In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1(rope/plate/window) romper(twig/stick) partir(twig/stick) romper(stick/twig) quebrar Latin AmericaI've broken my pencil — se me ha roto la punta del lápiz
- they broke a hole in the fence — abrieron una brecha en la valla
- she broke the chocolate into four pieces — partió el chocolate en cuatro trozos
- he broke his wrist playing rugby — se rompió la muñeca jugando al rugby
- I broke a tooth/my nail — se me rompió / partió un diente/la uña
- to break the back of sth — hacer la peor parte de algo
- I think we've broken the back of the job — creo que ya tenemos hecho lo peor / la peor parte del trabajo
- Her metal harness buckle breaks and she plunges to her death.
- Frank broke a handful of crackers into his soup.
- With a few quick steps, she grasped the extinguisher, and rammed it into the glass door of the vending machine, breaking the glass.
- I tore off a tiny piece and it broke every time I stretched it.
- At the head of the table, he broke pieces of bread into his soup with trembling hands.
- ‘The men then tied a tow rope to the machine and broke the security housing around it,’ added Mr Patel.
- His brows creased as he tried to break a piece of chocolate and he smiled when he broke it off.
- The crew survived, but the aircraft exploded when its payload of munitions blew up breaking the windows of many local houses in the blast.
- The car was stolen after a thief broke a window at Mr Westwood's home, taking his car keys and mobile telephone.
- We then come to the mast's boom that has broken into two pieces over the ship's hull.
- She ran to the vending machines and broke the glass.
- A flood wall broke and water is flooding the city at an alarming rate.
- Six ropes had been broken and small trees around had all been pulled down.
- I broke it into small pieces and put it in a bowl.
- She scribbled answers hard on the paper, constantly breaking the lead of her mechanical pencil.
- After a drawn-out moment, the barrier surrounding me broke.
- The cup broke under the strain.
- Most of the rubbish was polystyrene and the children were just breaking it into small pieces and strewing it all over the ground, and we all know what a mess this material makes when broken.
- The mirror had been broken, its shattered pieces falling onto the wooden chest and green carpeting.
- Take four eggs and break each one separately in a saucer to test for quality before adding to the sugar and beat until the mix is creamy.
2(render useless)(machine/radio) romper(radio/machine) descomponer Latin America
- When she went back in after the last strike days she discovered that whoever had been trying to operate her machine had broken it instead.
- He turned and knocked the machine over breaking it.
- And, just to add insult to injury, I've even broken his bloody coffee machine!
- When the washing machine broke he fixed it so well it washed the clothes twice as fast, and picked up National Radio.
- We should simply break the machines and return to our caves.
- Her video camera broke, and they took shelter in the women's restroom to work on it.
- He thinks he broke the machine when he accidentally minimized a window.
- The ticket machine had broken and the punters were advised to pay on the train.
- Second, I check whether I'm still able to judge speed and distance accurately by making sure I can get my car key in the door lock without breaking it or scratching the paintwork too much.
- Someone broke the machine by jamming pencils in to it.
- To their credit, the locals at first rebelled by breaking the machine so that no one could pay, but over time the revolution vanished like sand through so many fists.
- They protested against the factories by breaking the machines.
- If he didn't watch what he was doing, he really was going to break one of these machines.
- It would seem like the sort of machine you'd break just by turning it off.
- Right now, we've broken two bubble machines and have to buy a third one.
- The video then shows him break the camera and the picture goes dead.
- However, in the ensuing minutes there was an argument, during which the sewing machine got broken.
- I just figured some machine broke causing a big power outage.
- My wife is emphatic about having to wear a certain outfit she pulled from the dirty clothes hamper to the party we have been invited to later, so, of course, the washing machine breaks.
- If your washing machine breaks it will be guaranteed.
3(violate)(regulation/rule) infringir(rule/regulation) violar(promise) no cumplir(promise) faltar a(appointment) faltar a(appointment) no acudir a(contract) incumplir(contract) romperto break a strike — boicotear una huelga
- Clubs could choose to terminate contracts, if players break them.
