In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
transitive verbbroke, broken
1(plate/window/rope) romper(twig/stick) partir(stick/twig) romper(twig/stick) quebrar Latin AmericaI've broken my pencil — se me ha roto la punta del lápiz
- they broke a hole in the fence — abrieron una brecha en la valla
- she broke the chocolate into four pieces — partió el chocolate en cuatro trozos
- he broke his wrist playing rugby — se rompió la muñeca jugando al rugby
- I broke a tooth/my nail — se me rompió / partió un diente/la uña
- The cup broke under the strain.
- Most of the rubbish was polystyrene and the children were just breaking it into small pieces and strewing it all over the ground, and we all know what a mess this material makes when broken.
- After a drawn-out moment, the barrier surrounding me broke.
- Take four eggs and break each one separately in a saucer to test for quality before adding to the sugar and beat until the mix is creamy.
- With a few quick steps, she grasped the extinguisher, and rammed it into the glass door of the vending machine, breaking the glass.
- A flood wall broke and water is flooding the city at an alarming rate.
- ‘The men then tied a tow rope to the machine and broke the security housing around it,’ added Mr Patel.
- We then come to the mast's boom that has broken into two pieces over the ship's hull.
- The crew survived, but the aircraft exploded when its payload of munitions blew up breaking the windows of many local houses in the blast.
- The car was stolen after a thief broke a window at Mr Westwood's home, taking his car keys and mobile telephone.
- Frank broke a handful of crackers into his soup.
- His brows creased as he tried to break a piece of chocolate and he smiled when he broke it off.
- I tore off a tiny piece and it broke every time I stretched it.
- She ran to the vending machines and broke the glass.
- I broke it into small pieces and put it in a bowl.
- She scribbled answers hard on the paper, constantly breaking the lead of her mechanical pencil.
- Six ropes had been broken and small trees around had all been pulled down.
- At the head of the table, he broke pieces of bread into his soup with trembling hands.
- Her metal harness buckle breaks and she plunges to her death.
- The mirror had been broken, its shattered pieces falling onto the wooden chest and green carpeting.
2(render useless)(radio/machine) romper(radio/machine) descomponer Latin America
- To their credit, the locals at first rebelled by breaking the machine so that no one could pay, but over time the revolution vanished like sand through so many fists.
- And, just to add insult to injury, I've even broken his bloody coffee machine!
- He turned and knocked the machine over breaking it.
- He thinks he broke the machine when he accidentally minimized a window.
- The ticket machine had broken and the punters were advised to pay on the train.
- Her video camera broke, and they took shelter in the women's restroom to work on it.
- They protested against the factories by breaking the machines.
- If he didn't watch what he was doing, he really was going to break one of these machines.
- We should simply break the machines and return to our caves.
- Someone broke the machine by jamming pencils in to it.
- When she went back in after the last strike days she discovered that whoever had been trying to operate her machine had broken it instead.
- However, in the ensuing minutes there was an argument, during which the sewing machine got broken.
- It would seem like the sort of machine you'd break just by turning it off.
- I just figured some machine broke causing a big power outage.
- If your washing machine breaks it will be guaranteed.
- My wife is emphatic about having to wear a certain outfit she pulled from the dirty clothes hamper to the party we have been invited to later, so, of course, the washing machine breaks.
- When the washing machine broke he fixed it so well it washed the clothes twice as fast, and picked up National Radio.
- The video then shows him break the camera and the picture goes dead.
- Second, I check whether I'm still able to judge speed and distance accurately by making sure I can get my car key in the door lock without breaking it or scratching the paintwork too much.
- Right now, we've broken two bubble machines and have to buy a third one.
3(violate)(regulation/rule) infringir(regulation/rule) violar(promise) no cumplir(promise) faltar a(appointment) faltar a(appointment) no acudir a(contract) incumplir(contract) romperto break a strike — (workers, employees) esquirolear informal derogatory
- What the judges, politicians and others concerned need to remember is a burglar is breaking the law and must be prosecuted.
- The company failed to meet deadline requirements and broke the agreements.
- Agreements are broken, witnesses held in contempt, there is respect for no one.
- It seems there's little incentive to adhere to the law, especially when breaking the rules makes such good business sense.
- Clubs could choose to terminate contracts, if players break them.
- At an emotional news conference, members of the women's eight apologised for breaking national Olympic rules and expressed regret at condemning their team mate.
- They're certainly breaking their contractual agreement with the bank by participating in these rebate schemes.
- This past summer, the legislature broke the agreement.
- I turn now to the matter of fines for such things as wilful desertion, breaking lease, breaking the agreement, or failing to attend the tribunal or mediation.
