1.1yblack and white — blanco y negro
- father and son — padre e hijo
- ham and eggs — huevos con jamón
- bread and butter — pan con mantequilla
- to mix business and pleasure — mezclar los negocios con el placer
- so we decided to leave — and? — así que decidimos irnos — ¿y?
- during June and/or July — durante junio y/o julio
- but there are journalists and journalists! — ¡pero hay periodistas y periodistas!
- The shop, which sells donated books and CDs, helps owners on benefits to pay for treatment for sick pets.
- I know you can see and hear everything that goes on.
- He was wearing a navy blue and green anorak.
- That will be three thousand and eighty dollars with four cents as my tip.
- She started out quietly and apologetically but her voice quickly gained firmness.
- The menu contains a lot of sausage and mash and steamed puddings.
- He and I had been friends for a long time.
2(in numbers)one and a half — uno y medio
- two hundred and twenty — doscientos veinte
- an hour and five minutes — una hora y cinco minutos
- five and forty — cuarenta y cinco
- I believe that four and four are eight.
- I know that two and two make four - and should be glad to prove it too if I could.
- She's sick of spending her lunches with people that are so stupid they can't add two and two.
3(showing continuation, repetition)faster and faster — cada vez más rápido
- it gets easier and easier — se hace cada vez más fácil
- he just eats and eats — no hace más que comer
- weeks and weeks passed — pasaron semanas y más semanas
- I've been a humongous fan of his music for years and years.
- I try and try to become strong, but in the end, I am still the same coward I have always been.
- This was a very flat land - he could see for miles and miles, it seemed.
- I ran and ran until I reached the outskirts of the forest.
- Higher gas prices are creating a financial hardship for millions and millions of Americans.
4try and finish this today — trata de terminar esto hoy
- we must wait and see what she does — tenemos que esperar a ver lo que hace
- come/go and help your father — ven/anda a ayudar a tu padre
- Let's go and find out who this guy really is.
- Maybe I can get Ike or one of our friends to come and help us.
- The experts also advise that you try and keep your cool.
- We're going to see a day where 100,000 people come and worship with us on a weekend, between our five services.
- Our primary objective right now is to try and market the region as a whole.
5.1(implying a result)ya minute longer and he would have drowned — un minuto más y se habría ahogado informal
- Don't take the movie too seriously, and you might enjoy it too.
- Catch all the rust spots before they spread - do that and a car will last forever.
- Early successes in some areas were dramatic, and by the early 1960s malaria was reduced to very low levels in certain countries.
- He regularly dropped in and did a few hours' work.
- The man then ran towards a waiting car and was driven away by someone else.
- I lifted my arm and wiped my eyes with my sleeve.
- But the fun had gone out of it and the next day we did not travel.
- I opened the door and looked around.
- When they reached the surface, they took deep breaths and swam for their boat.
5.2(adding emphasis)ysomething should be done, and quickly — habría que hacer algo, y rápido
- those who refuse, and there are many … — los que se niegan, y son muchos …
- Spamming is getting worse and worse - and more profitable for spammers.
- The standard of entry is getting higher and higher every year.
- Meeting the needs of a growing population will require the country to sink further and further into debt.
- This case just continues to get more and more complex.
- There's no doubt about it, kitchens are getting bigger and bigger.
The usual translation of and, y, becomes e when it precedes a word beginning with i, hi, or y. and is sometimes used between two verbs in English to mean in order to:let's wait and see esperemos para ver qué or lo que pasa.