In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(rod, rail)barra femininemasculine barrotefeminine barrafeminine tranca
- The one small window had iron bars surrounding it.
- A gang of youths terrified bus passengers in Leeds last night after going on the rampage with weapons including an iron bar and a bat.
- The outside walls of the building now gleam white and the decorative wrought iron bars on the windows are a clean, pale blue.
- There were iron bars on the windows and a heavy padlock on the door to prevent looting.
- ‘I have had iron bars, lumps of wood, bottles, stones and even on old bath thrown into my garden,’ she added.
- The attackers then jumped out of their cars and assaulted the two men with weapons believed to include baseball bats and iron bars.
- Police recovered a collection of weapons including steel bars, hammers and clubs, as well as a Vauxhall car.
- Most seniors I know live with iron grilles and bars, locked windows and doors.
- They tore metal window bars off the front of Parnella House and were smashing the bus shelter with them.
- The burglars cut through metal bars on a window at the rear of the store.
- On each side of me from floor to ceiling were wrought iron metal bars.
- She was hustled into a police vehicle with bars on the windows.
- The door was tall wood with metal bars supporting it.
- A woman had a lucky escape on Thursday morning after metal reinforcement bars crashed through her car windscreen.
- Homes and shops in Thailand most usually have iron gates and bars welded over the windows.
- One of the downstairs windows has metal bars across it.
- Initially, these were very large weapons made of iron bars held together by iron rings.
- The council is now renewing its security measures and thinking of placing metal bars across all windows, replacing the alarm system and upgrading its CCTV.
- Countryside Alliance spokeswoman Liz Mort said four hunt supporters were attacked with weapons including wooden bars and three were taken to hospital.
- Through the iron bars of a big window we can see well-dressed Cubans dancing on the sidewalk.
1.2British (of electric fire)resistencia feminine
- The boss, for instance, has a lovely one: bright orange, like the bar on an electric fire.
- It was a small room, but even so the single bar of the electric fire, glowing bright orange beside its pale neighbour, fought hard to take the chill away.
- Mum had spent half an hour making toast for everybody, by sticking slices of bread on the end of a fork and holding them in front of the two bars on the electric fire.
2.1Sportmasculine largueromasculine travesañomasculine travesañofeminine barramasculine listón
- His first attempt hit the bar but he leapt highest to score the rebound.
- The Spanish captain was largely anonymous, and produced only one moment of magic when the defence stood off him and he floated a shot just over the bar.
- The first was a scorching right-foot volley that Given did well to tip over the bar.
- Ronaldo subsequently steps up and whips the free-kick over the bar.
- We hit the bar twice and were close a couple of times and in the end we deserved to win.
- Mayers then saw a shot hit the bar only for Foster to squander another chance from the rebound.
- But, for the briefest moment he hesitated, and Ashley Cole was able to turn his shot on to the bar.
- They put up a magnificent second-half fight, hitting the bar once and seeing two efforts cleared off the line - but it was in vain.
- The attempt went over the bar and Bergkamp hit the deck but he was able to continue after treatment.
- But the Chelsea keeper leaps high and long to his left to tip it over the bar.
- The former Celtic striker picked himself up, dusted himself down, took a deep breath and blazed his spot-kick over the bar.
- The conditions were very difficult, with a swirling wind, and Joe Deane hit the bar when a goal would have settled us down.
- Also on 50 mins Park finds himself with a sight of goal, but scoops it over the bar.
- Leeds' Richard Cresswell hit the bar with a penalty kick, before Parkin drove in his second to end Leeds' unbeaten home record.
- He had a clear sight on goal but he pulled his shot over the bar.
- They controlled most of the play and hit the bar, but a goal escaped them.
- I scored a good goal, set up another and had a shot come off the bar.
- His perfect header beat the keeper, bounced up, hit the bar and dribbled away to safety.
- Mick Midwood hit the bar with a chipped shot and Sheffield keeper Nicky Allen was in outstanding form.
- Thorne scored his first goal on 21 minutes after his header had hit the bar, but he recovered well to force the ball home.
2.2(in ballet)barra feminine
3(block)barra femininebar of chocolate — chocolatín masculine River Plate
- bar of soap — barra de jabón
- One young man had his life dramatically changed by the tour as he entered the vegan lifestyle, departing from a life of meat, chocolate bars, and fast food.
- We reached the first summit for lunch of a bar of chocolate and a sesame bar or dried fruit.