- Traders who break the law by selling to children risk a £5,000 fine and six months imprisonment.
- ‘Many doctors did not realise they were breaking the law by failing to seek the consent of relatives,’ he reported.
- And police are urging people to call them if they suspect someone is regularly breaking the law by drink-driving.
- Do you regularly break the rules or minor laws rather than put up with the frustration of obeying them?
- The authorities will be able to deport a harmless Egyptian cabbie who came to Britain as an economic migrant, for breaking immigration rules.
- He walked free from court after a jury cleared him of breaking the Official Secrets Act.
- These players are breaking the rules.
- I observe how society keeps breaking the rules.
- He said he believed it was impossible to do the journey in under 10 hours unless he broke the speed limit.
- Police say that anyone caught breaking the law could be liable for prosecution or given an official warning.
- If the country were a separate member of the European Union, it would be facing certain prosecution for breaking environmental law.
4(put an end to)(impasse/deadlock) salir de(habit) dejar(drug ring) desarticularthe Romans could not break their power — los romanos no pudieron quebrantar su poder / no pudieron abatirlos
- If you spot smoking triggers write down how you could deal with them if you were to stop smoking - a good way to break a habit is to replace it with a new one.
- They know that this could break the movement and we are afraid that it will work.
- It was also viewed by its architects as a way to break the power of the elite, who are still very much in control.
- Imagine how hard it must be to break a habit that's lasted ten years.
- For adults over 25, many doctors regard it as too late to break their eating habits and make them fit and lean again.
- You are attempting something that is inherently very difficult: breaking old habits.
- True, he broke the power of the trade unions but the result was near total economic collapse.
- Here are some methods for breaking old habits and creating new, desirable ones.
- Honestly, a course isn't going to help break the bad habits that caused the problem in the first place.
- The bourgeoisie are agreed that the only solution is a dictatorship that crushes and breaks the workers' movement.
- It took a long time - and a lot of support - for him to break his habit, and he still doesn't feel like the person he was.
- The addictions would probably be easier to break once she began to deal with what had happened to her.
- Also, of course, there is the reality that 20 or 30 years of habit are not broken in a fortnight.
- Old habits are hard to break.
- How do you break habits when you're not as confident in the new methods, or at least in your skill with using them?
- In the course of the 1980s, the recognition of nicotine addiction offered an explanation of the difficulty experienced by some in breaking the smoking habit.
- The Canadian Cancer Society is urging smokers trying to quit to plan out how they are going to break their habit.
- The pamphlet offered nothing about breaking habits.
- She shrugged it off and told herself it would take some time to break her old habits.
- So don't feel guilty if your new habits are broken at certain times.
- I never managed to break the teenage habit of jiggling my legs and fidgeting when I have to sit still for a long time.
- We would have to break old habits that perhaps were once useful, but don't serve their purpose anymore.
- I suggest you pick a few of your unhealthy eating habits, and give yourself a month to work on breaking those habits.
- Government indifference and racist violence did not break the movement - in fact it radicalised it.
- Really wanting to break this bad habit is the first step to stopping.
5.1(ruin)(company/person) arruinar a
- While they were successful in obtaining Rich's resignation, they could not break his spirit.
- They're breaking them, their spirit, their minds, their psyche.
- After months with no sales, his spirit was broken and he gave up.
- These were trials that would have broken the spirit of most people.
- You've stolen his dignity, shattered his emotions and broken his spirit, how much more do you want?
- You broke my heart much like you broke the spirits of your people.
- However you see the work, its implication is that the spirit cannot be broken.
- Never ridicule a woman - it breaks her spirit and cuts her efficiency.
- The rest of us suffer while they try to break our spirits and brainwash us.
- I write this letter as a mother, a mother whose spirit is broken, a mother who has to keep her child in the house in fear of losing her.
- Anne's spirit could not be broken.
- If they thought that would break my spirit, they got it wrong.
- When I look at her I just think that at some point her spirit was broken and then, well, this is what became of her.
- She had seen many things there that broke her spirit and took away her faith in humanity, but knew that there was still good left in the world.
- There is little that life can throw at him which can break his spirit.
- They remember being kept desperately hungry all the time, as part of a ploy to break their spirits.
- And since I was working with the disabled before the accident, I knew what kind of a life was in store for me ahead, which broke my spirit.
- Such privations by no means broke the spirit of the people.
- But it stands to reason that if your spirit is broken by misery and the side effects of treatment, then you will not do well.
- She was going to prove he hadn't broken her spirit.
