Translation of break in Spanish:

break

romper, v.

Pronunciation /breɪk//breɪk/

transitive verb

  • 1

    (rope/plate/window) romper
    (twig/stick) partir
    (twig/stick) romper
    (stick/twig) quebrar Latin America
    I've broken my pencil se me ha roto la punta del lápiz
    • they broke a hole in the fence abrieron una brecha en la valla
    • she broke the chocolate into four pieces partió el chocolate en cuatro trozos
    • he broke his wrist playing rugby se rompió la muñeca jugando al rugby
    • I broke a tooth/my nail se me rompió / partió un diente/la uña
    • to break the back of sth hacer la peor parte de algo
    • I think we've broken the back of the job creo que ya tenemos hecho lo peor / la peor parte del trabajo
    • Her metal harness buckle breaks and she plunges to her death.
    • Frank broke a handful of crackers into his soup.
    • With a few quick steps, she grasped the extinguisher, and rammed it into the glass door of the vending machine, breaking the glass.
    • I tore off a tiny piece and it broke every time I stretched it.
    • At the head of the table, he broke pieces of bread into his soup with trembling hands.
    • ‘The men then tied a tow rope to the machine and broke the security housing around it,’ added Mr Patel.
    • His brows creased as he tried to break a piece of chocolate and he smiled when he broke it off.
    • The crew survived, but the aircraft exploded when its payload of munitions blew up breaking the windows of many local houses in the blast.
    • The car was stolen after a thief broke a window at Mr Westwood's home, taking his car keys and mobile telephone.
    • We then come to the mast's boom that has broken into two pieces over the ship's hull.
    • She ran to the vending machines and broke the glass.
    • A flood wall broke and water is flooding the city at an alarming rate.
    • Six ropes had been broken and small trees around had all been pulled down.
    • I broke it into small pieces and put it in a bowl.
    • She scribbled answers hard on the paper, constantly breaking the lead of her mechanical pencil.
    • After a drawn-out moment, the barrier surrounding me broke.
    • The cup broke under the strain.
    • Most of the rubbish was polystyrene and the children were just breaking it into small pieces and strewing it all over the ground, and we all know what a mess this material makes when broken.
    • The mirror had been broken, its shattered pieces falling onto the wooden chest and green carpeting.
    • Take four eggs and break each one separately in a saucer to test for quality before adding to the sugar and beat until the mix is creamy.
  • 2

    (render useless)
    (machine/radio) romper
    (radio/machine) descomponer Latin America
    • When she went back in after the last strike days she discovered that whoever had been trying to operate her machine had broken it instead.
    • He turned and knocked the machine over breaking it.
    • And, just to add insult to injury, I've even broken his bloody coffee machine!
    • When the washing machine broke he fixed it so well it washed the clothes twice as fast, and picked up National Radio.
    • We should simply break the machines and return to our caves.
    • Her video camera broke, and they took shelter in the women's restroom to work on it.
    • He thinks he broke the machine when he accidentally minimized a window.
    • The ticket machine had broken and the punters were advised to pay on the train.
    • Second, I check whether I'm still able to judge speed and distance accurately by making sure I can get my car key in the door lock without breaking it or scratching the paintwork too much.
    • Someone broke the machine by jamming pencils in to it.
    • To their credit, the locals at first rebelled by breaking the machine so that no one could pay, but over time the revolution vanished like sand through so many fists.
    • They protested against the factories by breaking the machines.
    • If he didn't watch what he was doing, he really was going to break one of these machines.
    • It would seem like the sort of machine you'd break just by turning it off.
    • Right now, we've broken two bubble machines and have to buy a third one.
    • The video then shows him break the camera and the picture goes dead.
    • However, in the ensuing minutes there was an argument, during which the sewing machine got broken.
    • I just figured some machine broke causing a big power outage.
    • My wife is emphatic about having to wear a certain outfit she pulled from the dirty clothes hamper to the party we have been invited to later, so, of course, the washing machine breaks.
    • If your washing machine breaks it will be guaranteed.
  • 3

