In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
1.1(flame/fire) arder(coal/wood) arder(wood/coal) quemarse(building/town) ardersomething's burning! — se está quemando algo
- I can smell burning — huele / hay olor a quemado
- a burning smell — un olor a quemado
- the smell of burning rubber — el olor a goma quemada
- Yes during the riots when whole Bombay is burning like a firecracker.
- The most recent hangover fire crews have fought is a 25-hectare blaze burning 12 kilometres east of Mabel Lake near Enderby.
- Even from where he stood, the boy could smell the blood, smoke, and death as his city, his father's city, burned.
- As we were rowed back to the Assi Ghat, the boat veered a little towards the shores where the funeral pyres were burning.
- They burn flags, destroy property, disturb the peace and then act surprised and horrified when they are confronted and arrested.
- Grams finally got us all in there, and much to my surprise, the walls did not ignite and burn to the ground.
- It's 6am and Basra is burning, black clouds of oily smoke drifting over the city to the east, the sound of gunfire rolling across the canal.
- And the city duly burned for four days, the flames jumping 20 blocks northwards every hour on the first night.
- So every hut we find that has a bunker we are ordered to burn to the ground.
- Farms, mining camps, trestles, hobo camps, and whole towns cracked and burned.
- There was a bonfire burning in the fire pit and camp chairs set up.
- When we came back, we could just see a great cloud of smoke and in the evening the red glow of fire still burning.
- A fire was had yesterday to burn the hedge trimmings.
- The rest of the city lay burned or burning with the stench of flesh and blood magnified by the sunrise.
- He confirmed that a few vehicles were damaged by Muslim youths in Kakkebbe; in revenge, many Muslim houses were burnt and destroyed.
- Lincoln's fire policy was questioned last term, when a fire burned unnoticed overnight and porters, believing there was no fire, turned off five alarms.
- Africa could safely burn to the ground and beneath before they would go back there again.
- But all is not lost in the city that Sherman burned to the ground.
- The company were forced to flee the city via the mirror gate as Pain burned.
- However, burning cars prevented firefighters from entering the burning embassy building, prompting fears that it could burn to the ground overnight.
- If the funeral pyres are still burning by then, you might have little better to do anyway.
- Larkin had his diaries destroyed, Hardy burnt all his personal papers, then got his second wife to put her name to the biography he had actually written himself.
- It was deathly quiet; the suburbs were all but abandoned as the city center crumbled and burned.
- This time, the magical orb of fire burned with a black flame, much like that of the Shadow Reavers.
- Forest fires burning in the woods outside Moscow have filled the city with smoke.
- Even several localities in Mumbai had remained quiet while rest of the city was burning in 1992-93.
- It took just 10 minutes for the second structure to burn to the ground.
- The Twin Towers of the World Trade Center in New York City were burning.
- The city was on the edge of a giant ocean and yet the city burned forever.
- Close by, a low fire burned, its flames licking hungrily at embers.
- And they burnt all their cities wherein they dwelt, and all their goodly castles, with fire.
- He emerged in the open space where the tall pyre still burnt for the Lord of Fire and the statues still gouted irregular jets of flame.
- Residents of a York suburb were clearing up this afternoon after a major gas leak sparked a fireball and a blaze burned through the night causing 300 people to be evacuated from their homes.
- The fire had burned low while we slept but the embers were still glowing and hot.
- One use for negotiations, of course, would be to gain time to launder your money, burn the files, destroy the evidence etc…
- From where she was, it seemed like the whole City was burning.
- From a military perspective, both cities burned to cinders needlessly.
- At low elevations, charred trunks today stand sentinel on steep slopes where fire burned very hot, consuming every needle and pine cone.
- The more the city burned, the more oxygen was sucked in - and the greater the firestorm became.
- Clutching the wound on his side he watched as the city burned.
- Why wait until our children are dying of smallpox or our cities are burning?
- Hotels and restaurants owned by these Muslims were selectively burnt and destroyed during the recent riots.
- Incredibly, however, many on the council still refused to admit that the whole problem was the hundred acre coal fire merrily burning beneath the town.
- We may have to give up saying, for instance, that a piece of paper is simply destroyed when it is burnt to ashes, or even that a human being simply ceases to exist upon undergoing a fatal accident.
- If your neighbors house was hit by lightning the house might burn to the ground and your house may not even get a surge, only the building hit by lightning got the full strike.
- Rasiowa's thesis burned together with the whole house.
- So far, four homes on the city's outskirts have burned.
- Those wet jugs then have to be baked in true kilns, for which you have to keep the fire burning by providing enough wood.
- Her claim that she started the fire while burning a letter from her estranged husband has sparked suspicion among prosecutors.
