In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(hit repeatedly)golpear(carpet) sacudir(wings) batirshe beat her fists against the door — aporreó la puerta con los puños
- Did you know that a fly must beat its wings two hundred times a second to stay airborne?
- He flew faster than ever, straining his strong muscles, and beating his wings so fast they were almost a blur.
- These birds are highly animated as they vigorously beat their wings to gain height and speed.
- Training a dog, beating a carpet or rug, and washing clothes are also banned on the heath.
- A ruby-throated hummingbird beats its wings 50 to 70 times per second.
- Do excuse me, I'm off to put more laundry in, beat my rugs, grab some lunch, and maybe pop down to the shops.
- In order to maintain air-speed velocity, a swallow needs to beat its wings forty-three times every second, right?
- Rather than moving forward while flapping their wings up and down like a bird, flies hover while beating their wings back and forth.
- The crow remained still until it suddenly beat its wings but soon settled again watching Ari closely.
- She approaches an emotion with the finesse of someone beating a carpet.
- He might have been beating a rug for all the effect it had.
- Every tree, every bush, even the grass, all covered in butterflies, gently beating their wings, and flying delicately from one perch to another.
- They were chased for more than half a mile by this angry bird, who reared up to his full height in the water, beat his wings and mounted the towpath in order to drive them off.
- He beat his powerful wings and soared high into the air, up and away from the village.
- The little hummingbirds beat their wings faster and their flight is even more graceful than normal.
- They are using updrafts to go higher without beating their wings.
- Ava beat the rug with a vengeance, watching the dust fly through the air and circle in the late summer breeze.
- As I sat to write this essay I could not help but reflect upon an old saying about a butterfly beating its wings in China and causing a breeze in Oregon.
- It seemed to know it was away from the confines of our chamber, for it fluttered about and beat its wings.
- At night, after a long day of gathering nectar, they gather at the hive entrance and begin fanning by vigorously beating their wings.
- The birds that lived in the two trees suddenly screamed out, beat their wings and swooped down, crying their anguish.
- I stared after the birds as they beat their wings in strange rhythm.
- A band-tailed pigeon, beating her wings upward, hears the incredibly low sound but pays no attention.
- All of a sudden it's as if they've hit an invisible wall as they become stationary, despite them furiously beating their wings.
- It then began to move slowly backwards still heading south and beating its wings until it disappeared.
1.2(inflict blows on)he beats his children — les pega a sus hijos
- he was beaten to death — lo mataron a golpes
- she nearly beat the life out of him — casi lo mata a golpes
- I'll soon beat some sense into him! — ¡lo haré entrar en razón a fuerza de golpes!
- The other two reached out and pulled the Aussie from the river and then, using long clubs, beat the shark to death.
- Gold and silver was also beaten and drawn out to be used to make thread for embroidery and braid weaving, often of an ecclesiastical in nature.
- He was tied to a telegraph pole in a field on the outskirts of Cork City where he was repeatedly beaten by a gang of up to five men.
- Policemen immediately pursued the protesters, trampling and violently beating them with their clubs.
- Police launched a murder hunt today after a cricket club member was beaten to death next to the pitch last night.
- The most expensive is wrought iron, where the metal is beaten into shape.
- The shepherd's crook is not for beating the sheep, but for catching hold of them if they go into danger where the shepherd's arm can't reach them.
- One of the victims, a UK reporter, was held down by the neck by one officer while the others beat him with clubs.
- The metal can be beaten out so thinly that it has hardly any solidity left, when it appears as gold by reflected light but green by transmitted light.
- Several others, including two drivers, sustained lacerations after being beaten with blunt instruments, but were not admitted to hospital.
- A 31-year-old man was beaten with a golf club and suffered severe bruising and two puncture wounds in his back.
- She took a quick glance at me and then she laughed as she continued beating the metal.
- He was brutally beaten, struck over the head with a weapon, and handcuffed to a toilet while the gang ‘robbed’ the van.
- Lead may be worked directly, by being hammered or beaten into shape, or indirectly, melted and cast as with bronze, or it may be cast in the rough and then finished by hammering.
- Gerald does, in fact, resort to violence, beating the horse and cutting it with spurs.
- One of them, who saw a stray dog being beaten to near-death, was so anguished that he has vowed never to come back here again.