5.3(demote)rebajar de gradodegradar
6(impart)to break sth (to sb)
- it was Sue who had to break the news to him — le tocó a Sue darle la noticia
- they broke it to her gently — se lo dijeron con mucho tacto
7(exceed)to break the sound barrier — romper / atravesar la barrera del sonido
8.1(interrupt)(circuit/beam) cortar(fast/silence) romper
- More recently the firm broke its silence and revealed he had been hit by a viral infection and would not be back at work until May 10.
- Everyone has a part to play in breaking this vicious cycle.
- Then came metal hulls and steam power, and the historical line of continuity was broken.
- She has broken her silence to speak of her determination to return to the post she has held for the past 10 years.
- The solitude was broken, bizarrely, by bumping into Michael Palin and his film crew working on their next project in the Hoggar Mountains.
- It means forgiving those who have hurt you and breaking the cycle of abuse.
- Then an unknown pilot broke the silence and asked, ‘Wasn't I married to you once?’
- We can then break the poverty cycle by giving these disadvantaged children opportunities to get work and employment.
- But it was not until last summer that she broke her silence and called her former lover, when she feared biographers would unearth the details.
- We found it worth venturing into Woolacombe to break the routine.
- Max yelled, raised one eyebrow, paused for effect, breaking the rhythm.
- A switch works by breaking the circuit, which stops the current.
- The key to breaking the cycle is to boost demand and take up the slack in the economy.
- England's win against West Indies last year broke a sequence of nine decisive matches which were all won by the team fielding first.
- Now he breaks his silence about the flawed evidence.
- The team broke its five-game losing streak.
- She decided to break her silence because she thought it was the only way the council would listen to her concerns even though it meant sacrificing her job.
- Yesterday, she broke her silence on the whispering campaign against her.
- We have to break this vicious cycle between drug dependency and crime.
- Imprisonment does not break the cycle of offending and addiction.
- Your slumbers are broken bright and early with a cup of tea brought to your tent.
- ‘Melissa,’ said Matthew breaking the silence and speaking for the first time since the fight had started.
- Liam did not break his silence over the abuse until two years ago.
- By bouncing, the reed breaks an electrical circuit.
- If either voltage or current is too big you could break the circuit.
- He will enlist the help of three minders to clear his path and stop the crowd breaking his concentration.
- Police were alerted to the abuse around 20 years after it was carried out when the victim broke his silence.
- The former girlfriend of a man accused of murder admitted yesterday that she broke her silence about the killing after police threatened to implicate her.
- And now that they have broken their silence, it is hoped that others will find the courage to do the same.
- He recently broke his silence, admitting that he went to England after losing his job in Paris and had tried to commit suicide.
- A circuit breaker has a mechanism for automatically breaking an electrical circuit.
- A father of two has broken his silence after keeping his sighting of a ghost 15 years ago at Woodville Halls Theatre a fearful secret.
- The coroner has urged those who know the names of the killers to break their silence.
- The schools offer a possible way of breaking the cycle of illiteracy.
- At last, he broke the silence: ‘What are you writing about these days, anyway?’
- They must start to break their sequence of drawn games and start winning consistently if they are to retain their title.
- Theo, his concentration finally broken, stopped typing and looked up.
- After a long pause he broke the tranquility again
- She felt it was her job to break the silence between the two.
- The actress has broken her silence about the whirlwind romance.
- My mother broke the silence with a question, ‘Do you live nearby?’
- Ballet had created continuity in my life, but now that the left side of my body did not serve me, the continuity was broken.
- A staff member caught up in the raid broke his silence on the experience yesterday.
- Generally, if a week is not one of employment, continuity is broken, so that the employee has to start again to pick up continuity.
8.2(split up, divide)(collection/set) deshacer(word) separar(word) dividir
8.3(disrupt, upset)(continuity/pattern/monotony) romper
9(breach, pierce)(soil) roturarI haven't broken the skin — no me he abierto la piel
- the submarine broke the surface of the water — el submarino afloró a la superficie
10.1(get into)(safe) forzar
- If a burglar breaks the safe and steals the guns, I won't be held responsible for their criminal use because I did what I reasonably could to secure them.
- The maid broke the safe and stole money and jewellery.
- They broke the safe in the Accounts Section and made away with the day's receipts.
10.2US (escape from)(jail) escaparse de(jail) fugarse de
- It's a computer program that's used to break ciphers.
- It would be a bit unfair to offer clues right now, if someone is close to breaking the code.
- Another way to become rich and famous is to devise, or break a code.
- They were desperately looking for any clue that would help them break the code.
- I feel that I am very close to breaking the code.
- Well done to all who managed to break the code yesterday!
- There is little doubt that trying to break simple codes enhances one's understanding of cryptography.
- Then you have to spend time breaking the code and making your own key, which only lets you hotwire the vehicle.
