In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
- Fortresses of this era employed cleverly designed bastions and walls to defy storming by enemy troops and survive bombardment by enemy cannon.
- The buildings sit like a sheltering battlement, a running bastion enclosing green space created from the earth mounds of excavated material.
- The magnificent Junagarh Fort, the main attraction of the place has a 986-meter long wall with 37 bastions, a moat and two entrances.
- The first baron had laid out an extended perimeter of earthen ramparts with angled bastions to let archers sweep the wall between them, and a deep ditch had been dug at the foot of the wall.
- Features common to them all include doubled walls and angular bastions for artillery to dominate the approach.
- The walls had rounded angles with semicircular projecting bastions for artillery with an entrance on the south side.
- A large area was enclosed by a defensive wall with bastions and monumental gates, and the natural sheltered harbour was extended and deepened.
- The villa's distinctive pentagonal shape framed by arrowhead bastions makes it one of the most memorable monuments of the late Roman Renaissance.
- Drunk participants are asked to make their way to the bastions on the city walls to assemble for the Carnival which gets underway at 2.00 pm.
- The riverside walls are punctuated nevertheless by defensive bastions of which the main one controls an access from the river and numerous underground passages.
- Now, the slave-built massive concrete bastions have softened and decayed under the influence of time, weather and vegetation.
- It was the period immediately after the siege that established the existing defence systems of Gibraltar with all its great bastions, casements and massive lines of artillery-proof walls built from clean dressed limestone.
- Leonardo lived at a time when the first artillery fortifications were appearing and the Codice Atlantico contains sketches of ingenious fortifications combining bastions, round towers, and truncated cones.
- At close intervals are semi-circular bastions with eyelets for archers to look down and shoot at the enemy.
- Vestiges of the city's forum, basilica, temple, ramparts, bastions and oil mills are also well preserved.
- The three successive walls with numerous bastions for artillery and convoluted approaches for better defense testify to a time when wars were common and imminent attack around the corner.
- On the Trikuta hill above the main city square, rise the bastions of the 12 th-century fort.
- A wall was built of mud brick on a limestone foundation, punctuated by projecting bastions to allow cross-firing against anyone attacking the wall.
- Today, parts of the massive, four-sided walls are still visible, together with the remains of its fortified towers, or bastions, at each of the four corners.
- The walled cities of medieval Italy were fixed universes, bastions of defense, outlets for commerce, which had been built out of fear.
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- The last bastion of domestic drudgery is about to fall thanks to the development of the world's first automatic ironing machine.
- The school was established by the Catholic Church hierarchy as a bastion of conservatism against the growing influence of liberalism and Protestantism in the region.
- Independent documentary-making is the last bastion of free speech that we have’.
- Such bastions of tradition have established massive diversity bureaucracies, whose sole purpose is to create race-consciousness in their students.
- In Norway it was announced that women compose only 11% of members of corporate boards of directors, those bastions of male power and privilege.
- As well as the free exhibit there are lectures, Sunday concerts and weekly film screenings at the bastion of German cinema, the Goethe-Institut.
- The public sector has become the last bastion of comfortable retirement in Britain.
- Journalists are, if you like, the last bastion of democracy and freedom.
- ‘You know I believe this attitude towards heavy people is the last bastion of open discrimination in our society,’ Andante quoted her as saying.
- Orcas may be nothing more than a display of how corporate interests are threatening even public art - the last bastion of an independent civic identity and urban artistic community.
- For some time now, firefighters have been portrayed as the last bastion of unquestioned heroism in the public psyche.
- As more women join the male-dominated bastion of the police service, one top female cop launches a scheme to combat sexism and strengthen female representation in the PSNI.
- A jury is a bastion of commonsense against the establishment - that's why they don't like it.
- In this chaos the last bastion of defence of a society is the judiciary.
- In modern societies, the media - for all their faults - are often the last bastion of liberty.
- Neocon thought, of course, views Israel as a crucial bastion of the defense of Western values.
- As Havergal told this newspaper in 1999, ‘I feel we are the last bastion of socialist values.’
- Parliament will always be the last bastion of this multilingual exercise.
- Asia's lions are protected in Gir, the last bastion of the species.
- We are, after all, the last bastion of civilisation, are we not?
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
Many words formed by the addition of the suffix –ster are now obsolete - which ones are due a resurgence?
As their breed names often attest, dogs are a truly international bunch. Let’s take a look at 12 different dog breed names and their backstories.