In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1Anatomy(of human) espalda feminine(of animal) lomo masculinehe was lying on his back — estaba tumbado boca arriba
- I fell on my back — me caí de espaldas
- he was standing with his back to the door — estaba (de pie) de espaldas a la puerta
- on the back of sb/sth — a costa de algn/algo
- The bees have wonderful habits, including a trick to keep warm: they have hairs on their backs and gather together so that the hairs form a kind of duvet over them.
- Not only was his back pain a physical problem, it had stopped him working and meant his finances were low.
- At times I was unable to walk and had severe pain in the lower back, neck and shoulders all the time.
- They are similar to large mousetraps and are designed to break the back of an animal.
- After multiple grand adventures, the two finally settled down to eat their lunch with their backs resting against a fallen tree.
- Most of the local women harvest seaweed for which they bend at the waist for long hours with poor body posture, and the men also strain their backs working as fishermen or in construction.
- By analogy with modern amphipods it is thought that these animals may have swum on their backs and fed on suspended particles.
- I wonder who can tell me what you would call that ugly animal with a great big hump on its back that is condemned to live in a desert.
- Women wear long cotton or woolen scarves that cover their heads, ears, backs, and shoulders.
- Some protesters applied face and body paint while others attached angel wings to their backs.
- He had huge shoulders and a broad back which tapered to an extraordinarily small waist.
- Melanomas can occur anywhere on the body but are most frequently found on the upper backs and legs.
- Their backs are covered with spots larger and farther apart than those on the head.
- The beetles' backs are covered with bumps - under a microscope, they resemble a landscape of peaks and valleys.
- She did not think she had seen him touching or stroking the small of the back or shoulders.
- Pangolins are conspicuous and remarkable because their backs are covered with large, overlapping scales made up of agglutinated hairs.
- Vijay was an older gentleman, large for his size with broad shoulders and a strong back.
- It contains venom in the spines on its back and so a person can be stung by inadvertently stepping on it.
- If you get a bad back or do a shoulder in, they just want to give you the sack.
- They were leaning on each other's shoulders, with their backs to the tombstone.
- Through this great teacher I have learned how to keep my back free from pain.
- Her long hair fell down her back and over her shoulders as she just stood almost as still as stone.
- All healthy babies under 1 year old should sleep on their backs.
- Fences were put up, but shelter and feed were lacking; during the harsh winters, snow would pile high on the animals' backs.
- However the caps of Chestnut-backs are brown rather than black, and their backs, shoulders, and sides are a deep chestnut color.
- I smiled, putting one hand on his shoulder and tapping the back of some tall guy in front of us.
- The design of each chair inside the library is perfect for the rest of the back and the spinal cord.
- As they worked, no one complained of the pain in their backs or hands, but no one talked either.
- Males grow humped backs and hooked jaws, and females keep their sleeker shape.
- Of the thousands of yoga postures, I'd like to recommend three that are good for backs and spines.
- One way to do this is to place your baby in an upright position against your shoulder and pat his back gently.
- High above, two sea eagles swoop and dive, the light flashing bronze tints off their backs.
- They get their name from the large numbers of thorns or spines evident on the back and tail.
2.1(of chair) respaldo masculine(of dress, jacket) espalda feminine(of electrical appliance, watch) tapa feminine
- The jacket is on the back of the chair and the security pass lies on the desk next to piles of paperwork.
- The walls were plastered in expensive paintings and the couches were long and fancy with wooden arm rests and intricately carved backs.
- The restaurant has heavy starched white linen tablecloths and huge antique Siamese chairs with mother-of-pearl inlaid backs.
- She rested her upper arms along the backs of the chair, resting her head against one hand.
- Take the dresses as examples: From the front they were basic, flowing dresses, but the backs were cut low in an elegant way.
- Handbags, mobile phones on tables, coats on backs of chairs are all easy pickings for light-fingered thieves.
