In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(when, while)cuandoI saw the car as it turned the corner — vi el coche cuando daba vuelta (a) la esquina
- as she was eating breakfast, the telephone rang — cuando / mientras tomaba el desayuno, sonó el teléfono
- as you go toward the bank, it's the first house on the left — yendo hacia el banco, es la primera casa a mano izquierda
- as I sit here, I wonder what went wrong — sentado aquí, me pregunto qué fue lo que pasó
- They were showered in debris as the house collapsed and Amanda was separated from her party.
- She watched him as he approached her.
- I grabbed the keys to the store as I left.
- The ice continued to melt, but as it did so, I continued to slip deeper into the unknown.
- I was raised as a Catholic in Poland but as I grew older I started to question things.
- Last night, as we drove back from the grocery store, the sky was a deep blue with pink-tinted edges.
1.2(indicating progression)a medida quewe buy the materials as (and when) we need them — compramos los materiales a medida que / según los vamos necesitando
- he mellowed as he grew older — se fue ablandando con los años
2(because, since)comoas it was getting late, we decided to leave — como se hacía tarde, decidimos irnos
- There are concerns for her as she was ill before she vanished.
- Children's charities would like more help distributed through child benefit, as it is paid to all children through their mother.
- I look forward to more of their efforts, as they seem to be a young company with an interesting slate of artistic foreign films.
- This is a hard letter to write, as I have to admit I was wrong, and I hate that.
- Athlone requested the game be played before Christmas instead of January 8 as students will be on holiday.
- I miss him terribly as he was also a very good friend before any sort of romantic relationship developed.
3(though)try as he might, he could not open it — por más que trató, no pudo abrirlo
- (as) tall as she is, she still had to stand on a chair to reach it — alta como es, se tuvo que subir a una silla para alcanzarlo
- (as) strange as it may seem — aunque parezca extraño
- much as I agree with you, I cannot allow it — aun estando de acuerdo contigo como estoy, no lo puedo permitir
4.1(expressing comparison, contrast)igual quecomohe writes with his left hand, as I do — escribe con la mano izquierda, como yo / igual que yo
- she sang wonderfully, as only she can — cantó maravillosamente, como solo ella sabe hacerlo
- in the 1980s, as in the 30s — en la década de los 80, al igual que en la de los 30
- Caroline, tired as she was, obediently followed.
- Unless you are of a particularly curious bent, you would not even wish to sit down and eat with these people - dazzlingly clever as they undoubtedly are.
- Try as she might, she can't keep her troubled family from fragmenting.
- But, good as he is, he was not the only reason to enjoy the film.
- Medicine Lodge, Kansas, small as it was, contained seven saloons for the comfort of local drinkers.
- I still can't push that memory out of my mind, hard as I might try.
4.2(in generalizations)comoas is often the case — como suele suceder
- it's quite reasonable, as restaurants go — para como están los restaurantes, es bastante razonable
4.3(in accordance with)comoas I was saying — como iba diciendo
- the situation, as we understand it, is … — la situación, tal como nosotros la entendemos, es …
- as you'll agree, the system is inefficient — estarás de acuerdo conmigo en que el sistema es ineficiente
- However, as I mentioned earlier, most people are totally unaware of the East Village Arts District.
- They commented on our house, as we all knew they would.
- I'm used to all kinds of hard work, as you know, and I'm not afraid.
- I've got a business to run, as you can see.
- Lee was a night-time security guard as I recall, not a cop.
- The lady is not, as he said in his letter, ten years younger than he, but a little older.
5.1(in the way that)comoI love her as I would my own daughter — la quiero como a una hija
- A is to B as X is to Y — A es a B como X es a Y
- do as you wish — haz lo que te parezca
- do as I say — haz lo que te digo
- she sang as never before — cantó como nunca
- she arrived the next day, as planned/expected — llegó al día siguiente como se había planeado/como se esperaba
- they proceeded as instructed — procedieron de acuerdo a las instrucciones recibidas
- use form A or B as appropriate — use el formulario A o B, según corresponda
- as things stand — tal (y) como están las cosas
- knowing him as I do — conociéndolo como lo conozco
- Thank you Mrs Peck, as usual you have been very helpful.