- The piece of metal was then beaten with some kind of hammer, before being put back into the fire.
- The other noble metal is silver, comparatively scarce in nature but easily beaten into shapes where its gleaming silver colour reminded the ancients of the Moon.
- While they are spending time and money on this type of harassment there is a guy beating his dog for leaving a pile on the lawn.
- It looked like a hammer, beating a sheet of metal.
- He was forced to beat the attacking dog around the head with a stick in order to save his own pet.
- Walking home from work one evening he was attacked by five thugs who beat him brutally with clubs, leaving him for dead.
- Years ago, you used to be able to walk past the workshops under the Westway from about April onwards and hear the clanging of steel drums being beaten into shape.
- The metal was beaten into a shimmering disc.
- Ann said reports of dogs being beaten before death are false.
- She claimed she was beaten repeatedly by members of her partner's family and decided to escape from them at the first opportunity.
- The documentary makers interviewed former workers who stated that some dogs were beaten to death, instead of being given a lethal injection, in order to save money.
- In one attack, a bar owner was repeatedly beaten to the point where he thought he was going to be killed.
- She was beaten repeatedly around the head with a heavy object, and left for dead in her home in Kinton, Herefordshire, last September.
- A MAN who beat his dog after it had been injured in a road accident has been jailed for three months and banned from keeping animals for life.
1.4Cooking(eggs) batir(cream/egg whites) batir(egg whites/cream) montar Spain
- In a mixing bowl, beat cream cheese and sugar until smooth.
- Pour the hot melted butter over the whisked eggs in a steady stream, beating the ingredients together well.
- Then beat the sugar, eggs and orange flower water (if using) in a bowl until smooth.
- In the bowl of an electric mixer fitted with the whisk attachment, beat the egg whites until thick.
- I never imagined that you'd be able to beat the top score like that.
- The gas company said the cold snap had led to record demand in Yorkshire on Wednesday when 23 million cubic metres of gas was used, beating the previous record in December 1999.
- Remove from heat and beat the lentils with a wooden spoon until smooth.
- She hopes to set off in the catamaran Kingfisher II next January, with a team of 14, to beat the current record of 64 days.
- She will need to reach an average speed of 15.5 knots for the voyage if she is to beat the record.
- Egg yolks, Marsala wine, and sugar are beaten vigorously in a double boiler until thick and foamy.
- For the frosting, beat the butter and cream cheese until they are fluffy and then add the remaining ingredients with a pinch of salt until combined.
- This beats the previous record of 283,999, which was set only last year, and represents a two per cent rise on the 2003 figure.
- Basically, the game consisted of throwing a pair of dice, covered, and lying about what was on them to the next person, who had to beat your score.
- In a bowl, beat the sugar and egg white together using an electric mixer until thick and foamy.
- It sold 2.5 million copies during its first week in the shops, beating the previous record, held by Titanic, by 700,000.
- The next day, I told myself that I was going to beat Justin's first-round score.
- Using a hand-held electric or balloon whisk, beat the egg whites in a large greaseproof bowl until they form firm but still floppy peaks.
- Judging it on the TV replay, it looked like it also beat the Olympic record.
- He did it in six hours, 53 minutes and 21 seconds and has vowed to go back for more next year and beat his own record.
- Although communities try to beat their previous score, it is also an open competition against other communities.
- He had beaten the Norwegian's record by more than a minute.
- The moment you set a goal and achieve it, somebody will eventually beat your record and surpass your goal!
- Sift the flour and salt together, then add them to the mixture and continue to beat until smooth.
- The aim was to beat the existing record of 62 square metres.
- ‘I wanted to beat the world record but there was so much pressure on me and Jamie,’ he said.
- In a bowl, beat the sugar with the butter until it is light and fluffy.
- In a food processor, beat the butter, sugar and lemon zest until they are pale and creamy.
- Use either a hand mixer, blender or whisk to beat the hot chocolate until it's frothy.
- The rowers were attempting to finish their voyage in 60 days, beating the record of 64 days set in 1971 by a single rower.
- I believe our survival record was eventually beaten by another airman.
- Next, beat ingredients for the cream cheese layer until smooth.
- The team is confident that it will beat the current record of 245 mph, and say that it could even reach 300 mph on future runs.