    (violate)
    (regulation/rule) infringir
    (rule/regulation) violar
    (promise) no cumplir
    (promise) faltar a
    (appointment) faltar a
    (appointment) no acudir a
    (contract) incumplir
    (contract) romper
    to break a strike boicotear una huelga
    • Clubs could choose to terminate contracts, if players break them.
    • It seems there's little incentive to adhere to the law, especially when breaking the rules makes such good business sense.
    • Do you regularly break the rules or minor laws rather than put up with the frustration of obeying them?
    • They're certainly breaking their contractual agreement with the bank by participating in these rebate schemes.
    • And police are urging people to call them if they suspect someone is regularly breaking the law by drink-driving.
    • Agreements are broken, witnesses held in contempt, there is respect for no one.
    • He said he believed it was impossible to do the journey in under 10 hours unless he broke the speed limit.
    • The authorities will be able to deport a harmless Egyptian cabbie who came to Britain as an economic migrant, for breaking immigration rules.
    • These players are breaking the rules.
    • He walked free from court after a jury cleared him of breaking the Official Secrets Act.
    • The company failed to meet deadline requirements and broke the agreements.
    • I observe how society keeps breaking the rules.
    • Police say that anyone caught breaking the law could be liable for prosecution or given an official warning.
    • If the country were a separate member of the European Union, it would be facing certain prosecution for breaking environmental law.
    • Traders who break the law by selling to children risk a £5,000 fine and six months imprisonment.
    • This past summer, the legislature broke the agreement.
    • ‘Many doctors did not realise they were breaking the law by failing to seek the consent of relatives,’ he reported.
    • I turn now to the matter of fines for such things as wilful desertion, breaking lease, breaking the agreement, or failing to attend the tribunal or mediation.
    • What the judges, politicians and others concerned need to remember is a burglar is breaking the law and must be prosecuted.
    • At an emotional news conference, members of the women's eight apologised for breaking national Olympic rules and expressed regret at condemning their team mate.
  • 4

    (put an end to)
    (deadlock/impasse) salir de
    (habit) dejar
    (drug ring) desarticular
    the Romans could not break their power los romanos no pudieron quebrantar su poder / no pudieron abatirlos
    • It was also viewed by its architects as a way to break the power of the elite, who are still very much in control.
    • The Canadian Cancer Society is urging smokers trying to quit to plan out how they are going to break their habit.
    • The pamphlet offered nothing about breaking habits.
    • She shrugged it off and told herself it would take some time to break her old habits.
    • Really wanting to break this bad habit is the first step to stopping.
    • Government indifference and racist violence did not break the movement - in fact it radicalised it.
    • If you spot smoking triggers write down how you could deal with them if you were to stop smoking - a good way to break a habit is to replace it with a new one.
    • They know that this could break the movement and we are afraid that it will work.
    • For adults over 25, many doctors regard it as too late to break their eating habits and make them fit and lean again.
    • Here are some methods for breaking old habits and creating new, desirable ones.
    • Old habits are hard to break.
    • How do you break habits when you're not as confident in the new methods, or at least in your skill with using them?
    • Honestly, a course isn't going to help break the bad habits that caused the problem in the first place.
    • Imagine how hard it must be to break a habit that's lasted ten years.
    • In the course of the 1980s, the recognition of nicotine addiction offered an explanation of the difficulty experienced by some in breaking the smoking habit.
    • The addictions would probably be easier to break once she began to deal with what had happened to her.
    • I never managed to break the teenage habit of jiggling my legs and fidgeting when I have to sit still for a long time.
    • So don't feel guilty if your new habits are broken at certain times.
    • I suggest you pick a few of your unhealthy eating habits, and give yourself a month to work on breaking those habits.
    • It took a long time - and a lot of support - for him to break his habit, and he still doesn't feel like the person he was.
    • The bourgeoisie are agreed that the only solution is a dictatorship that crushes and breaks the workers' movement.
    • We would have to break old habits that perhaps were once useful, but don't serve their purpose anymore.
    • True, he broke the power of the trade unions but the result was near total economic collapse.
    • Also, of course, there is the reality that 20 or 30 years of habit are not broken in a fortnight.
    • You are attempting something that is inherently very difficult: breaking old habits.
  • 5

    • 5.1(ruin)

