In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(complete, perfect)(trust/confidence) absoluto(trust/confidence) plenowith absolute certainty — con absoluta / plena certeza
- the absolute truth — la pura verdad
- an absolute beginner — un principiante que no sabe absolutamente nada
- at the absolute maximum — (in an extremity, at the most) como máximo
- Those working on the project were sworn to absolute secrecy.
- Elizabeth stared after him in total and absolute shock.
- Claire decided the absolute silence from the crowd was better than what came next.
- To River's total and absolute horror, Adam's fingers caught and fastened around his neck.
- Claiming that anything is 100% is like claiming perfection, total knowledge, and absolute truth.
- The rest of us can readily vouch for him as a man of total and absolute integrity, a friend above reproach.
- Sometimes, absolute silence is the most satisfying sound.
- When I saw it, the entire audience left the theatre in absolute silence.
- Because, as the hatchway ground shut at the center of his dazed vision, something far more shocking took hold - a total and absolute silence.
- The investigators had to maintain absolute secrecy, so all those recordings were locked away until the day that they were able to make arrests of the dozens of suspects.
- The cardinals must take an oath when they first enter the conclave that they will abide by all rules set down by the Pope and that they will maintain absolute secrecy about the voting and deliberations.
- He was a scientist of absolute integrity and total dedication, with an incredible gift for efficiency.
- It can be absolute liberation or total repression.
- She talked between songs, explaining their origin - where, when, why and how she came up with them - and her soft voice was audible in the absolute silence of the theatre.
- The Minister has shown absolute disregard and displayed total indifference to the plight of people living in this area.
- He seemed to take all the light her eyes had picked up with him; the girl was left in total and absolute darkness.
- Wilkinson is a desperately complex person, driven by a need for absolute perfection and total control in his life.
- One afternoon I left Johnny working underneath the jeep and wandered out of sight to an open meadow where the silence was absolute.
- First, you need to have absolute passion and total belief in what you are trying to achieve.
- The children are taken under the wing of zany housekeeper Martha but rarely see their uncle, who demands absolute silence while he writes his book.
1.2totalit was an absolute disaster — fue un absoluto desastre / un desastre total
- absolute chaos/disaster — el caos/desastre más absoluto
- he's an absolute idiot — es un tonto redomado
- she gave me a look of absolute hatred — me lanzó una mirada de odio reconcentrado
- it's an absolute disgrace — es un escándalo
2.1(unconditional)(right) incuestionable(freedom/pardon) incondicional(pardon/freedom) sin condiciones(devotion/guarantee) absolutoit's an absolute necessity — es absolutamente imprescindible
- our decree became absolute — nos concedieron el divorcio por sentencia firme
2.2(having unlimited power)(monarch/rule) absoluto
- King and Queen were absolute monarchs, yet fallibly human.
- Captain Arthur Phillip, first governor of NSW, was practically the absolute ruler of the penal settlement.
- This is not to say that the good leader is an absolute autocrat.
- Cottret argues, for example, against the common characterization of Calvin as absolute ruler of Geneva.
- One reason why absolute monarchs in Europe in the seventeenth century required large standing armies was to defend their extensive borders.
- Catherine had innumerable lovers and did not find it contradictory to her enlightenment that she ruled Russia as an absolute autocrat.
- The Prince of Monaco was an absolute ruler until a constitution was promulgated in 1911.
- Nevertheless, even absolute monarchs or totalitarian dictators are constrained by forces beyond their control.
- He would govern in the interests of the people as an enlightened but absolute ruler.
- Philip had his advisors but he ruled as an absolute ruler and he was a firm believer in the divine right of kings - that God had appointed him as king and that as God could not make a mistake neither could Philip.
- The idea of an absolute monarch, imbued with the idea of his royal superiority, being disobeyed by his daughters and cast out into the cold, who comes to question the justice of his rule, was heady stuff.
- Sooner or later, even the most absolute monarchs or dictators would feel the need to confirm their right to power with a show of popular endorsement.
- The sceptics of antiquity lived under the rule of absolute emperors; those of the Renaissance under absolutist monarchs.
- Spain was ruled by an absolute monarch and was dominated by the church, whose Inquisition was still proscribing books and works of art.
- George II was the absolute ruler of a medium-sized German state, Hanover, as well as being the British sovereign.
- The old medieval concept of an absolute ruler imbued with divine authority was being challenged by the shifting economic reality and the monarchy was constantly being called on to justify itself.
- A great character: he's portrayed as being benign, a dictator, absolute ruler, yes, but beloved by his people.
- Under the Australian constitution, drawn up in 1901, the governor-general has the powers of an absolute dictator.
- We have to remember that territorial states in early modern Europe were governed by absolute monarchs who regarded the state as their property.
- They accepted, in other words, that the king of France was an absolute monarch who shared his power with nobody, and was only answerable to God for its exercise.
3(not relative)absolutoan absolute good — un bien absoluto
- in absolute terms — en términos absolutos
- absolute knowledge — conocimiento absoluto
- The evidence thus suggests that if income affects happiness, it is relative, not absolute, income that matters.
- There is a problem when governments try to impose their absolute moral standards on the whole of society, without taking into account people's individual circumstances.
- The right will no doubt point out that this is a comparison of relative, rather than absolute poverty.
- By this, we mean that even low rates of GNP growth can imply very big increases in the absolute level of real GNP over time.
- However, a useful estimate of the excess risk of a major extracranial bleed may be obtained indirectly by applying the proportional increase of about one half to the absolute risk of bleeding in that category of patients.
- Recently, however, informed opinion has shifted from an absolute contraindication to a cautious recommendation for the combination.
- The New York Daily News was similarly unimpressed, writing that ‘the real problem is its absolute absence of energy’.
- Should we seek absolute standards or more relative assessments of performance in an imperfect world?
- The European politicians who pushed it care less about absolute prosperity than relative prosperity.
- None of my opinions or misunderstandings work in absolute terms.
- It also allowed us to measure absolute differences in bleeding risks, which are essential for determining clinical relevance.
- It seems to me that what is really important in the recent poll figures on the New Hampshire primary is not the absolute numbers or the relative placing, but the graph of movement.
- What it means is that the star rating system is relative, not absolute.
- All wheat parameters we studied were unresponsive to blue light, so comparisons between relative and absolute blue light responses are not meaningful.
- Nowadays Butler appears to confound normative ideals with something more absolute.
- Relative to 2000, absolute room rates and occupancy levels have not declined by as much as in the London market.
- At 18 times historical earnings the FTSE, in my opinion, is still cheap in absolute terms.
- But the real issue was not so much the absolute size of the increment, but rather what the others in the Center got relative to oneself.
- Such awards seem excessive both by absolute standards and by comparison with losers in the litigation lottery, who get nothing.
- But many economists believe that relative poverty rather than absolute standards is what matters.
1absoluto masculinethe Absolute — lo / el absoluto
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