- Friends and family bound into the house, tracking in mud or snow, stashing coats in already overstuffed closets or heaping them over the backs of chairs.
- The large, single room is cleverly broken up into small sections by folding screens and even the chairs have carved backs featuring Chinese scenes.
- For evening, the collection is a procession of gathers, plunging necklines and backs, irregular lines.
- Ample walnut chairs had high backs and were painted, finished a mecca, or left in the natural walnut color.
- Still nobody had offered to take our coats, so we draped them over the back of the chairs.
- In the second, he wore a fluorescent yellow jacket with security written across the back.
- Their legs were tucked up in front of them, and their arms rested over the back of the chair.
- Sleek low backs look good, but they can make you feel exposed and uncomfortable.
- Actors love sitting on tables for the same reason they love gripping the backs of chairs - it makes them look more relaxed on stage.
- He looked around the small room and found his jacket and shirt draped over the back of a chair.
- He had a ring in left eyebrow, and wore jeans and a grey anorak with writing on the back.
- Place a dining chair with its back against the wall to give you a firm base.
- Still, even for the rich, chair backs were straight and clothes were tight because politeness mattered more than comfort.
- With low backs and plunging necklines, this fashion has become more and more popular among teenagers and adults alike and local swimwear stores say sales are booming.
- The offensive slogan is written is written in letters six inches high on the back of the garment.
- His ancestors were cobblers but diversified into making vividly embroidered leather bags, wallets and chair backs.
- His eyes widen in fear and surprise, and then he strides round the empty house with it tucked into the back of his jeans.
- When the sun becomes strong in summer, people can simply swivel so that they are shaded from it by the chair backs.
- You may put your arms out in front of you or hold the back of a sturdy chair for balance.
- Learn to tie fanciful bows or just tie a simple bow to the backs of dining chairs, around stemware or around your silverware.
- He has poured himself a glass of champagne and put his arm around her, resting his hand on the back of her wooden chair.
- Bowlers involved will wear sponsor logos on their shirt backs and right sleeves.
- Cuyler's furniture ranges from chairs with flowers for backs to stools with the child's name painted on them.
2.2(reverse side)(of envelope, photo) dorso masculine(of envelope, photo) revés masculine(of head) parte posterior feminine(of head) parte de atrás feminine(of hand) dorso masculinethe back of the neck — la nuca
- read the instructions on the back — lea las instrucciones al dorso
- on the back of an envelope — en forma improvisada
- Each star was dedicated to someone and messages of remembrance were written on the back.
- Then he stands up and moves to the back of the room, by the door they come in and out of.
- The main bedroom is at the back of the house and has two sash windows and an 18th century pine fireplace.
- When this failed they moved around to the back and tried to unsuccessfully open the kitchen window.
- He quickly moved to the back of the tour bus where we were sitting and spoke softly.
- He thinks his day rucksack saved his life, protecting his spine and the back of his neck during the fall.
- Inside was a thick stack of 8x10s. Lipton looked through the stack slowly, reading the notes he had written on the backs of each photo.
- A more streamlined car would have six small wheels, two at the front and four powered at the back.
- First, all three of these are great exercises for firming up the backs of your upper arms.
- I wanted to surprise my friend Chris with a postcard and I knew what I wanted to write on the back.
- There are residential facilities, but most pitch a tent on land at the back of the centre.
- I felt a sharp pain in the back of my leg which got much worse when I fell down.
- Sulkily, the publicist moves to the back of the bar but Sinclair is still scowling.
- With the radiator out of the way now it was time to move on to the back of the truck and the motherboard mounting.
- Scrub all surfaces, including the backs of your hands, wrists, between your fingers and under your fingernails.
- Young children have also been putting their lives at risk by hanging on the back of fire engines while they are on the move.
- When police examined his car, left on the motorway, they found a note written on the back of a bus timetable.
- How about reaching back over your shoulder and touching the back of your neck?
- I move to the back of the room, sitting against the wall and staring at the cute cow.