      (company/person) arruinar a
      • However you see the work, its implication is that the spirit cannot be broken.
      • You broke my heart much like you broke the spirits of your people.
      • Such privations by no means broke the spirit of the people.
      • She was going to prove he hadn't broken her spirit.
      • These were trials that would have broken the spirit of most people.
      • The rest of us suffer while they try to break our spirits and brainwash us.
      • If they thought that would break my spirit, they got it wrong.
      • But it stands to reason that if your spirit is broken by misery and the side effects of treatment, then you will not do well.
      • I write this letter as a mother, a mother whose spirit is broken, a mother who has to keep her child in the house in fear of losing her.
      • They're breaking them, their spirit, their minds, their psyche.
      • And since I was working with the disabled before the accident, I knew what kind of a life was in store for me ahead, which broke my spirit.
      • There is little that life can throw at him which can break his spirit.
      • You've stolen his dignity, shattered his emotions and broken his spirit, how much more do you want?
      • Never ridicule a woman - it breaks her spirit and cuts her efficiency.
      • Anne's spirit could not be broken.
      • After months with no sales, his spirit was broken and he gave up.
      • She had seen many things there that broke her spirit and took away her faith in humanity, but knew that there was still good left in the world.
      • They remember being kept desperately hungry all the time, as part of a ploy to break their spirits.
      • While they were successful in obtaining Rich's resignation, they could not break his spirit.
      • When I look at her I just think that at some point her spirit was broken and then, well, this is what became of her.

    • 5.2(crush)

      (person) destrozar
      (person) deshacer
      heart
      , → spirit
      , and → will

    • 5.3(demote)

      rebajar de grado
      degradar

  • 6

    (impart)
    to break sth ( to sb)
    • it was Sue who had to break the news to him le tocó a Sue darle la noticia
    • they broke it to her gently se lo dijeron con mucho tacto
  • 7

    (exceed)
    to break the sound barrier romper / atravesar la barrera del sonido
  • 8

    • 8.1(interrupt)

      (circuit/beam) cortar
      (fast/silence) romper
      • ‘Melissa,’ said Matthew breaking the silence and speaking for the first time since the fight had started.
      • Then came metal hulls and steam power, and the historical line of continuity was broken.
      • The solitude was broken, bizarrely, by bumping into Michael Palin and his film crew working on their next project in the Hoggar Mountains.
      • Then an unknown pilot broke the silence and asked, ‘Wasn't I married to you once?’
      • A father of two has broken his silence after keeping his sighting of a ghost 15 years ago at Woodville Halls Theatre a fearful secret.
      • She has broken her silence to speak of her determination to return to the post she has held for the past 10 years.
      • At last, he broke the silence: ‘What are you writing about these days, anyway?’
      • My mother broke the silence with a question, ‘Do you live nearby?’
      • If either voltage or current is too big you could break the circuit.
      • She decided to break her silence because she thought it was the only way the council would listen to her concerns even though it meant sacrificing her job.
      • Police were alerted to the abuse around 20 years after it was carried out when the victim broke his silence.
      • We can then break the poverty cycle by giving these disadvantaged children opportunities to get work and employment.
      • It means forgiving those who have hurt you and breaking the cycle of abuse.
      • Imprisonment does not break the cycle of offending and addiction.
      • A staff member caught up in the raid broke his silence on the experience yesterday.
      • By bouncing, the reed breaks an electrical circuit.
      • The coroner has urged those who know the names of the killers to break their silence.
      • A switch works by breaking the circuit, which stops the current.
      • Liam did not break his silence over the abuse until two years ago.
      • Everyone has a part to play in breaking this vicious cycle.
      • The actress has broken her silence about the whirlwind romance.
      • Theo, his concentration finally broken, stopped typing and looked up.
      • She felt it was her job to break the silence between the two.
      • The key to breaking the cycle is to boost demand and take up the slack in the economy.
      • We found it worth venturing into Woolacombe to break the routine.
      • We have to break this vicious cycle between drug dependency and crime.
      • Max yelled, raised one eyebrow, paused for effect, breaking the rhythm.
      • Yesterday, she broke her silence on the whispering campaign against her.
      • But it was not until last summer that she broke her silence and called her former lover, when she feared biographers would unearth the details.
      • Your slumbers are broken bright and early with a cup of tea brought to your tent.
      • They must start to break their sequence of drawn games and start winning consistently if they are to retain their title.
      • He will enlist the help of three minders to clear his path and stop the crowd breaking his concentration.
      • Generally, if a week is not one of employment, continuity is broken, so that the employee has to start again to pick up continuity.
      • A circuit breaker has a mechanism for automatically breaking an electrical circuit.
      • After a long pause he broke the tranquility again
      • The schools offer a possible way of breaking the cycle of illiteracy.
      • Now he breaks his silence about the flawed evidence.
      • Ballet had created continuity in my life, but now that the left side of my body did not serve me, the continuity was broken.
      • The former girlfriend of a man accused of murder admitted yesterday that she broke her silence about the killing after police threatened to implicate her.
      • The team broke its five-game losing streak.
      • And now that they have broken their silence, it is hoped that others will find the courage to do the same.
      • England's win against West Indies last year broke a sequence of nine decisive matches which were all won by the team fielding first.
      • He recently broke his silence, admitting that he went to England after losing his job in Paris and had tried to commit suicide.
      • More recently the firm broke its silence and revealed he had been hit by a viral infection and would not be back at work until May 10.

