In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(complete, perfect)(trust/confidence) absoluto(confidence/trust) plenowith absolute certainty — con absoluta / plena certeza
- the absolute truth — la pura verdad
- an absolute beginner — un principiante que no sabe absolutamente nada
- at the absolute maximum — (in an extremity) como máximo
- Claire decided the absolute silence from the crowd was better than what came next.
- She talked between songs, explaining their origin - where, when, why and how she came up with them - and her soft voice was audible in the absolute silence of the theatre.
- He was a scientist of absolute integrity and total dedication, with an incredible gift for efficiency.
- Sometimes, absolute silence is the most satisfying sound.
- He seemed to take all the light her eyes had picked up with him; the girl was left in total and absolute darkness.
- The rest of us can readily vouch for him as a man of total and absolute integrity, a friend above reproach.
- It can be absolute liberation or total repression.
- When I saw it, the entire audience left the theatre in absolute silence.
- Wilkinson is a desperately complex person, driven by a need for absolute perfection and total control in his life.
- One afternoon I left Johnny working underneath the jeep and wandered out of sight to an open meadow where the silence was absolute.
- To River's total and absolute horror, Adam's fingers caught and fastened around his neck.
- The Minister has shown absolute disregard and displayed total indifference to the plight of people living in this area.
- Claiming that anything is 100% is like claiming perfection, total knowledge, and absolute truth.
- Elizabeth stared after him in total and absolute shock.
- Because, as the hatchway ground shut at the center of his dazed vision, something far more shocking took hold - a total and absolute silence.
- Those working on the project were sworn to absolute secrecy.
- First, you need to have absolute passion and total belief in what you are trying to achieve.
- The children are taken under the wing of zany housekeeper Martha but rarely see their uncle, who demands absolute silence while he writes his book.
- The investigators had to maintain absolute secrecy, so all those recordings were locked away until the day that they were able to make arrests of the dozens of suspects.
- The cardinals must take an oath when they first enter the conclave that they will abide by all rules set down by the Pope and that they will maintain absolute secrecy about the voting and deliberations.
1.2totalit was an absolute disaster — fue un absoluto desastre / un desastre total
- absolute chaos/disaster — el caos/desastre más absoluto
- he's an absolute idiot — es un tonto redomado
- she gave me a look of absolute hatred — me lanzó una mirada de odio reconcentrado
- it's an absolute disgrace — es un escándalo
2.1(unconditional)(right) incuestionable(pardon/freedom) incondicional(pardon/freedom) sin condiciones(guarantee/devotion) absolutoit's an absolute necessity — es absolutamente imprescindible
- our decree became absolute — nos concedieron el divorcio por sentencia firme
2.2(having unlimited power)(monarch/rule) absoluto
- We have to remember that territorial states in early modern Europe were governed by absolute monarchs who regarded the state as their property.
- Sooner or later, even the most absolute monarchs or dictators would feel the need to confirm their right to power with a show of popular endorsement.
- Captain Arthur Phillip, first governor of NSW, was practically the absolute ruler of the penal settlement.
- One reason why absolute monarchs in Europe in the seventeenth century required large standing armies was to defend their extensive borders.
- The old medieval concept of an absolute ruler imbued with divine authority was being challenged by the shifting economic reality and the monarchy was constantly being called on to justify itself.
- Philip had his advisors but he ruled as an absolute ruler and he was a firm believer in the divine right of kings - that God had appointed him as king and that as God could not make a mistake neither could Philip.
- Spain was ruled by an absolute monarch and was dominated by the church, whose Inquisition was still proscribing books and works of art.
- Catherine had innumerable lovers and did not find it contradictory to her enlightenment that she ruled Russia as an absolute autocrat.
- This is not to say that the good leader is an absolute autocrat.
- They accepted, in other words, that the king of France was an absolute monarch who shared his power with nobody, and was only answerable to God for its exercise.
- The sceptics of antiquity lived under the rule of absolute emperors; those of the Renaissance under absolutist monarchs.