- Remove from heat, beat the egg yolk, then add to the mushrooms, stirring it into the mixture.
- Meanwhile, with an electric mixture set on medium speed, beat cream cheese and sugar until smooth.
- If anyone would like to help us beat least year's record collection of £26, 531.66 please telephone me.
- In another medium mixing bowl, beat the egg whites until stiff and fold them also into the chocolate mixture.
- Slowly, add olive oil, constantly beating the mixture - just like making mayonnaise - until it is thick and almost smooth.
- To beat the current record, held by a group of Canadians, they need to roll more than 81 car tyres for a distance of 100-metres.
- In a bowl, beat the spices with the cream, add a little salt (not too much as smoked haddock is often salty) and pour it over the fish.
- Drain the potatoes, tip them into the bowl of a food mixer and beat them with the butter to make a smooth but firm consistency.
2.1(defeat)(opponent) ganarle a(opponent) derrotar(opponent) vencerhe thinks he can beat me at chess — se cree que me puede ganar al ajedrez
- he was beaten into fourth place — lo dejaron en un cuarto puesto
- you've got to know when you're beaten — hay que saber reconocer la derrota
- the government claims to have beaten inflation — el gobierno dice haber abatido la inflación
- (it) beats me how anyone can do such a thing! — no logro entender cómo se puede llegar a hacer una cosa así
- a beaten man — un hombre acabado / derrotado
- ‘There's no chance of me ever beating you at this game,’ I had said.
- He defeated the Russian who beat him in last year's semi-final to gain sweet revenge and the gold medal.
- I'm not going to dwell on it, except to say that I forgot everything under pressure and he beat me easily.
- Earlier this evening my five-year-old nephew beat me at a game of basketball.
- Lauren easily beat her father five games to one, and poked fun at his age and physical fitness.
- Saturday will be their first time back at Lansdowne Road since that shameful performance in '99, and they have beaten the British Lions since.
- He suffered his second straight defeat when he was beaten 5-3 in the second round.
- Our competition has been consistently beating us because they're taking bigger risks.
- Having attended professional table tennis training for five years in her primary school, she beat her rival easily.
- As the Worthington Cup final proved, they continue to hold the formula for beating Manchester United.
- If he can't beat me easily then he won't be world champion.
- Both clubs' motivation is to beat their rivals and claim top spot in the county.
- Has any other team ever beaten Manchester United five times in a row, as Liverpool now have?
- There wasn't much shame in that because I thought we competed hard in the four games and we were beaten by a better side.
- In their competition the girls were beaten by one goal.
- Almost every time, a player with a good short game will beat a player who can hit 300-yard drives.
- He also loves to practise and you can clearly see the enjoyment derived from competing against and beating his rivals.
- We are a tough team to beat and you've got to play a very good game to beat us.
- For the first time in a quarter-century of trying a human runner has beaten a horse in one of the most bizarre sporting events on the planet.
- I spend time with our daughter, allowing her to beat me in several games of checkers.
2.2(be better than)(record) batir(record) superarthis model can't be beaten — este modelo es el mejor / no tiene igual
- our prices can't be beaten — nuestros precios son imbatibles
- I scored 470, beat that! — yo saqué 470 ¿a que no me ganas?
- you can't beat home-made apple pie — no hay como el pastel de manzana casero
- it beats working any day — siempre es más divertido que trabajar
- his cooking beats mine easily — cocina mejor que yo, ni punto de comparación
3(arrive before, anticipate)if we go early we should beat the traffic/crowds — si vamos temprano nos evitamos el tráfico/gentío
- buy now and beat the new tax — compre ahora, anticipándose al nuevo impuesto
- to beat sb to sth
- I beat him to the telephone — llegué antes que él al teléfono
- I'll beat you to the shop — te echo una carrera hasta la tienda
5.1(tread)they had beaten a path across the field — habían dejado marcado un sendero en el campo
- beat it! — ¡mandate mudar!
- The estate staff and sundry villagers would be involved in beating the woods and picking up the game.
- Many beaters like to carry their own stick, to help them get up and down banks, as well as for beating the undergrowth.
- Local lords also demanded that peasants beat the woods during hunts and pay special additional taxes.
- These are people employed to beat the ground and bushes to 'flush' the birds towards the guns.