- It was created in 1943 to break German codes.
- In an interactive lecture, he then examined the tricks used to break such codes.
- At that point they'd broken the code, and they told people whether or not they'd received cells.
- This was discovered by an astute cryptanalyst at Central Bureau and in April 1943 that code was broken.
- He starts to punch in numbers at random in an attempt to break the code and patch into the system.
- Here is where Alan Turing broke the codes that maybe won the second world war.
- I started trying to break the code and was getting nowhere.
- While attempting to break the Nazi codes, his character becomes obsessed with finding the woman he loves.
- We have a large exhibit on World War II cipher machines and the machines that broke the enemy's codes.
- When all the analyses were ready, the code was broken.
- But if you could factor large numbers then you could break these codes.
- There then follows a long and tedious account of how they broke the enigma code.
11(change)cambiarcan anyone break this $50 bill? — ¿alguien me puede cambiar este billete de 50?
- The main reason for the haste was the weather which could have broken at any time bringing all haulage work on the soft bog to an end.
- The hot weather has definitely broken and it's jumpers before sunset, but only just before.
- He said he was not worried about the weekend's sunny weather breaking as there was plenty of room to shelter from showers in the stands.
- This morning, in Winchester, the dry spell broke and there was rain.
- This great weather is sure to break soon so lets all enjoy it while it lasts.
- Even so, I managed to do it, even as the first rains of the season broke across the South Bay.
- The weather broke on 3 September, and clouds of dust were turned into glutinous mud.
- When the weather broke, a strong, cooling wind came up, and Dolly and I were much more comfortable than of late.
- If the drought has now broken, why are you predicting this food crisis will last until April?
- Soon afterward, the drought broke and the area teemed once more with life.
- The heatwave has broken, the temperature has dropped, the sun has clouded over and the pavements are wet.
- The rain breaks long enough for me to dash to the supermarket.
- That meant withholding some of the farmers' irrigation water and sending it downriver - at least until the drought broke.
- And in the meantime the drought has broken and the farmers are clamouring for seed so they can get a crop.
- The drought has broken again, just when everyone wondered if it ever would.
- The hot spell had broken and now the weather was bearable again.
- The heatwave broke and it was gorgeous running weather this morning.
- Impatiently we wait for the weather to break, for we know all too well how much work needs to be done.
- This drought broke emphatically in February 1973, with exceptional rainfall over South Australia and the eastern states.
- Fearing a curse, the townspeople fled in terror as soon as the weather broke.
intransitive verbbroke, broken
1.1(window/plate) romperse(shoelace/rope) romperse(stick/twig) partirse(twig/stick) romperse(stick/twig) quebrarse Latin Americamy watch broke — se me rompió el reloj
- her tooth/nail broke — se le rompió / partió el diente/la uña
- it broke into several pieces — se hizo pedazos
- it breaks into squares — se parte en cuadrados
1.2(separate)the clouds are breaking — se está despejando
- a splinter group which broke from the party — un grupo disidente que se escindió del partido
- He said the first damaging blow came after the referee had told them to break and stop punching.
- He possibly could have cautioned him for holding and hitting as well, or he could have simply ordered them to break.
- The ref was not between the fighters but he was instructing them to break.
2(give in)(resistance) desmoronarse(resistance) venirse abajoshe broke under constant interrogation — no resistió el constante interrogatorio
- the soldiers broke and ran — los soldados rompieron filas y echaron a correr
- Her control broke and she hit him hard across the face.
- The phone clicked back into place as Jackie crumpled onto the floor, her composure finally breaking.
- Once in his room, Tony's fragile control broke, tears quickly blinding him.
- The words died on her tongue, and all of her well-trained control broke.
3.1(begin)(storm/crisis) estallar(day) romper(day) apuntar(day) despuntar
- Daylight began to break, as tired pastel rays of sunlight fell upon Anna's face.
- Just after I left the site a huge thunderstorm broke over Greensboro which continued through the dusk.
- When dawn began to break, I guarded the controls and let my pilot continue with the approach.
- People walked by on the sidewalks, running errands, trying to get home before the storm broke.
- A mild thunderstorm has just broken out over west London, minutes after I got home.
- Looking down from the mouth of the pass, I could see now that a lot of our members wouldn't make it before the storm broke.
- Americans will be at their desks on Christmas Eve and back, as ever, when dawn breaks on Boxing Day.
- However, at that same moment, a thunderstorm broke loose around them.
- The sudden thunderstorm broke at approximately 4.30 pm caused flooding of up to two feet in some areas.
- When day broke, the summer dawn could not penetrate the leaden gloom above the city.
