In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(in opposition to)en contra decontrawe voted against the motion — votamos en contra de / contra la moción
- she set my own son against me — puso a mi propio hijo contra mí / en contra mía
- I'm against capital punishment — estoy en contra de la pena de muerte
- if you're not with us, you're against us — si no estás con nosotros, estás contra nosotros / en contra nuestra / en contra de nosotros
- two against one — dos contra uno
- personally, I've nothing against her — personalmente, no tengo nada contra ella / en contra suya / en contra de ella
- have you got something against going by train? — ¿tienes algún problema en ir en tren?
- he succeeded against all expectations — contrariamente a lo que se esperaba, lo logró
- it's against my principles to eat meat — comer carne va en contra de mis principios
- I advised her against driving to work — le aconsejé que no fuera al trabajo en coche
- her politics are against her — su postura política no la favorece
- He said they were up against opposition from some people who were concerned at the damage done to the hillside.
- That's a very European idea, which needs to fight against a tough tide of facts for survival.
- Just why a public body should set itself up to start a fight against its own public is a mystery to me but they sure have a fight on their hands now!
- People don't like to change their ways and all great change has come against opposition.
- He has fought against it in government, in opposition and within his own party.
- News that technology is assisting the fight against crime has been welcomed.
- It is vital in the fight against crime that the public is able to trust law enforcement officials.
- It is one of the various small ways in which the public can fight back against the people who are undermining their quality of life.
- Many of the relays doing very well up against stiff opposition and bad weather.
- In fact we have publicly challenged and argued against those of his ideas we disagree with.
- In opposition, we were against the privatisation of air traffic control, then did the opposite in power.
- Footage from existing cameras is already helping in the fight against crime.
- We also need the respect of the general public in the fight against crime and drugs.
- As has been said so many times before - in the fight against crime there can be no compromise.
- But he said they were an important weapon in the fight against terrorism and organised crime.
- Testing ourselves against opposition of this quality is one reason why we need to bounce back into the top flight.
- And he also credited the public as having played a major role in the fight against crime.
- A town centre has been awarded safer shopping status in recognition of its fight against crime.
- The sooner serious and public action is taken against organised crime, the better.
- The fight against burglary, anti-social behaviour and serious drug crime are at the top of our list.
2(in opposite direction)contrato swim against the current — nadar contra la corriente
- Protection against winter cold will give some plants in the garden a better chance of making it through to the spring.
- The early poncho was worn by men of all classes as a garment for protection against the rain and cold.
- Without protection of the sails against a merciless sun, it became unbearable on deck.
- The roof of the cabin has been engineered to provide protection against head injuries in the event of a collision.
- Some people have a strong resistance against the flu virus, while it caused others to die.
- The best protection against loss, damage or injury due to wildfire is prevention.
- Vines are trained on low bushes as protection against the strong winds.
- The only other protection against the elements was a 2ft high wall at the back of the shelter.
- A curtain has been fixed at the eastern end of the shelter as a protection against the driving wind and rain.
- He had a brown suede jacket with light brown denim pants, his collar was turned up against the wind.
- I've repotted my ornamental grass into a deeper pot, to give it better protection against drying out.
- Currently, parents wanting protection against polio are offered oral vaccinations.
- It says the crop residue holds soil in place and protects it against wind and rain.
- Not only will they be unable to use parasols for protection against the sun, they will not be allowed to take in food or drink.
- As to the protection against lightning, there is not much difference between the two.
- Rounded towers and thick bulwarks provided maximum protection against the siege engines of that era.
- Again the opportunity to identify the importance of protection against cold for survivors at sea was missed.
- Well saved turf was the only protection the family had against cold and disease in winter.
- How does she pick a male whose genetic complement confers protection against disease?
- The skin is constantly hydrated and has protection against line-producing dehydration.
3.1(alongside)contrathe table stood against the wall — la mesa estaba contra la pared
- they checked the list against the original — cotejaron la lista con el original
- he put a cross against my name — puso una cruz al lado de mi nombre
- The man finally stops his kicking and he grabs me by my hair and slams me against the wall.