- After three short weeks the total of infected farms has risen to 135-19 of those in Scotland and the funeral pyres are still burning.
- Still charmed, when Pentheus saw this, he supposed the whole place was burning.
- Border City burned, the magical flames from Uriko's spell spreading out from near its center, engulfing the whole city.
- And warning signs include soot stains on or above appliances, coal or wood fires burning slowly or going out and everyone at home feeling ill at the same time.
- Under five sawn-off oil barrels fierce wood fires are burning: on top of them are the woks of giants, each as wide as I can stretch my arms.
- While New York City burned, Federal officials acted too slowly to meet the threat at hand.
- The whole ward was at a standstill, in a state of a shock, watching a Hindu and a Muslim hugging each other in the midst of a city burning in Hindu-Muslim riots.
- Like any normal person, I enjoy watching cities burn.
- There was a warm fire burning cheerfully nearby, and he could swear there were more voices nearby.
- In December 1952, a particularly cold spell meant that most people kept their coal fires burning more than usual.
- Civanator, ordered to create a pure Indian city in Italia orders the city burnt to the ground.
1.2(light/gas) estar encendido(light/gas) estar prendido Latin AmericaI left the light burning — dejé la luz encendida
- Once the candles were burning away, we watched ‘The Princess Diaries’ on TV.
- A picture of Our Lady of Perpetual Succour, with a candle burning underneath, brings the real difference to the show.
- Without the flash, the solitary candle burning inside was the source of light, and the photo really shows up the carving and the fact that it is a Halloween pumpkin.
- Meeting the new specifications required a number of technical changes in engine design, primarily in how diesel fuel is burned in the cylinder.
- Once the plant is in operation it will mean a significant amount of electricity will be generated for the 900-year-old castle without burning fossil fuels.
- Greenhouse emissions are one of the biggest concerns with burning fossil fuels to produce electricity.
- Even if we stopped burning fossil fuels today, the planet would continue to heat up for more than a hundred years.
- In Bandung city, despite the president's call, decorative lights in the lobby of the Bandung City Council building were burning bright.
- Long before electric light came to the Irish countryside it was a heart-warming sight to see the candles burning in the windows on Christmas Eve.
- Without oxygen from any source, the anaerobic cells are not able to burn stored fuel in the usual way, through metabolic respiration.
- For as far as you could see, there were candles burning on graves of every size, dotting the hillside with light.
- It was still mostly dark, especially under the trees, and candles still burned on the graves from visitors the night before.
- Open fires burning wood and coal are the main cause of the pollution, along with vehicle emissions.
- France has a great abundance of cheap electricity thanks to their nuclear power stations, whereas our electricity to recycle the glass is produced by burning fossil fuels.
- As the candles burned, Terry breathed deeply the light scents of vanilla and almond candles.
- Outside the church in Suai the candles were still burning.
- Using energy, mainly by burning fossil fuels, produces waste carbon dioxide.
- The leading greenhouse gas is carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels.
- They are commonly produced by burning fossil fuels such as driving cars, and smelting and processing metals.
- This means that an equivalent size beeswax candle will burn brighter, and for longer, than a paraffin wax one.
- After all, if burning fossil fuels is to blame for global warming, it makes sense to burn less of them.
- The second factor is growing awareness of global climate change caused by burning fossil fuels.
- Stars everywhere, glowing and burning bright with a fire so powerful that it couldn't be measured.
- The solitary candle burning on the table threw a faint light on her face, yet it was clear that she was very unhappy.
- Most backup diesel generators burn distillate fuel oil, the same fuel used for heating and for aircraft.
- Many of the marines were operating at altitudes so high their petrol cigarette lighters did not light in the thin air and it was difficult to use the portable stoves which burn a chemical fuel to heat their food or brew up tea.
- The tomb sits alone in an arched alcove to the right of the main altar of the central nave, a leafy potted lily behind it and a small red candle burning at the front.
- Candles are burning at Atocha station, and trains from the suburb where many of the 202 murdered victims lived arrive half-empty.
- Normally, this is done by burning jet fuel, which is exactly what the new nuclear plane will do when it takes off, climbs and lands.
- These estimates are difficult because they rely on complex models and calculations about how a star burns its nuclear fuel and ages.
- The arsonist is believed to have used two large candles from the altar - which he lit from smaller candles burning in a sand-filled bowl - to carry out the attack.
- The problem is that burning fossil fuels releases CO2 which was laid down millions of years ago when the oil and coal was being created.
- One candle burned near the hearth, kept to light others, the one thing that reminded her of life at Kamrit Castle.
