In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(preceding in time)antes deI won't be back before three/midday — no estaré de vuelta antes de las tres/de(l) mediodía
- before dinner/the game — antes de la cena/del partido
- before long — dentro de poco
- they arrived before us — llegaron antes que nosotros
- excuse me, I was before you — lo siento, yo estaba delante de usted
- before going in — antes de entrar
- ten minutes before the end of the game — diez minutos antes de que terminara el partido
- the day before her departure — el día anterior a su partida
- in the days before electricity — cuando no había electricidad
- turn right just before the bridge — tuerce / dobla a la derecha justo antes del puente
2.1(in front of)delante deante formalbefore the assembled guests — delante de los invitados
- he is due to appear before the court next week — debe comparecer ante los tribunales la semana próxima
- the matter comes before the committee today — el tema va a ser tratado hoy por la comisión
- I swear before God that … — juro ante Dios que …
- they swept all before them — arrasaron con todo lo que encontraron a su paso
- the difficulties that still lay before him — las dificultades que aún tenía por delante
2.2(in rank, priority)she puts her work before her family — antepone el trabajo a su familia
- safety comes before anything else — la seguridad (está) ante todo
1(earlier than)(+ subjunctive) antes de que(+ infinitive) antes debefore it gets dark — antes de que anochezca / de que se haga de noche
- before ironing it — antes de plancharlo
- he died before he was 30 — murió antes de cumplir los 30 años
2(rather than)antes queshe would die before … — prefería morir antes que …
- While Michael was fiercely loyal in his professional and personal relationships, he had a ruthless streak and was prepared to put his career before all else.
- My dream is to be a great chef, and I put that before all things
- I would die before helping you destroy the human race," he said.
1(preceding)anteslong before — mucho antes
- the day/year before — el día/año anterior
- before and after — antes y después
- have you been to Canada before? — ¿ya has estado en el Canadá?
- this has never happened before — esto no había sucedido nunca antes
- not that page, the one before — esa página no, la anterior
- He will also oversee the opening of another four shops before the end of the year.
- He had served with the Territorial Army before the war and rose to the rank of captain.
- We recently talked about what was going to happen in the period just before my death.
- Hastily he picked the book up and handed it to her and bowed his head before standing.
- I always prefer to read a book before I see a film, so that I can have my own images in my head.
- We have met for a drink and a chat before dinner at a local restaurant with some of her mates.
- Ben led his friend to the bench on his long porch and then they both sat down before he answered.
- It took a minute for him to realize where he was and remember the events of the night before.
- He said three to four minutes passed before someone came to take him down to the cells.
- We went for a nice meal with the parents yesterday before having to catch the train home.
- Remove them from the oven and leave to rest for five minutes before slicing in half.
- Four months before her death she gave him her blessing to go ahead with the procedure.
- It turned out that the pilot spoke some English and had visited Boston before the war.
- We had to go home and wait four hours before phoning the hospital for the result.
- He sat up straight for some time before realising there were two people in front of him.
- We wanted to get the work started some four to six weeks ago before the weather turned.
- She waited until she heard his car faded away before standing and getting her bags.
- Again, this was more than three times the figure for the same period the year before.
- He looked at the clock and decided he better go visit Thomas before his dinner meeting.
- He was crossing the road to visit a nearby newsagents to buy milk before he went swimming.
2archaic(ahead, in front)adelante
- Sarah has a solicitor in Israel and plans to put the case before the court as soon as possible.
- If a case is put before the court on a basis, the court can only deal with it on that basis.
- He has since been suspended from his job and at some stage will have to appear before a tribunal.
- Ada is also a ward of court in the inheritance case and the pair are taken before the courts.
- I looked up and turned to the side to see a rather nice looking woman standing before me.
- Repeat young offenders have had to wait up to four months to be tried before magistrates.
- My Lord, I am not standing before my Lord to say that there is an obvious flaw in the logic.
- Eight days later she was up before the same court to admit committing two further thefts.
- Mr Binding has freely admitted to the crimes put before him several times in this court.
- The words impose a requirement on the court to make a judgment on the evidence before it.
- You should have seen the look on her face when I stood before her door with my luggage in my hand.
- It seems to me they are wholly excessive when one looks at the bundle before the court.
- The young man passes through the light, and is in a garden, standing before the gate.
- There was a stage at the front and the Headmaster was stood at it, before a microphone.
- As I shall show in a moment, that evidence seems to me to have been before the tribunal.
- The justices before whom the question is brought and all the facts of the case appear.
- No one else appeared to be aware of the fearful events that were unfolding before my eyes.
- You shall stand before him to answer for the conspiracy to destroy his beloved sons!
- Lia dug her hands into her jacket pockets, her eyes resting on the figure before her.
- In it he seeks an order that his clients' appeal be heard afresh before a new court.
- If you were brought up before the headmaster he would poke you in the chest and you fell back.
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