- It seems there's little incentive to adhere to the law, especially when breaking the rules makes such good business sense.
- Do you regularly break the rules or minor laws rather than put up with the frustration of obeying them?
- They're certainly breaking their contractual agreement with the bank by participating in these rebate schemes.
- And police are urging people to call them if they suspect someone is regularly breaking the law by drink-driving.
- Agreements are broken, witnesses held in contempt, there is respect for no one.
- He said he believed it was impossible to do the journey in under 10 hours unless he broke the speed limit.
- The authorities will be able to deport a harmless Egyptian cabbie who came to Britain as an economic migrant, for breaking immigration rules.
- These players are breaking the rules.
- He walked free from court after a jury cleared him of breaking the Official Secrets Act.
- The company failed to meet deadline requirements and broke the agreements.
- I observe how society keeps breaking the rules.
- Police say that anyone caught breaking the law could be liable for prosecution or given an official warning.
- If the country were a separate member of the European Union, it would be facing certain prosecution for breaking environmental law.
- Traders who break the law by selling to children risk a £5,000 fine and six months imprisonment.
- This past summer, the legislature broke the agreement.
- ‘Many doctors did not realise they were breaking the law by failing to seek the consent of relatives,’ he reported.
- I turn now to the matter of fines for such things as wilful desertion, breaking lease, breaking the agreement, or failing to attend the tribunal or mediation.
- What the judges, politicians and others concerned need to remember is a burglar is breaking the law and must be prosecuted.
- At an emotional news conference, members of the women's eight apologised for breaking national Olympic rules and expressed regret at condemning their team mate.
4(put an end to)(deadlock/impasse) salir de(habit) dejar(drug ring) desarticularthe Romans could not break their power — los romanos no pudieron quebrantar su poder / no pudieron abatirlos
- It was also viewed by its architects as a way to break the power of the elite, who are still very much in control.
- The Canadian Cancer Society is urging smokers trying to quit to plan out how they are going to break their habit.
- The pamphlet offered nothing about breaking habits.
- She shrugged it off and told herself it would take some time to break her old habits.
- Really wanting to break this bad habit is the first step to stopping.
- Government indifference and racist violence did not break the movement - in fact it radicalised it.
- If you spot smoking triggers write down how you could deal with them if you were to stop smoking - a good way to break a habit is to replace it with a new one.
- They know that this could break the movement and we are afraid that it will work.
- For adults over 25, many doctors regard it as too late to break their eating habits and make them fit and lean again.
- Here are some methods for breaking old habits and creating new, desirable ones.
- Old habits are hard to break.
- How do you break habits when you're not as confident in the new methods, or at least in your skill with using them?
- Honestly, a course isn't going to help break the bad habits that caused the problem in the first place.
- Imagine how hard it must be to break a habit that's lasted ten years.
- In the course of the 1980s, the recognition of nicotine addiction offered an explanation of the difficulty experienced by some in breaking the smoking habit.
- The addictions would probably be easier to break once she began to deal with what had happened to her.
- I never managed to break the teenage habit of jiggling my legs and fidgeting when I have to sit still for a long time.
- So don't feel guilty if your new habits are broken at certain times.
- I suggest you pick a few of your unhealthy eating habits, and give yourself a month to work on breaking those habits.
- It took a long time - and a lot of support - for him to break his habit, and he still doesn't feel like the person he was.
- The bourgeoisie are agreed that the only solution is a dictatorship that crushes and breaks the workers' movement.
- We would have to break old habits that perhaps were once useful, but don't serve their purpose anymore.
- True, he broke the power of the trade unions but the result was near total economic collapse.
- Also, of course, there is the reality that 20 or 30 years of habit are not broken in a fortnight.
- You are attempting something that is inherently very difficult: breaking old habits.
5.1(ruin)(company/person) arruinar a
- However you see the work, its implication is that the spirit cannot be broken.