- Someone gave me a bar of chocolate today, and it feels like I've eaten about fifteen bars of chocolate in one go.
- He buys Beth a present every day, even if it is just a bar of chocolate.
- I couldn't believe the amount of things she was given - not just cans of drink, or beer, and lots of food and candy bars but also, for example, a pot plant.
- Prepare a colorful fruit salad as an alternative to candy bars and other junk food.
- A teenager from Westbury got more than he bargained for when he bit into a chocolate bar to find a piece of metal embedded in it.
- I was told to go and get something to eat even if only a bar of chocolate or crisps.
- Dessert is frozen juice and ice cream bars with chocolate chip cookies.
- He picked up a bar of gold in his hands and, turning it over, discovered a tiny crown chiseled into one of the corners.
- Blokes shouldn't need shower gel - a bar of soap does the trick.
- The vast majority did have at least one piece of fruit, usually an apple or a banana, but most lunch boxes also contained a bar of chocolate and a packet of crisps.
- The only items his wife has been allowed to give him on her visits have been a bar of soap, toothpaste, petroleum jelly and six apples.
- You remove it from its confines and caress and touch it as if it's a bar of gold.
- At home I made strong coffee and had it with a half a bar of white chocolate but neither revived me.
- Over 60 mums attended and were also given a presentation on the history of Mothers' Day and a bar of chocolate by year six children.
- We turn to hamburgers, sausage pizza, french fries, candy bars and other foods high in fat, sugar and calories.
- When you buy a newspaper or a bar of chocolate, tell the shop assistant you don't need a bag.
- He bought an orange and a bar of chocolate, and glanced over a newspaper.
- Included in the package are a bar of soap, a toner and a moisturizer.
4.1masculine barfeminine barramasculine mostradormasculine bar
- About 10 minutes down the road from me, there's a complex of pubs, bars and clubs that stay open util 2am.
- And last night, he was at his regular pub, with his regular partner, standing in his regular place at the bar.
- But Beth added: ‘The bars staying open later is a good thing, because it's cheaper to stay there than go on to clubs.’
- There are many bars and night clubs, complete with music and dance.
- Sam reached under the bar, opened a bottle of Irish stout, and put it on the table.
- There was a dance floor right in the middle, a bar to the left and tons of tables all around.
- I deliberately went and stood at the bar near by the group of girls on the other side of the pub, but they didn't even so much as look at me.
- Music can be heard on every corner of the capital and nearly all the bars have their own bands.
- Its city centre is being re-built, with new shops, clubs and bars opening each week.
- Three years ago you could go to many bars and listen to metal, rock, punk and hardcore music.
- Admission is by ticket only, either from behind the bar in advance or on the door on the day.
- When you walk through the front door of the old stone church you enter the reception area which consists of a bar to the left and a cosy waiting area to the right.
- We then found an Irish bar with a band playing, so the requests went in and, before long, the pub was reeling to the sound of The Fields Of Athenry and suchlike.
- The next room was a lounge, with a piano, couches, dark lights, a small bar, and a stereo.
- A number of bars have opened in recent years in the city as part of an initiative to introduce ‘European-style’ drinking.
- At one time Wood Green had no bars of any sort and suddenly they got three - Yates, Chicago Rock Garden and Weatherspoons.
- If you want to open a successful bar in Montreal, make it an authentic Irish pub.
- People in Ireland have not stopped eating out or visiting bars because they can't smoke.
- The barman himself had ducked below the bar at the first sign of trouble so that he would not know anything.
- I bought Chris a drink and we stood at the bar talking for most of the night.
- After thanking the many sponsors and supporters of the Club Mr. Brennan declared the bars open.
- I like to start casual dinner parties with an appetizer served at the bar facing our open kitchen.
- Chris Paling is standing at the bar in his London club, holding a cigarillo and a wine glass.
- She insisted that she had agreed to come to St Lucia to serve drinks behind a bar, nothing else.
- The tiny room was packed, with people standing at the bar and clustered around the pub tables nearby.
- How exactly will this law be enforced, and who will be liable if someone lights up in a bar?
- Smoking was outlawed in bars, hotels and restaurants from 6am this morning to protect employees from being exposed to smoke in the workplace.
- Many bars opened, revitalising the city's nightlife.
- There's a busy nightlife in the area, with many bars and clubs open into the early hours.
- Your new alcohol policy would allow bars to open 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
- I stood at the bar and stared at the barman, willing him to come to me next.
