimed that he was making a three-point turn when Mr Darlington went in front of his car.
- You wouldn't know where to start with a three-point turn if you had not been taught how to and had a go by yourself.
- I had aced my emergency stop and my hill start, and we were on our way to do a three-point turn.
- She gave an exasperated sigh as she turned the steering wheel to the right to make a turn.
- We're going to make a left turn or a right turn, a complete turn right now.
1.3(bend, turning)curva femeninotake the next left/right turn — agarre la próxima a la izquierda/derecha América Latina
- The opening has signalled a turn of the tide for unionism in Australia.
- Although it boasts the twists and turns of a single track road, it could have reached the same destination by motorway.
- We had to wait until next day and the turn of the tide to conduct the first dive on our newest wreck.
- This week marks the return of an old friend, who comes to us now at the turn of the tide.
- On a tight slalom course, we found it stable under power but a trifle squirrelly under hard braking into a turn.
- But the last two games have been pretty dire, and we are all fervently hoping that tomorrow we will see the turn of the tide!
- She had memorized the twists and turns of the path she took now.
- At 56 feet long the vehicle should have had a struggle to negotiate twists and turns - but the sharpest of bends was taken with ease.
- But when they see the accuracy of the position, we will see the turn of the tide.
- On the second day the action again tailed off much beyond the turn of the tide.
- She imagined how charming it would be to meet a handsome young man around the turn of the path.
- Then, as they approached the left-hand turn, he tried to get ahead, clipping the Ferrari.
- The image shows a straight road ahead with no turns flanged by cryptic road signs jutting out at strange angles.
- The road is filled with plenty of twists, turns and curves.
- They have to be hauled during the turn of the tide, when the water flow is at a minimum.
- I know the road well so I know exactly where night-time leaves its sharp twists, turns and blind bends.
- However, the tide of the war takes a precipitous turn, forcing Riley and his commanders to take drastic measures.
- Nature speaks at the tide's turn, when all that drifts is gathered, going round again.
- Kenny kept leading them around twists and turns and crazy bends in the road before they finally pulled up to a beautiful three-story house.
- Parenting, in all of its stages, is a path with mythic twists and turns - a spiritual adventure of the highest order.
- What's more certain is that when it comes to understanding knots, the road ahead almost certainly has more twists and turns.
- When we entered the city, it was all lit up with bright lights and the roads had many twists and turns.
- That daunting task was made worse by plentiful leanings, curves, twists and turns.
- This new circuit will allow for the testing of braking system performance in snow and ice conditions on sharp corners and twisty turns.
- Rogul led them through a maze of twists, turns, and secret passages.
- This path has taken many curves and turns and at every point when there is a crossroad, something propels me in the right direction.
- Sabrina went through twists and turns of the secret passage way.
- The distance is less than seven miles as the crow flies, but is 13 miles by water, because of the twists and turns of the river.
- With 73 turns and a rise and fall of 975 feet, almost every conceivable dynamic suspension condition is encountered each lap.
1.4(change, alteration)a turn in the weather — un cambio en el tiempo
- they were worried by the turn of affairs — les preocupaba el cariz que estaban tomando las cosas
- this dramatic turn of events — este dramático giro de los acontecimientos
- events took an unexpected turn — los acontecimientos dieron un giro inesperado
- to take a turn for the better — empezar a mejorar
- to take a turn for the worse — empeorar
- a turn-of-the-century house — una casa de finales de siglo
- to be on the turn — estar cambiando de color
2.1(place in sequence)whose turn is it? — ¿a quién le toca?
- I think it's my/your turn — creo que me toca (el turno) a mí/te toca (el turno) a ti
- you've had your turn — a ti ya te ha tocado
- you've been playing with it for ages: I want a turn! — hace un rato largo que estás jugando con él, ahora déjame a mí / me toca a mí
- you miss a turn next — tú la próxima vez no juegas
- you'll have to wait your turn — vas a tener que esperar que te toque (el turno)
- turn at sth
- it's your turn at the wheel — te toca a ti manejar
- turn to + inf
- whose turn is it to pay? — ¿a quién le toca pagar?
- she waited her turn to speak — esperó que le tocara (el turno de) hablar
- your turn will come — ya te tocará a ti
3.1(purpose)this map will serve our turn — este mapa nos servirá
- the alliance has served its turn — la alianza ha cumplido su cometido
4.1(bout of illness, disability)he had a funny turn — le dio un ataque (or un mareo etc.)