- There could even be room for a modest theme park at the back of the site, so family fun would be assured.
- Residents are kept up till late at night and people like my neighbour have to move to the back of their houses to get sleep.
- Charlton and Pegg said they weren't taking any chances and moved to the back of the plane.
- Name and age should be written on the back, with a contact address and home telephone number.
- Some of the messages written on the back of the tulip postcards are so sweet and encouraging.
- Information about threatened animals turns up on toy packaging or the backs of cereal boxes, even in children's songs.
- He moved out and bought a rundown place in the town centre round the back of the station.
- The night was such a success that spectators paid to stand at the back of the hall after all the seats were filled.
- The supermodel and her companion then stood up and moved to the back of the bar.
- If it needs changing after qualifying starts, the driver will be moved to the back of the grid.
- I have a series of photos of the family that I like very much because someone wrote on the backs of them describing the subject and where the photo was taken.
- It sent a sympathetic, shivery rush from my spine to the backs of my knees.
- The bus is practically empty, so they move to the back as the bus lurches forwards.
- He's certainly made a big move from the back of the pack, and is looking more like a winner.
- She swiftly moved to the back of the car, making sure that there was no one behind to see them.
3(rear part)the back of the hall — el fondo de la sala
- the back of the car — la parte trasera / de atrás del coche
- the back of the house — la parte de atrás de la casa
- a truck ran into the back of me — un camión me chocó por detrás
- at the back of the drawer — en el fondo del cajón
- we sat at the back — nos sentamos al fondo
- (of car) I'll sit in the back — yo me siento detrás / (en el asiento de) atrás
- there's a yard at the back — hay un patio atrás
- we stood at the back of the line — nos pusimos al final de la cola
- he's out back in the yard — está en el patio, al fondo
4Sportdefensa masculinezaguero masculinezaguera feminine
- He started well and looked on for an early score as both backs and forwards took the game to Tigers.
- It they stay put, the Saints will eye a wide receiver or defensive end because the draft is thin for defensive backs, the team's primary need.
- He also included some first team backs who held the key to the result since the forwards were reasonably well matched.
- But he's also been one of the most inconsistent defensive backs in the league.
- Now it's paying off… The team's defensive backs struggled against Philadelphia.
- But don't be surprised if the team passes on defensive backs in the first round and takes a wide receiver.
- There was some good inter-passing between backs and forwards.
- Great ball handling skills from backs and forwards alike resulted in a full back scoring a try in the corner, a move which saw Town go the full length of the field in three tackles.
- His 17.9-yard average per catch gets the undivided attention of defensive backs around the league.
- He still can shadow the game's best receivers and is an excellent role model for the team's young defensive backs.
- After the restart, gaps were beginning to open on both sides with only a wet ball and lack of game time preventing the backs from both teams putting on a show.
- The Browns have played much more cover - 2 than in years past, and the team's defensive backs have responded very well.
- For the past two games, the defensive backs have smothered opposing receivers, which in turn has helped the suddenly resurgent pass rush.
- He can get behind defensive backs, but he is very good at catching a quick hitch, breaking tackles and making a big play.
- The team's defensive backs no longer are being picked on.
- Now he's not even on the field when the team uses seven defensive backs.
- In the first two games, the defensive backs seemed indecisive, perhaps the result of playing off receivers.
- He invited Lewis to join the team's defensive backs for happy hour every Friday at a local restaurant.
- Too many times, the defensive backs simply hit players and seem to be hoping they will fail.
- Communication between corners and safeties needs to improve, and the team is using defensive backs that don't complement each other.
1(at rear)(wheel/seat) trasero(wheel/seat) de atrás(room/yard/door/garden) de atrásthe back row — la última fila
- Your back garden is full of majestic redwood trees, towering high above you.
- The suspects took the second victim's mobile phone from his back pocket before fleeing.
- Varying amounts of the poison have been thrown into the back gardens of some of the houses.
