In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- It wasn't a bad wound, just painful, and he would need to rest for several more days.
- My vision is affected and the pain is so bad that I can't do anything until it goes away.
- The dumbest thing is that the pain isn't bad enough to make me feel like I should stay home.
- As for pollution, when you sit in traffic in Lancaster with all the heavy goods vehicles the pollution is very bad.
- The best way to describe the pain in my hands and feet is during the morning, it is like a bad toothache.
- The former factory worker has now given up work because the pain is so bad that sometimes she cannot walk.
- Imagine having air forced into your lungs when you have a bad chest infection?
- The water was a bit soapy and although she never got pregnant, she had some really bad aches and pains for weeks after that.
- Anyone who has ever suffered a bad toothache or a broken tooth, will know that emergency treatment is a must.
- I had chests pains, a very bad headache and my eyes were sore and bloodshot.
- Migraines can cause very bad pain that can get in the way of your normal routine.
- I still have a bad cough as my body rids itself of sickness, but my head feels good.
- The first seemed more likely, and all the muscles in my body tensed for a bad blow.
- He visited his doctor who sent him home and when he phoned later that afternoon his chest pains were still bad so an ambulance was called.
- Light pollution is so bad that many people in this country can no longer see the stars, research showed yesterday.
- At 12.47 a call is received from a patient recently discharged from hospital after a hip operation and now in very bad pain.
- The pain was so bad that you told me that you were going to go to the hospital.
- You know I think there are really bad problems with pollution in Johannesburg.
- Beijing was bidding to bring the world's finest athletes to a city with very bad air pollution.
- The wagon overturned and Clyde took a bad spill, injuring one of his legs.
- You can't get much sleep; and the kids are throwing up because the food is bad.
- Second, if fruit went bad during shipment, the wrappers offered some way of containing the spoilage.
- The stray dogs may be hungrier, but I don't think they ever ate that bad rice.
- Many feared that if the food went bad and somebody became ill that they would be liable and could be sued.
- The next morning, things got worse as half of our food went bad.
- The bank has been dogged by bad real estate loans since it was formed by the merger of two Munich-based banks in 1998.
- He financed his activities by cashing millions of dollars in bad checks.
- After a couple of traffic offense cases and a few bad check writers were dealt with, he married us.
- He suffered money problems and was arrested for passing a bad cheque and other financial charges.
- Passing a bad check is a felony.
- One of my earlier cases was investigating a bad cheque that had been passed at a local merchant.
- However bad or good these checks are depends on the publication, but they are there.
- He relies on the telephone and on an eye trained by expensive experience to ferret out bad checks.
- He had already suffered the loss when he received the bad cheque from her.
- The geeks will not inherit the earth: They spend too much time watching movies and checking for bad physics.
- They may steal, write bad checks or commit illegal activities to finance their habit.
- They said my Child was clean but because there were bad checks written there was going to be a trial.
1.1(of poor quality)maloher handwriting is bad — tiene mala letra
- he's a bad liar — no sabe mentir
- that wouldn't be a bad idea — no es mala idea
- The poor living conditions, bad diet, lack of exercise and now being alone have all taken their toll.
- This leads me to the question who is responsible for such bad quality design and materials and who pays for it?
- The problem now is that the generators in many areas are starting to break down due to constant use and the bad quality of the fuel.
- Complain about their bad grammar or poor choice of headlines or biased editorials.
- The old building was criticised for poor condition, bad layout and having too few interview rooms.
- In many ways there are so many bad films, and the blame actually goes to the audience because that's what they want.
- Poor or bad management covers a multitude of sins that could include all of the above and more.
- More big fish are lost through bad knots or poor quality crimping than for any other reason.
- There were a lot of bad websites at one point where the loading was bad, quality of images were poor and the interface was clumsy.
- Who wants stuff of doubtful or bad quality, even if it's given for half the price?
- All share some of the ailments of old age, including poor memories, fading eyesight and bad hearing.
- Poor decision making, bad handling and lack of enterprise ensured their efforts came to nothing.
- The film's incredibly bad storyline was only surpassed by the poor acting.
- He will also witness bad pass after poor tackle and some woeful marking.
- The dialogue is even more aimless, the image quality is bad, and the acting is not up to par.
- Because of the bad quality of the bank video, it is not clear exactly what happened.
- International standards identify bad loans as those without servicing for three months.
- The sound quality was so bad that it had to be lowered as the Dolby sorround was not working properly
- Although ground water here is abundant, it is of such bad quality that it is considered a health risk.
- It also criticised the windows' poor design as a bad example to other developers.
1.2(unreliable, incompetent)to be bad at sth/ -ing — ser malo para algo/+ inf
- to be bad about -ing
- to be bad on sth
- I'm bad at names/remembering dates — soy malo / no tengo cabeza para los nombres /para recordar fechas
- he's bad about returning things he's borrowed — le cuesta devolver lo que pide prestado
- I'm bad on punctuation — la puntuación no es mi fuerte
- How does being good or bad at sport when you're a child affect you as an adult?