4.2(nervous shock)susto masculinoyou gave me quite a turn — me diste un buen susto
6(stroll, ride)paseo masculinovuelta femeninoto take a turn in the fresh air — dar un paseo / una vuelta al aire libre
7Finanzasjobber's turn — comisión del agente / corredor femenino
- The turn most likely reflects rising import prices, a result of the dollar's drop.
- Nearly all market turns show divergences between price and technical indicators such as momentum.
1.1(to rotate)(wheel/handle/knob) (hacer) girarshe turned the wheel to the left — hizo girar / giró el volante hacia la izquierda
- he turned the key in the lock — hizo girar la llave en la cerradura
- When you open up previously inaccessible areas by turning a lever or depressing a block, the camera unlocks its view from the character.
- He lay in bed, feeling better and just waiting for the gears in his body to start turning and working once again.
- To tighten the chain, first loosen the two nuts that hold the bar, then turn the screw clockwise.
- The most striking design element of the atrium is the circular stair that turns 180 degrees between floors.
- Before Copernicus, medieval scholars solemnly concluded that the Earth couldn't possibly be moving and turning.
- Inside, a large circular stone is rapidly turning and grinding dried corn kernels into flour, using only the power of the running water.
- He waits several minutes before at last strolling toward the door, turning the knob clockwise and stepping through quietly.
- I was saddened to find sloppiness in the steering, so that at low speeds one has to nudge the wheel rather than turn it.
1.2(to set, to regulate)to turn sth to sth
- turn the knob to 'hot' — ponga el indicador en 'caliente'
- he turned the oven to a lower temperature — bajó la temperatura del horno
- The horse gave the man one last fleeting glance before turning his head towards the direction of the forest and breaking into a gallop.
- During the mating season, birds' attention turns toward nesting.
- We have to turn our minds and attention to the serious challenge about what to do about social conditions.
- She suddenly felt like she was going in a wrong direction and she turned her head and ran smack into a corner.
- After William's death, Mrs. Morel turns her love and attention to Paul.
- The scene between Kimberly and Gaines, where she tries to attract attention by beating on the windows and he lazily turns the gun towards her, was a nice moment.
- Now he is turning his hand to directing a feature film for the first time.
- If you're like me and your attention is starting to turn toward home, this issue offers plenty of ideas.
- I hopped up quickly, cautiously moving around, rolling my eyes in every direction, turning my head every which way.
- Once May Day is over, direct activists are to turn their attentions to a huge arms exhibition at the end of the summer.
- The old man turns his gaze directly across the street.
- Eventually, Zem turned his gaze upward, to the stars, thinking.
- Several curious onlookers turn their heads towards the direction of the laughter.
- On close inspection, you will see that butterflies have very large eyes, allowing them to see in every direction without turning their heads.
- After a week like no other, people turned a sad, wary eye skyward on their way to work.
- The appearance of a comet attracted Harriot's attention and turned his scientific mind towards astronomy.
- At this, Colby turned his gaze upward in thought.
- I turned my gaze upward, trying to concentrate on something else.
- She scoffed his direction as she turned her head toward her sandwich once more.
- Afraid to look in her direction now, he sat up slowly and turned his back toward her.
2.1(to change the position, direction of)(head) volver(head) voltear Río de la Plata América Latinashe turned her back on them — les volvió / les dio la espalda
- she turned her eyes heavenward — volvió los ojos al cielo
- all eyes were turned on him — todas las miradas estaban puestas en él
- the nurse turned her onto her side — la enfermera la puso de lado
- she turned her desk to face the window — corrió / puso el escritorio de cara a la ventana
- nothing could turn the torpedo from its course — nada podría desviar al torpedo de su trayectoria
- a TV set stood with the screen turned to the wall — había un televisor con la pantalla vuelta / mirando hacia la pared
- can you turn the screen more this way? — ¿puedes poner la pantalla más para este lado?
- this turned her career in a new direction — esto dio un nuevo rumbo a su carrera
- With a sweeping motion, he turns me to my side and pushes the top of my body backwards, draping it over his arm.
- Our perceptions too of Gilbert and Sullivan are turned upside down, or perhaps right side up.
- I found myself turning a box of cards around so the Virgin Mary wouldn't have to witness me buying skeleton candy.
- That same poll also depicted a city whose demographics had been turned upside down.
- Now turn the pocket right side out through the opening you left in the seam at the top.
- My world had been turned upside down and I feared that it would never be right again.
- Will changes in tournament format and a move to the sport condition turn your regular game upside down?
