In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- In 1853, the archaeologist Austen Henry Layard and his team were excavating the palace library of the ancient Assyrian capital Nineveh.
- It is the site of an ancient Assyrian castle, whose many walls have been integrated into the general city architecture.
- He spends all of Judah's money to please the King of Assyria and even worships Assyrian gods.
- It reflects the influence of Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, Canaanite, Persian, and Hellenistic cultures.
- There are three dates where Assyrian and Biblical histories are supposed to intersect.
- The Assyrian king Sennacherib laid siege to 46 cities in Judah in 701, and locked up Hezekiah like a bird in a cage in Jerusalem.
- From fragments surviving and from illustrations, often in the form of bas-relief sculpture, it is known that Assyrian soldiers wore metal helmets and that those of ancient Egypt wore leather ones, stiffened with metal.
- Centuries before Christ, Nineveh was the capital of the great Assyrian Empire, when Assyria held sway over Egypt.
- The slabs, along with other Assyrian documents, showed Sennacherib's version of events and tell how he laid waste 46 strong cities across Judah.
- Huge winged lions that once guarded Assyrian palaces now guard the gateways to these collections.
- In 1843 he was appointed British consul in Baghdad and this allowed extra time for his studies, especially work on cuneiform tablets found at Assyrian cities such as Nimrud and Nineveh.
- Most structures were built in limestone gypsum and are an eclectic mix of Assyrian, Hellenistic, Parthian and Roman styles.
- While excavating in 1989 and 1990 at Nineveh, he photographed sculptures from the palace of the Assyrian king Sennacherib, a monarch whose exploits are recorded in the Bible.
- From 750 B.C. on, Assyrian kings repeatedly claimed sovereignty over the islands.
- Parts of the wall of the Assyrian palace at Nimrud, in the north, have been hacked out, as if cut to order for a foreign collector.
- Items from ancient Babylon and Nineveh, Sumerian statues, Assyrian reliefs and 5,000-year-old tablets bearing some of the earliest known writing have been taken or damaged whilst troops stood by and watched.
- It is written in the wedge-shaped cuneiform script invented here and used throughout the Persian, Assyrian and Babylonian empires.
- As you wander down the canyon - dodging donkey boys and water sellers as you go - you'll pass numerous small tombs built into the cliffs, showing a variety of architectural styles from Assyrian to Roman.
- The visual art that survives includes awe-inspiring stone friezes that are carved in delicate relief in the Assyrian manner from the Kings' palace at Persepolis.
- Like most of the Assyrian cities, Ashur was sacked in 612 BC when the ferocious and warlike Assyrians were finally overwhelmed by the combined forces of Babylonians and Medes.
1asirio masculineasiria feminine
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