- Dawn was breaking as Marie rose from her first restful night's sleep in two weeks.
- Once I witnessed the dawn breaking as I went out to check a sickly lamb.
- Birds started singing because they thought dawn had broken.
- When dawn broke, he rose stiffly, and stretched his aching limbs.
- As day broke, the sun came out, and so did the insects.
- But just as the Queen was about to arrive in her carriage a thunderstorm broke, forcing everyone to run for cover.
- A storm broke, sending them home early, but they got caught crossing a rapidly rising creek.
- Dawn began to break as we approached Cape May, New Jersey, and soon the sun was up.
- I was woken by dawn breaking.
- As he climbed into his campaign bus a thunderstorm broke over the city.
- As soon as they had left the field, the storm broke and there was torrential rain.
- The journey down wasn't too bad and I only started to notice the traffic as I crossed the Severn Bridge as dawn was breaking.
- Police cordoned off the area overnight and as dawn broke, forensic investigations began at the crime scene.
- Seagulls from Cork harbour were flying overhead and the dawn was breaking.
- Numerous teams of volunteers set off armed with litter-pickers and bags as dawn was breaking.
- Dawn broke and weak light filtered over the horizon.
- As I headed toward the forest, a tremendous thunderstorm broke.
- While we were dining in the hotel's restaurant the usual evening thunderstorm broke, along with a blinding downpour.
- The storm broke the next morning.
- On August 20 a terrific hurricane broke over the mountains.
- By the time dawn broke over the notorious stretch of the Lancashire coast any chance of survival had ebbed away for those still out at sea.
- As day broke, the eyes of news outlets were focused on New Orleans, the biggest city threatened by the storm and the city with the biggest potential for disaster.
- Whales were almost completely absent the day before a storm broke, and the numbers migrating slowly increased once it was over.
- The storm broke as she arrived at the house, and the sudden downpour soaked her between the taxi and the front door.
- A huge thunderstorm broke over St. George's early this morning.
- During the night a storm broke, and the bungalow leaked badly.
- They left and soon after the storm broke.
- On the way to the airport, a colossal thunderstorm broke.
- Dawn was a few hours away but when the day broke he knew his cover wouldn't last for long.
- Dawn was breaking, and the pale pink sunrise brushed its fingers of light over everything.
3.2(change)(weather) cambiarhis voice is breaking — le está cambiando / mudando la voz
- (with emotion) his voice broke — se le entrecortó la voz
3.3(become known)(story) hacerse público(scandal) estallar(scandal) hacerse público
- Since news of the scandal broke, the company has been forced to fire two of its executives and to demand the resignation of its chairman.
- At home in Harrogate, Leon's mother watched as news of the disaster broke, knowing of her son's plan to dive on Boxing Day.
- Some of the women were released after the scandal broke.
- News of the latest scandal broke on Sunday, just weeks after South Africa won the right to stage the 2010 soccer World Cup.
- When the revelations regarding his alleged misconduct broke, the paper clearly felt itself under immense pressure.
- After the story broke, leading papers including the New York Times picked it up.
- Later, when the tragic news broke, we agreed to put on the fundraising event.
- I am angrier today than I was when this scandal broke.
- He is said to have been regularly in tears since news of the scandal broke.
- Members of the club's senior team were on route to Athenry for the match when news of the tragedy broke.
- Yet from the moment the story broke every paper seems to be finding multiple sources who are willing to talk freely about minute details of the case.
- Once the news broke, emails and phone calls started pouring in from well-wishers.
- When the news broke on Wednesday, the Treasury took refuge in the fact that it was budget day to excuse the fact that it had nothing to say.
- That morning a story had broken in the papers that made the former Premier the journalistic prey of the day.
- The news broke that London would host the Olympic Games.
- A federal investigator was on campus within 48 hours after news broke about the scandal.
- Indeed, the Presidential Palace has remained notably tight-lipped since the scandal broke.
- Anyone who was around at that time but not directly involved in the madness can remember where they were and what they were doing when the shocking news broke.
- When news of the riots broke, there was obviously significant coverage given to the story by UK broadcast media.
- ‘It's amazing that until this news broke there was no talk about the Olympic Games,’ he said.
4(strike)(surf/wave) romperthe waves were breaking against the sea wall — las olas rompían contra el dique
- They could see huge waves breaking over the main harbour and tossing ships about like tiny corks.
- The waves sparkled as they broke against the sea wall.
- It's like going out into the sea and letting the waves break over you.
- As each wave breaks over the sand, it brings in a fresh cargo of wriggling fish to the shore.
- Waves broke against the dark rocks to her left, and foamed and swirled like a jacuzzi.