- On a recent Wednesday night the crowd was rowdy and stylish and clearly enjoying themselves at the bar at the front of the room.
- He'll help with your bags, crack jokes, invite you to eat breakfast on his porch and - if things get busy - let you serve drinks at the bar.
- He reached below the bar and pulled out a blackboard on which were listed, as promised, the different types of stew.
- And there are fears that the problem of drunken, yobbish behaviour will only get worse as licensing hours are extended and new bars opened.
- He was just sitting at the bar on a stool, in the next room, sipping his beer.
- But although some of the bars stayed open until 3am, the majority of pubs closed their doors at 1am as revellers headed off to the clubs.
- Her joy turned to dismay as he walked round to the other side of the bar, served her drink, took her money and then served the next customer.
- I locate the strip of city bars where I see a group of friends laugh raucously in a manner which I realized I hadn't witnessed since leaving London.
- Over the last ten years Belfast has undergone some major cosmetic surgery and new pubs and bars have opened while existing ones have expanded.
4.2(stall)puesto masculineheel bar — puesto de reparación rápida de calzado
- key bar — lugar donde se duplican llaves en el acto
- Live music, an organic café and juice bar, a play area and face painting make this a great day out for all the family.
- It is a very popular sandwich bar in the centre of Glasgow - we get a lot of customers from Scottish Television as their studios are very close by.
- The village has two new luxury hotels, an ice rink, shops, juice bar and an ice creamery.
- The owners of a pub and sandwich bar in the village both said they knew nothing about their refuse being deposited at the illegal dump.
- Half of the first floor is occupied by an ice cream bar and a leisure area with orange furniture.
- By creating your own itinerary, you avoid areas crammed with burger bars and British pubs and head for somewhere more authentic.
- The latest addition to Glasgow's burgeoning noodle bar scene, Soba is without peer when it comes to slick decor and extremely snappy service.
- The space can be subdivided for use as a convenience store and coffee shop or a sandwich bar.
- Big book stores with latte bars often have live bands on weekend evenings and lecturers at various other times.
- Our city needs thriving locals far more than it needs another video shop or burger bar.
- In clothes stores, sandwich bars, gyms and coffee shops we face a constant barrage of background music - music we notice but rarely listen to.
- The manager of a Swindon sandwich bar is hoping to complete a trio of feats for charity when he does the New York Marathon.
- The trendy lower downtown area has sushi bars, day spas and a shop that sells ultra-cool Vespa scooters.
- Keep your palate awake and you won't be slipping into your local sandwich bar or even the pub because your own BLT lacks a bit of oomph.
- He also plans to re-open the Parlour tea room, which is part of the complex, as a coffee and sandwich bar.
- It's a fashionable noodle bar with prompt service and well-priced, tasty food.
- Since setting up her business in 1999, the founder of Nails Inc has opened 30 walk-in nail bars across the country.
- The business team hopes to open two other sandwich bars in the Swindon area by 2006.
- About a year ago, Sambazon started importing this blend to the US and selling it to natural juice bars and health food stores.
- An Irish sandwich bar in Swindon has been named the best of its kind.
5.1the Bar — la abogacía US
- before noun Bar exam — examen con el cual se obtiene el título de abogado
- The plaintiff has recently been called to the bar in Ontario.
- The young barrister, only at the bar nine months, then attempted to cross-examine this key prosecution witness.
- He was a Junior Counsel in 1968, Senior Counsel in 1982, and was called to the English Bar in 1981.
- He didn't like the law and was never called to the Bar.
- The same year he would be called to the bar and later established a small practice in Montreal.
- The senior judges in England and Wales are drawn almost exclusively from the Bar.
- The Bar Council provides representation and services for the Bar, and guidance on issues of professional practice.
(in court)banquillo masculinethe prisoner at the bar — la acusada
- And far be it from any court to acknowledge that the defendant standing at the bar has any constitutional rights.
- His handling of the funds when they did arrive gave rise to vigorous debate at the bar.
- The defendant at the bar stands indicted by the grand jury of this county with the crime of murder in the first degree.
- The lawyers sit at the bar table facing the magistrate and the defendant sits with his or her lawyer.
- In an unprecedented move Magistrate Nicholas got up from the bench and sat at the bar table with the witness and the accused.
- 105 bars confining pressure was applied to prevent leakage in between the cylindrical face and the membrane.
- Seals were water-tight even at pressures of several bars, but did not interrupt water flow in the xylem.