- You broke my heart much like you broke the spirits of your people.
- Such privations by no means broke the spirit of the people.
- She was going to prove he hadn't broken her spirit.
- These were trials that would have broken the spirit of most people.
- The rest of us suffer while they try to break our spirits and brainwash us.
- If they thought that would break my spirit, they got it wrong.
- But it stands to reason that if your spirit is broken by misery and the side effects of treatment, then you will not do well.
- I write this letter as a mother, a mother whose spirit is broken, a mother who has to keep her child in the house in fear of losing her.
- They're breaking them, their spirit, their minds, their psyche.
- And since I was working with the disabled before the accident, I knew what kind of a life was in store for me ahead, which broke my spirit.
- There is little that life can throw at him which can break his spirit.
- You've stolen his dignity, shattered his emotions and broken his spirit, how much more do you want?
- Never ridicule a woman - it breaks her spirit and cuts her efficiency.
- Anne's spirit could not be broken.
- After months with no sales, his spirit was broken and he gave up.
- She had seen many things there that broke her spirit and took away her faith in humanity, but knew that there was still good left in the world.
- They remember being kept desperately hungry all the time, as part of a ploy to break their spirits.
- While they were successful in obtaining Rich's resignation, they could not break his spirit.
- When I look at her I just think that at some point her spirit was broken and then, well, this is what became of her.
5.3(demote)rebajar de gradodegradar
6(impart)to break sth ( to sb)
- it was Sue who had to break the news to him — le tocó a Sue darle la noticia
- they broke it to her gently — se lo dijeron con mucho tacto
7(exceed)to break the sound barrier — romper / atravesar la barrera del sonido
8.1(interrupt)(circuit/beam) cortar(fast/silence) romper
- ‘Melissa,’ said Matthew breaking the silence and speaking for the first time since the fight had started.
- Then came metal hulls and steam power, and the historical line of continuity was broken.
- The solitude was broken, bizarrely, by bumping into Michael Palin and his film crew working on their next project in the Hoggar Mountains.
- Then an unknown pilot broke the silence and asked, ‘Wasn't I married to you once?’
- A father of two has broken his silence after keeping his sighting of a ghost 15 years ago at Woodville Halls Theatre a fearful secret.
- She has broken her silence to speak of her determination to return to the post she has held for the past 10 years.
- At last, he broke the silence: ‘What are you writing about these days, anyway?’
- My mother broke the silence with a question, ‘Do you live nearby?’
- If either voltage or current is too big you could break the circuit.
- She decided to break her silence because she thought it was the only way the council would listen to her concerns even though it meant sacrificing her job.
- Police were alerted to the abuse around 20 years after it was carried out when the victim broke his silence.
- We can then break the poverty cycle by giving these disadvantaged children opportunities to get work and employment.
- It means forgiving those who have hurt you and breaking the cycle of abuse.
- Imprisonment does not break the cycle of offending and addiction.
- A staff member caught up in the raid broke his silence on the experience yesterday.
- By bouncing, the reed breaks an electrical circuit.
- The coroner has urged those who know the names of the killers to break their silence.
- A switch works by breaking the circuit, which stops the current.
- Liam did not break his silence over the abuse until two years ago.
- Everyone has a part to play in breaking this vicious cycle.
- The actress has broken her silence about the whirlwind romance.
- Theo, his concentration finally broken, stopped typing and looked up.
- She felt it was her job to break the silence between the two.
- The key to breaking the cycle is to boost demand and take up the slack in the economy.
- We found it worth venturing into Woolacombe to break the routine.
- We have to break this vicious cycle between drug dependency and crime.
- Max yelled, raised one eyebrow, paused for effect, breaking the rhythm.
- Yesterday, she broke her silence on the whispering campaign against her.
- But it was not until last summer that she broke her silence and called her former lover, when she feared biographers would unearth the details.
- Your slumbers are broken bright and early with a cup of tea brought to your tent.