- His pace was brisk and he did not seem to appreciate the music of the sea waves breaking against the parapet.
- Even in calm seas, the waves breaking over a reef are dangerous.
- It is void of any traffic at this hour, with - the waves out there have begun to break further and further out.
- In creative visualization, the meditator forms a mental picture that conveys relaxation, such as waves breaking gently on the sand.
- Waves broke constantly over the deck, washing whole groups of terrified passengers overboard.
- These waves break far from the shore, and the surf gently rolls over the front of the wave.
- Standing on the cliff, you see the waves breaking at the shore down below.
- The beach is wide and large and the waves break far out.
- It is a bit windy but the waves are breaking nicely.
- The image most people have of a tsunami is a large, steep wave breaking on the shore.
- Turning his face towards the sea, he watched the low waves breaking on the sea wall.
- We were standing near the beach watching the embers of someone else's fire and listening to waves break on the shingle.
- The wave breaks over my head, but I'm still upright.
- We were told that in the very worst weather, the waves broke over the dunes and splashed the windows.
- The waves break on the rocky shoreline as the tide comes in.
5(adjourn)pararhacer una pausato break for lunch/dinner — parar para almorzar/cenar
7(move, shift)trasladarsethe action then breaks to Budapest — entonces la acción se traslada a Budapest
8US informal(happen)things are breaking well for me at the moment — me están saliendo bien las cosas en este momento
9(in snooker, pool)abrir el juego
- He breaks hard, shoots straight, and has no fear… how is he out of the tournament?
- He breaks and sits down without looking where the balls have spread.
- In each rack, you break, spot anything that went in, and take cueball in hand to begin the frame.
- Ronnie O'Sullivan breaks to get the final underway but the opening frame proves a scrappy affair lasting half-an-hour.
1.1(intermission)Television Radio pausa (comercial) feminineTheatre intervalo masculineTheatre entreacto masculineTheatre intermedio masculine
- Her stomach was full of butterflies, because first period was about to let out for break.
- Stressed-out homemakers can now take a break and leave the iron in the closet.
- At the end of the day the High Court had to take into account the fact that teachers need a break too.
- A moment later, the break bell rang.
- We usually manage to get through another few cups as the day goes on, as a boost for flagging energy levels, perhaps, or an excuse to take a break from work.
- The bell rang for break time, it seemed, in record time this morning.
- This enables more efficient scheduling of breaks, meetings and training sessions, further optimizing agents' schedules.
- When you see a colleague struggling, walk him to the vending machine for a break.
- I looked for you every chance I got, and saw you at break after second period.
- Advise the patient to minimise time spent with flexed or extended wrists and to take frequent breaks.
- The clientele were predominantly student-types and twentysomethings, some working, others just taking a break.
- The Maltese weather and lifestyle also call for afternoon breaks, when shop owners close and the island people rest.
- When I take a break from studying and go online, I'm still doing something stimulating.
- Just as she began to mull over this new development, the bell rang for first break.
- Taking a break from signing autographs, he seemed pleased with the way things had gone.
- On Saturday morning, a woman visits the family home for about four hours in order to give the parents a brief break.
- Having set up the venue themselves, they left for a break but on their return found the hall locked again.
- I think I had wept all the tears out of me during second period and break and lunch.
- Doing the shopping could be as easy as picking up an order that you mailed ahead during a lunch break.
- Many parents worry that their kids won't return to their studies after taking a break from them.
- I needed a break from studying.
- The students have been urged to take a break from revision.
- The one thing she didn't like about being a teacher was grading papers over break.
- Usually I read the papers on line at lunch break, and read the print version in the pub after work.
- And I really find that I put so much into it when I am painting that I have to take a break from it.
- The ten-year-old has been selling tickets to her classmates during her lunch break at St Anne Line school in Wickhay, Basildon.
- Stopping staff having a quick surf on the Web will probably only result in more chatting around the company coffee machine or extended loo breaks.
- Students come here to eat, drink and take a break from school work.
- Infant teachers who read it aloud in class were begged to continue when the bell rang for break.
1.2(rest period)descanso masculine(at school) recreo masculine Britishlet's take a break — tomémonos un descanso
- we have a coffee break at 11 — a las 11 paramos para tomar un café
- we worked without a break — trabajamos sin parar / descansar
1.3(holiday, vacation)vacaciones feminineChristmas/summer break — vacaciones de Navidad/verano
- Bryan, who is son of Michael and Carmel Reidy, went to New York in the early 1980s on a summer break from college.
- He also stressed that the bad weather might afford people the opportunity to avail of cheap breaks within the region.
- It's time to consider some time off and we're thinking about a short break to Germany.