- I can relate to that desire to light a wood fire and sleep against the ground and watch the stars and the coming light.
- She put out a hand against the wall for support, and took several soothing breaths.
- The delegation heard that one inmate had complained that his head was repeatedly banged against a wall by an officer.
- She slowly crawled over to the right of the door, leaned up against the wall, and brought her knees to her chest.
- It banged against the wall with a resounding thud that echoed through the ship.
- After one last, warning crush, he let go, my frame slumping against the wall for support.
- Rocky almost knocked him out when he burst in the house, slamming the door against he wall.
- There was another thump, and then something banged up against the door to her lab.
- Neighbours then heard an argument, the sounds of somebody being pushed against a wall and banging doors.
- In other incidents I have received bruises, a sprained thumb and had my head banged against a wall.
- This is done by cutting off all fruited canes at the base and untangling new growth and tying it to supports against the wall or fence.
- To help keep the plant in check, it is best grown in a container and the stems trained against a support.
- The door was slammed hard against the wall, sending it rocking on its hinges.
- The police Sergeant said a man grabbed her by the hair and pinned her against the wall.
- She banged her head lightly against the wall and heard the ringing noise of metal.
- It is helpful here to perform the postures against a support such as a wall.
- He said the man grabbed hold of him and banged his back against a low garden wall four or five times.
- She was grabbed by the hair, pushed against the wall and had her head banged several times by the accused.
- He held my head in his lap so I couldn't bang it against the wall, and he wrapped his arms around me and held me.
3.2(on, onto)contrato lean against sth — apoyarse contra algo
- to bang one's head against the wall — darse con la cabeza contra la pared
4.1(in contrast to)contrait stands out against the dark background — resalta contra el fondo oscuro
- The stern grey walls of the city were silhouetted against the flaming sky as the sun set.
- We walked out of the station and I looked up at the city walls, silhouetted against the darkening evening sky.
- Mai appeared at the door, silhouetted against the brighter light from the other room.
- It was not quite dark and the lights looked really cool against the dark blue.
- I set up behind a thick screen of rushes, staying low so that I wasn't silhouetted against the sky.
- They said one firework looked like a traffic light but he could see none of the colours against the night sky.
- With the cirrus they created a faint lattice of white against light blue.
- The first thing we see on stage is the old lady in her rocking chair silhouetted against a window.
- Black clouds obscure flashes of orange light against the night sky in the city.
- Behind us, a small silhouette against a light grey sky was the castle.
- All but one of the boilers remained in position, silhouetted against the green water and ambient light.
- Its silhouette against the sky is unique, the sound of its engine unmistakable.
- It was silhouetted against the flames and it looked like a huge rocket.
- Its benign silhouette squats against the southern sky like some fat Buddha.
- Gaze up at the horizon and see the silhouette of the fort against the night sky.
- The little one stands at the entrance to the cave, her form black against the light of the full moon.
- Silhouetted against the afterglow, these fiercest of hawks formed an impressive picture.
- Others climbed high, silhouetted against the sky, before returning to the marsh.
- Eight mounted figures appeared on the other ridge, silhouetted against the sky.
- They were monolithic silhouettes against the summer night, sharing the fate of all buildings.
4.2(in comparison to, in relation to)our results look poor against theirs — nuestros resultados desmerecen al lado de los suyos / comparados con los suyos
- the pound dropped to a new low against the dollar — la libra registró un nuevo mínimo frente al dólar
- But the huge provision of liquidity by the Federal Reserve could weigh against the dollar.
- But this long-term view has to be weighed against all the work that needs to be undertaken now.
- The various institutions which affect opportunity must be weighed against each other.
- The risks of taking medicine have to be weighed against the risks of depression.
- Having to make decisions can be stressful, because you have to weigh one option against another.
- The doctor said the benefits of any radiotherapy had to be weighed against the risks of the treatment.