- In bird hunting some participants roused the birds by beating the bushes while others caught them in nets.
1(strike)to beat against/on sth
- the sea was beating against the cliff — el mar batía contra el acantilado
- he could hear them beating on the door — los oía golpear / aporrear la puerta
- the sun beat down on them — el sol caía de lleno sobre ellos
- Again and again and again it beat against the roof, shattering every tile it hit.
- As I drew on my reserves and got going again I was left with the pain in my quads and the sound of my feet beating against the pavement.
- The sound of hoofs beating on the ground could be heard in the distance, and the small feet ran faster.
- The sound of a girl beating on the door snaps him back to reality.
- Five minutes later, we were cruising down the highway with the wind beating roughly against the side of the car and ruffling our hair.
- My fists were shaking badly, and I wanted to beat on something to let out all of my anger.
- The storm continued though the night and the only thing that you could do was sit and listen to the sound of the rain beating against the castle.
- He carried her back up the hill while she beat on his back and kicked.
- Even the rhythmic resonance of the waves beating against the hull of a ship produces music of a different kind.
- He beat on the bar with the palm of his hand then hung his head at the floor.
- Doors slam shut, waves beat against the hull, and faint voices call for the characters to meet their doom.
- She looked around for something to cover herself and again Noah beat on the door.
- The percussion instrument sounds like something beating against a tin roof.
- Instead, Cindy was stuck staring gloomily out the window as rain steadily beat against it.
- I heard him beat against the door, and then fall to his feet with a strangled sigh.
- The sound of the ball beating against the ground resounded through the neighborhood.
- Meanwhile, Gregor's sister and father beat on his bedroom door, calling him to leave for work.
- I'd beat on the walls and doors, leaving dents and holes, usually hurting myself on top of it.
- She stared up at the vaulted ceiling listening to the sound of the rain beating against it.
- My hands grasp the brass knob as I beat on the door, calling, crying, begging.
2(pulsate)(pulse/heart) latir(heart/pulse) palpitar(drum) redoblar(wings) batir
- Her pulse quickened, and her heart started beating even more rapidly.
- Then there was a sound of drums beating filling the air with its fury.
- In both cases doctors only have about 30 minutes after the heart stops beating to safeguard organs, by pumping a preservative fluid into the body, before it starts to degenerate.
- Because of this irregular heart rhythm, your heart stops beating and can't pump blood.
- Her heart was beating wildly and her stomach lurched.
- Most patients have only mild symptoms, such as palpitations or the sensation that their heart is beating rapidly.
- The drums had stopped beating and the tent flap had been closed.
- Her heart was beating wildly, and panic was rising in her stomach.
- In cardiac arrest, the heart stops beating effectively, blood does not circulate and no pulse can be felt.
- Drums have been beating throughout the borough's schools this term at a series of musical workshops and concerts.
- Her heart had suddenly begun to beat at an uncontrollable rate.
- I heard drums beating, and the sinister familiar sound of chains.
- The competitors' hearts are beating at almost twice their normal rates.
- Yet the sound you now hear is so distinct in its intentions that you know it at once: war drums beating out the rhythm of impending attack.
- It's the sort of night that really gets your heart beating and your pulse racing.
- He evidently has a heart the size of a horse's which beats at just 43 times per minute at rest.
- With drums beating, bands playing and bayonets fixed, they marched through the town's streets to the delight of the crowds.
- There are no drums beating from the forbidden side of the mountain.
- Long after the final whistle had blown at their semi-final, the sound of drums beating and fans chanting could be heard outside the stadium.
- I checked my pulse and was terrified when I realized my heart was beating more than 200 times a minute.
- I could hear the sound of my own heart beating, the pulse that was pounding in my ears gradually slowing down to normal.
- Before we had ways of testing brain activity, the test was whether the heart was beating.
- If the stations are clustered together, do jumping jacks between sets to keep your heart beating at a training rate.
- Critical organs such as hearts, lung, kidneys and livers are only taken from donors who are brain dead and whose hearts are still beating.
- They claimed the heart was beating and the brain was functioning and the patient simply needed care and time to recover.
- Her laughter was deep, right from the stomach, and it sounded like merry drums beating away.
- An AED delivers a life saving electric shock that starts the heart beating and pumping again.
- Her heart started beating hard, pounding against her ribcage.