- It all seems so cruel that I should be so bad at parenting yet have such an easy time conceiving.
- I have shaky hands and weak wrists, and am very bad at carrying drinks and plates.
- So, being bad at golf actually burns up more calories than being good at it.
- I'm actually really bad at condensing peoples names to just one or two characters.
- I'm also really very bad at choosing music to play for other people.
- Yes, I do think that sometimes philosophers are very bad at it, because they don't think about it.
- There will also be a session on how to start a sex magazine and another on why the British are so bad at pornography.
- The logic goes that the people will vote out someone who is bad at the job.
- Well, being very bad at accepting any kind of compliment, I will just shuffle my feet a bit here.
- I'm not sure why humans are so bad at planning for the future, especially for those things we can predict.
- Why are women so good at working collaboratively and men so bad at it?
- My criticism is that most publishers are very bad at making a profit.
- They happen to be really bad at managing their bugs, and not providing fixes on time, but that's another issue.
- Fathers are seen as particularly bad at communicating with their children and getting involved with their lives.
- The two were both horribly bad at the game, but had had fun laughing and poking fun at each other about it.
- Now, having said all that, it still has to be said that Dawn is pretty bad at fantasy football.
- Instead they are labelled as bad at maths or stupid when, in fact, what they have is really no more than number blindness.
- It goes to show that you can be good at oratory but bad at leading.
- I wondered when I'd become so bad at articulating any kind of helpful advice.
2.1(unpleasant)(weather/experience/news) maloI've had a bad day — he tenido (un) mal día
- to go from bad to worse — ir de mal en peor
- it tastes/smells bad — sabe/huele mal
- In the days before the wireless, he was trained to bear news of imminent bad weather from island to island.
- I was determined to ride out the bad times in hope that the good times were still to come.
- He tells her that he almost hopes something bad would happen to her so that he could save her at any cost.
- Sitting in his Hong Kong office, he reports that there is good news and bad.
- Even the TV had the grace to allow a bad weather news day to take precedence.
- The forecast for the rest of the week looks pretty grim and the bad weather looks like staying with us.
- Unfortunately, we had a lot of bad weather recently and an extraordinary amount of games were called off.
- Pacifism is absolutely not about shutting your eyes and hoping all the bad things will go away.
- A local farmer praised milk tanker drivers for their perseverance during the awful spate of bad weather.
- I was hoping it was a bad dream or at best a hallucination from a midnight toilet break.
- I still wake up and look over the bed and hope it's a bad dream and he'll be lying there next to me.
- I went out to the deck, hoping even with the bad weather that I could train a bit.
- And my father was not to accept excuses about the strokes of bad luck or the bad weather.
- Local fishermen are counting the cost of bad weather but, hopefully, can return to work early this week.
- I don't want to do anything today and if the weather's bad, I'll say what an awful day.
- The good news (or bad, depending on how you look at it) is that I'm not the only one who feels this way.
- Quake victims grab what they can in aid, while bad weather slows down the relief.
- Over the last two years, the news has been uniformly bad, with every club in the SPL forced to downturn its finances.
- But the news from Ireland was bad: trustworthy tenants were thin on the ground.
- I feel I'm on a roller-coaster at the moment - first good news then bad as things go right and then oh so wrong.
2.2(unsatisfactory)maloyou've come at a bad moment — vienes en (un) mal momento
- it's been a bad year for wine/the tourist industry — ha sido un mal año de vinos/para el turismo
- that's not bad at all! — ¡no está nada mal!
- it'll look bad if you don't turn up — queda mal / feo que no vayas
- it was bad that nobody visited her — estuvo muy mal que no fuera nadie a verla
- (it's) too bad we don't have a car — ¡qué lástima que no tengamos coche!
- too bad you didn't think of that earlier! — ¡haberlo pensado antes!
- it's too bad you can't come — es una lástima / una pena que no puedas venir
- if she doesn't like it, that's just too bad — si no le gusta, peor para ella
- I was here first — too bad! — yo llegué antes — ¡pues mala suerte!
2.3(harmful)maloto be bad for sb/sth
- too much food is bad for you — comer demasiado es malo / hace mal
- smoking is bad for your health — fumar es malo / perjudicial para la salud
- But it is possible that you dislike a thing which is good for you, and like a thing which is bad for you.
- Some flower beds and tubs have been planted up but the weather has been to bad for painting.
- In plain English, smoking looks bad, smells bad, and is just downright bad for you.
- It's about a very contemporary cultural superstition that love is actually bad for you.
- I doubt anything much can be done to stop the recession and this will be bad for IT spending.
- That said, stories like this are bad for the sport, and that affects all of us.
- It was bad for Sri Lanka, but not catastrophic if they can win at least one more game.
- Whether it is good for you or not, I would contend that all food can be good for you or it can be bad for you.
- Christmas shopping could be bad for your health, a top physiotherapist has warned.
- We are all told that to eat a healthy diet we need to cut down on sweets and sweet foods, however not all sweets are bad for you.
- The doctors do not say that all exercise is bad for you: they even recommend a little walking.