- Weekend breaks are available for about £160 for a double room for two nights.
- With the recent weather conditions and the Christmas break they have had a well earned rest.
- She said they feared Chinese students going home for the Easter break could become infected and pass on the virus when they returned to college.
- So the summer break seemed an ideal opportunity to visit the outlaws, my partner's parents, and brush up on the German.
- I know that people travel from far and wide to enjoy short breaks and long holidays in our beautiful and historic city.
- It was a relaxing break and well needed respite for both of us.
- He is delighted to be back, but he did enjoy his break very much, and the weather suited him very well.
- People are taking shorter holidays so city breaks are more popular.
- Will people want to honour her, as they did then, or will the extended bank holiday designated for this purpose simply pass off as a pleasant break?
- The couple went on a break to Paris in September 2002, but split up within a fortnight of their return, jurors heard.
- We look forward to organising similar activities during the summer break.
- Then on Monday schools in the Paris region returned from their Easter break, and young students marched out of classes in their tens of thousands.
- They have put together three different kinds of good-value breaks.
- All I plan to do is enjoy my summer break and wait and see what happens.
- If you're planning a short weekend break to Amsterdam, there are a lot of places you shouldn't miss.
- Cities Direct promises a uniquely different time with breaks to Belgium.
- While the number of Irish holidaymakers enjoying short breaks or full-week stays in the region was up, there was a drop-off in visitors from abroad.
1.4(change, respite)cambio masculinea welcome break — un cambio refrescante
- break from sth
- I need a break from all this — (a holiday) necesito un cambio de aires
1.5(in transmission)interrupción femininecorte masculine
- A switch is a break in the circuit that stops the electrons from flowing.
- The break in the electric circuit had not been closed by pressure on the trip wire.
- A dead light-bulb is a break in the circuit, so that will also stop the current.
- A break in the crowd gave me a full view of her as she stepped briskly down the steps, with her small square leather bag in her hand.
- On the opposite shore, I could make out a small railway bridge through a break in the trees.
- Eventually there came a break in the cloud below and I spotted a reservoir which I thought I recognized from a previous flight.
- We are taught from a young age to look both ways and to wait for a break in the traffic before crossing a street.
- Towards the western end of the ramparts there is an obvious break where a path leads through rocky portals to gain a grassy bealach.
- The saplings can survive for decades in the shade, waiting for a break in the canopy and a chance to join their relatives in the sunlight.
2.2(in circuit)ruptura femininecorte masculine
3(fracture)fractura femininerotura masculine
- The bird had a fractured leg where breaks commonly occur in leg trap injuries.
- He is set to miss the rest of the season after sustaining a serious break to his right leg.
- Railroad officials plan to replace eight miles of track after test results Thursday showed internal cracks and breaks not apparent by visual inspection.
- A bone break or crack occurs when a force deforms the bone beyond its normal elastic limit.
- He sustained a double break to his leg.
- Troops demonstrated their first aid skills, showing Prince Charles how they have been learning to cope with dislocations and breaks.
- He thought he had only sprained an ankle but doctors at a local clinic took several x-rays and told him he had suffered a break.
- Over time, the area of detachment increases as more fluid passes through the retinal break.
- I was looking for breaks and bleeding, but there weren't any.
- Thus, these pipes need frequent examination in case of sudden breaks.
- For instance, if the break is clean and not frayed, he knows the frame has been knocked off the wall.
- He suffered several breaks on both feet and legs, hips, pelvis and left arm.
- I could see Rachel had severe breaks to both her legs and my wife was lying motionless.
- He knew that the pain in the shoulder and arm meant at least sprains, if not dislocations and breaks.
- In severe breaks, the broken bone may be poking through the skin.
- The City sent out a crew to repair the break, and a temporary patch was applied to the hole.
- After a bone fracture, new bone cells fill the gap and repair the break.
- Use an electric shaver instead of a razor to prevent breaks or cuts in your skin.
- The seven breaks to his leg have been pinned and wired and his leg fitted is with a metal frame.
- She has been in intensive care at the hospital ever since, suffering horrendous breaks to her left leg, pelvis, ribs and shoulder.
4informal(chance, opportunity)oportunidad femininehe never got a decent break — nunca se le presentó una buena oportunidad
- she's still looking for a break — todavía está esperando que le cambie la suerte
- The story that got me my break was published in an anthology by Vintage.
- Those who pass out from her academy will be guaranteed an acting break.
- For a young person like Jane, getting a break - an opportunity to prove her talent - is a huge issue.
- He is a former policeman who got his first breaks in business through contracts with the police and military.
- My break came in the late 1960s, when I was a senior project manager at JC Penney.