- The bout was, as was the case back then, a slow-paced fight compared to the fights of today.
- Since the mother is ill, she may not be able to care for her baby as she would if she were well.
- You may add more sugar to the recipe as you wish, but don't over-sweeten it.
- The direction deserves commendation, as do all the actors.
- She was the same as always, but her hair looked brighter and her eyes sparkled more.
5.2(defining)it would be the end of civilization as we know it — significaría el fin de la civilización tal y como la conocemos
- I'm only interested in the changes as they affect me — solo me interesan los cambios en la medida en que me afectan a mí
- Sri Lanka, or Ceylon, as it used to be known — Sri Lanka, o Ceilán, como se llamaba antes
- Paris as seen by tourists is a very different city — el París que ven los turistas es una ciudad muy distinta
- their position, as opposed to ours — su postura, en contraste con la nuestra
6(in comparisons of equal degree)as ... as — tan … como
- I am as tall as you (are) — soy tan alta como tú
- I left as soon as I could manage — me fui en cuanto pude
- there weren't as many people as (there were) last time — no había tanta gente como la última vez
- I bought as much as I usually do — compré tanto como de costumbre
- she's not as efficient as she claims to be — no es tan eficiente como pretende
- as many people as ask will be helped — se ayudará a cuantas personas lo soliciten
- I'm as much a patriot as any of you — soy tan patriota como cualquiera de ustedes
- she ran as fast as she could — corrió tan rápido como pudo / lo más deprisa que pudo
- tighten it up as much as you can — apriétalo lo más que puedas
- the sky was as blue as blue could be — el cielo estaba azul, azul
- I'll be as quiet as possible — estaré lo más callado posible
- Your fish will survive in as little as 18 inches of water as long as it does not freeze solid.
- The plan is less than the estimates of some analysts, who had said the company may have to pay as much as $4 billion.
- Police arrested as many as 150 people for participating in a rare public protest to call for reforms.
- A major resort might spend as much as $1 million annually on its power bill for snowmaking.
- Now the chimp is an endangered species, with as few as 150,000 chimps left in the wild.
1(equally)it's not as cold today — hoy no hace tanto frío
- I can't run as quickly now — no puedo correr tan rápido ahora
- I have lots of stamps, but he has just as many/twice as many — yo tengo muchos sellos, pero él tiene tantos como yo/el doble (que yo)
- I eat a lot, but he eats just as much — yo como mucho, pero él come tanto como yo
- I was disgusted and said as much — estaba asqueado y lo dije
- she's very considerate and I wish I could say as much for you — es muy considerada y me gustaría poder decir lo mismo de ti
- It's best to plant bulbs as soon as possible after bringing them home.
- Most mums-to-be want to look just as nice as they did before they became pregnant.
- I'm not nearly as good as she is, but I'm still learning.
- The other guy was all muscle, and he was strong, but not as fast.
- They know the company as well as I do.
- Paris has been almost as hot as Mecca this week.
- A microprocessor, as small as a postage stamp, performs thousands of calculations per second based on readings from the sensor.
- He's not as big as you think he is.
2as ... as — tan … como
- these animals grow to as much as 12ft long — estos animales llegan a medir 12 pies de largo
- this was still happening as recently as 1976 — esto seguía sucediendo aún en 1976
- as long ago as 1960 — ya en 1960
- as many as 400 people may come — pueden venir hasta 400 personas
- without as much as a smile — sin (ni) siquiera una sonrisa
3formal(for example)comothere are some moving moments, as when … — hay momentos conmovedores, como cuando …
1.1(in the condition, role of)as a child she adored dancing — de pequeña / cuando era pequeña le encantaba bailar
- as a teacher/diplomat … — como maestro/diplomático …
- she was brilliant as Cleopatra — estuvo genial en el papel de Cleopatra
- he works as a clerk — trabaja de oficinista
- she was dressed/disguised as a man — estaba vestida/disfrazada de hombre
- he strikes me as a fool — me parece un tonto
1.2(like)comothey answered as one man — respondieron como un solo hombre
2(indicating perception, portrayal)we regard this policy as mistaken — consideramos equivocada esta política
- this strikes me as brilliant — esto me parece brillante
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