- The world, as the traditionalists see it, has been turned almost completely upside down.
- Life in America was turned upside down by the Wall Street Crash of October 1929.
- Andy snorted again, turning the rag a different direction.
- Alex turned the paper several different ways, trying to figure out which way was up.
- Bobby joined him not long after, having failed to market circular beach towels that did not need to be turned as the sun moved.
- Do up all buttons, snaps, zippers, etc. before washing and turn the garment inside out.
- The player turns the other two cards face down, and places the chosen card face up.
- He displays the paired canvases side by side or one above the other, though he may add a twist by turning one of them 180 degrees.
- My whole life has been turned upside down and I just don't know what to do or think anymore.
2.2(to direct, to apply)to turn sth to sth
- turn your attention to your work — concéntrate en tu trabajo
- I turned my mind to more pleasant thoughts — me puse a pensar en cosas más agradables
- she turned her interest to politics — volcó su interés hacia la política
- the administration has turned its efforts to … — la administración ha dirigido sus esfuerzos a …
- they turned the situation to their own profit — utilizaron la situación para su propio provecho
- the money has been turned to good use — el dinero ha sido destinado a un buen fin
- When film journalists turn to book writing, the result can be hilarious.
- More and more cricket players are turning to commentary and journalism.
- He studied psychology at the University of Leuven, before turning to theatre and film.
- Philips, also a Fox contract player, appeared in a few more films before turning to directing television.
- In the last few years of his life his interests turned to developing Shannon's ideas on information theory.
- All these success stories have got many Indian Americans turning to film production, with finances in place or not.
3.1(to reverse)(mattress/omelette) darle la vuelta a(mattress/omelette) voltear Cono Sur América Latina(omelette/mattress) dar vuelta Cono Sur(page) pasar(page) volver(page) dar vuelta Cono Sur(soil) remover(soil) voltear Cono Sur América Latina(soil) dar vuelta Cono Surshe turned the card face down — puso / volvió la carta boca abajo
- she sat turning the pages of a magazine — estaba sentada hojeando una revista
- Conscientious readers will find it slow going unless they overcome the constant temptation to turn to the references section.
- It turns a very sad page in the history of this government.
- As soon as the first page has been turned the author's shock tactics come out in full force.
- She turned a few more pages until she came across some recipes for low fat treats.
- You can not help but turn each and every page in succession, until you reach the end.
- The page had to be turned, he argued, in the interests of the nation.
- The romantic comedy takes flight, and it is hard to put the book down until the last page has been turned.
- He turned a few more pages and saw a pic of him and Emily which was taken at the Bacchanalia.
- If he had turned one more page, he would have seen all of the drawings I had done of him.
- I turned a few more pages, seeing the cast of characters and a few more illustrations.
- For more information on how you can help these charities, turn to page 2, or you can fill out the form in the Concern advert on this page.
3.2(execute)to turn a somersault — hacer una voltereta
4.1(to go around)(corner) dar la vuelta a(corner) dar vuelta Cono Sur
4.2(with numbers, to pass)she's just turned 30 — acaba de cumplir (los) 30
- it's just turned five o'clock — acaban de dar las cinco
5.1(to tip out, to transfer)to turn sth into/onto sth
- turn the mixture into an ovenproof dish — vierta la mezcla en una fuente de horno
- turn the cake onto a plate — invierta el pastel sobre un plato
5.2(to send away, to expel)to turn sb onto the street/out of the house — echar a algn a la calle/de la casa
- I couldn't simply turn him from my door — no le podía volver la espalda
- I turned a lot of junk out of the cellar — saqué una cantidad de cachivaches del sótano
6.1(to transform)volverthe shock turned her hair white — el susto la encaneció
- to turn sth to/into sth — transformar / convertir algo en algo
- time has turned resentment to bitter hatred — el tiempo ha transformado el resentimiento en un odio amargo
- they've turned the place into a pigsty! — ¡han puesto la casa (or la habitación etc.) como una pocilga!
- the leftovers can be turned into soup — con las sobras se puede hacer sopa
- she turned him into a frog with her magic wand — lo convirtió en un sapo con su varita mágica
- Once the weather turned ugly for the final 15 minutes, Fremantle had no hope.
- I was gripping the steering wheel so hard that my knuckles had turned white.
- His green eyes once again turned to ice, so penetrating but empty of emotion.
- While nationwide blackouts should be avoided, however, localised blackouts are likely if the weather turns severe.
- If the weather turns dry raise the height of cut to prevent browning and scorching of the grass.