- After attending workshops with the dancers for many months, he finally got his break.
- He got his break in 1944 with When Strangers Marry, a film noir and eventually a cult classic.
- The aspiring singer-dancer-actor got his break as a replacement in Hair.
- There were stints as a trainee barman, as a telegram boy, and in a men's clothes shop before he got his break at 17.
- It's an unconventional way of working which seems to have brought him plenty of acclaim at the same time as giving other artists their breaks.
5(separation, rift)ruptura femininea break between the superpowers — una ruptura (de relaciones) entre las superpotencias
- he made a break with his past life — rompió / cortó con su pasado
- a break with tradition — una ruptura con la tradición
- Since this break from the rules and formalities of European culture, Americans have never looked back.
- The filmmakers were making a break from the ironclad Soviet cinematic ideology.
- In a break with tradition, the Welsh Rugby Union has decided to make tickets for Six Nations matches available to the general public via their internet site.
- All in all, his break from his instrumental past proves moving and well judged.
- We may need to make a break with the past and with past evidence.
- This represented a break with 1900 years of complete Christian consensus.
6.1(sudden move)he made a break for cover/the door — corrió a refugiarse/hacia la puerta
- Up to this point, two-thirds of the way in, the focus of the film was the actual prison break.
- One American soldier was injured in the attempted prison break.
- He said it was possible that weapons used in the prison break could have been introduced to the property through the gaping fence.
- A dispatcher at the County Jail foiled an attempted break by as many as five men from the fourth-floor maximum security cell block.
- When local residents expressed concern after the prison break, the company simply shrugged it off.
- Jones converted, and then raced clear to the corner following a fine break by Judge.
- They looked certain to score again when he made a swift break but the final pass went into touch.
- He missed a simple looking penalty before making the break that put his team on the attack.
- Although Newcastle dominated much of the action, early breaks by second row Chris Jones provided a hint of what might be to come later.
- In the first half he made several breaks to launch English attacks.
- By simply pushing the pace of the game, a faster team can create enough breaks to change the outcome of a game.
- He made a superb break only for the final pass to go astray.
- The scrum-half made several telling breaks to earn the Man-of-the-Match award.
- The fly half made the break, but his pass was ruled forward.
- He finished off a fine break by Hodgson to score at the posts and Hodgson added the conversion.
- He made a fine break but fumbled the pass.
- They were already showing signs of taking control, with flowing passes and rapid breaks from midfield.
- It would open up the ice for a big play, the long pass and a quick break.
- A single striker was aided by breaks from the wide players whenever they dared.
- He made a break and passed the ball inside.
- On eleven minutes, prop Alistair Livesey plunged over from a break by number eight Andy Monighan, converted by Jones.
- Inside the first three minutes of the second half Arsenal had the lead from one of their fine breaks.
- For the Cougar faithful he brought back memories of Martin Wood, a player capable of making vital breaks, drawing the defence and creating space for his team mates to exploit.
- A fine break by the full back saw him brought down illegally when a certain try for the visitors looked on.
- They combined as early as the third minute, a break by the scrum half putting Dixon through a gap to score.
7(escape)fuga feminineevasión feminine formal
8(in snooker, pool)tacada feminineserie feminine
- After scoring a break of 118 in the opening frame yesterday, he lost the next on black.
- Equally, rather than widen pockets and make it easier for players to shoot consistently higher breaks, snooker's governing body have actually done the opposite.
- The Scot said he was frustrated by his inconsistency despite a comprehensive win and two 130-plus breaks.
- The world champion rattled in three century breaks to overcome the Welshman, including a 142 clearance in frame seven.
- He managed to knock in two century breaks - and a 62 for good measure - and was still outscored by his opponent.
- Tracks on the album tend to feature brief lyric verses interspersed with longer instrumental breaks.
- She is a fine pianist, straddling jazz, pop and classical styles, and the instrumental breaks on her debut album are solid.
- Some of the songs are also too long and would benefit from shorter instrumental breaks.
- The song, with the addition of a long instrumental solo break, drove the lyrical quality of the song to the heart.
- Also included is some of the music whose breaks and bridges formed the basis for this new music.
10(in tennis)ruptura femininequiebre masculine
- The final set was decided by a single break of serve in the ninth game, achieved with a spectacular running forehand down the line.
- Both men refused to yield in a dead-level opening set completed without a single break of serve.
- The 22-year-old crawled back to 3-4 with a service break in the seventh game.
- He is a model of calmness on court in the third set and secures the crucial break of serve in game seven
- She managed to pull off a decisive break of serve in the 11th game, and kept her nerves cool to get the job done in the next one.
11US informal(discount)descuento masculine
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