    • 8.2(split up, divide)

      (collection/set) deshacer
      (word) separar
      (word) dividir

    • 8.3(disrupt, upset)

      (monotony/pattern/continuity) romper

  • 9

    (breach, pierce)
    (soil) roturar
    I haven't broken the skin no me he abierto la piel
    • the submarine broke the surface of the water el submarino afloró a la superficie
  • 10

    • 10.1(get into)

      (safe) forzar
      we broke the toolbox open abrimos la caja de herramientas forzándola
      • If a burglar breaks the safe and steals the guns, I won't be held responsible for their criminal use because I did what I reasonably could to secure them.
      • The maid broke the safe and stole money and jewellery.
      • They broke the safe in the Accounts Section and made away with the day's receipts.

    • 10.2US (escape from)

      (jail) escaparse de
      (jail) fugarse de

    • 10.3(decipher)

      (code) descifrar
      • There then follows a long and tedious account of how they broke the enigma code.
      • They were desperately looking for any clue that would help them break the code.
      • It's a computer program that's used to break ciphers.
      • Another way to become rich and famous is to devise, or break a code.
      • There is little doubt that trying to break simple codes enhances one's understanding of cryptography.
      • At that point they'd broken the code, and they told people whether or not they'd received cells.
      • Then you have to spend time breaking the code and making your own key, which only lets you hotwire the vehicle.
      • But if you could factor large numbers then you could break these codes.
      • We have a large exhibit on World War II cipher machines and the machines that broke the enemy's codes.
      • It was created in 1943 to break German codes.
      • While attempting to break the Nazi codes, his character becomes obsessed with finding the woman he loves.
      • In an interactive lecture, he then examined the tricks used to break such codes.
      • I feel that I am very close to breaking the code.
      • This was discovered by an astute cryptanalyst at Central Bureau and in April 1943 that code was broken.
      • He starts to punch in numbers at random in an attempt to break the code and patch into the system.
      • It would be a bit unfair to offer clues right now, if someone is close to breaking the code.
      • Well done to all who managed to break the code yesterday!
      • I started trying to break the code and was getting nowhere.
      • When all the analyses were ready, the code was broken.
      • Here is where Alan Turing broke the codes that maybe won the second world war.

  • 11

    (change)
    cambiar
    can anyone break this $50 bill? ¿alguien me puede cambiar este billete de 50?
    • Impatiently we wait for the weather to break, for we know all too well how much work needs to be done.
    • The heatwave has broken, the temperature has dropped, the sun has clouded over and the pavements are wet.
    • The heatwave broke and it was gorgeous running weather this morning.
    • That meant withholding some of the farmers' irrigation water and sending it downriver - at least until the drought broke.
    • This morning, in Winchester, the dry spell broke and there was rain.
    • Fearing a curse, the townspeople fled in terror as soon as the weather broke.
    • He said he was not worried about the weekend's sunny weather breaking as there was plenty of room to shelter from showers in the stands.
    • The rain breaks long enough for me to dash to the supermarket.
    • The hot weather has definitely broken and it's jumpers before sunset, but only just before.
    • The main reason for the haste was the weather which could have broken at any time bringing all haulage work on the soft bog to an end.
    • The weather broke on 3 September, and clouds of dust were turned into glutinous mud.
    • When the weather broke, a strong, cooling wind came up, and Dolly and I were much more comfortable than of late.
    • This drought broke emphatically in February 1973, with exceptional rainfall over South Australia and the eastern states.
    • Even so, I managed to do it, even as the first rains of the season broke across the South Bay.
    • The drought has broken again, just when everyone wondered if it ever would.
    • This great weather is sure to break soon so lets all enjoy it while it lasts.
    • The hot spell had broken and now the weather was bearable again.
    • Soon afterward, the drought broke and the area teemed once more with life.
    • If the drought has now broken, why are you predicting this food crisis will last until April?
    • And in the meantime the drought has broken and the farmers are clamouring for seed so they can get a crop.
  • 12