- When I reserved back, they threw a big rock out of my garden through the back window.
- About 5 years ago I had some doors made for my house to lead out to the back garden.
- Mr Coen had been thrown to the rear of the cab and partially out the back window.
- You hesitate for a few seconds and your new friend Bob starts fumbling in his back pocket.
- The first thing I am going to do is tear up the back driveway and plant grass to finish out the rear lawn.
- The family's new drive became a mudbath and water seeped through the house and garage into the back garden.
- Mrs Gaspar grabbed at her arm as she ran past her and out onto the back verandah.
- We need a fourth bedroom, an office, a downstairs toilet, a bigger back garden and a driveway.
- The man then remembered he had a ticket in his back pocket that had been through the wash a few times.
- Even on Sundays, people would be looking at cars and have full view into our back garden.
- I was just passing by the main bedroom when this dark figure shot past me towards the back bedroom.
- Your back garden may well not be a public place by the legal definition.
- It was my mum who introduced me to gardening, even if it was something as simple as pottering in the back garden.
- When the rain started coming down, the back garden just filled up and started seeping into the house.
- The boys have dyed hair, keychains dangling from their back pockets and black nail polish.
- No doubt he steered clear of the back garden view as night fell on Caledonian Stadium.
- There were orchards along the terrace and we had a back garden with trees and a view of the River Dodder.
- The master bedroom is painted in cream and has great views of the colourful back garden.
- Basically, it pays to read the back label if you want an idea of how it's going to taste.
2(of an earlier date)back copy / number / issue — número atrasado masculine
- Canadian back vowels are pronounced with the tongue bunched slightly.
- Back vowels have their name because the sound resonates at the back of the mouth.
- Finnish is well known for possessing a front-back vowel harmony system.
1(indicating return, repetition)he invited me back for coffee — me invitó a volver a su casa a tomar un café
- we can get there and back in an hour — podemos ir y volver en una hora
- the journey back — el viaje de vuelta
- I'll be back by eight o'clock — volveré antes de las ocho
- Edwin is back from Paris — Edwin ha vuelto de París
- it's back to work on Monday — el lunes hay que volver al trabajo
- John is back in Toronto — John ha vuelto a Toronto
- the Democrats are back in power — los demócratas han vuelto al poder
- long hair is back (in fashion) — vuelve (a estar de moda) el pelo largo
- meanwhile, back at the house … — mientras tanto, en la casa …
- to run/fly back — volver corriendo/en avión
- I'll drive you back — te llevo de vuelta en coche
- we arrived back in Cambridge tired but happy — regresamos a Cambridge cansados pero contentos
- she came back out — volvió a salir
- I'll mail it back — lo mandaré de vuelta por correo
- he asked for the ring back — pidió que le devolviera el anillo
- he lapsed back into a coma — volvió a caer en coma
2(in reply, reprisal)hang up and I'll call you back — cuelga, que yo te llamo
- he slapped her and she slapped him back — él la abofeteó y ella le devolvió la bofetada
3.1(backward)we forced the enemy further back — obligamos al enemigo a retroceder
- take two steps back — da dos pasos atrás
- shoulders back, chest out — hombros hacia atrás, sacando pecho
- to travel back in time — viajar hacia atrás en el tiempo
3.2(toward the rear)atráswe can't hear you back here — aquí atrás no te oímos
- the British runner is back in sixth place — el corredor británico está en sexta posición
- He closed more of the distance, pushed me so that there was no room to move back.
- Nichole was jerked back towards Tristan as he grabbed the wrist on her other arm.
- He told the room in general, and pushed his chair back, clearing his place at the table.
- With that said Duncan pushed back his chair with a loud scrape and left the room with long strides.
- The foreshortened platform encouraged the actors to move back toward the scenic area of the stage.
- Is it not better to take one step in the right direction than two back into destruction.
- Fifty minutes of the interview have elapsed and Eddie Jordan has pushed back his chair and jumped to his feet.
