In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(in questions)quéwhat's that? — ¿qué es eso?
- what caused the accident? — ¿qué causó el accidente?
- what's upstairs/in the cupboard? — ¿qué hay arriba/en el armario?
- what's the problem/his address? — ¿cuál es el problema/su dirección?
- what is 28 divided by 12? — ¿cuánto es 28 dividido (por) 12?
- what's 'I don't understand' in Russian? — ¿cómo se dice 'no entiendo' en ruso?
- what do you do? — I'm a teacher — ¿usted qué hace / en qué trabaja / a qué se dedica? —soy maestro
- what do you mean? — ¿qué quieres decir?
- what are you referring to?, (formal) to what are you referring? — ¿a qué se refiere?
- what did you pay? — ¿cuánto pagaste?
- what's the jacket made (out) of? — ¿de qué es la chaqueta?
- I threw it away — you did what? — lo tiré a la basura — ¿qué?
- what? — (expressing disbelief) ¿que qué?
- splendid weather, what? — un tiempo espléndido ¿no crees?
- what musician? he plays piano in a bar! — ¡qué músico ni que músico! ¡toca el piano en un bar!
- So what would your view be of the result, if members of staff are brave enough to use the present procedure?
- After an enormous amount of money and resources and judicial time what are we achieving?
- When it didn't bring up any helpful information she asked me what it was going to be used in.
- One wonders why they want this information, and what it is used for once they have it.
- That again is accepted, but the question remains, what is the amount of the benefit?
- So why do we have music festivals, what do they achieve and where can it all go wrong - or right?
- So what is your general view of the response by the MPS in relation to these cases?
- If he was a fool, what were those his folly whipped into orgies of vicious mockery?
- Back to the music, what can audiences in the south expect from Tony's current tour?
- It seemed to me the whole sticky question of what small children are prepared to eat needed testing.
- I have no idea what drove him to begin playing music, what siren song it used to make him devote his life to it.
- All I can ask is, what has happened to all that money and what has actually improved?
- If we did it in a normal car it would have been easier to do but what's the fun in that?
- How did you end up in the Music City and what are your thoughts on this musical milieu?
- Yes, it raises money for charity but what is really funny about sitting in baked beans?
- In some ways that's no bad thing - what else is dance music for if not to compel you to boogie?
- You could be run over by the car of bad luck tomorrow, and what will it all have been for?
- It was clear that Japan faced a remarkable opportunity: but what was to be done with it?
- Er, well excuse me, but what's left if those areas of your game aren't up to scratch?
- This information will be used to decide if you owe the money and what instalments you should pay.
2what's she like? — ¿cómo es?
- what does he look like? — ¿qué aspecto tiene?
- what's his new film like? — ¿qué tal es su nueva película?
- what's the weather like? — ¿cómo está el tiempo? ¿qué tiempo hace?
- what's the weather like in Peru? — ¿qué clima tiene Perú?
3.1(in indirect speech)quétell me what happened — dime qué pasó
- she knows what to do — ella sabe qué hacer
- guess what, I'm going to Paris! — ¿a que no sabes? ¡me voy a París!
- (I'll) tell you what: you pay for the food and I'll get the drinks — mira, tú pagas la comida y yo la bebida
- $50 worth of you know what — $50 de ya sabes qué
- No one expects us to win, so we just have to go out and give it our all, have a go at them and with a bit of luck who knows what we might achieve.
- Nevertheless, it is a lovely piece, and what I would have voted for if I had got round to it.
- Bigger and better seems the only way to view what's destined to become another best seller.
- Neither of these would be what we call fun but then, you know, it's not a fun situation.
- I just spoke to a Staff Nurse who was lovely and knew exactly what she was talking about.
- Some people make fun of you but what's beautiful is that most people are interested.
- They may not thank you for offering them a fun companion when what they really need is a mother.
- In order to understand people, we need to solicit their views or accounts of what they are doing.
- We tend to take a clear-cut view of what being a victim of crime entails, and who the victim is in every case.
- Part of what makes football fun is that we all have different ways of looking at things.
- Plants are dormant and deciduous ones will have lost their leaves so there is a clear view of what needs to be done.
- She would have wanted us all to be happy and to have fun so that is what we will do.
- Naturally we took the one which gave us the best view of what was going on.
- Well, I have to report it wasn't a very good end to what was actually a lovely holiday.
- She sees everything and communicates to the staff her clear views on what should be happening.
- And it was a fitting way to celebrate the start of what would become a remarkable reign.
- Adam says that the only thing remarkable about what he did was the speed at which he moved.
- Speakers will give their views on what the trust is doing well and where there is room for improvement.
- Of course, you need to build on your luck and that's what we aim to do against Coventry this weekend.
- These guys are taking all the fun out of what was once the most gloriously unpredictable of games.
3.2(relative use)lo quethey did what they could — hicieron lo que pudieron
- what I don't understand is why … — lo que no entiendo es por qué …
- what I did was (to) ask her — lo que hice fue preguntárselo
- what it is to be young! — ¡lo que es la juventud!
- I don't know and, what's more, I don't care — no lo sé y lo que es más, no me importa
1.1(in questions)quéwhat book are you reading? — ¿qué libro estás leyendo?
- what color are the walls? — ¿de qué color son las paredes?
- what parent would do that to his own child? — ¿qué (clase de) padre le haría eso a su propio hijo?
- what more does he want? — ¿qué más quiere?
1.2(in indirect speech)quéshe didn't know what language they were speaking — no sabía en qué idioma estaban hablando
1.3(all of the, any)what belongings they had were confiscated — les confiscaron todo lo que tenían
- what few hotels there were were full — los pocos hoteles que había, estaban llenos
- what little she owned, she left to her son — lo poco que tenía, se lo dejó a su hijo
2(in exclamations)quéwhat a surprise! — ¡qué sorpresa!
- what bad luck! — ¡qué mala suerte!
- what lovely eyes! — ¡qué ojos más / tan bonitos!
- what a friend you've turned out to be! — ¡valiente / vaya amigo has resultado ser tú!
- what a lot of people! — ¡cuánta gente!
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