- In the quiet countryside there are rhythms of drums beating for all to hear.
- I could feel the gentle rise and fall of his chest under my head as he breathed, and I could hear his heart beating against my ear.
1(of heart) latido masculine(of drum) golpe masculine
- Don't be alarmed if you feel your heart skipping beats - that's a normal occurrence during angiograms.
- As the beat of the hooves fell silent in the distance the priest heard a dry laugh coming from under the bridge and he knew immediately who was there.
- Some term newborns have a resting heart rate below 90 beats per minute.
- In an average lifetime of 70 years, the total resting time of the heart between beats is estimated to be about 40 years.
- Five beats of the drum were heard.
- The beat of drums and bellow of trumpets welcomed the team behind the success of the film.
- My heart almost skipped a beat when I first walked in.
- While some of the gatherers donned costumes, most settled on picket signs and chants, and some marched to the beat of makeshift drums.
- Remember too that any physical task requiring fine motor control goes out the window as your heart rate approaches 140 beats per minute.
- The beat of the drums and the sweet tenor voice of the guitar could be heard from outside the theatre.
- She heard the sound of hoof beats behind her and saw four men dressed in black.
- Her heart rate was 105 beats per minute; otherwise her vital signs were normal.
- The lone, strong voice coming from the speakers made my heart skip a beat.
- Running and cycling expend 350 and 360 calories respectively, at a heart rate of 148 beats per minute
- Taking long breaths to hide the agitated beats of my thudding heart, I leaned forward more intently to analyze the picture.
- The first few beats of the drums could be heard before Hiryu started playing on the piccolo with the guitar and keyboards.
- His panther ears twitched at the sound of distant hoof beats.
- Every paddler moves his or her oar in time with the beat of the drum.
- My highest-ever heart rate was 207 beats per minute, 15 years ago.
- Women who were washing laundry outside their houses, and talking to their neighbour about the latest village gossip, looked up in surprise at the sound of hoof beats.
- After another few minutes' silence, they heard distinct sounds of hoof beats.
- When the heart relaxes in between beats, the two ‘flaps’ of the mitral valve swing open to let blood flow from the atrium to the ventricle.
- My heart skipped a beat as I realised that after such a long time, I'd be meeting her.
- His heart rate was 120 beats per minute and his respiratory rate 18 per minute.
- I woke to the jolting sound of hoof beats, thundering down a dirt path.
- Year after year, dragon dancers in colorful costumes wildly prance around different locales, mostly shopping centers, to the loud beats of the drums.
- Between beats, the heart relaxes and the blood seeps into the smaller vessels, much like a river flowing into its tributaries.
- Dancing to the beats of the drums, the audience of all ages was on its feet.
- In her ears echoed the sounds of her beating heart as its beats began to grow weak and slow.
- Let's say you are 20, thus your maximal heart rate is 200 beats per minute.
- The beat of the drum may sound weaker in the urban setting, yet the celebration still has its special aura.
- The sound of pipes joined the beat of the drum, and the men began to sing a hearty sea shanty as the ship moved through the surf and out to sea.
- In this case, a heart rate of 70 beats per minute requires no specific intervention at this time.
- He tapped his foot and nodded his head in time to the beat of the drums.
- Families are invited to march to the beat of the drums from Rafters Landing to a bonfire celebration in Louise McKinney Park.
- Mean at-rest heart rates were 91 beats per minute, or normal.
- My heart skipped about 20 beats when I realized it was Dan.
- The entire group marched to the beat of the drums, while the power of their songs lifted us up the concrete trail to the center of the island.
- This is a duel between two men, accompanied by the beat of the drums and gongs played by a group of elderly women.
- In essence, your heart requires fewer beats to pump the same amount of blood.
(rhythmic accent)tiempo masculine
- Everyone plays different beats at the same time so they really feel the rhythm through their hands and can work out where they fit in.
- When you fade one track into another, you have to hit the beats at the right moment for the sounds to segue into one another effortlessly.
- You've got to break it up into beats and just learn it.
- Conductors became the drill sergeants of music; the beat is seen rather than heard.
- This time, focus all your attention on making a stress on the second and last beats of each bar.
- In mensural music beats fall naturally into groups of two or three with a recurring accent on the first of each group.