- Marriage as it stands is good for children, good for husbands and bad for wives.
- I know it's bad for me, that I should be doing stuff, any stuff just so long as I keep active.
- If I did not know better, I would have to say that running is bad for you, with both of us seriously ill.
- It is essentially a conceptual war, confusing for pundits and bad for television.
- So let's not get fooled by our astrologer pals who claim one number or another is bad for us.
- Is spending too much time online really bad for you because you miss out on personal interaction?
- But the fact that being a man is bad for you may also have much to do with men's attitude to health.
- To be fair, not all of the legislation brought in by the Scottish Parliament is bad for business.
- If that does not happen, it will be bad for him, worse still for Britain, and even worse for the world.
3.1(impolite)(manners/behavior) maloa bad word — una mala palabra
- bad boy/girl! don't do that! — ¡no hagas eso! ¡malo/mala!
- Three prison officers gave evidence yesterday about the penalties for reporting bad behaviour by colleagues.
- They were swearing at me as I laid on the floor, with very bad words.
- He stood and thought how he could get it down; he tried long plastic piping, ladders and bad words.
- However, the hawks would say that's just giving in to blackmail, rewarding bad behaviour.
- That's right, not only do they have a new CD out, they actually say bad words on this album.
- Here she tells her about her real self and why she likes being bad on screen
- What enrages you now is not last night's bad behaviour but a lifetime of bad behaviour and the marriage is over.
- I believed that if I got a cold sore or bit my tongue, it was a punishment for lying or saying a bad word.
- The general level of ignorance on what is good or bad behaviour is compounded by the idealisation of childhood.
- Teachers also noticed a reduction in criminal and bad behaviour.
- This New York circus duo have been a hit off-Broadway with their brand of vaudeville, kitsch and bad behaviour.
- Young footballers who copy the bad behaviour of their professional heroes are receiving adult-size bans.
- Rather than letting prisoners out early for good behaviour, it might be more sensible to keep them in longer for bad behaviour.
- But bad behaviour is on the increase since the town council replaced the benches last month, they said.
- The aunt snapped back at her ‘no’, that Aids was a bad word and that she was not to mention it again.
- Some youngsters even ask adults for cigarettes on the streets and spit out bad words at them if rejected.
- Speak very bad words to him in the 90 minutes and, after that, say you're sorry.
- She wins her over with headstrong antics, while she goes about being a bad little rich girl.
- He went to Trinidad to do a show and when he was performing, let loose a stream of bad words.
- People these days are so caught up in work that leisure is a bad word in their vocabulary.
- You should have seen the tantrum I threw, banging the floor with my fist and saying bad words.
- We turn our backs on the fact that bad behavior sells seats and bad behavior begets more of the same.
- Not all young people are bad, but there seems to be a growing number of them with a lack of respect for anything or anyone.
- She has even invented a mechanical parrot that speaks bad French.
- Despite its official backing the book pulls no punches and includes tales of the singer's bullying and bad behaviour.
- What happens when one's bad behaviour is considered as usual and is no longer condemned or even commented on?
- With the bad attitude comes the bad behaviour the tabloids love.
- It shouldn't be just up to the police to deal with bad behaviour.
- Teachers in Hull will be quizzed about their pupils' bad behaviour in a survey into classroom violence.
- Well there were bad words said, of that there is no doubt but I think the happy couple is back on speaking terms.
- Now they are calling for a public meeting with police to try and tackle the issues of bad behaviour before the project gets into full swing.
- Ben informs us that his good grades are like a licence for bad behaviour.
3.2(evil)(person) maloanyone who likes children can't be all bad — si le gustan los niños no puede ser tan malo
4(severe)(mistake/injury) grave(headache) fuertehe has a bad cough — tiene mucha tos
- a boy with bad acne/a bad stammer — un chico con mucho acné/que tartamudea mucho
5(rotten)(egg/fish/fruit) podridoto go bad — echarse a perder
6(afflicted)she's got a bad leg — está mal de la pierna
- this is my bad leg — esta es mi pierna mala
- I've got a bad tooth — tengo un diente cariado/una muela cariada
- how are you? — not so bad! — ¿qué tal estás? — aquí ando, tirando
- to be in a bad way — estar fatal
7(sorry)to feel bad about sth
- I feel bad about not having written to her — me da no sé qué no haberle escrito
- it's not your fault; there's no need to feel bad about it — no es culpa tuya, no tienes por qué preocuparte
8Finance(check) sin fondos
1all the bad that he's done — todo el mal que ha hecho
- there's good and bad in everybody — todos tenemos cosas buenas y malas
- you have to learn to take the bad with the good — hay que aprender a aceptar lo bueno y lo malo
- she always looks for the bad in any situation — siempre ve el lado malo de todo
- to go to the bad — echarse a perder
2to the bad — en números rojos
3(people)+ plural verb the bad — los malos
1USinformalto need sth real bad — necesitar algo desesperadamente
- if you want it bad enough — si de verdad lo quieres
- he's been hurt bad — le han hecho mucho daño
- she's got it bad for him — se derrite por él
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.