4(in, into the past)I bought it back in 1972 — lo compré (ya) en 1972
- it happened a few years back — pasó hace unos años
- we didn't have television back in those days — en aquellos tiempos no teníamos televisión
- I first mentioned it as far back as last June — lo mencioné por primera vez ya en junio
- further back than the 14th century — antes del siglo XIV
- that's the furthest back I can remember — no recuerdo nada anterior a eso
1.1(support)(person/claim/decision) respaldar(claim/decision/person) apoyar
- I would like to take this opportunity to thank all the supporters who over the years have backed the team and personally showed me much kindness and loyalty.
- This has led to a price war and regional airlines, which are backed by strong financing, are able to offer cheaper tickets than domestic airlines.
- Such appeals, backed by suitable financial compensation, can be very effective.
- The US, Britain and other Western powers backed the group financially and militarily.
- But most union locals active in the race backed Ryan.
- In all presidential elections but one since 1900, Missouri has backed the winning candidate.
- And now that the City of Toronto is officially and financially backing a study of green roofs, Toronto may finally be able to get a leg up in the market.
- Besides financial backing, he believes that amateur boxers need the service of a psychologist to keep them level-headed.
- They will not nominate her but may consider backing her if she manages to enter the race.
- He is now a professional triathlete with 11 major sponsors backing him.
- By giving them two years to improve - backed by financial and practical help - more than 750 failing schools were turned around.
- Added to this, the movie was shot largely on location in Ireland, with American money backing an Australian actor.
- Each account was backed by the financial integrity of the U. S. Government.
- In total 19 financial firms in the UK have backed the fund and pledged to match their employees' donations, pound for pound.
- And the Executive has still not committed to backing the project financially.
- The truth is that we have cash in the bank, that first 8.0 sales are looking fantastic, and we are backed by our investors.
- He was a protégé and friend until he backed a rival in the 1995 presidential race.
- Against the odds he set up the choir, financially backed by Manchester city council.
- At least 37 newspapers backed the president.
- Having been backed with government finance since its genesis two years ago funding has been secured for the next two years.
1.3(bet money on)(loser/horse/winner) apostar por
- I didn't back him in the Irish Derby, but at those odds on Saturday, he was an unbelievable bet.
- Punters believing the flashy chestnut son of Lord Ballina to be as unbeatable as Sunline backed him in to just short of odds-on favorite.
- Those who had backed him, and there were plenty, were never in any real doubt.
- Some owners won't put girls up on horses, and some people wouldn't back a horse with a girl riding.
- Then again, no horse as won the Melbourne Cup two years in a row, and I backed the winning horse this year.
- For the overwhelming majority it is harmless fun on a par with backing a horse in the Grand National.
- If you back the wrong horse at the start of the race, as any bookmaker will tell you, your chances of gaining a favourable return are slim.
- You may have been a great gambler but you've backed the wrong horse this time.
- But no one much is backing him to land the title - at 33/1 that seems batty to me.
- Backing the wrong horse is no disgrace, providing you had good reason to put your money on it.
- We all backed her and obviously had a very quiet night after she romped home at 14-1!
- There are so many ways of losing a race, and if someone has backed a horse to lose, in order to ‘throw’ that race you only have to ‘fix’ one horse.
- It takes the pressure off and you can be more selective about which races you back horses in.
- It gives viewers good idea of the factors that go into backing successful racehorses
- For most of us, picking an investment fund is like backing a horse.
- On that occasion, the 25-year-old Morley was backing the Bulls.
- I saw Kris Kin win at Chester and backed him after that for the Derby at 20-1.
- I don't have a huge understanding of the markets and would consider it akin to backing a horse.
- You can always back a horse trained by Johnston in the knowledge that it is there to try and win
- I backed him last year when he won, so I stayed with him this year.
- Before the National, our co-worker e-mailed his friend to say he was backing a horse to win the Grand National as a tribute to his girl.