- Artemis simply smiled at her and she could see his face turn a slight pink colour, this made her giggle.
- On Saturday and Sunday I managed to sit in the glorious sunshine and turn a delightful pink colour, but that has now gone to a dark olive brown.
- Just when my bikini arrives in the mail, the weather turns cold.
- With the weather turning colder, homes will have bought heating oil in large quantities.
- We walked slowly towards my campus, when the conversation turned in the last direction I wanted it to.
- Dr Harding advised elderly people not to go out if the weather turns as cold as predicted.
- Lately he has taken up the war on cockroaches as the weather turns warmer.
- With the weather turning wet and decidedly cold, children and adults alike need indoor pastimes to keep the blues away.
- He knew his face had more than likely turned a deep red colour, but he tried not to seem put off by this.
- The crowd had turned ugly, and the police tried to stop him.
- It is good for a bit of a chuckle if the weather turns nasty this weekend.
- This engaging picture book tells the story of a monster who is so ugly that when he looks at a blue sky the weather turns foul.
- The rewards are so great these days, and guys are under pressure to turn pro earlier rather than later.
- Beef prices in this country are down a third, and the weather has turned sour.
- He walked down the street just as the slight drizzle turned into a moderate downpour.
6.2(to make sour)(milk) agriar
6.3(to confuse)(mind) trastornar
7.1(to shape)(on lathe) tornear(on potter's wheel) hacer
- He will turn wood on a lathe and tend the museum's medieval garden, which has plants for household, culinary and medicinal use.
- In 1993, at the age of 81, Gunnar made himself a wood lathe specifically to turn spheres.
- When Jonathan was 12, he started turning wood on a lathe.
7.2(in knitting)(heel) formar
7.3(to formulate)a well turned phrase — una frase elegante / pulida
8(to make)(profit) sacar
- To fill in spare time, he was devising new odds calculation programmes for football matches, which were turning him a neat profit.
- The show cost its investors a socking outlay of $14m, but within 14 months they started turning a sinfully large profit.
9EEUUComerciodarle salida a
1(to rotate)(wheels/handles) girar(handles/wheels) dar vuelta(s)the key turned easily in the lock — la llave giró fácilmente en la cerradura
- it made my stomach turn — me revolvió el estómago
- the earth turns on its axis every 24 hours — la Tierra gira sobre su eje cada 24 horas
- my head was turning — todo me daba vueltas
2.1(to face in a different direction)(person) volverse(person) darse la vuelta(person) voltearse Cono Sur América Latina(person) darse vuelta Cono Surhearing her name, she turned — al oír su nombre se dio vuelta Cono Sur
- she turned to face the audience — se volvió de cara al público
- he turned onto his side — se volvió / se puso de lado
- left/right turn! — ¡media vuelta a la izquierda/derecha!
- Finn hadn't noticed that I was awake by now, so I just enjoyed my present position before turning around to face him.
- Gia turned from her crouched position and took in the features of the man lying on the table.
- Slowly his body turned and he took a step forward, followed by another and then another.
- The man turns around from his position and looks down upon the face of the woman below him.
- He turned so his body was toward me and put an elbow on the tabletop, his head in his hand, propping it up.
- Watch people turn round to see what's on.
- She quickly turned again to see nothing… again.
- The figure reacted as if she had transformed into a ghost, turning away and moving back in the direction they had come with considerably more speed than they had used in their approach.
- With a twist of his body, Vince turned so that his left leg was now resting on top of the broken wall of stone.
- Then he said the car turned towards the pavement but the driver appeared to change her mind at the last minute.
- As if out of body, he turned and picked her up, idly stroking her head before setting her on the ground.
- Tim frowned, then shook his head and gritted his teeth, turning down a different street, changing direction.
- Popo turned, and saw his black car turning left, headed towards one of the main exit highways.
- They turned round once more towards Holme and drove slowly back to the spot.
- I opened my eyes and forced my body to turn just in time to stop myself from landing on my stomach.
- Giving a fleeting look at his mother in the car, he turned and walked towards the dorms.
- With in-flight turns, first move your eyes in the direction the aircraft is turning - then follow with your head.
- Give us your take on St. Petersburg as a whole and the first time ever that the IndyCar Series cars turned both right and left.
- I shook my head, turning away from the body that she held limply.
- The way the shape of her body changed as she turned and walked away.
- Chris brought himself to a sitting position and gasped, turning around to see her facing him.
- My hips and body are turning faster, which knocks my timing out.