- The harm of ending an incipient life must be weighed against the consequences for society.
- Weighing against this are the potential inflation effects of the weak dollar.
- The need to be met is not weighed against other needs in such a way as to order a phasing of the process.
- Once again the advantages and disadvantages have to be weighed against each other.
- Vaccinations are expensive and costs must be weighed up against the risks involved.
- This has to be weighed against the cost of redeeming early and the fees that often accompany taking out a new deal.
- Businesses say the advantages of trading with Europe have to be weighed against the increased cost of red tape.
- The benefits of overthrow must of course be weighed against the horrific costs of war.
- If you weigh that against good behaviour for the last year does that warrant releasing him into the public?
- However, this must also be weighed up against the standard of medical care available.
- The benefits of this approach must be weighed against the morbidity of the procedure.
- These considerations must be weighed against the harm to the man as a result of testing.
5(as protection from)contrait's insured against theft — está asegurado contra robo
- it's no good against the cold — no protege contra el frío
6.1formal (in return for)it can only be issued against payment in full — solo puede expedirse si se abona en su totalidad
- He must carry forward the unused part of his limit for set off against his income in the following year.
- Mortgage interest will be allowable against rental income and VAT is recoverable.
- Landlords can offset the interest they pay on their mortgage against rental income to reduce the amount of tax they pay.
- I have recently taken out a loan secured against my property, so am I going to regret it?
- Your home may be at risk if you do not keep up payments on a mortgage or any other loan secured against it.
- It has also been reported that some institutions may even lend against a work of art to buy more art!
- Invoice financing is similar to factoring, where banks lend against sales and money owed by debtors.
- The family wanted to use the farmhouse against borrowing money to buy further farm land.
- Housing associations would be able to secure bank loans against the properties to carry out repairs.
- Negative equity occurs when the loan secured against a property is greater than the value of the property itself.
- Investors who plough money in these schemes can offset rental income against tax.
- In the Eighties, tax breaks were offered against money invested in tree plantations.
- This has resulted in massive volume growth in lending against rising asset values.
- In a recent article, we wrote about the dangers of borrowing money against your home.
- That way co-buyers can choose to top up items which are almost ready to be bought, or start a new item with no money against it.
- Those loans will often be secured against the value of the property on which the advances are being made.
- Furthermore, many clubs have borrowed money against future season ticket sales.
- Arrange an expensive short-term loan secured against these properties until they are sold.
- Think long and hard about borrowing money against the roof over your head.
- The one major advantage property does have is that it's much easier to borrow money against it.
6.2literary (in anticipation of)en previsión de
- He says his action has stalled because he will not go to court without insurance against the possibility of losing.
- It is, for the time being, a great insurance against any terrorist attack.
- He closed his eyes and let his power surge through him, gritting his teeth against the torrent.
- During the Second World War the defences were rescarped against tank attack.
- Gritting his teeth against the agony, he slowly turned his head to look at Danny.
- By the way, a large number of cyclists carry insurance against third party claims.
- It covers your repayments against accident, sickness, involuntary unemployment.
- It was my insurance against fate, and I had to make sure that nobody would take it away.
- They thus gave permission for them to take out insurance against damage suffered.
- The film shows how she and her mother battled against her learning difficulties.
- Claire gritted her teeth against the pain, a high, keen sound escaping her lips.
- Artists may join a union from which they receive insurance against unemployment.
- How could the government especially appear so defenseless against a direct attack?
- Uranium was used to shield tanks against attack by conventional armour-piercing weapons.
- She clenched her teeth against the pain that flooded through her and tried to calm down.
- Brushing at night is important as it protects teeth against acid attack while you are asleep.
- Groaning and biting her teeth against the pain she pushed herself to her knees.
- In which case, would it not be prudent to take out some insurance against the event?
- Daniel gritted his teeth against the overwhelming sensations that were taking hold of him.
1en contrathere were 250 votes for and 300 against — hubo 250 votos a favor y 300 en contra
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.