2(reverse)he backed the car out of the garage — sacó el coche del garaje dando marcha atrás
3(stiffen) reforzar(line) forrar
- This is a thin film that's been coated onto a flexible plastic material backed by a strong glue.
- The large mirror was backed with silver.
- It was a tiny piece of glass backed with a layer of silver that was peeling in spots.
- Candlestick stems are topped with silk shades, wall lights are backed with Venetian mirrors and slender brass stems are capped by plated shades.
4(lie behind)a beach backed by tall pine trees — una playa bordeada de altos pinos
- a house backed by open fields — una casa cuyo fondo da a campo abierto
- The recorded narration begins, a booming voice backed with dramatic music; all in French.
- Central Band's rhythm section also backed singer/songwriter Drew McAlister and the horn section joined in with The Choirboys.
- Wouldn't it have been good to see Starr backing Sir Paul McCartney at Hyde Park?
- The music business is bolstered by thousands of musicians backing more popular performers.
- This track's got it all: rhythmic, sharp guitar riffs backed by pounding kick drum and throbbing bass - and the cowbell!
- The bizarre inventions featured in the series have been assembled into a seven-minute featurette and backed with narration and music.
- Mariah Carey and Neil Young were backed by gospel singers and Alicia Keys was joined by several gospel stars.
- The other side of Cuban music was the romantic ballads of people like Beny Moré - florid, sentimental stories backed by the sensual music of Oriente.
- Yep, aggressive lyrics and guitar riffs, all backed by the trademark thumping drums, with only moments of calm to provide a respite from the headbanging.
- They backed a singer called Johnny Gentle in 1960 at Alloa town hall, the Shea stadium of the northeast.
- The focus of Low Kick And Hard Bop is the harmonizing of vocals backed by an electronic-tinged music.
- The album also features a sentimental speech by Ozzy Osbourne, and a spoken-word by the late Strait, about addiction, backed with very melancholic music.
1(move backward)(person) retroceder(driver/vehicle) dar marcha atrás(vehicle/driver) echar reversa Mexico Colombia(vehicle/driver) meter reversa Mexico Colombiahe backed into a lamppost — se dio contra una farola al meter reversa Mexico Colombia
- Today he backed away from that statement, saying he was misinformed by exit polls.
- He started walking towards her and she backed away from him and left the room without realizing it.
- Marle backed up and Gohan grabbed her arms as she backed into him.
- The Government has backed away from imposing a total ban on 4x4 vehicles from the 6,000 year old Ridgeway trail.
- He was grinning and he immediately invaded her personal space, backing her against the locker beside hers.
- We backed away from the building as it collapsed, and I looked around at the others.
- The government has backed away from its plans to decriminalise consensual sexual behaviour between teenagers.
- Manufacturers have backed away from making flu vaccines simply because it isn't profitable.
- Raiana slowly let go of Damon's arm, and backed to the side as King Dominic approached them.
- I backed away from the door, more frightened than comforted.
- A block away, he passed two men sitting in a car backed into a dirt side road.
- Tori glared daggers at him, and she looked so mad that his hands fell to his sides and he backed away in fear.
- He has rarely backed away from a challenge.
- The mayor said it was disappointing that the Government had backed away from the deal.
- Kiara slowly backed away from the door and walked towards her desk.
- Recently, however, the Government has backed away from its claims that the purpose of mandatory sentencing was to reduce crime.
- The government has backed away from announcing changes to its controversial policy in a move that has angered both farming and green groups.
- He moved around her and backed toward the left side of the room.
- She backed away from him, walking a short distance away.
- Forlock stretched out and backed against the the side of the wall.
2(wind) (en sentido contrario al de las agujas del reloj) cambiar de dirección
- With winds backing to the south and the southwest the fall-out from nuclear explosions would be driven into Afghanistan and China.
- But when the wind is backed slightly towards the northwest the winds come over a longer stretch of the North Sea bringing more cloud.
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.