In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(in opposition to)en contra decontrawe voted against the motion — votamos en contra de / contra la moción
- she set my own son against me — puso a mi propio hijo contra mí / en contra mía
- I'm against capital punishment — estoy en contra de la pena de muerte
- if you're not with us, you're against us — si no estás con nosotros, estás contra nosotros / en contra nuestra / en contra de nosotros
- two against one — dos contra uno
- personally, I've nothing against her — personalmente, no tengo nada contra ella / en contra suya / en contra de ella
- have you got something against going by train? — ¿tienes algún problema en ir en tren?
- he succeeded against all expectations — contrariamente a lo que se esperaba, lo logró
- it's against my principles to eat meat — comer carne va en contra de mis principios
- I advised her against driving to work — le aconsejé que no fuera al trabajo en coche
- her politics are against her — su postura política no la favorece
- Many of the relays doing very well up against stiff opposition and bad weather.
- We also need the respect of the general public in the fight against crime and drugs.
- But he said they were an important weapon in the fight against terrorism and organised crime.
- People don't like to change their ways and all great change has come against opposition.
- In fact we have publicly challenged and argued against those of his ideas we disagree with.
- As has been said so many times before - in the fight against crime there can be no compromise.
- In opposition, we were against the privatisation of air traffic control, then did the opposite in power.
- A town centre has been awarded safer shopping status in recognition of its fight against crime.
- News that technology is assisting the fight against crime has been welcomed.
- And he also credited the public as having played a major role in the fight against crime.
- The sooner serious and public action is taken against organised crime, the better.
- The fight against burglary, anti-social behaviour and serious drug crime are at the top of our list.
- It is one of the various small ways in which the public can fight back against the people who are undermining their quality of life.
- Footage from existing cameras is already helping in the fight against crime.
- He said they were up against opposition from some people who were concerned at the damage done to the hillside.
- That's a very European idea, which needs to fight against a tough tide of facts for survival.
- Testing ourselves against opposition of this quality is one reason why we need to bounce back into the top flight.
- It is vital in the fight against crime that the public is able to trust law enforcement officials.
- He has fought against it in government, in opposition and within his own party.
- Just why a public body should set itself up to start a fight against its own public is a mystery to me but they sure have a fight on their hands now!
2(in opposite direction)contrato swim against the current — nadar contra la corriente
- I've repotted my ornamental grass into a deeper pot, to give it better protection against drying out.
- Not only will they be unable to use parasols for protection against the sun, they will not be allowed to take in food or drink.
- Rounded towers and thick bulwarks provided maximum protection against the siege engines of that era.
- Without protection of the sails against a merciless sun, it became unbearable on deck.
- Currently, parents wanting protection against polio are offered oral vaccinations.
- Some people have a strong resistance against the flu virus, while it caused others to die.
- The only other protection against the elements was a 2ft high wall at the back of the shelter.
- The early poncho was worn by men of all classes as a garment for protection against the rain and cold.
- How does she pick a male whose genetic complement confers protection against disease?
- A curtain has been fixed at the eastern end of the shelter as a protection against the driving wind and rain.
- The best protection against loss, damage or injury due to wildfire is prevention.
- He had a brown suede jacket with light brown denim pants, his collar was turned up against the wind.
- Protection against winter cold will give some plants in the garden a better chance of making it through to the spring.
- It says the crop residue holds soil in place and protects it against wind and rain.
- The skin is constantly hydrated and has protection against line-producing dehydration.
- Again the opportunity to identify the importance of protection against cold for survivors at sea was missed.
- Vines are trained on low bushes as protection against the strong winds.
- As to the protection against lightning, there is not much difference between the two.
- Well saved turf was the only protection the family had against cold and disease in winter.
- The roof of the cabin has been engineered to provide protection against head injuries in the event of a collision.
3.1(alongside)contrathe table stood against the wall — la mesa estaba contra la pared
- they checked the list against the original — cotejaron la lista con el original
- he put a cross against my name — puso una cruz al lado de mi nombre
- She banged her head lightly against the wall and heard the ringing noise of metal.