- They must start to break their sequence of drawn games and start winning consistently if they are to retain their title.
- He will enlist the help of three minders to clear his path and stop the crowd breaking his concentration.
- Generally, if a week is not one of employment, continuity is broken, so that the employee has to start again to pick up continuity.
- A circuit breaker has a mechanism for automatically breaking an electrical circuit.
- After a long pause he broke the tranquility again
- The schools offer a possible way of breaking the cycle of illiteracy.
- Now he breaks his silence about the flawed evidence.
- Ballet had created continuity in my life, but now that the left side of my body did not serve me, the continuity was broken.
- The former girlfriend of a man accused of murder admitted yesterday that she broke her silence about the killing after police threatened to implicate her.
- The team broke its five-game losing streak.
- And now that they have broken their silence, it is hoped that others will find the courage to do the same.
- England's win against West Indies last year broke a sequence of nine decisive matches which were all won by the team fielding first.
- He recently broke his silence, admitting that he went to England after losing his job in Paris and had tried to commit suicide.
- More recently the firm broke its silence and revealed he had been hit by a viral infection and would not be back at work until May 10.
8.2(split up, divide)(collection/set) deshacer(word) separar(word) dividir
8.3(disrupt, upset)(monotony/pattern/continuity) romper
9(breach, pierce)(soil) roturarI haven't broken the skin — no me he abierto la piel
- the submarine broke the surface of the water — el submarino afloró a la superficie
10.1(get into)(safe) forzarwe broke the toolbox open — abrimos la caja de herramientas forzándola
- If a burglar breaks the safe and steals the guns, I won't be held responsible for their criminal use because I did what I reasonably could to secure them.
- The maid broke the safe and stole money and jewellery.
- They broke the safe in the Accounts Section and made away with the day's receipts.
10.2US (escape from)(jail) escaparse de(jail) fugarse de
- There then follows a long and tedious account of how they broke the enigma code.
- They were desperately looking for any clue that would help them break the code.
- It's a computer program that's used to break ciphers.
- Another way to become rich and famous is to devise, or break a code.
- There is little doubt that trying to break simple codes enhances one's understanding of cryptography.
- At that point they'd broken the code, and they told people whether or not they'd received cells.
- Then you have to spend time breaking the code and making your own key, which only lets you hotwire the vehicle.
- But if you could factor large numbers then you could break these codes.
- We have a large exhibit on World War II cipher machines and the machines that broke the enemy's codes.
- It was created in 1943 to break German codes.
- While attempting to break the Nazi codes, his character becomes obsessed with finding the woman he loves.
- In an interactive lecture, he then examined the tricks used to break such codes.
- I feel that I am very close to breaking the code.
- This was discovered by an astute cryptanalyst at Central Bureau and in April 1943 that code was broken.
- He starts to punch in numbers at random in an attempt to break the code and patch into the system.
- It would be a bit unfair to offer clues right now, if someone is close to breaking the code.
- Well done to all who managed to break the code yesterday!
- I started trying to break the code and was getting nowhere.
- When all the analyses were ready, the code was broken.
- Here is where Alan Turing broke the codes that maybe won the second world war.
11(change)cambiarcan anyone break this $50 bill? — ¿alguien me puede cambiar este billete de 50?
- Impatiently we wait for the weather to break, for we know all too well how much work needs to be done.
- The heatwave has broken, the temperature has dropped, the sun has clouded over and the pavements are wet.
- The heatwave broke and it was gorgeous running weather this morning.
- That meant withholding some of the farmers' irrigation water and sending it downriver - at least until the drought broke.
- This morning, in Winchester, the dry spell broke and there was rain.
- Fearing a curse, the townspeople fled in terror as soon as the weather broke.
- He said he was not worried about the weekend's sunny weather breaking as there was plenty of room to shelter from showers in the stands.
- The rain breaks long enough for me to dash to the supermarket.
- The hot weather has definitely broken and it's jumpers before sunset, but only just before.
