In English, many things are named after a particular country – but have you ever wondered what those things are called in those countries?
noun
1plural calculuses
Mathematicscálculo (matemático) masculineanálisis (matemático) masculine- Laplace called probability theory ‘the calculus of inductive reasoning.’
- There are shorter methods for summing an infinite number of terms in calculus and other branches of advanced mathematics.
- He worked on the four colour problem and also published books on calculus, differential equations, complex variable and Fourier series.
- William's father wrote a number of successful textbooks on arithmetic, calculus and trigonometry, which brought in a comfortable income for the family.
- Simion was soon teaching college-level courses such as multivariate calculus and differential equations to the most advanced math students.
- During that year Moore also set about reading calculus because he enjoyed mathematics and wanted to extend his studies.
- There he taught courses on analytic functions and functional calculus.
- He became a physics major but differential equations and calculus just didn't excite him.
- He made decisive and formative contributions to geometry, calculus and number theory.
- We must make the course accessible to students whose common background includes only the freshman and sophomore courses in calculus and differential equations.
- By integrating the function using calculus we can compare the sum of the series with the integral of the function and draw conclusions from this.
- There is also a whole field of mathematics called ‘complex analysis’ which studies functions and calculus on the complex plane rather than real numbers.
- The Dutch clockmaker's discovery was all the more striking because he arrived at his results before the advent of the calculus of Newton and Leibniz.
- The very fact that calculus is so effective, and the wealth of functions to which calculus may be applied, sometimes lulls the careless into thinking that all functions appear to become straight under magnification.
- All this depended in turn on mathematical progress, notably calculus developed by Newton and Leibniz, which allowed for actuarial calculations.
- His work is almost exclusively on calculus, in particular differential equations and functions of a real variable.
- Shtokalo worked mainly in the areas of differential equations, operational calculus and the history of mathematics.
- Indians also added to our knowledge of even more complicated branches of mathematics such as trigonometry and calculus.
- The stakes were high: calculus changed mathematics in a fundamental way, and its inventor would forever be remembered for this feat.
- Newton was one of the inventors of the branch of mathematics called calculus.
- Each level of expression contributed to the next, and over the course of millennia we created mathematical theory, from basic arithmetic to algebra, from calculus to fractal geometry.
- Continuity is the mathematics of calculus and physics but there's never been a theory of computation that deals with this continuum.
2plural calculi /-laɪ/
Medicine
(stone)cálculo masculine- Mechanical percussion techniques have been used therapeutically after shock wave lithotripsy to dislodge such calculi from the lower pole of the kidney.
- Urologic causes of hematuria include tumors, calculi, and infections.
- An ultrasound of the abdomen revealed a gallbladder completely full of calculi.
- If stones are present, they appear as radiolucent or radiopaque calculi within the gallbladder.
- Approximately 50 percent of patients with previous urinary calculi have a recurrence within 10 years.
- Studies report that only about 10 percent of these patients develop biliary symptoms, leading to the wait-and-see policy of performing cholecystectomy only if the calculi become symptomatic.
- Advances in ureteroscopic techniques now allow calculi that are not good candidates for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy or percutaneous nephrolithotomy to be treated virtually anywhere within the ureter or kidney.
- Key words used included kidney stones, urinary calculi, urolithiasis, urinary tract stones, and nephrolithiasis.
- Dysuria can also be caused by noninfectious inflammation or trauma, neoplasm, calculi, hypoestrogenism, interstitial cystitis, or psychogenic disorders.
- Key elements include past or family history of calculi, duration and evolution of symptoms, and signs or symptoms of sepsis.
- The gallbladder was without calculi or fibrosis.
- Urinalysis is invaluable in the diagnosis of urologic conditions such as calculi, urinary tract infection, and malignancy.
- A small study found a significant rise in urinary oxalate levels, prompting a caution that regular use of cranberry may increase the risk of kidney stone formation in patients with a history of oxalate calculi.
- Depending on where they are located, kidney stones are also known as renal calculi, urinary calculi, urinary tract stone disease, nephrolithiasis, urolithiasis, and ureterolithiasis.
- Stones (also called calculi, pronounced: cal-kyoo-lie) can also form after an infection.
- Ultrasonography can detect stones at the vesicoureteric junction but cannot easily show the normal ureter or ureteric calculi in other positions; it can, however, show any secondary dilatation of the pelvicaliceal system.
- Finally, the easily distracted Laputians could converse only if a servant constantly held their attention by ‘flapping’ their mouths and ears with an inflated bladder, containing a few calculi, and fastened to a stick.
- There was extensive but patchy acinar atrophy and parenchymal fibrosis, but no evidence of fat necrosis, pseudocyst formation, or calculi.
- Such interactions are currently being used for laser assisted shock-wave lithotripsy for calculi in the biliary tree.
- Non-infectious causes include salivary calculi, tumours, sarcoid, Sjögren's syndrome, ingestion of starch or thiazides, and iodine sensitivity.
Further reading
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