    (open)
    (revolver/shotgun) abrir
  • 13

    (tame)
    (horse) domar

intransitive verb

  • 1

    (plate/window) romperse
    (rope/shoelace) romperse
    (stick/twig) partirse
    (twig/stick) romperse
    (twig/stick) quebrarse Latin America
    my watch broke se me rompió el reloj
    • her tooth/nail broke se le rompió / partió el diente/la uña
    • it broke into several pieces se rompió en varios pedazos
    • it breaks into squares se parte en cuadrados
  • 2

    (separate)
    the clouds are breaking se está despejando
    • a splinter group which broke from the party un grupo disidente que se escindió del partido
  • 3

    Sport
    (fighters/boxers) separarse
  • 4

    (give in)
    (resistance) desmoronarse
    (resistance) venirse abajo
    she broke under constant interrogation no resistió el constante interrogatorio
    • the soldiers broke and ran los soldados rompieron filas y echaron a correr
  • 5

    (begin)
    (crisis/storm) estallar
    (day) romper
    (day) apuntar
    (day) despuntar
  • 6

    (change)
    (weather) cambiar
    his voice is breaking le está cambiando / mudando la voz
    • (with emotion) his voice broke se le entrecortó la voz
  • 7

    (become known)
    (story) hacerse público
    (scandal) estallar
    (scandal) hacerse público
  • 8

    (strike)
    (surf/wave) romper
    the waves were breaking against the sea wall las olas rompían contra el dique
  • 9

    (adjourn)
    parar
    hacer una pausa
    to break for lunch/dinner parar para almorzar/cenar
  • 10

    (open)
    (revolver/shotgun) abrirse
  • 11

    (move, shift)
    trasladarse
    the action then breaks to Budapest entonces la acción se traslada a Budapest
  • 12USinformal

    (happen)
    things are breaking well for me at the moment me están saliendo bien las cosas en este momento
  • 13

    (in snooker, pool)
    abrir el juego

noun

  • 1

    (intermission)
    Television Radio pausa (comercial) feminine
    Theatre intervalo masculine
    Theatre entreacto masculine
    Theatre intermedio masculine
  • 2

    (rest period)
    descanso masculine
    (at school) recreo masculine British
    let's take a break paremos para descansar
    • we have a coffee break at 11 a las 11 paramos para tomar un café
    • we worked without a break trabajamos sin parar / descansar
  • 3

    (holiday, vacation)
    (feminine plural) vacaciones
    Christmas/summer break vacaciones de Navidad/verano
  • 4

    (change, respite)
    cambio masculine
    a welcome break un cambio refrescante
    • break from sth
    • I need a break from all this necesito descansar de todo esto
    • give me a break! ¡no me embromes!
  • 5

    (in transmission)
    interrupción feminine
    corte masculine
  • 6

    (gap)
    interrupción feminine
  • 7

    (in circuit)
    ruptura feminine
    corte masculine
  • 8

    (fracture)
    fractura feminine
    rotura masculine
  • 9informal

    (chance, opportunity)
    oportunidad feminine
    he never got a decent break nunca se le presentó una buena oportunidad
    • she's still looking for a break todavía está esperando que le cambie la suerte
  • 10

    (separation, rift)
    ruptura feminine
    a break between the superpowers una ruptura (de relaciones) entre las superpotencias
    • to make a clean break cortar por lo sano
    • he made a break with his past life rompió / cortó con su pasado
    • a break with tradition una ruptura con la tradición
  • 11

    (sudden move)
    he made a break for cover/the door corrió a refugiarse/hacia la puerta
  • 12

    (breakaway)
    contraataque masculine
  • 13

    (escape)
    fuga feminine
    evasión feminine formal
  • 14

    (in snooker, pool)
    tacada feminine
    serie feminine
  • 15literary

    (beginning)
    at (the) break of day al rayar el alba literary
  • 16

    (solo)
    solo masculine
  • 17

    (in tennis)
    ruptura feminine
    quiebre masculine
  • 18USinformal

    (discount)
    descuento masculine