- It banged against the wall with a resounding thud that echoed through the ship.
- She slowly crawled over to the right of the door, leaned up against the wall, and brought her knees to her chest.
- After one last, warning crush, he let go, my frame slumping against the wall for support.
- In other incidents I have received bruises, a sprained thumb and had my head banged against a wall.
- He held my head in his lap so I couldn't bang it against the wall, and he wrapped his arms around me and held me.
- The police Sergeant said a man grabbed her by the hair and pinned her against the wall.
- I can relate to that desire to light a wood fire and sleep against the ground and watch the stars and the coming light.
- It is helpful here to perform the postures against a support such as a wall.
- She put out a hand against the wall for support, and took several soothing breaths.
- She was grabbed by the hair, pushed against the wall and had her head banged several times by the accused.
- Rocky almost knocked him out when he burst in the house, slamming the door against he wall.
- This is done by cutting off all fruited canes at the base and untangling new growth and tying it to supports against the wall or fence.
- The door was slammed hard against the wall, sending it rocking on its hinges.
- Neighbours then heard an argument, the sounds of somebody being pushed against a wall and banging doors.
- He said the man grabbed hold of him and banged his back against a low garden wall four or five times.
- The delegation heard that one inmate had complained that his head was repeatedly banged against a wall by an officer.
- The man finally stops his kicking and he grabs me by my hair and slams me against the wall.
- There was another thump, and then something banged up against the door to her lab.
- To help keep the plant in check, it is best grown in a container and the stems trained against a support.
3.2(on, onto)contrato lean against sth — apoyarse contra algo
- to bang one's head against the wall — darse con la cabeza contra la pared
4.1(in contrast to)contrait stands out against the dark background — resalta contra el fondo oscuro
- All but one of the boilers remained in position, silhouetted against the green water and ambient light.
- The stern grey walls of the city were silhouetted against the flaming sky as the sun set.
- They were monolithic silhouettes against the summer night, sharing the fate of all buildings.
- Behind us, a small silhouette against a light grey sky was the castle.
- Eight mounted figures appeared on the other ridge, silhouetted against the sky.
- They said one firework looked like a traffic light but he could see none of the colours against the night sky.
- I set up behind a thick screen of rushes, staying low so that I wasn't silhouetted against the sky.
- Black clouds obscure flashes of orange light against the night sky in the city.
- Gaze up at the horizon and see the silhouette of the fort against the night sky.
- With the cirrus they created a faint lattice of white against light blue.
- Others climbed high, silhouetted against the sky, before returning to the marsh.
- It was not quite dark and the lights looked really cool against the dark blue.
- Mai appeared at the door, silhouetted against the brighter light from the other room.
- Its silhouette against the sky is unique, the sound of its engine unmistakable.
- Silhouetted against the afterglow, these fiercest of hawks formed an impressive picture.
- We walked out of the station and I looked up at the city walls, silhouetted against the darkening evening sky.
- Its benign silhouette squats against the southern sky like some fat Buddha.
- The little one stands at the entrance to the cave, her form black against the light of the full moon.
- It was silhouetted against the flames and it looked like a huge rocket.
- The first thing we see on stage is the old lady in her rocking chair silhouetted against a window.
4.2(in comparison to, in relation to)our results look poor against theirs — nuestros resultados desmerecen al lado de los suyos / comparados con los suyos
- the pound dropped to a new low against the dollar — la libra registró un nuevo mínimo frente al dólar
- The risks of taking medicine have to be weighed against the risks of depression.
- These considerations must be weighed against the harm to the man as a result of testing.
- The need to be met is not weighed against other needs in such a way as to order a phasing of the process.
- Businesses say the advantages of trading with Europe have to be weighed against the increased cost of red tape.
- The benefits of overthrow must of course be weighed against the horrific costs of war.
- Vaccinations are expensive and costs must be weighed up against the risks involved.