- Nevertheless, to the diver, it still affords a fascinating glimpse of another world - a world so incredibly shallow that it is difficult to surface without at least a hundred bars.
- In both cars, an electric pump compresses air into the tank at a pressure of 300 bars.
6.2also bar lineMusicbarra feminine
7(impediment)obstáculo masculineimpedimento masculinebar to sth — impedimento para algo
- He also insisted his privileged background would not act as a bar to winning over new Conservative supporters in Scotland.
- It was the first time the church's most senior cleric had said that the sexuality of ministers should not act as a bar to their appointment.
- This of course need not be a bar to success in life.
- The trust's acquisition of the buildings would not be a bar to such moves, as the organisation frequently has tenants in its buildings.
- The formal listing of these buildings should not necessarily be a bar to all future change, the Trust says.
- I have a piece on how technology can be a bar to democracy on National Review Online.
- Age is the measure of our days, but why should it become a bar to work or a handicap?
- All sides have acknowledged that the conflict is a bar to the humanitarian work needed to overcome the disaster.
- The introduction of top-up fees in England was controversial because it was presented as a bar to access.
- In no other walk of life, it seems, would someone's sexual orientation be considered a bar to holding high office.
- In my view the incorporation of a local action group ought not to be a bar to the bringing of an application for judicial review.
- There is also a danger that, if too rigidly enforced, the existence of copyright could become a tool for censorship or a bar to the free circulation of ideas.
- In classical Athens, for an adult male to be passive was a bar to the exercise of citizenship.
- I asked Eric if he could speak Thai when he first came over and he admitted that he could not, but this was not a bar to business.
- It's a bar to entry to many people whose academic merit may well be greater than those who can afford access.
- A failure by the Court to maintain a dynamic and evolutive approach would risk rendering it a bar to reform or improvement.
- Age is no longer a bar to indulge in accessories, be it bags or jewellery.
- The other concerns were not considered a bar to the plans which are recommended for approval.
- The immigration status of victims of crime should not act as a bar to the prosecution of criminal offences: yet of course, it does.
- The great wrong about them is that they are a bar to all chance of science and of progress in cookery.
8(in bay, river)barra feminine
- Many of the rivers had bars at their mouths and navigation was hazardous: over the years a number of ships were lost as a result.
- That means thousands of boaters who rely on these multiple-use ports face the bleak prospect of shoaling channels and dangerous bars at river mouths.
- If a tench wants to move from one side of a bar to the other it has two options.
- Trout in particular spawn in the fall and can be found in deep water at this time. You can find them on bars, shoals, rocks and fingers.
- The host plant is an early successional, evergreen, nitrogen-fixing subshrub that grows on glacial moraine and river bars.
- In areas with episodic run-off, the whole plain may become, at periods of high discharge, part of the channel, with the deposition of a complex of shallow gravel and sand channels and bars.
9.1(band of light, color)franja feminine
- I look at the bars of light coming in through the blind.
- He looked through the gap between the door and the wall, a small bar of light illuminating his frightened features.
- His monumental canvases, with their interlocking bars of earthy colour, reflect his early life as well as later influences.
- He pulled on the headlights, and the beams cut into the darkness, solid bars of light in the smoke-filled air.
- After a green bar of light read his print, he pressed a sequence of buttons to the left.
9.2Militarydistintivo de teniente o capitán USgalón que indica que se ha recibido por segunda vez la misma condecoración British
- He was awarded a bar to his gold medal for exceptional services.
- For his 36 years of service he received three bars alongside his long-service award.
- He attained the rank of lieutenant colonel and was awarded the TD and bar.
- Further awards of the same decoration were shown by a bar on the ribbon of the cross or medal.
- A bar to his military medal was awarded in July of the following year after he had been promoted to sergeant.
9.3(in heraldry)barra feminine
1(secure)(door/window) atrancar(door/window) trancarshe found the door barred against her — se encontró con que le habían atrancado / trancado la puerta
- The window that was barred shut at the end of the hall was no barricade for Christine.
- As soon as they were all out of the cabin she barred the door and would not let them in any more.
- She locked and barred the kitchen door that led to the rest of the house.
- I wish I could have barred that door, nailed it shut somehow.
- Their faces registered curiosity and a tinge of alarm as guards leaped to bar the massive doors at the main entrance.
- They were crying and frightened and shaking; hurriedly, she barred the door and he covered all the windows.
- She barred the great door, and taking her daughter's hand, she began to run back through the rooms, with the maid following after in a panic.