- He turned and used his body as a barrier between her and the ball, moving from side to side to try and get around her.
- Giles froze and listened to Wes as he gave directions to Gunn to turn the boat and head back to shore.
- He turned from his position at the window to see which one of the three it was this time.
- I went down to the end of the road and turned left in the direction of the newsagent.
- The taller, thinner Lewis moves haphazardly, turning here and there, unsure where to go.
- The robber stole cash before making off on foot and turning left in the direction of Braintree.
- The prey very soon learns that just running away from the predator as fast as it can is doomed to failure, whereas turning randomly to move in a zig-zag fashion is much more successful.
- The beast turned a different way and tore up the hallway, many screams following.
- She led him to the edge of the pool then turned around so her body was against his.
- He's very effective as a receiver if he has time to get his body turned downfield after the catch.
- She bent down, picked up her cloak, and wrapped it back around her body before turning around.
- She easily rotates her body, turning so she isn't vertical anymore, but horizontal, facing me and on all fours, her claws dug into the wood and drawing sap.
2.2(to change course, direction)the army then turned north — entonces el ejército cambió de rumbo, dirigiéndose al norte
- we turned for home — cambiamos de rumbo / nos volvimos, emprendiendo el camino a casa
- the ship began to turn — el barco empezó a virar
- there is no room for cars to turn — no hay lugar para que los coches den vuelta
- the truck turned into a side street — el camión se metió en una calle lateral
- they turned left out of Franklin Avenue — giraron / doblaron a la izquierda al salir de la avenida Franklin
- to turn left/right — girar / doblar / torcer a la izquierda/derecha
- the tide is turning — está cambiando la marea
- the wind has turned — el viento ha cambiado de dirección
2.3(to curve)(roads/rivers) torcer
3.1(to become)his face turned red — se le puso la cara colorada
- things were turning nasty — las cosas se estaban poniendo feas
- her triumph turned sour overnight — el éxito se le agrió de un día para el otro
- her hair had turned gray — había encanecido
- he turned professional — se hizo profesional
- Geoffrey Wright, naturalist turned politician — Geoffrey Wright, naturalista convertido en / vuelto político
3.2to turn into(to be transformed)convertirse enwater turns into steam — el agua se convierte / se transforma en vapor
- she's turned into a real beauty — se ha puesto preciosa
- the weeks turned into months and … — las semanas se hicieron meses y …
3.3(to change)(weather/luck) cambiar
3.4(to change color)(leaves) cambiar de color
- It sounds utterly inappropriate as the leaves turn, night draws in and Wales floods.
- The leaves are beautiful and turning, but if you are stupid and young you can still go out without a jacket.
- If I see plants with yellowing foliage I have to stop and ask myself why the leaves are turning.
- There is a precious week here in the north, when the leaves have turned and have not yet been shredded by the wind, and this is it.
- Most pruning should be done after the leaves turn, indicating that the plant is dormant.
- Soon the leaves will turn and the ground will be ablaze with autumn's botanical fire.
- Autumn was only just around the corner but the leaves weren't turning yet and the weather still felt like summer.
- I find joy, not in the material things, or not in achievements, but just the fact that I got to see the sun shine or the leaves are turning.
- The weather cools down, the leaves turn, there are new shows on Broadway, sweaters and coats in the shops.
- Go away from the city, sail the seas, and not a leaf would have turned by the time you are back.
- But when the air cools and the leaves turn, you yearn for something a bit more grown-up.
- No frost yet, so the leaves are not turning en masse; instead there has been a long succession of lovely sunny days and blue skies.
- The leaves are turning, it is a beautiful scene.
- With summer now a memory, and the leaves beginning to turn, its time to prepare to put your boat away for the winter.
- I thought about flying then decided that it would be a good thing to go on a road trip in the Mini in the early Autumn, when the leaves are starting to turn.
- At Brangayne Vineyard, the leaves on the poplars are turning and there's a sharp edge of autumn in the air.
- Leaves are turning and are providing us with a beautiful last blast of colour before they fall and disintegrate into a sodden mush of brown.
- Give the tree a good top prune in early autumn, just as the leaves are starting to turn and before it gets cold.
- We will even see leaves start to turn - they will have to, with nights as cool as those we've had.
- As fall comes, and the leaves turn and swirl in colorful whirlwinds, we eagerly look forward to it.
3.5(to go sour)(milk) agriarse
4(pages, when reading)turn to page 19 — abran el libro en la página 19
- turn back a couple of pages — vuelvan atrás un par de páginas
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