- Once again the advantages and disadvantages have to be weighed against each other.
- The harm of ending an incipient life must be weighed against the consequences for society.
- The benefits of this approach must be weighed against the morbidity of the procedure.
- Weighing against this are the potential inflation effects of the weak dollar.
- However, this must also be weighed up against the standard of medical care available.
- But the huge provision of liquidity by the Federal Reserve could weigh against the dollar.
- Having to make decisions can be stressful, because you have to weigh one option against another.
- If you weigh that against good behaviour for the last year does that warrant releasing him into the public?
- The various institutions which affect opportunity must be weighed against each other.
- The doctor said the benefits of any radiotherapy had to be weighed against the risks of the treatment.
- This has to be weighed against the cost of redeeming early and the fees that often accompany taking out a new deal.
- But this long-term view has to be weighed against all the work that needs to be undertaken now.
5(as protection from)contrait's insured against theft — está asegurado contra robo
- it's no good against the cold — no protege contra el frío
6.1formal (in return for)it can only be issued against payment in full — solo puede expedirse si se abona en su totalidad
- Think long and hard about borrowing money against the roof over your head.
- Landlords can offset the interest they pay on their mortgage against rental income to reduce the amount of tax they pay.
- Furthermore, many clubs have borrowed money against future season ticket sales.
- This has resulted in massive volume growth in lending against rising asset values.
- The one major advantage property does have is that it's much easier to borrow money against it.
- Negative equity occurs when the loan secured against a property is greater than the value of the property itself.
- That way co-buyers can choose to top up items which are almost ready to be bought, or start a new item with no money against it.
- In the Eighties, tax breaks were offered against money invested in tree plantations.
- Those loans will often be secured against the value of the property on which the advances are being made.
- In a recent article, we wrote about the dangers of borrowing money against your home.
- Mortgage interest will be allowable against rental income and VAT is recoverable.
- Invoice financing is similar to factoring, where banks lend against sales and money owed by debtors.
- The family wanted to use the farmhouse against borrowing money to buy further farm land.
- It has also been reported that some institutions may even lend against a work of art to buy more art!
- Housing associations would be able to secure bank loans against the properties to carry out repairs.
- Arrange an expensive short-term loan secured against these properties until they are sold.
- Your home may be at risk if you do not keep up payments on a mortgage or any other loan secured against it.
- Investors who plough money in these schemes can offset rental income against tax.
- I have recently taken out a loan secured against my property, so am I going to regret it?
- He must carry forward the unused part of his limit for set off against his income in the following year.
6.2literary (in anticipation of)en previsión de
- Brushing at night is important as it protects teeth against acid attack while you are asleep.
- She clenched her teeth against the pain that flooded through her and tried to calm down.
- During the Second World War the defences were rescarped against tank attack.
- Claire gritted her teeth against the pain, a high, keen sound escaping her lips.
- Daniel gritted his teeth against the overwhelming sensations that were taking hold of him.
- They thus gave permission for them to take out insurance against damage suffered.
- Groaning and biting her teeth against the pain she pushed herself to her knees.
- Artists may join a union from which they receive insurance against unemployment.
- It is, for the time being, a great insurance against any terrorist attack.
- It was my insurance against fate, and I had to make sure that nobody would take it away.
- The film shows how she and her mother battled against her learning difficulties.
- How could the government especially appear so defenseless against a direct attack?
- He says his action has stalled because he will not go to court without insurance against the possibility of losing.
- He closed his eyes and let his power surge through him, gritting his teeth against the torrent.
- Gritting his teeth against the agony, he slowly turned his head to look at Danny.
- In which case, would it not be prudent to take out some insurance against the event?
- By the way, a large number of cyclists carry insurance against third party claims.
- It covers your repayments against accident, sickness, involuntary unemployment.
- Uranium was used to shield tanks against attack by conventional armour-piercing weapons.
1en contrathere were 250 votes for and 300 against — hubo 250 votos a favor y 300 en contra
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