(of baton)compás masculine
- There is a structure under there somewhere, with each song held together by a strong beat.
- The pounding beat, uplifting crescendos and psychedelic lights had just the right effect.
- It gives you what you'd expect - strong beats, ironic raps and bizarre alter egos.
- A new wave of young musicians appeared, adopting dance beats and electronic sounds as their main mean of expression.
- It had a dance beat with the synthesised sounds of wailing or sometimes heavy instruments.
- My fingers started tapping against my leg to the beat of the music.
- It was full of upbeat music, fast beats and swift rhythms.
- All the songs have been carefully selected for your enjoyment, from laid back sounds to a beat that makes you stand up and get into a groove.
- People were drinking, shouting, singing along to the beat of the music, and dancing.
- Honey strutted on the catwalk to the beat of the background music, smirking in her hot-pink party gown.
- Usually hip-hop offers a steady beat to nod your head or tap a foot to.
- It is not exactly a disco beat and not exactly post-punk, but lies somewhere in between the two.
- I'm a sucker for a pounding beat and some flashing lights.
- Every song is similar in that the beat has great rhythm and is very smooth.
- There are hip-hop beats, beautiful vocals by various smoky-voiced female singers and there's also a modern lounge feel.
- In fact, there is nothing even remotely resembling a new sound, riff or beat.
- He also insists the station is changed if anything comes on that doesn't have a strong beat.
- The audiences wanted loud, full music with a lively beat.
- A rock song played in the background and the crowd thumped along to the beat.
- The show is a pure play on energy, filled with funky beats and strong singing and dancing.
3.1(of policeman)ronda feminineon the beat — de ronda
- One day while on his regular beat Pc Vernon dropped in to Asda in Linksway, Horwich, to have a chat with security manager Ron Jackson.
- What do you think about having more police officers on the beat?
- But the danger of arming the policeman on the beat is that it would drive a wedge between the officer and the community.
- Police officers on the beat are now outnumbered in several areas by private security workers.
- A community clinic launched by the police in Liden has been hailed as such a success that another bobby is being added to the beat to ensure crime stays down.
- Extra bobbies will also be on the beat to patrol trouble spots in the borough after a spate of brick attacks on buses.
- 28 per cent said that they had never seen a police officer on the beat in their area.
- They will have a regular beat and get to know such people as head teachers and shopkeepers.
- Police officers on the beat are also on the lookout for underage drinkers.
- Worried residents regularly call for more bobbies on the beat, but the police already have community officers in key areas of north Kent.
- The Bishop of Bradford swapped his pulpit for the pavement when he joined a police officer on the beat.
- They marched out in regular formation, peeling off two by two at each main street to patrol their beats on foot.
- Police are putting extra patrols on the beat in Grimsby after a racist attack left an asylum seeker with serious facial injuries.
- His first job had been on the beat as a Brooklyn policeman in 1917.
- If a rare police officer on the beat in Bradford actually saw an incident like this, he wouldn't do anything.
- It's harder still when there's no moral cop walking the beat to blow the whistle when things get out of control.
- Police must be seen to be on the beat in every area where crime is known to be a problem.
- He was not allowed to leave his beat or consume alcohol when on duty.
- I would put more police on the beat instead of driving round in cars or sat behind a desk.
- He was the first Cheshire officer to swap his regular beat in the Knutsford area to act as an adviser in the war-torn towns of the Balkans.
3.2British (in angling)coto de pesca masculine
- The beats of the Norwegian Flyfishers Club are fished on a rotational basis, giving each angler equal rights, and a maximum of four anglers per beat.
- Not all can afford a top beat on a Scottish river when the fish are running.
- We fished a beat that had a small narrow island about a third of the way down.
- Each beat fishes best at a different height of water.
- Following rain on Thursday, fishing conditions on the river were ideal on Friday and anglers were out on all beats of the club water.
- Perhaps he was a Beat born too early.
- He was a beat in the 50s, met and performed with Warhol in the early 60s, was always on the edge of everything.
- It reminds me of my parents, they were beats and hippies then converted to Protestant Christianity.
1.1informal (exhausted)reventado informalmolido informalto be dead beat — estar reventado / molido informal
1.2informal (defeated)she knew she had him beat — sabía que se la había ganado
2(of beatniks)(generation/poet) (invariable adjective) beat
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