- Now, the coals of the campfire had burned low and, in the big skillet, rabbit legs and thick bacon rashers spluttered.
- And leaving a candle burning unattended whilst spending nearly three hours down the pub was probably not a good idea, but thankfully one that has led to no damage.
- This not only burns diesel fuel, but can also spread disease as soil is moved from field to field.
- It is as if there is a small candle burning in the room: bring a bigger light into the room and the small candle simply loses all significance.
- Currently we get most of our energy from burning fossil fuels.
- The traditional bonfires burned wood and straw.
- Candles burned in the trailer, casting just enough light into the yard area that she could see what she was doing.
- I told him about the time that Mother almost burned herself with lye from the soap we were making.
- He burned himself the last 3 mornings while making them, and was a little nervous this morning, in fear that today would be no different.
- I burned myself preparing a rather sorry looking casserole the other day.
- Ricky burned himself trying to make toast and got a blister on his hand, but he felt he was managing.
- Do you know how many people have burned themselves on a coffee pot back here?
- The day before she burned herself with the curling iron, a woman who had promised to take Kisha to a museum in another city abruptly canceled the trip.
- There was a sharp, hot, pain in his palm and Eden jumped back and blankly realized that he'd held the pan's handle wrong and burned himself.
- He burned himself badly but when his parents took him to a doctor he said it was strange that Ben had not cried.
- Miraculously he never burned himself or set the house on fire.
- Mrs Dhariwal said to her son: ‘I have burned myself and I want to kill myself.’
- You can get burned by heat and fire, radiation, sunlight, electricity or chemicals.
- Sherman marched from the Mississippi to the Atlantic, burning and pillaging every city in his path, leaving only destruction in his wake.
- If the person is holding the stone or has the stone in his possession then he cannot be burned by fire, cut by a knife or killed with a gun.
- Our holy and glorious temple, where our fathers praised you, has been burned with fire, and all that we treasured lies in ruins.
- Not without reason, Americans worried that they could be poisoned by illuminating gas or burned by electrical fires.
- How many people burned themselves at home from coffee in that same period?
- She cut and burned herself and tried to cut off her thumb.
- A Pembroke Dock mother-of-two is fuming after her baby son burned himself on exposed heating pipes.
- Her face twisted up and Avi had to take the steaming mug from her hands before she spilled it and burned herself.
- She had burned herself while cooking breakfast, so she was trying to be extremely careful tonight.
1.4(in sun)(skin) quemarse
- Still, I am at the beach and my skin is burning, so I step into the chilly water, inch by inch.
- And then our eyes and throats started to burn as the breeze blew toxic chemicals through the air to settle on the laces of the people.
- Her forehead still burned where he had kissed it and her fingers lightly lingered upon it.
- My stomach was on fire, my head throbbed, my muscles ached, my throat burned.
- Her skin burned and her heartbeat sped up uncomfortably.
- Too soon, however, he was out of breath, lungs and muscles burning from exertion.
- His throat was burning, and the movement had caused him to pull back, away from Brackett, which sent a searing pain down both arms.
- As soon as I reached Central Park it rained, and my throat burned, so I came back, crossed the street to avoid the bum, sat in the apartment, and stared at the computer screen.
- My eyes and throat begin to burn as I scramble beneath my cot, feeling for my gas mask with shaking hands.
- He also commented on the lack of moisturiser as his skin burned, peeled and then peeled again in the blazing sun.
- His eyes burnt and his throat hurt, but if he didn't speak it'd be okay.
- But take care - sensitive skin may burn after only a few minutes.
- You can relieve dry mouth, which may cause your mouth to burn or feel sore, by drinking plenty of water.
- If he stayed out too late today his skin would burn, and he would be branded with red for several days before his skin turned to a darker golden color.
- My throat burned and I could hear myself wheezing, my asthma slowly starting to act up.
- When you are in the sun for too long, your skin can burn.
- My hips were sore and my thighs burned from the repeated kicking.
- My left leg was bent and throbbing in pain and my forehead was burning.
- She wished wistfully for a warm summer on a Californian beach where her skin burned as easily as toast and time seemed to stand still.
- All were in bad temper and soaking wet, eyes burning and sore from the oceans' salt as they sat along the disheveled bank.
- Halfway up the block my eyes and throat were burning.
- Each inch of exposed skin burned hot from the cutting, sharp wind, chafing cheeks brutally until they were turned bright, candy cane red.
- An added problem is the ‘Celtic’ skin type which is common in Scotland: fairer skins burn more easily, and burns mean more skin cancer risk.
- During the Race of Truth, Obree's skin would burn at close to 107.
- Hubby starts with F10 and goes down to F6 as he has skin that doesn't burn easily.