- A great character: he's portrayed as being benign, a dictator, absolute ruler, yes, but beloved by his people.
- Under the Australian constitution, drawn up in 1901, the governor-general has the powers of an absolute dictator.
- Cottret argues, for example, against the common characterization of Calvin as absolute ruler of Geneva.
- The idea of an absolute monarch, imbued with the idea of his royal superiority, being disobeyed by his daughters and cast out into the cold, who comes to question the justice of his rule, was heady stuff.
- King and Queen were absolute monarchs, yet fallibly human.
- The Prince of Monaco was an absolute ruler until a constitution was promulgated in 1911.
- He would govern in the interests of the people as an enlightened but absolute ruler.
- George II was the absolute ruler of a medium-sized German state, Hanover, as well as being the British sovereign.
- Nevertheless, even absolute monarchs or totalitarian dictators are constrained by forces beyond their control.
3(not relative)absolutoan absolute good — un bien absoluto
- in absolute terms — en términos absolutos
- absolute knowledge — conocimiento absoluto
- It also allowed us to measure absolute differences in bleeding risks, which are essential for determining clinical relevance.
- By this, we mean that even low rates of GNP growth can imply very big increases in the absolute level of real GNP over time.
- Such awards seem excessive both by absolute standards and by comparison with losers in the litigation lottery, who get nothing.
- Recently, however, informed opinion has shifted from an absolute contraindication to a cautious recommendation for the combination.
- The evidence thus suggests that if income affects happiness, it is relative, not absolute, income that matters.
- What it means is that the star rating system is relative, not absolute.
- The right will no doubt point out that this is a comparison of relative, rather than absolute poverty.
- Nowadays Butler appears to confound normative ideals with something more absolute.
- But the real issue was not so much the absolute size of the increment, but rather what the others in the Center got relative to oneself.
- Relative to 2000, absolute room rates and occupancy levels have not declined by as much as in the London market.
- However, a useful estimate of the excess risk of a major extracranial bleed may be obtained indirectly by applying the proportional increase of about one half to the absolute risk of bleeding in that category of patients.
- At 18 times historical earnings the FTSE, in my opinion, is still cheap in absolute terms.
- Should we seek absolute standards or more relative assessments of performance in an imperfect world?
- The European politicians who pushed it care less about absolute prosperity than relative prosperity.
- But many economists believe that relative poverty rather than absolute standards is what matters.
- All wheat parameters we studied were unresponsive to blue light, so comparisons between relative and absolute blue light responses are not meaningful.
- None of my opinions or misunderstandings work in absolute terms.
- It seems to me that what is really important in the recent poll figures on the New Hampshire primary is not the absolute numbers or the relative placing, but the graph of movement.
- There is a problem when governments try to impose their absolute moral standards on the whole of society, without taking into account people's individual circumstances.
- The New York Daily News was similarly unimpressed, writing that ‘the real problem is its absolute absence of energy’.
1absoluto masculinethe Absolute — lo / el absoluto
- The order of reason accepts that the world is the realm of the relative; the order of prophecy imposes upon the world the pattern of the absolute.
- The devotees sing bhajans, chant incantations, and priests perform aarti and puja, invoking the blessings of Shiva, the divine, the pure, the absolute.
- To assert that this generation is in contact with the absolute: all who came before were mistaken, all whom come after merely inheritors is hubris is it not?
- Apparently, the word is out that anyone who wants less than the absolute must want no protections whatsoever.
- Chittamatra, or Mind-Only school, presents a threefold classification of reality as the imaginary, the dependent and the absolute.
- The impulse slows across the ER Bridge, light brought to law by zero in the absolute and we may leave by any ship to hit the islands of the open ocean.
- Art must have a conscience - it should not fear the absolute.
- Christianity outdoes post-modernism by providing both a new approach to life and the absolute by which to measure it.
- To do this we need to acknowledge the Sovereignty of God - the absolute by which we measure the images that are being constructed.
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