- Ovules from self-pollinated carpels appear to degenerate early in development.
- The terminal female flowers consist of two or three carpels and no other organs.
- No mature fruits had more than two seedless carpels.
- Unisexual flowers with three white petals produce numerous stamens or carpels and both present floral nectar.
- In the center of a typical flower are the carpels, modified leaves which enclose the ovules.