- She said her eyes were swollen shut, a tooth was broken and her skin was burning from the pepper spray.
- My hand gripping the stick with such force, my skin was burning, my breathing heavy.
- As summer came on, his skin was burning or peeling, white or red; he never browned.
- They danced until it was unbearably hot and her throat burned.
- His temples burned and his sores itched, like a thousand worms underneath his skin, crawling and burrowing deeper, ever deeper inside him.
- She could feel her skin burning under the hot Savannah sun and although she detested the snow, she despised the sun just as much.
2.1(be hot)ardermy cheeks/ears were burning — me ardían las mejillas/las orejas
- the midday sun burned down on them — el sol de mediodía caía a plomo sobre ellos
2.2(smart, sting)(wound/eyes) escocer(wound/eyes) arder Latin Americaa burning sensation — un ardor Latin America
3.1(be consumed)arderto burn with sth — arder de algo
- she was burning with impatience/curiosity — ardía de impaciencia/curiosidad
3.2literary (long)arder en deseos de + inf literaryshe burned for revenge/his embrace — deseaba ardientemente vengarse/que la abrazara
- to burn to + inf — morirse por + inf
- he was burning to tell her — ardía en deseos de decírselo
1(book/letter/rubbish) quemar(town/building) incendiar(building/town) quemarI burned the paint off the door — le saqué la pintura a la puerta con un soplete
- the mark is burned into the wood/on the animal's hide — la marca está grabada a fuego en la madera/en la piel del animal
- I burned a hole in my sleeve — me quemé la manga — con un cigarrillo etc
- to burn one's boats / bridges — quemar las naves
2(overcook)I've burned the cake/meat — se me ha quemado el pastel/la carne
3(consume)the stove burns gas — la cocina funciona a / con gas
- we burn a lot of electricity/gas — usamos / gastamos mucha electricidad/mucho gas
- coal-burning stove — cocina de / a carbón
5(injure)quemarto burn oneself — quemarse Latin America
- I've burned my tongue — me he quemado la lengua
- careful you don't burn yourself on the iron — ten cuidado, no vayas a quemarte con la plancha
- to be burned to death — morir abrasado
1(injury)quemadura feminineshe suffered severe/minor burns to her face — sufrió quemaduras graves/leves en la cara
- he has third-degree burns — tiene quemaduras de tercer grado
2(on surface)quemadura femininea cigarette burn — una quemadura / marca de cigarrillo
3(feeling)escozor masculineardor masculine Latin Americaslow burn
- Mary did a slow burn when she heard it — a Mary le empezó a hervir la sangre cuando lo oyó
- Second, it would be entirely powered and supplied by the natural flow of water from the loch and the burn.
- They came to a house close by a waterfalling burn, turned now to a frozen fountain.
- The only significant natural damaging action, in the current climate, is erosion by topographically canalised rain water, mostly confined to becks and burns.
- The Lawers Burn issues from the lochan and legend has it that an outlawed Macgregor once hid in a cave behind a waterfall of the burn.
- In England, for instance, the words brook, burn, and beck show broad regional distribution.
- From the headwaters of the burn it was a fairly straightforward climb over heather slopes to Mholach's rocky peak - but it was dark by the time I reached the big summit cairn.
- The following weeks should see these brave fish reach their spawning redds on the little burns in the hills, having battled all the way from the feeding grounds of the North Atlantic.
- The hill burns are torrents of water and the main river a chocolate flood.
- The Scottish Environment Protection Agency express concern about a salmon farm being sited so close to a burn which has a healthy wild trout population.
- Rivers and burns became torrents and turned the colour of pus.
- Energy levels so much higher than normal, feel like jumping into the nearest burn and swimming upstream.
- The burn was a torrent and though a couple of small herling were caught where the frothing, peat-stained water met with the salt of the sea, no fish of any size were showing.
- However, that healthy little fella was safely returned, hopefully to make it up the burn come winter and subsequently add to the gene pool.
- Make sure you are casting where saltwater meets the fresh of a burn, stream or river.
- Using the terrain, we move up the banks of a small burn, hidden from view, the stream's noise masking ours.
- Higher up the path crosses the burn and heads steeply up to the summit of An Cabar.
- Acid rain from industrial pollution has killed off fish life in around 300 miles of rivers and burns in south-west Scotland.
- Several small burns rushing towards the river are easily crossed, and the vegetation is symbolic of marshy land, with bog myrtle plentiful.
- A firebreak follows a tributary burn, the Shiel Rig Burn, and this leads onto the grassy west ridge of Shalloch on Minnoch.
- The burn contained surface water from a nearby outfall that could be contaminated with sewage, as well as animal faeces from farms.
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