- They had climbed its walls, and barred its doors.
- We quickly shut and barred the two doors and the window, and dispatched the three hornets that followed us in.
- The doors had been barred shut, then pried open, allowing us to slip inside.
- Within 20 minutes, a SWAT team in dark-blue body armor had stormed in, barred the doors, and duct-taped the vents.
- The captain barred both her door and porthole.
- I listened until her retreating footsteps told me she was gone, and then got up to bar the door.
- After they were led into the building, the door was barred by armed police who said proceedings before a judge were taking place behind closed doors.
- He and his roommate saw her coming and barred the door.
- Just as quickly, she shut and barred the door.
- The rest of you will remain here, bar the doors and windows, and afterwards stay well away from the windows.
- With a ripple of his deep red sleeve, one of the guards took both her arms, while the other barred the door, allowing Allie to be tied without the ability of escape.
- They herded them into a vast empty barn and barred the doors shut.
- The people around were crying their approval, and one of them ran up to the front door and, using his sign, barred the door so that they couldn't escape.
2(block)(entrance/path) bloqueara tree was barring our way — un árbol nos cortaba / bloqueaba / impedía el paso
3(prohibit)(jeans/smoking) prohibirto bar sb from sth
- reporters were barred from the meeting — se excluyó a los periodistas de la reunión
- his criminal record bars him from the job — sus antecedentes penales le impiden acceder al puesto
- So it can come as a shock to discover that some of these activities can be barred to them as the years slip by.
- In 1995, he was barred from treating patients in an exclusive hospital in Jakarta for helping HIV positive people.
- He was initially barred from enrolling for a degree in computer science at the University of Maryland due to a technicality, but managed to sign up and complete the course.
- The hospital's front gate was closed and a sign said patients and employees were barred from leaving and no items used in the building could be removed.
- Local Democracy week has been branded a sham by Tory councillors after their deputy leader was barred from speaking at a high-level meeting.
- Railway passengers are barred from setting foot on the mountainside and walkers who have reached the summit will be denied access to the visitor centre.
- Some people have still memories of the 1980s when people were barred from universities merely for not going to Friday prayers regularly.
- He spoke out after two frail and elderly patients were left alone and distressed waiting hours for ambulances to take them home after their wives were barred from travelling with them.
- He was barred from practising by the General Medical Council in July 2000 after 34 out of 35 allegations against him were proven.
- We just cannot stop modernism from seeping up between the floorboards, so a return to a premodern reading of the Bible is barred to us now.
- He was barred from America last year on ‘security grounds’, although he has never had any links to terrorism.
- Complaints that election agents were barred from some polling stations at the end of the election have caused concern within the commission.
- He does not smoke, drink or take drugs, so those recourses would have been barred to him.
- He was effectively barred from the US as officials there declared the case against him ‘pretty good’.
- As a result he was barred from taking part in the first free practice session on Friday.
- He was barred from returning home for weeks and allowed to meet his wife only in September.
- Visitors were barred from taking bags into the building, metal detectors were installed and police carrying machine guns patrolled the foyer.
- The 1986 World Cup hero was barred from leaving Argentina after family members blocked his early efforts to return to Cuba.
- The professions remained barred to women, but a few succeeded in practising as doctors.
- Another measure to limit consumption was a return to the ‘carless’ days of the late 1970s when one day a week a vehicle owner was barred from using his or her car.
- A father was barred from his own home and separated from his family for six months after he was spotted smacking his young son during a shopping trip.
- He was barred from school after teachers ruled his hairstyle ‘extreme and unacceptable’.
- She studied languages in Dublin, where she was barred from the student union bar for unspecified ‘bad behaviour’.
- There is now hardly any sphere of activity legally barred to women and, in this sense, every male bastion has been stormed.
- He was barred from entering the mainland in April 2001 but was recently informed that the ban had been lifted.
4(stripe)dibujar franjas en
- Its back is speckled with light markings, and its tail is barred with black.
- The upperparts are brown with a black patch streaked with white, and the tail is barred with black.
- Their faces were barred with stripes of charcoal and ochre.
- The backs and wings of females are finely barred with light and dark brown.
1salvoexceptoa excepción decon excepción debar one or two people — salvo / excepto una o dos personas
- we'll be finished, bar some disaster, by tomorrow — acabaremos para mañana, salvo que / a menos que ocurra algún desastre
- bar none — sin excepción
1(unit of pressure)bar masculine
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.