- The main reason for the haste was the weather which could have broken at any time bringing all haulage work on the soft bog to an end.
- The weather broke on 3 September, and clouds of dust were turned into glutinous mud.
- When the weather broke, a strong, cooling wind came up, and Dolly and I were much more comfortable than of late.
- This drought broke emphatically in February 1973, with exceptional rainfall over South Australia and the eastern states.
- Even so, I managed to do it, even as the first rains of the season broke across the South Bay.
- The drought has broken again, just when everyone wondered if it ever would.
- This great weather is sure to break soon so lets all enjoy it while it lasts.
- The hot spell had broken and now the weather was bearable again.
- Soon afterward, the drought broke and the area teemed once more with life.
- If the drought has now broken, why are you predicting this food crisis will last until April?
- And in the meantime the drought has broken and the farmers are clamouring for seed so they can get a crop.
1(plate/window) romperse(rope/shoelace) romperse(stick/twig) partirse(twig/stick) romperse(twig/stick) quebrarse Latin Americamy watch broke — se me rompió el reloj
- her tooth/nail broke — se le rompió / partió el diente/la uña
- it broke into several pieces — se rompió en varios pedazos
- it breaks into squares — se parte en cuadrados
2(separate)the clouds are breaking — se está despejando
- a splinter group which broke from the party — un grupo disidente que se escindió del partido
4(give in)(resistance) desmoronarse(resistance) venirse abajoshe broke under constant interrogation — no resistió el constante interrogatorio
- the soldiers broke and ran — los soldados rompieron filas y echaron a correr
5(begin)(crisis/storm) estallar(day) romper(day) apuntar(day) despuntar
6(change)(weather) cambiarhis voice is breaking — le está cambiando / mudando la voz
- (with emotion) his voice broke — se le entrecortó la voz
7(become known)(story) hacerse público(scandal) estallar(scandal) hacerse público
8(strike)(surf/wave) romperthe waves were breaking against the sea wall — las olas rompían contra el dique
9(adjourn)pararhacer una pausato break for lunch/dinner — parar para almorzar/cenar
11(move, shift)trasladarsethe action then breaks to Budapest — entonces la acción se traslada a Budapest
12USinformal(happen)things are breaking well for me at the moment — me están saliendo bien las cosas en este momento
13(in snooker, pool)abrir el juego
1(intermission)Television Radio pausa (comercial) feminineTheatre intervalo masculineTheatre entreacto masculineTheatre intermedio masculine
2(rest period)descanso masculinemasculine recreo Britishlet's take a break — paremos para descansar
- we have a coffee break at 11 — a las 11 paramos para tomar un café
- we worked without a break — trabajamos sin parar / descansar
3(holiday, vacation)vacacionesChristmas/summer break — vacaciones de Navidad/verano
4(change, respite)cambio masculinea welcome break — un cambio refrescante
- break from sth
- I need a break from all this — necesito descansar de todo esto
- give me a break! — ¡no me embromes!
5(in transmission)interrupción femininecorte masculine
7(in circuit)ruptura femininecorte masculine
8(fracture)fractura femininerotura masculine
9informal(chance, opportunity)oportunidad femininehe never got a decent break — nunca se le presentó una buena oportunidad
- she's still looking for a break — todavía está esperando que le cambie la suerte
10(separation, rift)ruptura femininea break between the superpowers — una ruptura (de relaciones) entre las superpotencias
- to make a clean break — cortar por lo sano
- he made a break with his past life — rompió / cortó con su pasado
- a break with tradition — una ruptura con la tradición
11(sudden move)he made a break for cover/the door — corrió a refugiarse/hacia la puerta
13(escape)fuga feminineevasión feminine formal
14(in snooker, pool)tacada feminineserie feminine
15literary(beginning)at (the) break of day — al rayar el alba literary
17(in tennis)ruptura femininequiebre masculine
English has borrowed many of the following foreign expressions of parting, so you’ve probably encountered some of these ways to say goodbye in other languages.
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