In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(complete, perfect)(confidence/trust) absoluto(confidence/trust) plenowith absolute certainty — con absoluta / plena certeza
- the absolute truth — la pura verdad
- an absolute beginner — un principiante que no sabe absolutamente nada
- at the absolute maximum — (at the most, in an extremity) como máximo
- One afternoon I left Johnny working underneath the jeep and wandered out of sight to an open meadow where the silence was absolute.
- She talked between songs, explaining their origin - where, when, why and how she came up with them - and her soft voice was audible in the absolute silence of the theatre.
- The rest of us can readily vouch for him as a man of total and absolute integrity, a friend above reproach.
- Sometimes, absolute silence is the most satisfying sound.
- The investigators had to maintain absolute secrecy, so all those recordings were locked away until the day that they were able to make arrests of the dozens of suspects.
- Because, as the hatchway ground shut at the center of his dazed vision, something far more shocking took hold - a total and absolute silence.
- Claiming that anything is 100% is like claiming perfection, total knowledge, and absolute truth.
- He was a scientist of absolute integrity and total dedication, with an incredible gift for efficiency.
- To River's total and absolute horror, Adam's fingers caught and fastened around his neck.
- When I saw it, the entire audience left the theatre in absolute silence.
- The cardinals must take an oath when they first enter the conclave that they will abide by all rules set down by the Pope and that they will maintain absolute secrecy about the voting and deliberations.
- Wilkinson is a desperately complex person, driven by a need for absolute perfection and total control in his life.
- It can be absolute liberation or total repression.
- Those working on the project were sworn to absolute secrecy.
- He seemed to take all the light her eyes had picked up with him; the girl was left in total and absolute darkness.
- The Minister has shown absolute disregard and displayed total indifference to the plight of people living in this area.
- The children are taken under the wing of zany housekeeper Martha but rarely see their uncle, who demands absolute silence while he writes his book.
- First, you need to have absolute passion and total belief in what you are trying to achieve.
- Claire decided the absolute silence from the crowd was better than what came next.
- Elizabeth stared after him in total and absolute shock.
1.2totalit was an absolute disaster — fue un absoluto desastre / un desastre total
- absolute chaos/disaster — el caos/desastre más absoluto
- he's an absolute idiot — es un tonto redomado
- she gave me a look of absolute hatred — me lanzó una mirada de odio reconcentrado
- it's an absolute disgrace — es un escándalo
2.1(unconditional)(right) incuestionable(pardon/freedom) incondicional(pardon/freedom) sin condiciones(guarantee/devotion) absolutoit's an absolute necessity — es absolutamente imprescindible
- our decree became absolute — nos concedieron el divorcio por sentencia firme
2.2(having unlimited power)(rule/monarch) absoluto
- We have to remember that territorial states in early modern Europe were governed by absolute monarchs who regarded the state as their property.
- King and Queen were absolute monarchs, yet fallibly human.
- One reason why absolute monarchs in Europe in the seventeenth century required large standing armies was to defend their extensive borders.
- Spain was ruled by an absolute monarch and was dominated by the church, whose Inquisition was still proscribing books and works of art.
- Captain Arthur Phillip, first governor of NSW, was practically the absolute ruler of the penal settlement.
- The old medieval concept of an absolute ruler imbued with divine authority was being challenged by the shifting economic reality and the monarchy was constantly being called on to justify itself.
- The Prince of Monaco was an absolute ruler until a constitution was promulgated in 1911.
- Philip had his advisors but he ruled as an absolute ruler and he was a firm believer in the divine right of kings - that God had appointed him as king and that as God could not make a mistake neither could Philip.
- Sooner or later, even the most absolute monarchs or dictators would feel the need to confirm their right to power with a show of popular endorsement.
- Catherine had innumerable lovers and did not find it contradictory to her enlightenment that she ruled Russia as an absolute autocrat.
- The sceptics of antiquity lived under the rule of absolute emperors; those of the Renaissance under absolutist monarchs.
- Cottret argues, for example, against the common characterization of Calvin as absolute ruler of Geneva.
- The idea of an absolute monarch, imbued with the idea of his royal superiority, being disobeyed by his daughters and cast out into the cold, who comes to question the justice of his rule, was heady stuff.
- Nevertheless, even absolute monarchs or totalitarian dictators are constrained by forces beyond their control.
- They accepted, in other words, that the king of France was an absolute monarch who shared his power with nobody, and was only answerable to God for its exercise.
- George II was the absolute ruler of a medium-sized German state, Hanover, as well as being the British sovereign.
- He would govern in the interests of the people as an enlightened but absolute ruler.
- Under the Australian constitution, drawn up in 1901, the governor-general has the powers of an absolute dictator.
- A great character: he's portrayed as being benign, a dictator, absolute ruler, yes, but beloved by his people.
- This is not to say that the good leader is an absolute autocrat.
3(not relative)absolutoan absolute good — un bien absoluto
- in absolute terms — en términos absolutos
- absolute knowledge — conocimiento absoluto
1Philosophyabsoluto masculinethe Absolute — lo / el absoluto
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